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• The Bishop's landlord, he tells us Lexicon of Antiquities while it was in verse, went out with him and his jet only a design, I should have recompany from Leicester to Bosworin- commended rather a division of Hefield, on which occasion he mentions brew, Greck, and Roman particulars, à pleasant blunder of mine bost, in a into three volumes, than a combi. misnomer of Richard,
nation in one. The Hebrew part at • And when he shew'd us where King least, I would have wished to sepa. Richard died,
rale, as it might be made a very poShouting a horse! a horse! he. Bur- pular book, of which the use night bidge cried!
be extended from men of learning My dear friend will excuse these down to the English Reader, avd trifles, as the name of Shakespeare which might become a concomitant will, I know, if not exalt them, iake to the Family Bible. them at least bearable.
When works of a multifarious and “ But what can be said for the rest
extensive kind are undertaken in the of them that bespread these idle country, the necessary books are not sheets ?-Nothing—but that it comes
always known. I remember a very to your hands from that of one of
learned and ingenious Clergyman, of “ Your most faithful and
whom, when he had published Notes most affectionate friends, T. P.” upon the Psalms, 1 enquired what
was his opinion of Hammond's Com. Dr. Johnson's Answer to Dr. Par. mentary, and was answered, that he TEN, Sept. 24, 1781.
had never heard of it. “ Dear Sir,
tleman has the opportunity of con“It is so long since 'we passed any sulting you, it needs not be supposed lime together, ihal you may be al
that he has not heard of all the prolowed to have forgotten some part of per books ; but unless he is near some my character, and I know not upou Library, I know not how he could what other supposition, I can pass peruse them : and if he is conscious without cevsure or complaint the ce
ihat his supellex is nimis angusta, remony of your address. Let me not it would be prudent to delay his pub trifle time in words, to which while lication till bis deficiences may be we speak or write them we assign supplied. Jillle ineaning Whenever you fa.
" It seems not very candid to hint vour me with a Letter, treat me as any suspicions of imperfection in a one that is glad of your kinduess, and
Work which I have not seen, set proud of your esteem.
what I have said ought to be excused, “ The papers which have been sent since I cannot but wish well lo a for my perusal, I am ready to inspect learned man, who has elected me for if you judge my inspection necessary
the honour of a Dedication, and to or useful, but, indeed, I do not, for
whom I am indebted for a correspondwhat advantage can arise from it?
ence so valuable as yours. Aud I A Dictionary consists of independent beg that I may not lose any part of parls, and therefore one page is not his kindness, which I consider with much a specimen of the rest. It does respectful gratitude. Of you, dear not occur lo me that I can give any. Sir, I entreat that you
will never assistance to the Author, and, for my again forget for so long a time, own julerest, I resign it into your
" Your most humble servant, bands, and do not suppose that I
“ SAM. Johnson. shall ever see my name with regret
“N. B. Bolt.court, Fleet-street, where you shall think it proper to be Sept. 24, 1781." put. “I think it, however, my duty to in- Mr. URBAN,
March 5, form a writer who intends me so great VOU will excuse au old Reader of an honour, that in my opinion, he your Magazine, in requesting to would belter consult bis joterest by be iniormed whether an incumbent dedicating his work to some power- bas a right (or if he ought) to depasful and popular neighbour, who can ture calile in the church.yard, being give him more than a pame. What consecrated ground. If the practice will the world do, but look op and is indefensible, I trust some one of laugh when one scholar dedicates to your numerous and respectable friends another?
will afford bis opinion, so as to set the "If I had been consulted about this custom is its proper light. X.
REV. DR. CHARLES BURNEY. A
this distinguished Scholar, and most amiable Mao, by his grateful Pupils. It is placed in the South aile of that Church, between those of Drs. Knipe and Stepney; and consists of a tablet, remarkable for the chaste simplicity of its ornament, and surinounted by a beautiful bust, copied from thai excellent likeness taken by Nollekens, during the life of the Doctor. On the tablet is engraven the following inscripliou from the classical pen of the Rev. Dr. Samuel Parr.
A B 2
CAROLO . BVRNEIO. LL.D. S.T.P. A.S. ET, R.S. SODALI
IN . REGIA. ACADEMIA . LONDINENSI
ECCLESIAE . LINCOLNIENSIS . PRAEBENDARIO
IN , AGRO, CANTIANO. RECTORI
QVI . VIXIT. ANNOS . LX. DIES . XXIV.
