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* There are proper Second Lessons for both Morning and Evening Prayer, and the ordinary ones were doubtless left in by mistake.
SS. Cornelius and Cyprian. Holy Cross Day. SS. Cor- Exaltation of the Holy Cross. Exaltation of the Holy [nelius and Cyprian. St. Nicomedes.
[Cross. St. Edith.
SS.Cornelius and Cyprian, Euphemia, St. Euphemia.
[Lucy and Geminianus.
Impression of the S. wounds of St.
St. Eustachius and his Companions.
St. Quadratus, Apostle. St. Maurice and his fellow. St. Maurice and his fellow- | SS. Thomas of Villanova, Maurice [Martyrs.
[and his Companions.
Conception of St. John B. Conception of St. John B.
Blessed Virgin Mary of Mercy. St. Thecla.
SS. Cyprian and Justina.
17 The accounts of the life of St. GILES, or Ægidius, are | anger of the King's officer, Pepin, Lord of Herstal, by boldly rerather confused, on account of there having been an Abbot of buking vice; and thus he came to be considered a martyr. Through Arles of the same name in the preceding century. The saint the translation of his relics thither, the village of Liège became commemorated on this day was born at Athens, about the middle & city; but the Cathedral of St. Lambert was destroyed at the of the seventh century, and was of noble parentage. When a Revolution. [Sar. Ep. and Gosp. : Heb. v. 1-6. St. Matt. ix. young man he sold all that he had, and retired into a forest in 35—38, and x. 7, 8. 16.] the diocese of Nismes, where he lived in seclusion with one com- | 26] St. CYPRIAN, ARCHBISHOP OF CARTHAGE, AND MARTYR. panion named Veredemus. Here they lived on such food as the -This festival was originally kept, together with that of St. Corforest afforded, and were nourished also by the milk of a tame | nelius, Bishop of Rome, on the 14th of September, but on account hind. The creature having been scented by the King's dogs, was of Holy Cross Day, was transferred to the 16th, on which day the driven to her masters for protection, and thus the King discovered Eastern and Roman Churches still keep it, as did the Mediæval St. Giles in his retreat. Here he gave him land for a monastery English Church. In the Sarum and Roman Calendars the 26th of Benedictine monks, where he ruled as abbot for upwards of was devoted to another St. Cyprian, a converted magician of fifty years, and the spot was called Vallis Flaviana, from the Antioch. The famous St. Cyprian, of Carthage, was born in that name of its founder, Flavius Wamba. In A.D. 720 he had to city to the rank of a senator, and for many years he was celetake refuge from the Saracens at Orleans. He was, however, brated for his eloquence, and as a teacher of rhetoric. When enabled to return to his abbey, where he died, A.D. 725. From past middle age he was converted, and having been prepared for his being said to have refused to be cured of a lameness, he is baptism by a priest named Cæcilius, he took from him his Chrisesteemed as the patron of cripples, and the churches dedicated to tian name. Being ordained priest, he soon after this succeeded him, which are numerous both in this country and on the Conti. | Donatus in the see of Carthage, A.D. 248. He is described nent, have generally been in the suburbs of cities, in order to as having been a model of what a bishop ought to be. But afford poor and lame travellers a ready opportunity of resorting the Decian persecution soon disturbed the Church, and the to them, on their entering from the country. [Sar. Ep. and decree reached Carthage, A.D. 250. The heathen furiously raged Gosp.: Ecclus. xxxix. 5–9. St. Luke xi. 33–36.7
together, crying, “ Cyprianus ad leones ; Cyprianus ad bestias," 7] ST. EUNURCHUS, or Evortius, Bishop of Orleans, was famous and also calling him Coprianus in contempt, thus fulfilling litein the ancient Western Martyrologies, and hence probably has rally the words of St. Paul (1 Cor. iv. 13). He used the liberty found a place in our Calendar. There are various stories relating which our Lord had given (St. Matt. x. 23) to flee from perto him, but no important information of a reliable nature, farthersecution for the sake of his flock, and after the death of the than that he flourished about the middle of the fourth century. tyrant was enabled to return. Great difficulty was now felt He is said to have been pointed out as a fit person for the office respecting the restoration of those who bad lapsed, and St. of a bishop by a dove alighting on his head; but the story is Cyprian assembled a synod, at which a wise and moderate contold of others, and is plainly symbolical of his designation for clusion was arrived at. About A.D. 255 arose that famous conthat office by the Holy Ghost.
