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throne, the person of King Johin his pria
foner, The Englifh: Monarch arose, and
advancing to meet him, received him with
the same courtesy as if he had been a neigh-
bouring Potentate voluntarily come to pay
him à friendly visit. He then embraced
his Son, and publicly thanked him for the
services he had done the kingdom; in
whịch all the people joined with the loudest
acclamations. The King concluded the
day with a magnificent entertainment, and
ordered apartments for the principal of his
captives in his cwn palace, till the Savoy *
could be prepared for their reception.

** Never was joy more fincere :and unz
bounded than that which diffused itself
through the whole nation on this glorious
occafion; and the rejoicings were continued
9. I

* The Savoy at that time was a noble structure, be-
Jonging to Henry Duke of Lancaster ; but the first
founder being Peter Earl of Savoy, it retains his name to
this day:


for several weeks with the utmost fplendor. Those troops who had been present at the battle of Poitiers were welcomed, treated, and highly careffed wherever they came, and in all respects preferred to others of equal rank and condition : on the contrary, all the Lords, Knights, and Squires of France, who had fled from the battle, were fo hated, reviled, and pointed at, that they forbore to appear at any public place of resort : fo certainly is' honour and the public approbation the reward of vir tuous and gallant actions; and fo assuredly will infamy and reproach pursue the coward' or the villain. The ambitious Tyrant or his despotic Ministers may affect to despise the cenfures of the people, and term them the clamours of an ill-judging mob; the dif" graced General may impure his retreat to accident, to mistake, or to prudence, and vaunt of his magnanimity whilst the enemy are at a distance ; but the tyranny of the one, and the cowardice of the other, will appear through the thin disguile, and excite



the ; murmurs of the multitude, whose determinations are seldom erroneous. The admiration and respect which the noble and generous deeds of King Edward and his godlike Son attracted, not only from their own fubjects. but from the whole world, should incite fucceeding Princes to an imitation of their virtues, as they bid fairest to procure them esteem at home, and ho nour from their neighbouring Potentates. The acclamations of a few may be purchased, obedience might be enforced by figid laws and fubfervient mercenaries; but how unlike the cheerful huzzas and willing service of a happy people ::

The Prince of Wales Thewed such a generous concern for the French Monarch, that he promised him, both in his tent. the night of the late battle, and frequently afterwards, that he would endeavour by his entreaties and influence to prevail on his Father to lay aside his enmity, and listen to reasonable terms of accommodation : he


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accordingly, as a preparatory step, procured a truce to be made till the twenty-fourth of June 1359, in expectation that a peace would be concluded in the interim...

· The Pope also again Atrove to mediate between thefe Princes by his Legates, but they were so notoriously partial to the French, that King Edward would-by no means comply with the terms they offered ; to enforce their proposals, and to make a peace the more neceffàry to the English King, they demanded, in the name of his Holiness, the annuity of one thousand marks, granted by his predecessor King John to the court of Rome when he resigned his crown ; and that sum having been withheld for some years, they infifted likewise on payment of the arrears. But depending on the duty of his Clergy, the loyalty of his Barons, and his own valour, he told them without hesitation, " That as he ac" knowledged no fovereignty but that of “ Heaven, he would never pay tribute or

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“ live in subjection to any mortal what“ ever.” This resolute reply put an end to the negotiation, and a cessation of arms, as before agreed, was all that could be accomplished.

Some months before the expiration of the truce, King Edward with his Son the Prince of Wales, and the King of France with Lord James of Boạrbon, held a friendly meeting at Westminster, when a treaty of peace was agreed to by the two Kings on the following terms:

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First, That Acquitain should remain entirely to King Edward and his heirs for ever, together with Gascoigné, Poictou, Touraine, Sanctone, Perigort, Quercy, Limosin, Angoulesmois, Calais, Guisnes, Boulognois, and the county of Ponthieu, without any homage or tribute being required of him ; and holding it by the same absolute fovereignty as he held his kingdom of England.

iti final da Secondly,

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