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career of St. John de Crèvec@ur traced out; and in this work
he engaged the talents and research of one of the Columbia
students, Miss Julia Post Mitchell, a relative of the astronomer,
Maria Mitchell, who bas now for some years been investigating
St. John's adventures and writings, both in America and in
Europe; making many discoveries, some of which I have com-
municated to the Society. Lately she has visited the site of
St. John's farm in Blooming-Grove, Orange County, N. Y., and
has found, as she believes, the very house (modernized) of
which a sketch was given, from the Farmer's own drawing, in
our Proceedings for 1906. The identification seems to be
complete. She has examined the deeds of purchase and
sale, and finds that he bought the farm under the name of
Hector St. John, though perfectly aware that was not the
name by which he was baptized, married, and finally buried
in his native France. His marriage certificate, signed by
J. P. Tétard, a Calvinist pastor in the Province of New York,
gives him his baptismal name, but adds, “commonly called
Mr. St. John." His three children were all born at his
Pine Hill farm, and his house (now called “Elmcote") was
built by himself, near the ancient Crommelin house, - the
first one erected in that region, in 1716. Crommelin him-
self was a Frenchman born, as so many of the Huguenot
ancestors of New York citizens were. Tétard was afterwards
French instructor in Columbia College, after it dropped the
name of "King's."

Miss Mitchell will include in her book about St. John
many facts not before known, or forgotten, and will clear
up some of the mystery still attaching to his youthful career,
and to his brief visit to Ireland and England in 1780-81.
From the latter date the course of his life, up to his death
in 1813, is fairly well known, though somewhat disguised
by his efforts to conceal his exact residence during the worst
times of the French Revolution. The original of his letter
to President Süles of Yale, asking the freedom of the city
of New Haven for his titled French friends, and for Target
and Lacretelle, his literary sponsor in Paris, is among the
manuscripts of this Society, and may be reproduced, to show
St. John's singular use of English and orthography, while
French Consul at New York. This document was given
to the Society about a century ago, by the son-in-law of

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Dr. Stiles, Caleb Gannett, but seems to have been unknown to Mr. Winthrop, when he wrote his brief paper on St. John in 1874.

Lately a new source of information about St. John has been accidentally opened to American inquirers by a letter from M. Henri Cluzant, a landed proprietor in the Gironde, living at the Château de Cabazac but owning some share, now or formerly, in the old estate of Cagny, near Caen in Normandy, the province of St. John's birth. William Alexander, the older son of St. John, had married in 1798 Narcisse de Mesnage de Cagny, and after his early death his widow resided in the family home at Cagny, where her father-in-law often visited her. He seems to have sent her from Munich, where he long resided, or to bave left in her care, many of his manuscripts, drawings and engravings, which were never reclaimed by his descendants now living in Paris, but remained in the old château. By descent from a sister of Mme. Ally de Crèvecæur (apparently), M. Cluzant, in no way related to the Crèveceurs, has come into possession of these documents, which, in a letter to the librarian of Harvard University, he seemed to offer to Americans who might be interested in the residence and researches of St. John de Crèvecoeur. This letter being referred to me, I saw at once the value of this find, and suggested to Professor Trent that it might be acquired for Columbia University. He has since been corresponding, as I have, with M. Cluzant, in the hope that these papers and sketches may come to America.

Altogether the way seems open for a full account of one of the most interesting of the many Frenchmen who have temporarily resided in this country. His correspondence, which was incessant and gossiping, as well as concerned with important matters, social and historical, still exists in France and this country, and throws much light on a period of colonial history wherein we were not well informed before. His relation to the Revolutionary founders of our nation, Franklin, Washington, Jefferson, Madison, the Livingstons, etc., is a feature of his life not sufficiently known as yet: and his earlier relations with the New York loyalists (of whom for some years he seems to have been one) add to the value of his writings. His disguises of name and date and residence seem to have been harmless, though vexatious to his readers, and his char

acter and experiences are worthy of the praise and the attention which they are again beginning to receive after the silence of nearly a century.

Remarks were made during the meeting by the PresidENT, and Messrs. FORD, RANTOUL, SANBORN, Davis and MEAD.

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