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societies, new preachers, and neglecting what my soul feels in this blessed prosall that is vital, holy, and energetic in the pect, that I might bear my testimony to faith and practice of a disciple of Jesus His grace; that I might refresh your soul, Christ; but “a lovely ornament,” for so who have so often refreshed mine; and tell this affectionate son pictures his revered you what joy I feel in this prospect. I parent, "of the truth as it is in Jesus;" add- do not doubt of meeting you in heaven ing, “ The whole of her deportment was and my dear child too !” And she has met calculated to win my early attention to re- him : now, after the lapse of nearly half a ligion. I saw in her what it could do; century, he has rejoined her; and who can how happy! how cheerful! how humble! say that in that world of knowledge and how holy! how lovely in life, and after recognition he may not even now look wards in death! how full of mercy and back with love and gratitude to those magood fruits it could render the happy ternal prayers and hallowed instructions possessor!” Yet, with this amiable lustre which his God and Father so eminently of character, while no other person doubt- blessed and answered ? ed of her eternal safety, she was full of The same evening on which she dicdoubts and fears herself: she was self- tated the above letter, she addressed her suspicious, and dreaded judging too favour- son, in language which, now that he also ably of her own religious character. Ser is removed from this earthly scene, bemons, therefore, which urged and as- comes doubly emphatic. On his return sisted self-examination, as well as those from his beloved labours at his church of which exhibited the glory and free grace St. Peter's, she accosted him, “ Oh, I am of the Saviour, were peculiarly accept- very happy; I am going to my mansion in able to her. Yet a hope she had a good the skies; I shall soon be there ; and, oh, hope, through grace-which she would I shall be glad to receive you to it ! you not give up, though she rejoiced with shall come in to go out no more! If ever trembling; and when sickness and infir- you have a family, tell your children they mity came upon her, and the mortal frame had a grandmother who feared God, and was sinking in lassitude and depression, found the comfort of it on her death-bed. this hope became more animated, and And tell your partner, I shall be happy to waxed brighter and brighter to the per- see her in heaven .... Son, I exhort you to fect day. When she believed her end to preach the Gospel ; preach it faithfully, be approaching, continues her filial and boldly : fear not the face of man : enbiographer, God visited her soul with deavour to put in a word of comfort to the more peculiar manifestations of the light humble believer, to poor weak souls. I of his divine countenance; and she seemed heartily wish you success; may you be to be gradually filled with unspeakable useful to the souls of many !" "Towards joy as the day drew nigh which for ever the conclusion of that evening she adterminated all her sorrow.
Her secret dressed her son in words which he de diary, unknown even to her son in her lighted to repeat: when, after speaking life-time, records her fervent prayers and of the boundless love of Christ, and his aspirations. Thus she says, for example, salvation, she added, “ It is a glorious in one of the last passages which her feeble- salvation ; a free, unmerited salvation; ness allowed her to pen : “ Oh keep me à full, complete salvation ; a perfect, and save me, blessed Lord; I give myself eternal salvation : it is a deliverance from to thee! Oh bring me to those blessed every enemy; it is a supply of every mansions of peace, where I shall be able to want : it is all I can now wish for in praise thee; where I shall be delivered death ; it is all I shall want in eternity.” from the painful clog of this body, which Thus did this sainted mother of her weighs down my soul ! Prepare me for now sainted son breathe out her soul for thy coming! Oh make me watchful, and a few days more, till she was peacefully ready to meet thee, when thou shalt be translated from her couch of sickness to pleased to send thy messenger, death, for her eternal rest. Her beloved son's name Make the pain I continually feel of was the last on her lips; and truly was her
I cannot be long here : oh hope respecting him fulfilled ; that hope quicken my soul! fix my affection upon which she expressed by repeating to him heavenly things; give me clearer views; the words of a friend, who, adopting the give me a sense of pardoned sin ; wash me consolation offered to Monica respecting in thy precious blood; clothe me with thy Augustine, had said " Go home, and make perfect righteousness; conform me more yourself easy; the child of those tears can to thy Divine image, and help me to meet never perish." death as a kind friend come to fetch me The son of this admirable woman early home to thee! Amen, Amen.” And began to follow in her steps. Of his youthafter she was unable to write, she dic- ful days few relics can now be traced; tated to the venerable clergyman, her but from his very childhood the opening pastor, her dying farewell; in which germ of piety seemed implanted within she says: “I am dying, and not afraid; him, so that he would often say, that he I trust I am going to my Father's house! scarcely knew when the Holy Spirit first I never was so happy in all the days began to impress his youthful heart; of my life! I would write to tell you though he was led more decidedly to de