troversy with St. Stephen, Bishop of Rome, on the subject of 8] The institution of the Feast of the NATIVITY OF THE heretical baptism, which shows so conclusively that the African BLESSED VIRGIN has been ascribed to Pope Servius, cir. A.D. 695, Church did not consider that the word of the Bishops of Rome at and was universally celebrated in Medieval times, with octave once settled any such matter. St. Cyprian held, contrary to the and vigil. We have no other particulars respecting the parentage opinion which has generally prevailed since, that such baptism, of the Blessed Virgin, than that she was “of the house and | even if administered with the right words and the right matter, lineage” of David. Tradition names her father Joachim, and was invalid. He was at last beheaded by the Emperor Galerius, her mother St. Anne (see July 26). [Sar. Ep. and Gosp. : Ecclus. Sept. 14, A.D. 258. His works have great value. (Sar. Ep. and xxiv. 17–22, and Wisd. iv. 1–7. Alternate days during the Gosp.: Wisd. v. 15–19. St. Matt. x. 23—25.] Octave, St. Matt. i. 1–16. The Octave, St. Luke xi. 27, 28.] 30] ST. JEROME, PRIEST, CONFESSOR, AND DOCTOR.-- This
14] Holy Cross Day.—This is also called the Feast of the celebrated Father was born at Stridonium (now Sdrigni), in Italy, Exaltation of the Holy Cross; and though it is not in Bede's near Aquileia, about A.D. 342. He was educated in his native Calendar, it, as well as the 3rd of May, was called “Roodmas- town for some years, and then was sent to Rome to study under day” by our Saxon ancestors. It is kept in honour of the public Donatus and Victorinus, two famous grammarians. Here he exposition of a portion of the Cross, in the basilica erected at made great progress, being stimulated by the feeling that the Jerusalem by the Empress Helena (see May 3). This church Christians were despised as too illiterate to worthily explain their was solemnly consecrated on Sept. 13, A.D. 335, and on the next tenets. He then travelled through Thrace and the provinces of day, being Sunday, the precious relic was exposed from a lofty Asia Minor, after which, in disgust at the half-pagan manners of place within the building. The custom was continued annually, the Christians, he retired, at the age of thirty-one, to a desert in and so the festival has been observed on this day ever since, both Syria, where he led a very austere and studious life. Here he in the East and in the West. This festival also commemorates studied Hebrew with a converted Jew; and after visiting Jerusalem that famous appearance of the “ sign of the Son of Man in the and Bethlehem was ordained priest at Antioch, A.D. 378. After heavens” which is said to have decided the conversion of the this he led a very wandering life, studying at all the great seats Emperor Constantine; and another event connected with it is of learning, and living in constant mortification. The latter part the recovery by Heraclius (A.D. 629) of that portion of the Cross of his life was mainly occupied in writing against heretics. He which had been carried away from Jerusalem by Chosroes, King | peacefully departed, Sept. 30, A.D. 420, and was buried in a of the Persians, A.D. 614. There are no less than 106 churches in monastery he had founded at Bethlehem, whence his body was England under the designation either of Holy Rood or of St. Cross. afterwards translated to the Church of St. Maria Maggiore at
The Ember Days in September are the Wednesday, Friday, and Rome. His greatest work was the translation of the Scriptures Saturday after Holy Cross Day. [Sar. Ep. and Gosp. : Gal. v. into Latin, and he was well fitted for it by his knowledge of 10-12, and vi. 12-14. St. John xii. 31–36.)
Eastern languages, localities, manners, and customs. This formed 17] ST. LAMBERT, or Landebert, was born of Christian parents the basis of the Latin Vulgate, from which were taken most of of rank and wealth, at Maestricht, where, after a careful educa the portions of Scripture used in the Western Offices, and which tion, he was committed to the care of St. Theodard, the Bishop, has been universally received in the Latin Church. at whose death he succeeded to the see. When Childeric, King St. Jerome is represented as an old man engaged in study, of France, was dethroned and murdered, in A.D. 673, Lambert, with a skull near him. He has generally a lion by his side, and who was known to be his friend, was driven into exile. Being wears or has near him a broad hat, having cords ending in plain afterwards restored, he laboured much for the conversion of the tassels, similar to that of a cardinal, but the cords of the latter heathen. In the fortieth year of his episcopate he was mur end in a sort of network terminating in tassels. [Sar. Ep. and dered, on the 17th of September, A.D. 709, having incurred the Gosp.: Ecclus. xlvii. 8-11. St. Matt. v. 13–19.]
St. Ananias, Apostle.
SS. Cyprian and Justina. | “Passio duorum Heuved
[and Leger. | St. Thomas, Bishop of Hereford. St. Dionysius the Areopa-
St. Thomas, Apostle.
[cellus, and Apuleius.
[Martyrs. St. Bridget. SS. Marcellinus and Genuus. St. Dionysius and his fellow SS. Dionysius, Rusticus, and Eleu- St. James, son of Alphæus. St. Paulinus. St. Geron & his fellow-Mart. St. Paulinus.
