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sacrilegious enemies of God and man," as they styled the English settlers; they plundered all Clanmorres, took Castle Mac Garret, and Castle-Coel, by assault, killed many, and carried off great prey. Various other events, connected with the old line of Moylurg and its toparchs during the sixteenth century, and especially their surrender to, and composition with, Perrot (recorded in the Rolls' Office, Dublin), will be found more appropriately in the History of the Barony.

In 1587, the succession being then in the descendants of Gilcrist, inquisitions were taken as to the estates of Charles, Timothy, and Bryan Mac Dermot, members of that line. In 1594, when the celebrated Red Hugh O'Donnel passed his Christmas in Connaught, appointing and changing its dynasts according to his pleasure, he gave the title of Mac Dermot of Moylurg to Conor, son of Teigue, son of Owen, fixing him in his patrimony, from which he had been expelled by the English. O'Donnel afterwards entered Munster, when he was attended by the Mac Dermot, with the following other chiefs of Connaught: O'Ruarc; the two Mac Donoghs; O'Kelly; O'Conor Roe's two sons; the brother of Donell O'Conor Sligo; the two O'Flaherties; William Bourke, brother to Redmond, and Hugh Mostian. In 1602, when the Lord Deputy Mountjoy passed the Christmas at Galway, the Mac Dermot, styled "of the Curlews," made submission to him, as did the O'Flaherties of Iar-Connaught, the O'Conor Roe, and many others. Bryan Mac Dermot, the elder, was then chief of the Rock; his estates were, however, in 1603, confiscated, while the following members of the family received the royal pardon: Gerald Mac Dermot, Timothy Mac Dermott Roe, Edward Mac Shane Mac Dermott Roe, Grany Mac Dermott Roe of Mullaghneirenaghty, all in the County Sligo, and Timothy Mac Dermot, Rory Mac Dermott Roe, and Owen Mac Dermott Roe of Aughnacarra, all in the County Roscommon.

In 1604, King James granted to Theobald Dillon, knight, the wardship of Brian Oge Mac Dermot, son and heir of the aforesaid Bryan Mac Dermot of the Rock, by Sarah, daughter of O'Conor Sligo, and niece of O'Donnell, Prince of Tyrconnell (the

chiefry being then in that line of the family), for the consideration of a fine of £4, and an annual rent of £3 6s. 8d. sterling, the patentee retaining thereout £2, for the maintenance of the minor in Trinity College, Dublin, and his "education in the English language and habits," from the 12th to the 18th year of his age. In 1608, Conor Mac Dermott Roe, the lineal descendant of Dermott Ruagh, of 1307, obtained, on his surrender to the Crown of his ancient title, that re-grant of the four quarters of Camach, and the two quarters of Kilmactrany, with license to hold fairs and markets at the latter place, as fully mentioned in the ensuing History of the Barony. Various inquisitions were, at this time, taken, concerning the possessions of members of this family, in the Counties of Roscommon, Sligo, Leitrim, and even Galway; amongst these unfortunate sufferers was Cormac Mac Owen Mac Dermot, "slain in rebellion," whereupon his estates, viz., in Anagh, 20A.; Clonfadda, 14A.; Corcot, 6a. of wood; Shanbally-ban, 11A.; Lossed, half a quarter and 31A.; Cooledeagh, 3 cartrons and 25A.; Dromlehard, one cartron, 8A.; Carrownagarry, 3 cartrons, 20A.; Dromornecare, Dromloge, and Moungoran, one cartron, being 22A. wood and bog, with a ruinous weir; Knockeneshannagh and Dromboylen, one quarter, 42A., were confiscated, and demised to Captain Roger Atkinson, for a term of years, at a total rent of £1 10s., and a fine of £5. Yet, even amidst all these political distractions, and the sufferings of the old natives, it is curious to find them turning, as if for consolation, to the charms of their national music; and, at this very time, occurred the memorable and spirited contest for the palm of poetry and song, between the bards of Leath Con (Connaught and Ulster), on the one side, and those of Leath Mogha (Leinster and Munster), on the other. Amongst those distinguished in this literary championship were, on the former side, Mac Dermot of Moylurg, John O'Clery, Lewis O'Clery, Hugh O'Donnell, Boetius Roe Mac Egan, and Anluan Mac Egan; and on the latter were, Teigue Mac Daire, Fearfasa O'Cainte, Turlogh O'Brien, and Art Oge O'Keeffe.