vote himself to the service of God at up for insertion in our pages, in which at about the age of thirteen, in consequence different times had appeared interesting chiefly of the pious and affectionate letters obituaries from his pen of his own family of his excellent mother. At the age of and friends. (See Obituary of Basil seventeen, after studying for some time Owen Woodd, 1811, p. 333; the Rev. under an eminently pious clergyman, the T. Woodd, 1816, p. 480; Mrs. Cahusac, Rev. T. Clarke, of Chesham Bois, he 1817, p. 870; and Mrs. Mortlock, 1829, entered Trinity College, Oxford, where p. 261.) he took his degrees in due course; and Such are the few leading occurrences he was accustomed in his latter days to of his personal narrative. The peculiar moralize on the changes and uncertainties place which he occupied in the church of human life, on finding that he had of Christ, in connexion with the ecclesias survived most of his academical con- tical communion established in this land, temporaries, and that his name stood at next deserves consideration. Mr. Woodd the head of the masters of his college. was born the year of the accession of He was ordained deacon in 1783, at the George the Third ; at a period when the Temple Church, by Dr. Thurlow, bishop Church of England, with comparatively of London; and priest in 1784, at West- few exceptions, was sunk into a mournful minster Abbey, by Dr. Thomas, bishop state of spiritual apathy. It was exactly of Rochester. The same year he was thirty years before, that, in the bosom of chosen Lecturer of St. Peter's, Cornbill; the Church, and the University of Oxford, where he continued his services during those eminent servants of God, the two twenty-four years, with great spiritual Wesleys, had formed an association for benefit to multitudes, who frequented his prayer, the germ from which sprung edifying ministrations. In 1785 he be- much of that revival of piety which, came Morning Preacher at Bentinck amidst innumerable defects, has increaschapel, Marylebone; of which, being a ingly distinguished the last hundred proprietory chapel, he purchased the years. The clergy of the Church of sease in 1793, and remained there till the England at that period (why should the moment when his lamented decease, April painful truth be disguised?) were, as a body, 12, 1831, divided him from his affection- lamentably defective, both in correctness ate people, after a long and eminently of doctrine and scriptural newness of life. useful series of labours among them for Some were coldly orthodox; some were nearly forty-six years. In the year 1808, inclined to heretical pravities; some were an attached member of his flock, the late semi-Pelagians; some rose little higher Lady Robert Manners, presented him than heathen moralists; and too many, to the Rectory of Drayton Beauchamp, though not obviously heterodox in their in Buckinghamshire, memorable as the creed, were wholly secular in their spirit, parish of that kindred spirit, Richard exhibiting nothing beyond the frigid deHooker, whose supposed study (lately cencies of professional character, and destroyed in building a new rectory- utterly opposed to that spirit which dehouse) his worthy successor
termines to know nothing among men customed to point out, with much gratifi- but Jesus Christ and him crucified. cation, and with many a eulogy on his Some of those clergymen with whom the devout spirit, his attachment to the revival chiefly commenced, unhappily forChurch of England, and his love of sook, at least in practice, or were banished peace. In this secluded retirement Mr. from, the communion of the national Woodd was accustomed for many years church; and a person eagerly in quest of to spend a portion of the summer and scriptural truth might have entered scores autumn, delighting in the meek labours
of churches in succession, without hearof a village pastor, and introducing among ing a discourse which clearly set forth his simple flock those works of piety and such topics as the lapsed and guilty and mercy which he had been accustomed to helpless condition of mankind by nature ; superintend and foster on a larger scale the way of salvation ; pardon, adoption, in a busier sphere. But to these points justification through faith in Christ, unhereafter. This benefice he resigned, in purchased by human desert; the need of favour of his eldest son, a few months be- conversion of the heart to God, and of fore his death, intending, had he been the sanctifying influences of the Holy spared, to devote his remaining days wholly Spirit. It is not meant that there were to his flock at Bentinck chapel..