St. Philip the Deacon.
St. Lucian of Antioch.
St. Longinus the Centurion.
Hosea the Prophet.
St. Luke, Apostle and Ev.
Joel the Prophet.
St. John Cantius.
Feast of our Most Holy Redeemer. St. James, Apostle and
[brother of God. SS. Crispin and Crispinian. SS. John of Beverley, Chrysanthus,
St. Evaristus. [and Daria. SS. Simon and Jude. SS. Simon and Jude. SS. Simon and Jude.
The Patriarch Abraham.
[banus, &c. St. Quintin.
SS. Stachys, Amplias, Ur.
17 Sr. REMIGIUS, BISHOP OF RHEIMS.- This saint, often | This led to the re establishment of the then ancient Abbey of called St. Remi, the “Apostle of France,” was born about A.D. 439, Westminster on a new and magnificent footing. The buildings of noble parents, long after their other children, his birth having were completed and solemnly dedicated to St. Peter on the Feast been foretold by a hermit named Montanus. He received an of the Holy Innocents, A.D. 1065, and considerable portions of education suitable to his station, and was always remarkable for | them remain to this day. The King was unable, through sickness, the holiness of his life. So celebrated was he for his spiritual to be present at the dedication, and only just lived to know that and other qualifications, that he was made Bishop of Rheims in the work was accomplished, for he died January 5th, A.D. 1066, the twenty-second year of his age, and was afterwards made and was buried in the new Abbey Church before the high altar, Primate of Gaul, since which time Rheims has been the a great concourse of nobles and ecclesiastics attending. His Metropolitan See of France. He is most known as having been tomb was adorned with silver and gold by William the Conqueror, instrumental in the conversion of King Clovis, from whom the and enclosed in a shrine. The body was removed by St. Thomas subsequent French kings appear to have derived the titles of of Canterbury to a richer shrine, Oct. 13th, A.D. 1163, and after “ Eldest Son of the Church,” and “ Most Christian King." The the rebuilding of the church by Henry III., that monarch had a ampulla with which St. Remi anointed Clovis at his baptism is most sumptuous shrine erected, the wreck of which still remains, still preserved at Rheims, and has generally been used at the with a superstructure of wood in the debased style of the sixteenth coronations of the French kings. He died in the ninety-sixth century. The former translation, which was probably connected year of his age, and seventy-third of his episcopate, and was with the canonization of the saint, is the one commemorated. buried in the Church of St. Christopher at Rheims. His body | The touching for the King's Evil dates from St. Edward, and was was translated to the Benedictine Abbey, Oct. 1st, 1049, since last performed by Queen Anne, in whose reign a special Office which, Oct. 1st has been his festival instead of Jan. 13th, the day was used. The same power was claimed by the Kings of France of his death. His distinguishing emblem is a dove bearing the for many ages. A ring given by St. Edward in his last illness to ampulla. [Sar. Ep. and Gosp.: Heb. vii. 23—27. St. Luke xii. the Abbot of Westminster was long preserved as a relic, and 35–40.]
applied to the cure of nervous diseases. Succeeding kings used to 6) St. FAITH, V. AND M.—This Virgin Martyr, also called Fides, bless rings on Good Friday for the same purpose, and these were suffered under Datian, the Roman Prefect of Gaul, in the latter called “ cramp rings." St. Edward the Confessor is distinguished part of the third century. She was born of Christian parents, by holding the ring (often disproportionately large) in his hand. and while still very young was brought to her trial. Refusing to The arms attributed to him are, Az. a cross patonce between five sacrifice to Diana, she boldly confessed Christ, notwithstanding | martlets, Or; but these belong to a much later period. [Sar. Ep. the most horrible tortures; endeavouring, as she said, to support | and Gosp. : Ecclus. xxxix. 5—9. St. Luke xi. 33–36.] in reality what her name signified. She was at last beheaded, 17] ST. ETHELDREDA, VIRGIN QUEEN.–St. Etheldreda was having been previously beaten with rods, and bound with chains born in Suffolk, in the seventh century, and was the daughter of to a brazen bed, under which fire was placed; when several of the Anna, King of the East Angles, whose queen was a sister of St. spectators, rebuking the tyrant, and following her example in Hilda, Abbess of Whitby. Having been religiously brought up, refusing to sacrifice, suffered with her. St. Vincent (see Jan. she was married to the Prince of the Girvii. Being left a widow, 22) endured many tortures under this same Datian, who appears she retired to Ely, where she led a solitary and mortified life. to have been one of the greatest monsters of cruelty that the ages In A.D. 660 she was married to Egfrid, a Northumbrian prince, of persecution ever produced. St. Faith is represented with the with whom she lived as a sister rather than a wife for twelve instruments of her martyrdom, and wears the crown of victory. years. On his succeeding to the throne she retired to a monastery, Sixteen churches, including that under the choir of St. Paul's from which the King attempted to withdraw her, whereupon she Cathedral, which is now used only for burials, are dedicated to fled to her old retreat at Ely. Here she founded a convent, over her. [Sar. Ep. and Gosp. : Ecclus. li. 9–12. St. Matt. xiü. which she presided as abbess for some years, and at last died 44-52.]
