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Jam scurra serio scurrari cæpit. Et erat plane in sua Palæstra. Noli, inquit, irasci bone frater, scriptum est, in patientia vestra possidebitis animas vestras. Rursum frater (referam enim ipsius verba) nou irascor, inquit, furcifer, vel sal. tem non pecco. Nam Psalmista dicit, Irascimini et nolite peccare. Admonitus deinde frater a Cardinale suaviter, ut suos affectus compesceret. Non domine, inquit, ego loquor nisi ex bono zelo, unde dicitur, zelus domus tuæ comedit me. Et canitur in ecclesiis, Irrisores Helizei, dum conscendit domum dei, zelum calui sentiunt, sicut fortasse sentiet iste derisor, scurra, ribaldus. Facis inquit Cardinalis, bono fortassis affectu, sed mihi videris facturus, nescio an sanctius, certe sapientius, si te ita compares, ne cum homine stulto et ridiculo, ridiculuni tibi certamen instituas. Non domine inquit, non facerem sapientius nam Solonion ipse Sapientissimus dicit : Responde stulto secundum stultitiam ejus, sicut ego nunc facio, et demonstro ei foveam in quam cadet, nisi bene præcaveat. Nam si multi irrisores Helizei, qui erat tantum unus caluus, senserunt zelum calui, quanto magis sentiet unus derisor multorum fratrum, in quibus sunt multi calui ? Et etiam habemus bullam Papalem, per quam omnes qui derident nos, sunt excommunicati.

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A Letter of the Pope's upon his Captivity, to Cardinal Wol.

sey. An Original.

(Cotton Library, Vitellius, B. 9.) DILECTE fili noster Calamitas nostra cum a nobis digne explicari nequeat tuæ Circumspectioni per dilectum filium Equitem Castalium referretur qui interfuit ipse omnibus, et filium nobis amantem exhibens quam essent grata ejus in nos officia ad extremum ostendat. Nos in tanto constituti dolore et luctu unicum solamen ac spem in tuæ Circumspectionis apud illum Serenissimum Regem auctoritate et ipsius Regis erga nos et S. Ecclesiam pietate reponimus ; ut pro vestra consuetudine et bonitate S. Ecclesiam tam indigne amictam commendatam suscipiatis : sicut ex eodem Equite atque ex Nuntio nostro omni alio presidio quam tuæ benignitatis spoliato intelliget. Datum in Arce S. Angeli sexta Junii 1527.

Vol. III, Part II.

XII.

A Part of Cardinal Wolsey's Letter to the King concerning

his Marriage. Taken from the Original.

(Cotton Library, Vitellius, B. 9. P. 146.)? WE dayly and howerly musing and thinking on your Gracs gret and secrete Affayre, and howe the same may cume to good Effecte and desired Ende, aswel for the Deliverance of your Grace out of the thrauld pensif and dolorous Lif that the same is in, as for the Continuance of your Helth and the Suertie of your Realme and Succession, considering also that the Popes consent, or his Holines deteyned in Captivite, the Auctorite of the Cardinalls nowe to be convoked into France equivalent thereunto, must concurre for Approbation of such Processe as I shal make in that behaulf; and that if the Quene shal fortune, which it is to be supposed she will doe, eyther appele or utterly decline from my Jurisdiction (one of the said Auctorites is also necessaryly requisite) I have noon other thought ne studye but howe in avaylable maner the same may be attayned. And after long discussion and debating with my self, I finally am reduced and resolved to two Points; the oon is that the Poopes consent cannot be obteyned and had in this case, oonles his Delyveraunce out of Captivite be first procured: the other is that the Cardinalls canne nothing doe in this behalfe, oonless there be by them Consultation and Order taken, what shall be doon in Administratione rerum Ecclesiusticarum durante dicta captivitate summi Pontificis.

As touching the Restitution of the Pope to Libertie, the State of the present Affaires considred, the most prompte sure and redy waye is, by conclusion of the Peace betwixt the Emperor and the French King: for the avancement and setting forward whereof I shall put my self in extreme devour, and by al possible meanes induce and persuade the said French King to strayne himself and condescende to asmuch of the Emperours Demands as may stande with Reason and Suertie of his and your Gracs Affayres ; moving him further, that forasmuch as the Emperour taketh your Highnes as a Mediator making fayre demonstration in Words, that he wil at your Contemplation and Arbitre, not oonly declare the botom of his Mynde concerning his Demaund, but also remitte and relent in the same, he wil be contented that your Grace forbering the Intimacion of Hostilite maye in the managing of the said Peace and inducyng the Emperour to reasonable Conditions, be so

taken and reputed of him, without any outward declaration to the contrary untyl such tyme as the conducying of the said Peace shalbe clerely desperate. Whereby if the said French King canne be induced thereunto, maye in the meane season use the benefit of their Entercourse in the Emperours Lowe-Countries: not omitting nevertheles for the tyme of solliciting the said Peace, the diligent Zeal and effectual Execution of the Sworde by Monseur de Lautrek in the Parties of Italy: wherby your Gracs said Mediation shal be the more set by and regarded.