In 1618, Bryan Oge Mac Dermot of the Rock (the minor of

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1604), had, after his attaining age, a grant, apparently magnificent and extensive, yet comprising but a portion of the former princely inheritance of the sept. It restored to him the lands, which, by virtue of the then existing tenures, were held in wardship by the king, during the minority of Bryan, viz., the manor, castle, and town of Carrick-mac-Dermot, i. e. Mac Dermot's Rock; Longfort, Knock brackin, Criveagh, Carguinewilt, one quarter each; the town, lands, and two quarters, of Ballykivegan, Ardkine, Carrownehilly, Carrownacashel, one quarter each; Lecarrownamolagee, Lecarrownaruskeen, Ardcrunnaght, Lowortane, Clownekille, Dromcarmack, half a quarter each; the trines of Clogher, Tullaghbohane, and Tullaghboy, one quarter and a third each; the town, lands, and two quarters, of Ardlarin; Orckbronagh, one quarter; Aughrefinnagan, one quarter; the town, lands, and two quarters, of Killeed and Portnacarrig; Knockecleghan, half a quarter; Cloonebryen, three quarters and a half; Ardess, one quarter; the trines of Faus, Ardcurke, Clowneshughan, Cormock, one quarter and a third each; Shanballysallagh, Ardcollagh, Lismore, Corray, Downeene, Taertan, Shireagh, Carrowentully, Lisphillip, Scorbeg, Carrickmore, Tullaghreyny, Grallagh, Erris, Carrownacreeve, Finnanagh, Tullaghanneta wey, Tavernegigh, Dirrechoagh, one quarter each; Cornamucklagh, Lecarrownanalte, half a quarter each; Greanan, one cartron; Mayh, one cartron; Lecarrowbeg, half a cartron; Altigowlan, Seltannaveeny, Graignafarne, Graiglisdrumgarmen, Glashdrumen, one cartron each; Graignaleva, Cornegirghmore, half a cartron each; Cerchfreigh, Carrowkeilegrannagh, Camlin, one quarter each; Carregower, half a quarter; the town, lands, and four quarters, of Knockeglass alias Knocklagh, and Moyhyden-M'Loughlin; Trinemarly, one quarter and a third; Mullaghmore, Knockegalteene, Tullaghcattoge, one quarter each; Clowneagh, Lawkill, Annaghmacmorogh, Dromenilrie, Drumsallagh, half a quarter each; the trine of Erblagh, one quarter and a third; Tullaleigue, half a quarter; Clowneriskiveen, one quarter; Ardleeagh, Cartronninreagh, Reask, one cartron each; half Carrowenroddy quarter; Runneroddan, Legwoy, one quarter each; half of Cor

raboy quarter, being parcel of the four quarters of Leamgcare; Letrim, one quarter; Carrowkeele, one quarter; Clonebegg and Aghnecart, one cartron and a half; Dirrin, a quarter of a cartron; Clownekille, one quarter cartron; Aughwoltagh, and Bracklagh, one cartron; half of Clegernagh quarter; Carrowenae, one quarter; Lisneshangan, half a quarter; Legetintee, one quarter; Corekegill, one quarter; Lissechoill, half a quarter; Kilconnell, half a quarter; Aghedristan, half a quarter; half Carrowengarry quarter; Cashelecurragh, one cartron; Simony, one cartron; Cornemucklagh, two-thirds of a cartron; Aughowcargeene, one cartron; Clownteracvaugh, half a quarter; half Drumshanguogh quarter; Dromadaragh, one cartron; Correlinny, half a cartron; Correboy, half a quarter; Runnepoll, two quarters; all situate in the County Roscommon: the town, lands and quarter of Ardmunnechin, and those of Ardscrire, in the County Sligo, with certain savings therein reserved. The same Patent included grants to various other members of the Mac Dermot family, of distinct lands, within the Counties of Roscommon and Sligo, while those granted to said Bryan Mac Dermot, were created the manor of Carrick-mac-Dermot, with 300A. in demesne, power to create tenures, to hold courts leet and baron, to hold a Thursday market at Carrick-mac-Dermot, and a fair there, on the 29th of June, and the two following days, with a court of pie poudre, and the usual tolls; all to be held at the annual rent of 13s. 4d.

This Bryan died the chief of his sept, in January, 1636, and was buried in the church, founded by his ancestor, at Clonmacnoise; he had married Margaret, daughter of Richard Burke of Derrymacloghny, by whom he left issue male, Turlough, alias Terence, Charles, his second son, and other issue. Terence, on his succession to the family estates, conveyed away about eight quarters thereof, in 1639, to Sir Charles Coote, comprising (inter alia) Keadue, Altygowlan, Seltinaveenagh, &c., and the remainder, on his decease without issue, passed to Charles, who, as before stated in the memoir of the O'Mulloy family, had married Eleanor, daughter of the "Great O'Mulloy" of Croghan, when,

by marriage settlement of the 4th September, 1633, said Bryan being then alive, settled Inchatyra, and various other lands, within the Barony of Boyle, to the uses of that settlement. Charles had, by this lady, two sons, Hugh and Timothy(a). To the former his father conveyed, in 1669, the lands of Shruffe, or Coolavin, in the County Sligo, and, in May, 1690, a yet larger portion of the family estates. This Hugh was afterwards a distinguished officer in the army of James the Second, in whose service he was taken prisoner, at Aghrim, but on the interference, and by the interest of Sir Robert King, he was, "for the humanity and kindness evinced by him, towards the Protestant clergy and laity," released. He had intermarried with Eliza, daughter of the O'Kelly of Aghrim, by whom he had issue, Charles and Terence; the latter represented the borough of Boyle, in King James's memorable Parliament of Dublin, and was, consequently, attainted in King William's; whereupon, his interest in such residue of the family estates as was his, escheated to the Crown, while his brother, Charles, succeeded only to Coolavin, on the death of their father, Hugh, which occurred in November, 1707. Before that event, Charles, when Viscount Dillon was "Lord Lieutenant" of the County Roscommon, had an official order, as in virtue of King James's commission, bearing date the 12th September, 1690, for the re-delivery to him of "the castle of Carrick-mac-Dermot, and the castle, or strong house of Canbo, and of all other the castles and strong-holds upon the said Charles's estate and ancient inheritance." He married Catherine Dillon, of the House of Clonbrock, and by her had issue, Myles, his eldest son; Terence, his second son (who, intermarrying with Catherine, daughter of John Blake of Wingfield, County Galway, had issue by her,

(a) According to tradition, this Charles Mac Dermot, the last chief of the Rock, had also a daughter, Una, the disappointment of whose devoted love is the subject of some beautiful poetry and music, yet extant in the district, while her grave, which is pointed out beside that of her lover, gives an association of moral interest to the picturesque ruin of the Abbey on Trinity Island, Lough Ke.

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