not bright exceptions—some in elevated mains only to mention among the notices stations, and more, doubtless, in humble of his life, that he was twice married. His villages, unknown to the world—but it is first wife died in 1791 ; his second was vain to deny, that, as a whole, the Church spared to him till within twenty months of of England was in the condition just dehis death. And how worthy she was of him, scribed; and no sooner was any man how much she conduced to his happiness, seriously concerned for his salvation, how assiduously she assisted his charitable than he was ready to wander from the labours, how holy was her life, and how Establishment in search of more fruitful blessed was her end, may best be seen pastures. from a memoir of her which he had drawn About the period of our respected
friend's birth, and onward to the close of spirit of conciliation, he never swerved the century, the prospect began to amend from what he believed to be the doctrines More piety was found in the land, and and spirit of the Gospel; and was perfectly a larger portion of it in the Established willing, in such a cause, to be a sufferer for Church. Among the conspicuous names truth, whatever obloquy might be attachwhich float before the eye during those ed to a faithful declaration of his sentiforty years, the rapid glance catches such ments. He rejoiced to behold the auas those of Venn, and Newton, and Ro- spicious progress of what he was permaine, and Toplady, and Harvey, and suaded was the truth as it is in Jesus, in Cadogan, and Jones, and Stonhouse, and the Church of England. He cherished, in Conyers, and Grimshawe, and Fletcher, particular, the opening piety of many of and Coulthurst, and Robinson, and Scott, the younger clergy, who sought to him for and Gordon, and the Milners; with many advice and direction: he would point them others, worthy of being classed with the to those bright names which honoured his brightest of the foregoing; men differing own earlier days; animating them by their in education and babits—some strict, and example, but guarding them against their others censurably lax, Churchmen; some errors. When he saw controversies growverging to the extremes of Calvinism, and ing up, new and exciting to younger minds, others of Arminianism; engaged some- he would tell them of similar contests, times in warm and unedifying contro- which he remembered half a century ago, versies among themselves, as well as with with their dangers and their issues; and the common enemy, the world, the flesh, thus would use his large experience and and the devil—yet, in the main, and with influence to counteract novelties and errors, whatever of human alloy, at heart men where, in the main, there was an honest of God, anxious for the glory of the Re- desire to attain the truth. Thus, stretchdeemer and the salvation of the souls of ing back to past scenes, yet keeping up men. These divines, and others of similar his interest in the present, he formed a character—some now unknown, and some connecting bond between the two generafor brevity's sake not named—were the tions above alluded to, and was one of the precursors of that large body of the clergy few survivors who had held hallowed conof the Church of England, now numbered, verse with boly men now known only by not by scores or hundreds, but by thous their writings and the vestiges of their sands, who have entered into their labours; spiritual labours. His general estimate, the great majority of them free from from the comparison, was, that scriptural those ecclesiastical blemishes and pecu- piety in the Church of England is not only liarities of doctrine which deformed some far more widely diffused in the present -not however all, very far from it—of day than it was forty years since; but that these their predecessors; and who, under with some unhappy exceptions, which he whatever name of reproach known among bitterly lamented, the doctrinal views of men, are not the least powerful stay of that portion of the clergy with whom he the Church of England, the least faithful was usually classed were more sound, soexpounders of the word of God, or the ber, practical, and scriptural, than those of least Zealous promoters of all that is some whom he had known in early life; lovely and of good report.
that they were consistent Churchmen and Now the peculiar station which Mr. useful parish priests; and were chiefly deWoodd occupied, was that of one of the few fective in those deep spiritual attainments, remaining links between the race of men that fervent communion with God, and above alluded to, and the body of what are that “blessed unction from above," which now currently called (themselves not as- characterized some of the fathers of his suming the title) the modern Evangelical youth. Oh, may these gifts of the Holy Clergy of the Church of England. In his Spirit be abundantly increased! that, while early days he had been acquainted with the profession of religion widens, it may most of the clergymen above specified; with not become more shallow ; or the warm some of them he was intimately connect- glow of piety be diminished in the heart, ed: he had witnessed their excellencies while the torch of truth is lifted on high and their failings; he had walked un- to illuminate the world. scathed amidst their unhappy contentions; The next particular to be noticed was he lamented the doctrinal excesses of some, his ministry. A clergyman's ministry and the unseemly jarrings of others; but comprises, in a large sense, the whole of he admired their ardent piety, their love to his life; his labours in the study as well as their Redeemer, their zeal to bring sin- the church; his private prayers as well as ners to Christ; and he determined, at his public discourses; his pastoral interwhatever cost, to bear his share of their course; his visits to the sick and dying ; reproach. If sweetness of temper, mo- his advice to the perplexed; his converderation of statement, and reverential af- sation; his social habits; his watchfulfection for the forms, services, and disci. ness over the young; his schools; his chapline of the Established Church, could rities; and his whole course of action, lessen the offence of the cross, then was ever going about, like his Divine Master, he willing, nay, most anxious, that it should doing good. It is a miserably deficient be lessened; but, amidst all his lovely estimate, and no person thought so more than this excellent man, to measure a laden, and I will give you rest ;" “ God Christian pastor only, or even chiefly, by so loved the world that he gave his only the duties of the pulpit; for all the above begotten Son, that whosoever believeth particulars are comprised in the character in him should not perish, but have everof a faithful minister of Jesus Christ. lasting life.” Repentance, faith, justifiThe present portion of these remarks cation, and newness of life, were among will, however, be confined chiefly to Mr. his perpetual topics. He took a large Woodd's public labours in the house of view of the value of the soul, and the God; reserving the mention of other price paid for its redemption; and all his parts of his ministerial engagements to discourses were modelled accordingly; the statements respecting his personal pointing out the way of salvation, and the character, and his connexion with reli- gratitude due to God for his inestimable gious and charitable institutions.