ET. DEPTFORDIAE . SEPVLTVS . EST
INERANT . IN. HOC . VIRO
IVDICIVM . ARTIS.CRITICAE. PRAECEPTIS
EXIMIA . QVAEDAM . SOLLERTIA
LVCIDVS . ERAT . SENTENTIARVM . ORDO
SERMONEM . EIVS . AD. MAGNAM
VOX . PLENA . ET. CANORA
ET . ARGVTIAE . IVCVNDISSIMO. LEPORE. CONDITAE
HASCE. AD. LAVDES. ACCESSERUNT
QVAE . OPTIMI. CVIVSQVE. BENEVOLENTIAM . CONCILIABAT
SOLATIVM .AC. PERFVGIVM . PRAEBERE. POSSENT
IN . COMPARANDA . BIBLIOTHECA
EMERETVR . SVMTV.PUBLICO
MAXIME. AVTEM . IN. BVRNEIO . ELVCEBANT
Opinionen, in the Epitaph, means significat dyverty Anuntes, Cereri opereputation, fame; and the use of it rari.
Usus quoque Tertullianus de may be thus illustrated : " Habeo opi- Jejuo.: Sed bene, quod in nostris nionem, suspicionem, et similia, ple- xerophagiis blasphemias ingerens, rumque non de ea opinione intelli- casto Isidis et Cybeles eas adæquas.” genda, quam ipse habeo, foveo ; sed There was av old word castus ir quam alius de me. Cæs. B. G. vi. 24. the fourth declension, signifying a Quæ gens ad hoc tempus iis sedibus religious rite or ceremony. scse continet, summamque habet jus. Now shall be quoted a passage from titiæ et bellicæ laudis opinionem, i. e. the Antiquarius of Laurenbergius, existimationem apud alios. Adde tri. p. 72, under the word castus : tum illud C. Nepotis, Epain. 5. 6. “ Et religiones el castus possunt, Habebat enim Meneclides suspicionem ut ex periculo nos eripiant postro.” adulterii.” Vide Reitzium de ambigu- Varro, rerum divinar. lib. I. is, mediis et contrariis, p. 255. Other “ Nostro ritu sunt facienda civilius, examples may be adduced—“Quibus quam Græco castu.” Ibidem. omnibus rebus permoti, equites Tre- “Res divas edicit, prædicit castus." viri, quoruni inter Gallos virtutis Nævius io Bello Punico. opinio est singularis, &c.” Cæs. B. G. “ Minuitur populo luctus, cum in Lib. ii. c. 24.-" Altera ex parte Bel castu Cereris constitit." Festus. lovaci, quæ civitas in Gallia maxi- The orthography castu is more anmam habet opinionem virtutis, insta- tique and more correct than casto, bant, &c." Cæs. de Bell. Gall. lib. vii.
negligently quoted by Vossius. par. 59. The sentences here quoted Terlullian uses castimonia and cas. shew, that “ habere opinionem" signi. tus for a sacred ceremony :
Quales fies to have a character or reputa. castinoniæ A pim, Isidem, et magnam tion for a property in the opinion of Matrem, certorum eduliorum excepother men. But the passage in Dr. tione purificant.” Tertulliau de JejuBurney's Epitaph seems to have been niis, par. 2.-- Again, « Casto Isidis taken from the following, words of et Bybeles eas adæquas,” quoted beCicero : “ P. Rutilii adolescentiam fore, The note of Rigaltius runs ad opinionem et innocentiæ, et juris thus : “ Casto, tñ áyveią. · Castimoscientiæ, P. Mucii commendavit do- niam dixit supra. Quod aulem Lamus.” Cic. de Officiis, Lib. ii. cap. xiii. tine dicunt in Casto Cereris esse,
Caste.] It is possible, that ordi- Græcus aliquis Scriptor apud Suidam nary readers may have some surprize dixit, τας μητρωακάς κασείας αγνεύειν. and perplexity, when Dr. Parr as
Græco castu, dixit Varro, pro Græco cribes to his learned and most re.
ritu." spected friend, Dr. Burney, the habit
We next quote a passage from pure utque casle venerandi Deum.
Suidas: “ Μήθρωακαί. ημέραι τινές ιεραί. The word caste may create some
τας δε μητρωακάς παρά Ρωμαίοις, ή και alarm ; but Dr. Parr has used it in its strict classical sense.
πρότερον παρά Φρυξί σπεδασθείσας καFirst will be produced a passage seíus, fx658 unvòs ñyveve.”—The note from the Latin Etymolog. of Gerard
of Kuster runs thus : “ Hæc sunt Vossius :-" Quia in sacris ritibus ni.
verba Marini in Vita Procli cap. 19. hil magis requirebatur, quam ut a ve. sed ubi pro kaselas rectius legitur nere abstinerent; inde est quod, quando dyuselas ut ilidem Pearsonius obseraccipitur substaotive, idem significat vaverat. Confer etiam Theodor. ac institutum, sive syveía. Sic apud Canter. Var. Lect. lib. 11. cap. 21.". Nonium usurpat Varro lib. 1. rerum
Castus is used in the sense of pious huinanarum : • Nostro ritu sunt fa. once by Horace, and three times by cienda civibus, quam Græco caslu :' Virgil. ubi ritus et castus sunt συνώνυμα. . “ Castus Æneas Patriæ superstes." Idein Varro: 'Et religiones, et castus,
Carm. Seculare. id possunt, ut ex periculo eripiant where castus is equivalent to pius. dos.'
