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a voussoir of a Norman door, with a double chevron, and pellet, or disc ornament, and small cable moulding. This voussoir of S. door is ioj in. deep, = 21 half in.; it is a fraction over 7 in. in the soffit, which would give an arch 70 in. wide, formed of ten stones of 7 in. each. It shows marks of an inner order, set back 3J in. = 7^ in. It would require a hood mould 3 J in. deep, giving the whole arch a width of 77 in. If we give the inner order stones the same depth as the outer, and 5§ in. in soffit, we get seven stones, and an inner arch of 28 in., or 4 times 7. The line of junction of the two orders is an arch of 49 in., 7 times 7, and the full circle struck on this line is 147 in., or 21 times 7, i.e., 3 times 7x7. We may take it for certain that 7 is the number to be used to evolve this doorway.
Two further details we obtain from it: first, we find the second order set back 3^ in.; the whole depth of the stone is 8J in. If we give the second order the same depth, it makes, with the overlap, 12 in., or half the thickness of the wall, the other half being the rear arch. We know from other evidence that the thickness of the wall was 2 feet. The second is, that the inner arch was carried by an impost moulding, or abacus, and the jamb set back, so as to make the space sufficiently deep for the little pillar, the existence of which we hear of from old Prince. Such shafts in Norman doorways were almost always what are called nook shafts, and set in an angular recess. Thus we have recovered, with fair certainty, the Norman doorway.
Another stone is the half of the head of a narrow window, or loop, 6 inches wide, round, or nearly round-headed, with a small chamfer on the outer side, and deeply splayed within. There is no rabbet for glass. Now, such a window is fitted for five different places: a crypt, which is a most unlikely appendage for so small a church; the
upper stage of a gable, and we know that the east gable of this church must have been Early Perpendicular, not late Norman, to which period this relic belongs; the light of a turret stair, as to which our oldest inhabitant has told us that there was none, and that the upper part of the tower was reached by a wooden ladder; a porch. There was the "bit of a porch," but this stone, though it was originally unglazed, has had a groove cut at the back, to put in a square wooden frame, and the window of an open porch would not be so treated. The fifth situation would be in the ringing chamber, or lower stage of a tower, and in such a position a glazed frame would be added at a later date. This leads us to infer that the lower stage of the tower of Overchurch was Norman, for this stone is unlikely to have been used elsewhere in the church. Further, if three small loops were the original lights on the three lower faces, the want of light would dictate the insertion of the western window, described by Prince, and the glazing of the two other smaller openings. The upper stage may have been of later date, and the plain chamfered jambs may have come from its four upper windows. Probably the tower was a plain square, without buttresses, similar to most small Norman towers.
The next stone is the jamb of the east window, chamfered with two orders of chamfer outside, and a plain splay inside. It is adapted for a wall 2 feet thick. The rabbet for the glass, and socket for iron saddle bars are evident, and give us the inner and outer sides. The piece of tracery to be next named fits to it, and is a part of the same window. The thickness of the wall is the same that the Norman door indicates, and it may be taken as probable that the church was set on the Norman foundation and never enlarged on the first plan in the later rebuildings.
In connection with this fragment is a piece of window tracery 19 inches long, on the extrados of the curve, and 12 inches deep. It gives half the head of a trefoiled light, of 21 inches in width, and one tracery bar between the head of the light and the external curve. The curve gives }& of an inch rise in 19 inches. Arches of this period were seldom acutely pointed; and if we strike the curves of this window, which was plainly an important one, at 21 inches from the jamb, it gives us a four-light window of 7 feet, with 21-inch lights; thus again we have seven as the dominant number. Four-light windows were common in the Decorated period, and this is Early Perpendicular work. If the head had been filled with narrow sublights, I think the tracery bars would have been reduced in thickness, so as not to fill the window with too much stone; but they are kept the full size of the mullions, and, I think, some design, approximating to the one I have drawn, with large, bold openings, was most likely used. Unless this dual division were used, the window would show very bad design and construction, whereas its remaining details are good, and do not suggest such.
Next, we have a fragment of mullion, of the same character as the east window, but smaller, probably from the tower windows, or the inserted west window. Also, two jambs of windows, probably part of the same set of windows, though not to be allotted with certainty.
Before it was possible to investigate the traces of foundations, the following estimates, from these relics, of the measures of this church were made. The space clear of graves in the churchyard is from 80 to 90 feet. Taking the chancel window as 7 feet, the probable width of the chancel would be 14 feet, and its length 3 times 7, or 21 feet. If the tower is taken as 14 feet square, we have a nave of