gift; and exhorting his hearers to work It is clear that there must have been out that salvation with fear and trembling, some peculiar charm in his preaching, and to grow in grace and in the knowfrom the very circumstance that, in a ledge and love of their God and Saviour. fickle and restless metropolis, amidst sur- They were always eminently practical : rounding variety, novelty, and multiplied not according to that false and meagre fascinations, he for nearly half a century, notion of practical preaching which would was always encircled by a large and at- confine it to the inculcation of some partached flock; not parochial, but collected tial moral deeds and virtues; but accordby voluntary attraction; and that for many ing to that large scriptural view which years the chapel in which he officiated was grounds holy works on a lively faith in unable to contain the multitudes who de- Christ; which makes his cross at once sired to enjoy the benefits of his ministry. the centre of hope and the incitement to And what was that charm? Did he obedience; ever setting forth the Saviour aspire after the cheap popularity excited as both a sacrifice for sin and an ensamby flights of fancy, eccentricities, extra- ple of godly life. There might be others vagancies, and volatile speculations? Or who could probe more deeply the human did he affect the artifices of gaudy elo- heart, and could detect more acutely the quence, or the higher bursts of sublime wiles of the hypocrite and self-deceiver; oratory? Or did he dive deeply into sub- but in tender expostulation, in scriptural jects of obscurity and mystery, and per- exhibitions of the mercies of God in plex himself and others with being wise Christ, in attractive displays of the blessabove what is written? Or had he ever edness of true religion, in paternal resome quaint device, some newly-coined monstrances with those who were living notion, some phantom of the moment, to only to the world, and exhortations to catch applause, and attract a giddy mul- them to shun its snares and devote themtitude? Or did he agitate party questions, selves to the service of their Saviour, he and collect the bigots of a system; assem- was a master in Israel ; and it pleased bling them to hear the abuse of those God eminently to bless his ministrations, who did not coincide in their own opi- Charity was his element; the charity nions? Far removed was be from every described by St. Paul in the thirteenth thing of this nature : no man had less of chapter of the First Epistle to the Corinany such artifices; no man
thians,-love to man flowing from love to sober, solid, steady, uniform, and unaf- God: the charity that suffereth long and fected. His hearers never looked in him is kind; the charity that is not easily profor any thing paradoxical, startling, or voked, thinketh no evil, rejoiceth not in visionary; and, mild as he was, he set his iniquity, but rejoiceth in the truth. Of this face like a flint against the seductive charity he was ever the zealous advocate, novelties of the day. Such things may it was one of the prominent elements of draw together an inconstant multitude for his sermons; and few clergymen have a time, but they will not support a steady, laboured with greater effect in enforcattractive, and beneficial ministry, like ing it upon the hearts of men. To young his, of half a century. No; the charm of persons his preaching was particularly atthis holy man's pulpit discourses, was, sim- tractive, from the spirit of love, simplicity, ply the doctrine he taught, and the man- and anxiety for their best welfare, which ner in which he taught it. His doctrine always characterized it. To see him cawas the Gospel of Christ; his manner catechising several hundred children, as he was with the love of Christ. He told did every Sunday for a long series of years, men of their guilt and wretchedness; but before the assembled worshippers in the it was not with the spirit of a censor, but house of God, was an affecting spectacle, of a friend and father, anxious to shew which none who have witnessed it can them how their sins might be pardoned, ever forget. It was one of his happiest and their sorrows assuaged. The love moments. He was all kindness, patience, of the Saviour, his agony and bloody and condescension. He "exhorted, and sweat, his cross and passion, were his comforted, and charged every one of them, constant themes. His exhortations were, as a father doth his children;" for he had a “ Be ye reconciled unto God;" “ Come father's heart: he loved children; and thouunto me, ye that labour and are heavy sands of the rising generation, and of those