during a pestilence, June 23rd, A.D. 679. She was succeeded by 9] ST. DENYS AREOP., B. AND M.-It would seem that in the her sister, St. Sexburga, who translated her remains, and placed Roman and Sarum Missals this saint has been confounded with them in a coffin of white marble, Oct. 17th, A.D. 695. Her the Patron of France, for the “companions” of this later St. history is represented in sculptures under the lantern of Ely Denys are mentioned together with him in the Calendar, Collect, Cathedral, which arose out of the monastery founded by her. &c., while the Epistle is from the Acts of the Apostles, and relates She is represented as an abbess with pastoral staff, a celestial to the conversion of “Dionysius the Areopagite," the “woman crown on her head, and the insignia of earthly royalty lying named Damaris, and others with them;" an inconsistency which behind her. [Sar. Ep. and Gosp.: 2 Cor. x. 17—xi. 2. St. Matt. remains to this day in the Roman Offices. St. Denys, or Diony. XXV. 1–13.] sius, was a member of the Upper Council of Athens, which held 25] ST. CRISPIN, MARTYR.-In the ancient Calendar, St. Crispin its sittings on “ Mars' Hill," and was converted by the preaching was commemorated together with his twin brother Crispinian. of St. Paul when the Apostle was brought before that Court. They were famous in France owing to their having been among Eusebius mentions him as having been first Bishop of Athens, the companions of St. Denys, together with St. Quintin and where also he is related to have suffered martyrdom under Domi- others who came as missionaries from Rome into Gaul in the tian, cir. A.D. 96. The celebrated treatise on the Heavenly third century. Fixing their abode at Soissons, they preached Hierarchies, ascribed to him, is generally considered to be spurious. and instructed the people by day, and when not so engaged, exerIn the Greek Church he is commemorated on the third of cised the trade of shoe-making for a maintenance, supplying the the month. This saint has no distinguishing emblem, but his poor free of charge. Hence they have been considered the tutelar namesake of France bears a mitred head in his hands, symbolizing saints or patrons of that craft, and of two famous societies in his death by decapitation. [Sar. Ep. and Gosp.: Acis xvii. 16–34. France, called Frères Cordonniers. The two brothers were St. Luke vi. 17–23.]
beheaded Oct. 25th, A.D. 288, after severe tortures, under Rictius 13] TRANSL. OP KING EDWARD CONF.-St. Edward the Con. | Varus, the Roman Governor of Soissons, during the progress of fessor is pre-eminently our national saint. He was born in the Emperor Maximian through Gaul. In the sixth century a Oxfordshire, and succeeded his father, King Ethelred, A.D. 1041. | church was built and dedicated to them at Soissons, their proHaving suffered much at the hands of the Danes, he had in his bable place of interment, though there is a curious tradition in youth vowed to make a pilgrimage to Rome, and wished to fulfil | Kent that they were buried at Stones End, in that county. his intention as soon as he became King. But such was the Their emblems are the martyr's palm and the shoemaker's awl, danger attending his absence from England, that Leo IX. dis or knife. There is an interesting reference to the “Feast of pensed with the performance of the vow on condition that he Crispian” in Shakspeare (Henry V., Act iv. Sc. iii.), in connexion would give to the poor the money the pilgrimage would have with the great battle of Agincourt. [Sar. Ep. and Gosp.: 1 Cor. cost him, and found or re-found a monastery in honour of St. Peter. | iv. 9–14. St. Matt. x. 16-22.]
Note, that a Ecclus. 25 is to be read only to Verse 13. And b Ecclus. 30, only to Verse 18. And c Ecclus. 46, only to " Verse 20.
The four Crowned Saints.
The four Crowned Martyrs. The four Crowned Martyrs.
SS. Michael and all Angek
Dedication of our Saviour's Church. St. Onesiphorus.
[spicius, and Nympha.
St. Martin, Priest and Martyr.
St. John Chrysostom.
St. Matthew, Ap. & Evang.
St. Gregory Thaumaturgus.
SS. Elizabeth and Pontianus. Obadiah the Prophet.
Presentation of Blessed Virgin Mary, Presentation of B. V. Mary.
SS. Philemon and Cecilia.
SS. John of the Cross, and Chryso. SS. Clement of Rome and
[Peter of Alexandria. St. Linus.
St. Felix Valois.