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of writing and of thought, to the same poetic diction, and in part to the same material objects, the same countries, and the same historical associations. In this sense the Hebrew is not a dead language. By its most intimate connexion with the Arabic, and, we may add, with the Syriac, it is still spoken at the foot of Mount Ararat, on the site of old Nineveh, at Carthage, in the ancient Berytus, and where Paul was shipwrecked. It is reviving in Egypt, and the Bible and the Tract Societies are spreading its literature on the wings of every wind,
GENEALOGY. The whole science of genealogical accuracy is derived from the children of Israel, whose individual families indulged a hope that the promised Messiah might be born from their stock ; a pure authenticated pledge became consequently one of the peculiar features of Jewish polity ; such a qualification was deemed absolutely necessary to all candidates for power and honour.
NECESSITY OF RELIGIOUS EDUCATION, The Bishop of Calcutta, Dr. Daniel Wilson, has addressed a letter to the Secretary to the Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge, in which he makes the following most pertinent remarks on this subject. It is, indeed, a disgrace to the country, that Ministers should leave that to individuals which it is the decided duty of every Christian state to promote by every means in its power—the religious instruction of its colonies and dependencies. We make a short extract:-"I need not observe," says he, “to the Venerable Society, that the outburst of mere curiosity in a heathen and Mahomedan people, their mere grasp after human science, their attainments in the arts, and learning, and wisdom of this world, if that is all, will only resemble the eruption of a volcano, to bury in ruins the fair fields which stretch around. Knowledge, as introductory to Christianity, I hail with joy ; but if divorced from it, with extreme alarm and suspicion. There is a demand all over India for books of religious instruction. Nothing is of service in India but what is pregnant with the immediate Gospel of Christ in all its simplicity, all its grace, all its spirituality, all its holy tendencies. I was very much gratified, some time since, with those tracts which had then been transmitted to Calcutta. Our noble Anglican Church, the glory of the Reformation, and the chief bulwark of Christianity in Europe, is now sorely beset by Papists and Infidels on the one hand, and separatists and heretics on the other. Human Governments seem to be deserting her. Never, therefore, was she more loudly called to union within herself. Blessed are those peace-makers who sacrifice every thing but truth to her stability and safety. God is purifying her indeed. May she come out more spiritual, devoted, and active than ever in promoting christian knowledge both at home and abroad."
No. LIX.-AN ACT FOR RENDERING VALID BONDS, COVE
NANTS, AND OTHER ASSURANCES FOR THE RESIGNATION OF ECCLESIASTICAL PREFERMENTS, IN CERTAIN SPECIFIED CASES.
WHEREAs it is 'expedient that cer- merely a trustee or trustees of the tain bonds, covenants, and other patronage of the same, or of the perassurances for the resignation of ec son or one of the persons for whom clesiastical preferments, should be the patron or patrons shall be a trusrendered valid in the cases and subject tee or trustees, or of the person or to the limitations hereinafter specified; one of the persons by whose direction be it therefore enacted by the King's such presentation, collation, gift, or most Excellent Majesty, by and with bestowing shall be intended to be the advice and consent of the Lords made, or of any married woman Spiritual and Temporal, and Com whose husband in her right shall be mons, in this present parliament as the patron or one of the patrons of sembled, and by the authority of the such spiritual office, or of any other same, That every engagement by person in whose right such presentapromise, grant, agreement, or cove tion, collation, gift, or bestowing shall nant, which shall be really and boná be intended to be made. fide made, given, or entered into at III. And be it further enacted, any time after the passing of this Act, That no presentation, collation, gift for the resignation of any spiritual or bestowing to or of any such spirioffice, being a benefice with cure of tual office of or upon any spiritual persouls, dignity, prebend, or living ec- son, to be made after the passing of clesiastical, to the intent or purpose, this Act,nor any admission, institution, to be manifested by the terms of such investiture, or induction thereupon, engagement, that any one person shall be void, frustrate, or of no effect whosoever, to be specially named and in law for or by reason of any such described therein, or one of two per engagement so to be made, given, or sons to be specially named and des entered into by such spiritual person, cribed therein, being such persons as or any other person or persons, to or are hereinafter mentioned, shall be with the patron or patrons of such presented, collated, nominated, or spiritual office, or to or with any other appointed to such spiritual office, or person or persons, for the resignation that the same shall be given or be of the same as aforesaid; and that it stowed to or upon him, shall be good, shall not be lawful for the King's valid, and effectual in the law to all most Excellent Majesty, his heirs or intents and purposes whatsoever, and successors, for or by reason of any the performance of the same may also such engagements as aforesaid, to be enforced in equity : Provided al present or collate unto, or give or beways, that such engagement shall be stow such spiritual office; and that so entered into before the presenta such spiritual person, and patron or tion, nomination, collation, or ap patrons, or other person or persons pointment of the party so entering respectively, shall not be liable to any into the same as aforesaid.
