« ZurückWeiter »
A TABLE TO FIND EASTER DAY, FROM THE PRESENT TIME
THE FOREGOING CALENDAR.
OAMUAN MUAR SMUA
THIS Table contains so much of the Calendar as
To find the Golden Number, or Prime, add one
To find the Dominical or Sunday Letter, accord-
For the next Century, that is, from the year 1800
NOTE, That in all Bissextile or Leap Years, the Letter found as above will be the Sunday Letter, from the intercalated day exclusive to the end of the year.
stituted which still retains the name of Vigil. The Vigil is not | deference to Royal Proclamations dated June 21st, 1837, and therefore connected with the Evening Service, but is the day Jan. 17th, 1859. before the Festival to which it belongs, and since (according to the accustomed habit of the Church) the Festival itself begins on the evening previous, the Vigil ends before that Evening service
§ The Table to find Easter till 1899. (if there is more than one) which is observed as the first Vespers This Table is an extract from the first three columns of the of the feast. That, in medieval times, the whole of the day Calendar during the Paschal limits, or the period during which before the Festival was observed as the Vigil may be seen by the Easter Day must always fall. It was substituted in 1752 (with following Rubric for the first Sunday in Advent: “Non dicatur the succeeding one) for “a Table to find Easter for ever” which etiam per totum annum Te Deum laudamus in Vigiliis, nec in had been printed in previous Prayer Books, but which had been quatuor temporibus, nisi in Vigilia Epiphaniæ quando in Dominica framed on a mistaken supposition respecting the perpetual appli, contigerit, et præterquam in quatuor temporibus hebdomadæ cation of the cycle of Golden Numbers to fixed days of the Pentecostes.” The Te Deum was used at Mattins : the use of it months. A change in the application of the cycle will be neceshere referred to must therefore be at the Mattins of the Vigil. sary in the year 1900, (provided for by another Table further Some remarks on the observance of Vigils may be found in on,) when the above will be superseded for all future calculaTracts for the Times, No. 66, pp. 11, 12.
The Golden Numbers and the Sunday Letters are explained in The accession of the Sovereign was first observed as a “Solemn Day” in the reign of Queen Elizabeth; but no mention of such a These Tables are a solution of a difficulty about the determinaday was made in the Prayer Book until late in the last century. tion of Easter Day, which caused considerable trouble to the The above notice of the day has not therefore the authority of Church when astronomy, and consequently Chronology, was the Sealed Books, nor of the Act of 1752, but is printed in imperfectly understood. The Nicene Council (A.D. 325) endea
the notes to th
teneral Tables for fir
To make use of the preceding Table, find the Sunday Letter for the Year in the uppermost
voured to settle this difficulty and the Quartodeciman controversy | this rule was subject to error, and that Easter Day was some(see notes on Easter Day] by the following epistolary decrees : times too early and sometimes too late to commemorate our
1. That the twenty-first day of March is to be taken as the Lord's Resurrection with the accuracy which was intended by vernal equinox.
the Nicene Council. This erroneous system was not corrected, 2. That the full moon happening upon or next after the twenty however, until the introduction of the “New Style” by Pope first day of March is to be taken for the full moon of the month Gregory XIII. in 1582; and the New Style was not introduced into Nisan.
England until 1752, when the Act of Parliament was passed from 3. That the next Lord's Day after that full moon is to be which the present Calendar is printed. observed as Easter Day.
These Tables for finding Easter, together with those which 4. Unless the full moon happens upon a Sunday, when Easter follow, are part of the Act of Parliament referred to [24 Geo. II. Day is to be the next Sunday.
c. 23), and have not received the same authority as the Prayer But to observe these rules it was necessary to ascertain the age Book itself. Nor does there seem to be any practical necessity of the moon : and although this could be done correctly for a for binding them up with every edition of the Prayer Book as is period by means of a cycle of the moon discovered by Meton, an the present custom, since they are of far too recondite a characAthenian philosopher, which set forth the change of the moon ter to be of any use except to highly scientific students; and for nineteen years, and wbich was supposed to repeat itself ad in- for ordinary use the Table of Moveable Feasts is amply sufficient. finitum, yet a more accurate knowledge of astronomy showed that
Feb, 14 | Apr.
X 1891 XI 1892 XI 1893 XIII 1894 1895 XV 1896 XVI 1897 I XVII 1898 XVIII 1899 XIX 1900
5 Feb. 22
6 Feb. 23 Jan. 29
F | Five
[N.B. This Table is only a representative and not a facsimile of the Table in the Act of Parliament. The latter extends
from 1752 to 1804.]
of the present cycle the lunar year and the solar year both comThe difference between the length of the solar year and that ot menced on the 1st of January; the Epact for the second year was the lunar year is eleven days; the solar year being made up of 365 therefore 11, for the third 22, for the fourth 33, and so forth in a days, and the lunar year of twelve months or moons, of twenty- regular succession. The whole months are not reckoned, however, nine and a half days each, or 354 days in all. The last day of and instead of 33, the Epact is taken as 3, instead of 36 as 6, and the lunar year being the last day of the twelfth moon, and the so forth. last day of the solar year being the 31st of December, the A cycle of nineteen Epacts is thus formed which always runs difference between these constitutes the Epact. In the first year parallel to the nineteen Golden Numbers in the following order :
Golden Numbers 1 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17 | 18 | 19
| 0 | 11 | 22 | 3 | 14 | 25 | 6 | 17 | 28 | 9 | 20 | 1 | 12 | 23 | 4 | 15 | 26 | 7 | 18 | The Epact is used for calculating the age of the Moon on any | The true age of the moon on Oct. 10, 1865, at noon, being 20 day in any year. To do this, (1) Add together the day of the days and 14 hours. month and the Epact: (2) If the month is one later on in the The use of the Epacts (in connexion with the Sunday letters), year than March, add also the number of months including for finding out Easter Day, may be thus illustrated for the year March and the one for which the calculation is required. The 1887. Find out the moon's age for some day on which Easter result will give the moon's age within a fraction of a day. | can fall, say April 1st. Thus:
1887. April 1 1865. October 10th.
6 Epact. 3 The Epact.
2 March and April inclusive.
8 months from March to October, inclusive. days 21 = Approximate age of the Moon.
days 9 = age of the moon on April 1. The Paschal Full Moon is the 14th day of the Moon's age, and this will be April 6th. (2) Easter Day being the Sunday after the Paschal Full Moon, and B being the Sunday letter for 1887, the first B after April 6th will show that April 10th is Easter Day in that year.
1 'Emaktai nepas. Intercalary days.
NOTE, that in a Bissextile or Leap Year, the Number of Sundays after Epiphany will be the
same, as if Easter Day had fallen One Day later than it really does. And for the same
The order in which this Table follows the others makes its use | Table is given as a means of finding out for any year, pasto sufficiently evident. The two first Tables being given for the future, the respective dates of these days, according to that of purpose of finding the date of the Festival by which all the Easter. The Note respecting Leap Year must not be overlooked moveable Holydays are regulated, and a third added which sets / when this Table is used. forth all the moveable Holydays for many years to come, this
The Golden Numbers in the foregoing Calendar
Time, in order that the Ecclesiastical Full Moons
This Table is simply for revising the first and third columns of that portion of the Calendar which extends over the Paschal limits, i. e. those days in March and April that Easter can pos.
sibly fall on. It will not come into use beforo the year 1900, and is then applicable for three hundred years.