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indefatigable King hastened thither, but

found Gondemar posted on the opposite shore. · He deliberated not a moment, but attended: by his brave son threw himself into the stream, and being properly supported, drove. his opposers from their station. His rear

guard had scarcely gained the shore, when · King Philip's army arrived; they were

however prevented from overtaking them by the return of the tide. Thus did the English Monarch by his prudence and celerity escape a danger, which, from his fituation and the superior number of his enemies, appeared inevitable. As Philip, by this incident, was obliged to take a considerable circuit, it gaye Edward time to ene camp on the field of Cressy; and to make the most proper disposition of his army for the reception of so formidable an enemy...

When King Edward had issued out his orders, he invited his principal Officers to an entertainment in his tent; and during the whole evening appeared fo cheerful and It'? E 4


ferene, that a calm intrepidity diffused itself through every breast, and made them rather expect the morning with impatience, • though fo greatly out-numbered, than be: hold its approach with dread. in si

The Prince of Wales, not yet arrived at the age of manhood, being at this time but fixteen years and two months old, fat amidst the surrounding Nobles with the composure of a veteran. In the passage over the Somme he had, for the first time, stained his sword in blood; but as the contest was of a short duration, he had an opportunity only of shewing a small part of that strength and valeur which the next day enabled him to perform incredible acts of heroism,

As soon as the morning dawned the King and his son arose, and immediately proceeded to the performance of their religious duties, Courage was not a surer effervescence of knighthood than piety; nor çould it be more genuine and fincere than


in the hearts of these truly heroic Princes, The consequent tranquillity which fat in their countenances inspired the whole army with confidence, and made them obey the orders that were iffued out with the greatest cheerfulness and alacrity. His Majesty * not doubting but that a battle would foon ensue, then surveyed the ground, and derived every possible advantage from it. He drew his forces upon a gentle afcent near the village of Creffy, and divided them into three bodies. The first he gave the command of to the Prince of Wales ; but left his Son's youth and inexperience might render him unequal to so important a station, he appointed the Earl of Warwick and Lord

* Though I have made use of the word Majesty and other modern appellations throughout this work, yet that title was not given to the Kings of England till many years after this period. The style of Grace was first given to them about the time of Henry the Fourth; to Henry the

Sixth Excellent Grace; to Edward the Fourth High and : Mighty Prince; to Henry the Seventh sometimes Grace, sometimes Highness; to Henry the Eighth first Highness, then Majesty, and to all the Kings since Sacred or Most Excellent Majesty.


John Chandos to assist and direct him, should their advice be neceffary: the second division was led by the Earls of Arundel and Northampton : and the King himself took the command of the third ; which he drew up at some distance from the main body, intending with this corps to suco cour the other battalions, or to secure a retreat, as he should see needful. He likewife prudently threw up intrenchments on the flank of his little army, to defend it from the superior numbers of the enemy; and placed all his carriages and baggage in the rear, inclosing them with a rampart, : ..

This admirable disposition being made, and the troops having taken their proper stations, he rode through the ranks, pointing out to them the inevitable destruction that awaited them, if they did not exert: their utmost courage on this trying occasion: he reminded them of the success which had hitherto attended their arms, notwithstanding they had been always .


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greatly out-numbered by their foes; and
assured them, that regularity and order
would compensate for the present difadvan-
tage in that respect : he then concluded
his short oration by telling them, that all:
hę required from them was, that they
would imitate his own example and that of
his Son, who would partake with them of
every danger, The intrepidity which still
appeared in his Majesty's face, and the com
posure with which he addressed them,
warmed every heart, and made his troops
think the hours tedious till the approach of
their foes gave them an opportunity of
proving by their actions, what impression
his harangue had made on their minds,
After a short repast they laid themselves on
the grass with their arms by their fides,
and in this posture awaited the approach of
their enemies, i sense i n


: The French army, which had passed the night at Abbeville about four leagues distant, began their march at sun-rise in haste and


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