pains, penalty, forfeitures, loss, or disII. Provided always, and be it ability, nor to any prosecution or other further enacted, That where two per proceeding, civil, criminal, or penal, sons shall be so specially named and in any court, ecclesiastical or temporal, described in such engagement, each for or by reason of his, her, or their of them shall be, either by blood or having made, given, or entered into, marriage, an uncle, son, grandson, or accepted or taken such engagement brother, nephew, or grand nephew of as aforesaid; and that every such the patron, or of one of the patrons presentation or collation, or gift or beof such spiritual office, not being stowing, to be made after the passing VOL. XX. NO, XI.
of this Act, and every admission, institution, investiture, and induction thereupon, shall be as valid and effectual in the law to all intents and purposes whatsoever as if such engagement had not been made, given, or entered into, or accepted or taken; any thing in an Act passed in the thirtyfirst year of the reign of her late Majesty Queen Elizabeth, intituled “ An Act against Abuses in Elections of Scholars and Presentations to Benefices," or in any other act, statute, or canon, or any law, to the contrary in any wise notwithstanding.
IV. Provided always, and be it further enacted, That nothing in this Act shall extend to the case of any such engagement as aforesaid, unless one part of the deed, instrument, or writing by which such engagement shall be made, given, or entered into, shall, within the space of two calendar months next after the date thereof, be deposited in the office of the registrar of the diocese wherein the benefice with cure of souls, dignity, prebend, or living ecclesiastical, for the resignation whereof such engagement shall be made, given, or entered into as aforesaid, shall be locally situate, except as to such benefices with cure of souls, dignities, prebends, or livings ecclesiastical, as are under the peculiar jurisdiction of any archbishop or bishop, in which case such document as aforesaid shall be deposited in the office of the registrar of that peculiar jurisdiction to which any such benefice with cure of souls, dignity, prebend, or living ecclesiastical, shall be subject; and such registrars shall respectively deposit and preserve the same, and shall give and sign a certificate of such deposit thereof; and every such deed, instrument, or writing shall be produced at all proper and usual hours at such registry to every person applying to inspect the same; and an office copy of each such deed, instrument, or writing, certified under the hand of the registrar, (and which office copy so certified the registrar shall in all cases grant to every person who shall apply for the same,) shall in all cases be admitted and allowed as legal evidence thereof in all courts whatsoever ; and every such registrar
shall be entitled to the sum of two shillings and no more, for so depositing as aforesaid such deed, instrument, or writing, and so as aforesaid certifying such deposit thereof; and the sum of one shilling, and no more, for each search to be made for the same ; and the sum of sixpence, and no more, over and besides the stamp duty, if any, for each folio of seventy-two words of each such office copy so certified as aforesaid.
V. And be it further enacted, That every resignation to be made in pursuance of any such engagement as aforesaid shall refer to the engagement in pursuance of which it is niade, and state the name of the person for whose benefit it is made ; and that it shall not be lawful for the ordinary to refuse such resignation, unless upon good and sufficient cause to be shown for that purpose; and that such resignation shall not be valid or effectual, except for the purpose of allowing the person for whose benefit it shall be so made to be presented, collated, nominated, or appointed to the spiritual office thereby resigned, and shall be absolutely null and void unless such person shall be presented, collated, nominated or appointed as aforesaid within six calendar months next after notice of such resignation shall have been given to the patron or patrons of such spiritual office.
VI. Provided also, and be it further enacted, That nothing in this Act shall extend to any case where the presentation, collation, gift, or bestowing to or of any such spiritual office as aforesaid shall be made by the King's most Excellent Majesty, bis heirs or successors, in right of his crown or of his duchy of Lancaster; or by any archbishop, bishop, or other ecclesiastical person, in right of his archbishopric, bishopric, or other ecclesiastical living, office, or dignity; or by any other body politic or corporate, whether aggregate or sole, or by any other person or persons, in right of any office or dignity; or by any company or any feoffees or trustees for charitable or other public purposes; or by any other person or persons not entitled to the patronage of such spiritual office as private property,
VALEDICTORY ADDRESS OF THE DEPUTATION FROM THE
CHURCH IN UPPER CANADA. Having been deputed, with the of interest has been the result. The Rev. Benjamin Cronyn, by the Church Universities of Oxford, Cambridge, in Upper Canada, “ to make known to and Dublin, have given public proof of the Archbishops, Bishops and digni their persuasion that the prosperity taries of the United Church of England of the colonial members of the Church and Ireland, the destitute state of her is necessary to the well-being of the members in the Canadas, and, with national Zion. The members of both their permission, to take such steps as Houses of Parliament have been supmight be found most expedient to in plied with a copy of the “ History of terest our brethren, both of the clergy ihe Church in Upper Canada ;" and and laity, in our favour, and excite in from many I have received unequitheir hearts a desire, as they have the vocal testimony that the subject is ability, to assist us in supplying the considered by them as worthy of most spiritual wants of our people, and in serious consideration. Several membuilding up a branch of the United bers of both Houses have openly Church in those extensive provinces ;". espoused the interest of our deserted -and being now on the eve of my Zion. Many of the first newspapers return, it will not, I trust, appear in and periodicals in the land have opportune briefly to state the results directly, and ably, and gratuitously of our mission.