now in mature life, remember with in- Such were his public ministrations in delible affection his scriptural admoni- the church. In his more private ministions and benignant address. The poor trations, by the bed of the sick and the also understood and valued his instruc- dying, he was eminently useful, usually tions: for while his whole deportment, in dedicating, if possible, a portion of every public and private, was such as conciliated day to these unostentatious labours. He the rich and fastidious, he would often say was, in truth, a devoted minister of Jesus that he considered it the happiness of his Christ; and eminently obeyed that inministry that to the poor also the Gospel junction of the Apostle to Timothy: was preached. To the sorrowful, the mourn- “ Follow righteousness, faith, charity, er, and the penitent, he had ever a message peace, with them that call on the Lord out of tenderness, which found its way to the of a pure heart; but foolish and unlearned afflicted heart. On the high days of the questions avoid, knowing that they do Church, the chief fasts and festivals, his gender strifes ; and the servant of God addresses were more than usually im- must not strive, but be gentle unto all pressive ; for he delighted in the recur- men, apt to teach, patient, in meekness rence of those solemnities, and eagerly instructing those that oppose themselves, availed himself of them to set forth those if God peradventure will give them rescriptural facts and doctrines to which pentance to the acknowleging of the truth.” they relate, especially the great events in “ He taught publicly, and from house to the life of our blessed Lord, in reference house, testifying repentance toward God to us men and our salvation. He greatly and faith toward our Lord Jesus Christ.” admired the wisdom of our Church in the “ He was not ashamed of the Gospel of appointment of such seasons; and, indeed, Christ,” knowing it to be “the power of all the arrangements of her ritual and God unto salvation to every one that beş worship were most congenial to his feel- lieveth.” He was “gentle, even as a nurse ings: for in these days of change and cherisheth her children, being affectionschism he was an honest, hearty, and affec- ately desirous” of his people; and they tionate Churchman; a Churchman upon were his “hope, and joy, and crown of reprinciple and conviction ; a warm advo- joicing,” “ whom he ardently longed to becate for the Scriptural Articles, Homilies, hold in the presence of our Lord Jesus and Liturgy of our established communion; Christ at his coming." and seldom did he allow a Sunday to pass
(To be continued). in which he did not, besides his pulpit labours, read the public service twice; The Rev. D. Wilson preached the never accounting himself so much ho- funeral sermon for his much beloved and noured as when, in the desk, as the esteemed friend at Bentinck Chapel, and minister of Christ, leading the united we understand it is to be published. We prayers and praises of the people.
hope to introduce it to our readers.
ANSWERS TO CORRESPONDENTS.
F. F.; W. S. C.; THEOGNIS; J. K.; B. C. S.; A. R. C. ; R. E.; C. E.;
Observer; and some papers without signature, are under consideration. C. H. H. has somewhat misconceived the paper of 0. S., on the parable of the Lord
of the Vineyard. The first labourers, as C. H. H. truly observes, had no claim in justice to more than they had agreed for ; but 0. S. directed his argument to rebut the alleged charge of caprice, or unjust partiality, in the 'lord of the vineyard's making such an agreement. His argument is directed to the objection, that, though
the arrangment was legally just, it was morally inequitable. It is clear that B. has never considered the actual ascertained facts relative to the earth's
structure. There they are, let us deal with them as we may; and it will neither confute the sceptic, nor satisfy the well-informed Christian, to say that all such researches indicate that pride of the human heart which unconsciously skims the very verge of infidelity." Whether is it wiser and more Christian to shut our eyes, and aver that we see no such facts; or to admit what is palpable the moment we open them, but to shew that those facts do not really, as they cannot, controvene the inspired statements, though they may, and do, set aside the popular interpretation of them ? T.W.C. will perceive upon re-perusal, that we did not say that the views expressed by
Mr. M`Neile, relative to the temporal prospects of the Jews, are held by himself alone; or that, as to their substance, they are altogether novel—we say, as to their substance, for it is not just to construe the language of every writer who has spoken of the spiritual privileges and pre-eminence of the restored Jews as if he meant to include temporal exaltation. What we really said was, that the theory of the future temporal superiority of the converted Jew over his fellow-Christian, appears to us fanciful (that is, unsupported by the word of God), and likely to lead the Jews to