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- Secondly, That King John should pay as a ranfor for himself three millions of crowns of gold, and one million for the Lords of France.

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In consideration of these conditions King Edward would give up and wholly remit all his right in and to the duchies of Normandy, Anjou, and Maine', and renounce his pretensions to the crown of France, never after taking upon him the title of King of that country.

ingens, This agreement was signed and sealed by both Kings on the twenty-fourth of March 1359, and a copy thereof sent to France for the acquiescence of the Dauphin, by the Lord James of Bourbon, and the Lord Arnold d’Endreghan : but the Dauphin and the States of France rejected a treaty which they esteemed dishonourable to that nation. This refusal being brought to the French King by the two Lords, he turned to King Edward who was present, and thus expressed

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his disfatisfaction : " The fatal obstinacy of “ my infatuated people is providing another “ trophy for your victorious arms; you “ must again fhew them the fad effects of "s war, before they will understand the ad“ vantages of peace : but thrice unhappy I, s who cannot regain my liberty till I see “my subjects once more vanquished; and “ can only impel them to their duty by the “6 arms of my Conqueror.”:, ......

From this time King Edward began to make preparations for war; and in the interim, to keep his Knights in employ, as well as to indulge their turn for chivalry *,

The following instance, recorded by Pêre Daniel, will shew the prevalence of chivalry and gallantry at that time, and countenance this romantic exploit, though it now appears only worthy of ridicule. ` A solemn duel of thirty Knights on each side was fought between Bemborough an Englishman, and Beaumanoir a Breton, of the party of Charles de Blois : the Knights of two na. tions being come into the field, before the contest began Beaumanoir called out, That it should be seen that day who had the fairest Mistresses. After a bloody combat the Bretons prevailed, and gained for their prize the liberty to boast of their Mistresses beauty.'

which the people of that age were enthusiastically fond of, he caused a folemn just to be proclaimed in London, to hold three successive days for the amusement of the citizens: in the proclamation made on this occasion it was given out, that the Lord Mayor, the two Sheriffs, and the Alderdermen, as challengers, agreed to maintain the field against all opposers : but on the day appointed the King himself, according to a private agreement, came into the city, attended by his four Sons, Edward, Lionel, John, and Edmund, and by nineteen of his principal Barons, where, bearing the city arms on their shields and surcoats, they personated the corporation, and entered the lists in their stead : they supported their challenge with great honour for three days, in the presence of the Kings of France and Scotland, the whole court, and an infinite number of spectators : a few only of the Citizens had been let into the secret ; but when it was publicly known that the King and his Sons had done them so great an


honour, and fought fo gallantly under their cognizance, they were greatly rejoiced, and found, if possible, their love for their Sovereign and his amiable family increased.

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The truce was no sooner expired, and the necessary preparations made, than King Edward embarked his army, which consisted of one hundred thousand men, on board one thousand one hundred and twenty fail of ships at Sandwich, and landed the same evening at Calais : on the fourth of November early in the morning they left that. town, and marched with great regularity into France, the King observing a stricter discipline on this occasion than on any former one. The carriages which had been brought from England consisted of fix thousand carts and waggons; each drawn by four horses; they were laden' with provifions for the army, besides many things rarely seen in a camp, but useful in an enemy's country; such as hand-mills to grind their corn, moveable ovens and forges ;


these were committed to the care of the Prince of Wales, who had with him his three Brothers, two thousand spears, and four thousand archers on horleback, besides infantry.

As this army was the greatest that ever paffed the sea from England in any prior or succeeding reign, in memory of the principal leaders I shall recite their names : Edward the Third, King of England, France,

and Lord of Ireland; with his four Sons, · viz. Edward of Woodstock, Prince of Wales, Duke of Cornwal, &c. ; Lionel of Antwerp, Earl of Ulster, afterwards created Duke of Clarence; John of Gaunt, Earl of Richmond, afterwards Duke of Lancaster, and King of Castile and Leon ; and Edmund of Langley, Earl of Cambridge, afterwards Duke of York. The King's fifth Son, Thomas of Woodstock, was left in England, and though not fix years of age, was constituted by his Father Lieutea nant and Lord Warden of the kingdom dur

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