advocated our cause, given publicity to The lamented indisposition and sub- our proceedings, and drawn attention sequent demise of our beloved Bishop to our printed statements. About (of Quebec) rendered a direct commu three thousand copies of our “ History" nication with his Grace the Primate have been circulated, and nearly two indispensably necessary to our pro- hundred thousand Appeals. We have ceedings. I have felt it my duty to preached and held public meetings in maintain uninterrupted that commu- more than one-half the dioceses in nication, by transmitting to his Grace England, and have travelled little less copies of every letter of importance than six thousand miles. From many which I have either written or re of the places, we have visited, petitions ceived. It is scarcely necessary to say have been presented to Parliament. I that his Grace has unceasingly mani
have now openings in Cornwall, Devon, fested the liveliest interest in our Dorset, Somerset, Gloucester, Wilts, cause. From the other Archbishops, Hants, Surrey, Berks, Warwick, Sufand from many of the Bishops, we folk, Lincoln, and York; in other have received similar assurances of words, abundant occupation for another sympathy, and full permission to year ; but I am induced to decline preach and hold public meetings in any farther proceedings for reasons their dioceses. We have presented which appear conclusive to my own our humble memorial to our most mind :gracious Sovereign the Queen. To the First,-I believe that the great object imperial legislature our petition for of our mission has been attained ; inrelief has been submitted, which in the formation has been circulated, and the House of Peers gave rise to an ani- public attention has been consequently mated and interesting discussion. With drawn to our destitute state. Relief, her Majesty's government I have used therefore, cannot long be delayed. every legitimate effort to procure a Secondly,—"The Society for the Bishop, and some alleviation to our Propagation of the Gospel" has taken spiritual wants. We have brought the up the cause of the British North state of our Church personally under American Church in good earnest; has the attention of about two thousand of pledged itself to send out forty missionour Clergy, and one uniform expression aries ; is now occupied in holding
meetings, and sending preachers throughout the country; and, as I understand, purposes to employ a clerical secretary in every diocese, in order that by a systematic parochial arrangement, the energies of the Church may be called into action. No real lover of his Church can read the published account of the proceedings at Willis's-rooms, in June last, without unfeigned gratitude to God for the prospect of a speedy alleviation to our colonial destitution. (I cannot refrain from remarking here on a most unaccountable mistatement which has been put into the Bishop of London's speech, viz., that we, in Upper Canada, “have already built three hundred and sixty churches, at an expense of 2001. each.” I have written, and preached, and printed, and pleaded, that we want that number of churches. Such an error ought not to have appeared under the authority of the Society.) I should fear now, under this altered and most encouraging position of the Society, lest the prosecution of my individual labours in England might be interpreted into an interference with the plans of the Society.
Thirdly, -It is now certain that a “Queen's letter” has been granted for collections in all churches and chapels,
-the proceeds to be distributed by the “Society for the Propagation of the Gospel." About a year ago I made a most urgent appeal to his Grace the Primate to obtain such a letter for Upper Canada exclusively. We shall doubtlessly have our share in the national bounty, and therefore it might not be considered expedient to anticipate, by my own private efforts, this public appeal.
Fourthly,—The “ Upper Canada Clergy Society” has increased the number of its missionaries. I trust the auxiliaries and agencies which I have formed and established for the society will be diligently visited. I understand from the treasurer and secretary that the committee are resolved to carry on the labours of the society with every possible energy. I am anxious to give publicity to this statement, inasmuch as under an erroneous impression, received at a
committee meeting, I observed in my “History," that the society would cease to exist as soon as the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel" had succeeded in effectually relieving the spiritual necessities of the province.
Fifthly,—My own flock in Upper Canada have reiterated the expression of their desire, to which expression my Diocesan, the Bishop of Montreal, has given the sanction of his assent, that I should return to my labours amongst them. They have patiently endured an absence of eighteen months; and few parishes in England could have more cheerfully sacrificed to the public good, the ministrations of their appointed pastor.
On taking leave of our numberless friends in England, I may be permitted briefly to place before them, and the public generally, the actual state of spiritual destitution of Britain's population in Upper Canada, the vast majority of which are of the poorer classes, and consequently utterly unable to procure spiritual instruction for themselves. Upper Canada is equal in extent to England and Wales, and is partially inhabited thoughout this entire extent of country. The roads are always bad, and frequently almost impassable. The population exceeds 500,000. The efficient Clergy, (I say efficient, for many have spent their years and strength in their * labour of love,') amount to about sixty. To judge aright of our destitution, it may be necessary to speak of England's spiritual riches. The population of England may be estimated at fourteen millions, and the Clergy at fifteen thousand. Assuming the facilities of communication to be equal in both countries, our proportion of Clergymen, according to the relative state of the population of the two countries, should be six hundred. We have, therefore, sixty attempting in a sphere occupied in England by fifteen thousand, to do the work of six hundred. Or thus: take away thirteen thousand five hundred Clergymen from the Church of England, and then would the destitution here be equal to that which our fellow-countrymen and fellow-churchmen are enduring in Upper Canada.