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there was an old cavern, the mouth of a fubterraneous passage which led into the castle, and through this he engaged to con-, duct them to Mortimer's apartment. The following day the Governor, with Lord Montacute and several other valiant knights, took horse and precipitately left Nottingham. Mortimer concluded they had fled to avoid being seized by his adherents ; but they returned about midnight, and, entering the subterranean passage (which is still known by the name of Mortimer's Hole) they were: conducted by Sir William into the chief tower of the castle: from thence they advanced into the chamber adjoining to the Queen’s apartment, where Mortimer was sitting with a few of his chief dependents ; and, notwithstanding resistance was made on the first alarm by some of his knights, he was soon taken prisoner. The Queen, startled at the noise and suspecting the cause, called aloud in the French language to her fon, whom she imagined to be at the head of the party, “ Bel Fitz! Bel Fitz! ayez pitie

" du gentile Mortimer.” Fair Son ! Fair Son! have pity on the noble Mortimer. No anfwer being returned to her intreaties she rushed into the room among the conspirators, and earnestly befought them to do no injury to his person, for he was a worthy knight, her dear friend, and well-beloved cousin. She had however the mortification to find that her supplications were ineffectual. This transaction was conducted with so much secresy and dispatch, that the people in the town knew nothing of it till the next morning; when two of Mortimer's sons and several of his partizans being likewise apprehended, they were all sent to the Tower of London. The Parliament proceeded immediately to the trial of this proud peer, before whom he was accused of many crimes and misdemeanors; and, as from the supposed notoriety of the facts evidence was thought unneceffary, he was condemned, and executed without delay on a gibbet near London. The Queen was confined to her own palace, and her revenue greatly decreased; and, though ." 4


the King paid her a ceremonious visit once or twice a year, she was never able to regain his good opinion, or to reinstate herself in any credit or authority. Such are the fure effects which flow from a vicious and irregular condu&t; nor can the most elevated situation, the blaze of pomp, or any human precaution secure the offender from the flow but no less certain inflictions of justice. .

The reign of Edward the Third might be faid to commence from this time; for though he had been feated on the throne more than three years, yet his youth served as a pretext for the Queen and Mortimer to usurp the regal power, and leave him only the title. He now, like the rising sun, which had for a while been obscured by the lagging clouds of night, broke out with unusual splendour; and, till he became again clouded near the verge of the horizon in his defcent, continued to shed with unremitted ardour his enlivening beams on the kingdom over which he presided, raising it to a pitch of glory un' James Crofoing known. known before. He begun by applying himself with industry and judgment to redress all those grievances which had either proceeded from want of authority in the crown, or from the abuse of it.

No period of their history is read by the English with more fondness or greater exultation than the reign of this great Monarch. The ascendency which this Nation then began to acquire over the French, makes them cast their eyes on this æra with great satisfaction, and purifies every measure Edward embraced for that end. Nor was the domestic government of this King less worthy of their admiration, than his foreign victories; as England enjoyed by the prudence and vigour of his adıninistration a longer interval of domestic peace and tranquillity, than she had been blest with in any former period, or than the experienced for many ages after. He curbed the licentiousness of the Barons by his refolution, whilst, by his affable and obliging behaviour, his munificence and generosity,


he gained their affections, and made them submit with pleasure to his dominion. To this, his foreign wars contributed not a little; as they served to employ those unquiet spirits against the public enemy, which otherwise would have been engaged in difturbances at home.

• The first exertion of King Edward's military abilities was against the Scots, who were perpetually making inroads into England. His grandfather Edward the First had by his valour reduced them to a very low ebb; and, had he lived, would probably have annexed their dominions to his own; but during the reign of Edward the Second, through his want of warlike talents and the constant employment he found from his enraged subjects, Scotland had greatly recovered herself, and was again become formidable. In the early part of the present King's reign, whilst he was yet under the dominion of Mortimer, he had repulsed Murray and Douglas, two celebrated warriors, in an at

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