And in case the said Peace cannot be by these means brought to effecte, wherupon might ensue the Popes delyverance, by whose auctorite and consent your Gracs a fayre shuld take most sure honourable effectual and substancial ende, and who I doubte not considering your Gracs gratitude, wold facilly be induced to doe all things therin that might be to your Graces good satisfaction and purpose, thenne and in that case there is yoone other remedy but the Convocation of the said Carcinalls; who as I am enformed will not nor canne conveniently convene in any other Place but at Avinion, where the administration of the Ecclesiastical Jurisdiction hath been in semblable Cases heretofore exercised. To the which Place if the said Cardinalls canne be induced to cume, your Highnes being soo contented, I purpose also to repare, not sparing any labour travayl or payne in my body chargs or expense, to doe service unto your Grace in that behalfe; according to my most bounden Dutie and harty Desyre, there to consulte and devise with them for the Governance and Admi. nistration of the Auctorite of the Church during the said Captivity: which shall be a good Grounde and Fundament for the effectual execution of your Gracs secrete Affayre.

And for asmuch as thns reparing to Avinion I shall be nere to the Emperours Confines, and within an hundred Myles of Perpinian, which is a commodious and convenient Place to commen and treate with the Emperors Personne, I think in my poor Opinion that the conducing of Peace by your Graces Mediation not being desperate, nor Intimation of Hostilite made on your behalfe, it should much conferre aswell for the Delyverance of the Poope, as for concluding of the Peace between the French King and the Emperor, if his Majestie canne be soe contented that a meating might be betwen him, my Lady the French Kinges Modre, and Me at the said Perpinian; to the which -

This is all in the Copy written in Cardinal Wolsey's Hand.

XIII. A Letter written by King Henry VIII to Cardinal Wolsey,

recalling him Home.

(Among S. W. Cook's Papers.) My Lord, this shall be to thank you of your great paines and travaile which you have sustained since your departure hence, for our busyness, and causes; wherin you have done to us no little honour, pleasure, and profitt, and to our Realm an infinite goodnesse ; which Service cannot be by a kind Master forgotten, of which fault I trust I shall never be accused, specially to youward, which so laboriously do serve me. Furthermore because as yet since the Popes Captivity we never sent to salute him, nor have no Man resident there to advertize us of the Affairs there; and also lest the Queene should prevent us by the Emperour's means in our great Matter; We think it meet to send this Bearer thither, of whose Truth and Sincerity we have had long proof, praying you to give him such Instructions and Commissions as shall be for our Affair's there Requisite: and that with convenient diligence, to the intent our Affair's there may have some stay. No more at this time, but that greatly I desire your Return home, for here we have great Lack of you, and that you give full Credence to my Secretary this Bearer; Written with the Hand of your loving Sovereign Lord and Friend,

HENRY R.

XIV.

A Letter from Rome by Gardiner to King Henry, setting forth

the Pope's artifices. An Original.

(Paper Office.) PLEASETH it your Majestie to be advertised that endevoring our selfs to the best of our Powers al joyntely and I my self aparte applying al my poore Wit and Lernyng to atteyne at the Popes hande sum parte of the accomplyshement of your Highnes desires, finally have nothing prevayled : but now see it called in Question whether the Auctorite geven to the Legats there shulde be revoked or noe. The circumstaunce wherof and what hath been doon and said therin, your Highnes shall understande by our commen Letters which we have writen to my Lorde Legats Grace, but to saye as I conjecture I think that Matier was moved but for a stop of our other Suts, and that it is not ernestely ment: And albeit there is mencion of the Queen in that Matier as thowe she should have a Procter for the same, yet the Pope two dayes before, in an other Comunication said that the Emperour had advertised him, how the Queen wolde do nothing in this Matier, in saying nor speaking to any Man for the let delaye or hindrance of this Matier, but as your Highness shal wil and command her to doe : And that the Emperour said, he would therefore more earnestly looke unto the Cause himself. I marveled much when the Pope said this, and me thought he spoke it as though he wolde we shuld signifie the same unto your Highnes, aad I noted it the more, for because your Highness had commanded me to enquire out who should be here the Queens Proctor: and it semed spoken for the nones, as to put me out of doubt therof. But whither the Pope hath this writen out of Spavno or out of Englande, I wot not what to saye. But it seemed strange to us to rede in Cardinal Campegnis's Letters, that neyther he nor Campanus made on the Pope's Behalf any Promyse to your Highnes, but only in general Terms, considering that upon these special Terms de plenetudine potestatis, and trust that the Pope wolde use that in your Highnes Cause,

e, I was sent hither, like as in my Instructions is conteyned: Which 'failing, your Highness I doubt not right well remembreth how Master Wolman, Mr. Bell, and I showed your Highnes such Things as wer to be required, not to be impetrable: My Trust is that your Highnes wil accept in good Part my true Harte and good Will, which according to most bounden Duty shall never want, but be holly applyed where your Highnes shall command without respeckt or regard of any other lyving Creature, being very sory to see your Highnes Cause handled in this sorte. But your Highnes hath so much vertue in you, wherof God is to be thanked, as may suffice to converte other Mens Faults into Goodness, to your Highnes gret Glory, Renowne, and Immortal Fame: which is all that canne be said after my poor Witt herin, considering that your Highnes hath been not well handled, nor according to your Merits by the Pope, or sum other: it becometh not me to arrecte the Blame certaynly to any Man. And the Pope shewith Cardinal Campegnis Letters for his Discharge, which Thing your Highnes shall much better judge and consider by your high Wisdom thenne I canne write, most humbly desiring your Highnes that being in these Termes with the Popes Holy

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