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bringing on à battle near Poictiers : part of his van guard falling in with a detachment of the garrison of Remorentin as they marched near it, they soon defeated them, and in the pursuit entering the town with the flying enemy, took possession of it : the Prince, tempted from this accident to make himself master also of the Castle, ordered it to be assaulted; the attack continued all that day without success, and the next morning it was briskly renewed, the Prince himself being personally present and encouraging his men ; but an English Knight, for whom he had a great regard, being sain as he stood near him, he swore by his Father's foul (his most folemn oath) not to leave the siege till he was in possession of the Castle, and had the defenders of it at his mercy: on this the affault was renewed with redoubled vigour; but there appearing no probability of reducing it by the ordinary methods, the Prince ordered engines to be raised, with which he threw combustibles into it and set it on fire: the


garrison fuding the Castle no longer tenable, yielded themselves to him, and were carried off among the other prisoners. Si is

After the taking of Remorentin the Prince continued his march ; but this delay gave the French King time to overtake him near Poictiers. King John was accompanied by his four Sons, Charles the Dauphin Duke of Normandy, Lewis Duke of Anjou, John Duke of Berry, and Philip afterwards Duke of Burgundy, who for bravely endeavouring to defend his Father in the ensuing battle, was sirnamed the Hardy * ; besides whom he was attended


. *Other Historians say, that Philip afterwards acquired this appellation from the following incident: When he was prisoner ia England, his Father King John being at dinner with the English Monarch, this young Prince, among the Nobility of both nations, was appointed to wait on them. An English Nobleman serving his Master before his royal Prisoner, the impetuous Priace, fired at the indignity, as he esteemed it, ftruck him on the face, faying at the same time, “How dare you to serve the • King of England first, when the King of France fits at

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by twenty-six Dukes 'and Counts, three thousand Knights, and an army of fixty thousand men. With this host, as it might justly be termed when compared with the handful of English forces, the French King đoubted not of being able to extirpate his enemies; he therefore marched after them with the utmost expedition, assured of fuccess.

The first intelligence the Prince of Wales received of his near approach, was from fome prisoners taken by one of his detached parties'; by these he understood the force of his enemy, and that it was hardly possible for him to escape : on which he called in all his detachments, and encamped on the fields of Maupertius near Poictiers; he then

“the same table ?” The Nobleman drew his dagger, and was on the point of facrificing the Prince to his injured honour, when King Edward loudly forbad him, and turning to the royal Youth faid, Vous et es ** Phillipe le Hardi :"s from henceforward he was termed Philip the Bold. Luz


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fent out two hundred men at arms, wellmounted, under the command of the Captal · de Busche, to reconnoitre the French, who found King John entering with his army into Poictiers : this undaunted party rude so near that they had a full view of the main body of the French ; and not content with seeing them, they attacked their rear with such fury, that the King caused a considerable party of his army to face about and march again into the field; by which means it was very late before they re-entered the city. The English detach-ment returning unbroken to the Prince, informed him of their adventure; and at the fame tiine, though fear increased not the numbers, described their enemies as exceedingly numerous. “ Well then," said the Prince with great composure, “ let us con“ sider how we may fight them to the best “ advantage, for against number policy is “ requisite;" and agreeable to this maxim he took every precaution during the night to, fortify his camp.

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• The next morning the King of France drew out his army in battle array; he gave the command of the van to his Brother Philip Duke of Orleans, the center to his Son the Dauphin, who had his two younger Brothers under him, and led the rear himself, attended by his youngest Son : when his troops were formed, he came to the front of the line mounted on a large white courser; he then told them, that, as whilft they were at a distance from the English, and in a place of fafety, they were conti'nually boasting of their prowess, and with

ing to be in arms against them, he had now brought them to the station they had fo often desired, and expected they would give him proofs that their eagerness was not mere bravado, Fil

He then ordered them to march ; but at that instant the Cardinal de Talerande, who had been sent by the Pope to be a mediator between the contending nations, interposed his good offices, and intreated the King • .. 3


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