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King Edward now marched with his victorious army towards Calais, which he intended to besiege : he knew that this important fortress was impregnable, but being freed by the late decisive engagement from any interruption, he determined to reduce it by fainine ; to this purpose he chose a secure station for his camp, and drew in, trenchments round the whole town.

..Whilst he patiently waited in this situ, ation the surrender of the garrison, he sent the Prince of Wales into England to raise fupplies: this young Prince was not only qualified for the hardy, encounters of war, but his good sense and penetration enabled him, even at this early age, to shine in the equally arduous transactions of the cabinet. : His uncommon valour and amiable accom-, plishments rendered him fo beloved by the English, that they granted him with cheerfulness the supplies he required, and submitted with readiness to his prudent regu

lations

lations for their domestic quiet during the absence of his Father.

- At this period the English name was raised to a pitch of eminence never known before ; besides the unexampled atchievements of the King and Prince, Queen Philippa, willing to thew that she was not unworthy her alliance with so warlike a family, endeayoured to rival them in noble deeds, The Scots taking advantage of the King's absence, had entered England at the head of fifty thousand men, and carried their ravages and devastations to the gates of Durham ; but the Queen assembling an army of about twelve thousand men, which she entrusted to the command of Lord Piercy, marched to oppose them; she found them encamped at Neville’s Cross near that city, and immediately gave orders that they should be attacked. When the armies were drawn up and ready for the en, gagement, this heroic Lady rode through the ranks, exhorting her troops to do their

duty,

duty, and to strive to emulate the noble deeds of their countrymen, at Creffy: nor could The be persuaded to leave the field till they were on the point of engaging. Her intre: pidity fo animated the English, that their enemies were unable to withstand their impetuous attacks; they were consequentļy : foon routed, and chaced off the field with the loss of ten thousand men, Neyer did the Scots receive a more fatal blow;, før besides the numbers. Nain, among whom - were many of considerable rank, the King

of Scotland himself was taken prisoner, with most of his surviving Nobility. no es pot

· The victorious Queen having, on her return to London, secured her royal prisoner in the Tower, crossed the sea at Dover, attended by her Son, who had now executed the commission his Father had entrusted him with. She was received in the English camp before Calais with all the triumph due to her rank, her merit, and her success. In those ages gallantry was inter

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woven with bravery in the hearts of our great ancestors; and many successive days were devoted to tournaments and feasts, to celebrate the glorious deeds of this Royal i Heroine.

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Vh The town of Calais was still defended

with remarkable constancy by the garrison band inhabitants; and notwithstanding the "fiege had continued to an unusual length, there seemed no probability of King Ed. ward's withdrawing his troops. The French King therefore determined at last to attempt their relief: he accordingly drew

together an immense army, amounting to - near two hundred thousand men ; but found the English Monarch fo surrounded by moPaffles, and secured by entrenchments, that he concluded it impossible to force his camp: Philip was therefore obliged to resatire, and to disperse his troops in their several provinces, without completing his purpose... 20:31: 37. : mais siya nilsson

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John

John de Vienne, Governor of Calais, now faw the necessity of surrendering the fortress, which was reduced to the last extremity by famine and the fatigue of the inhabitants. He appeared upon the walls, and made a signal to the English centineļs, that he desired a conference. Sir Walter Manny was sent to him by King Edward, to whom the Governor* thus addressed himself; “ Brave Knight, the defence of this town

has been intrusted to me by my Sove$6 reign ; and you are witnefses with what

fidelity I have discharged the trust reposed “ in me. It is almoft a year since you be“ sieged mę; during which time I have “ endeavoured to do my duty. As we are “ now perishing with hunger, I am willing 66 to surrender, on condition that the lives ** and liberties of thofe who have bravely “ allisted 'me are preserved.” Sir Walter replied, “ That as he was well acquainted “ with the King of England's intentions, • he could not give him any hopes that 66 his request would be granted : he assured

66 him

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