Sic dicebant in casto tese pro Hac casti maneant in religione nepotes. cyvereby' ut apud Festum, 'Minuuntur
Æn. 3. v. 409. populo luctus, cum in casło Cereris Nulli fas casto sceleratum insistere liconstitit;' ubi in casto Cereris esse
Æn. 6. v. 563.
The note of Servius ruos thus operantes. Marinus in Vita Procli, “ Casto, Pio.”
τας δε μητρωακάς παρά “Ρωμαίοις, ή και Præterea, castis adolet dum altaria tædis. wpótepov worpå Spuži otedaoteloas xa
Æn. 7. v. 71. στείας, εκάσε μηνός ήγνευε. Ηodie editur, “ Castis, Piis; et sciendum Latinum Tidwoltoas diyosaías. Glossema scisacrificasse juxta astante Lavinia." licet appositum à docto aliquo LecFestus mentions lhe casta mola em
tore, pro vera lectiope. Sed nos in. ployed by the Vestal Virgins. Now signem locum in integrum restituimur under this word there is a mixed no
auspiciis Suidæ, qui auctorem, ut so. tion of purity and piety.
let, dissimulans, totum transscripsit We subjoin an instance of the use
in pentpworcé. Illic videbis. Fesius. of castus, in the sense of a religious Cum propiore quis cognatione, quam observance, by a modern writer. It occurs in the following passage of the Cereris est.'
is qui lugetur, natus est ; cùm in casto
Arnobius noster, lib. v. Funeral Oration, by that eminent Quid temperatus ab alimonio panis, Orientalist Schultens, on the cele.
cui rei dedistis nomen castus, nonne brated Vitringa : “ Ut ab eo, cui à illius temporis imitatio est, quo se teneris inde unguiculis sacratus fuit,
numen Cereris ab fruge violentia cujus in sanctuario primarium gessit mæroris abstinuil ?" - The old readantistitem, cujus religiones, custusque ing in Marinus was xassic, which doctrina, vitæque disciplina confirmavit, cujus ceremonias ac nysteria Critic had previvusly corrected Ma
Suidas implicitly followed ; and some mirifice illustravit, cujus denique glo- rinus, in the same manner as Pearson riam ac decus amplificavit, immor. afterwards corrected Suidas, by protali vicissim honore condecoretur.”
But I think with But the full justification of the posing ayoseía. word is to be found in the following word, formed from the Latin castus
Meursius, that xustio was the Greek passage from Cicero, nearly at the opening of his Book de Natura Deo. in the sense of a religious rite or ce“ Quorum si vera sententia
remony; and such a word is not to est, quæ potest esse pietas : quæ sanc
surprize us in Marious, who was a
later writer. titas? quæ religio ? hæc enim omnia pure ac caste tribuenda Deorum oumini ita suni, si animadvertuntur ab MR. URBAN, .
Tything, Worcester, his, et si est aliquid in diis immorta.
April 2. libus hominum generi tributum.”
"RANCIS BINDON, portrait painIn Greek, dryvos means not only pure, the earliest nanies of the Irish Artists. but holy. Thus runs the epigram He lived in intimacy with Swift, Deupon the Temple of Æsculapius :
Jany, and Sheridan, and painted their αγνόν χρη ναοίο θυώδεος ενός ιόντα
portraits. In Mr. Nichols's Literary έμφαμεν αγνεία δ' εςί φρονείν όσια. Anecdotes, vol. VIll. p. 2, he speaks Thus Euripides
of a Letter from Robert Nugent, esq. cyvo'r Bwróv. Androm. 428. to Mrs. Whiteway, in 1740, “ προς αγναΐς εσχάραις. Supp. 33. questing her to return to Mr. Pr.pe
such Lellers of his as remained in the αγνον τέμενος εναλίας θεά. . Androm. 252.
possession of Dean Swift; and that And thus Sophocles
Mr. Bindon, the celebrated painter in
Dublin, might send him a picture of ω θεών αγνον σέβας. Ed. Tyr. 830. απώμοσ’ αγν8 Ζηνός ύψισον σέβας.
Swift, a head upon a 3-41h cloth, to .
match one he had of Mr. Pope." The Philoct. 1289. εύσεπ7ον αγνείαν λόγων.
portrait of Swift attached io Waller .
Scoll's edition of Swift, also the one Ed. Tyr. 864.
in Bowles's Pope, is from Bindon's έχεις γαρ χώρον έχ αγνον παθείν. .
picture. Bindon was also, I under. Ed. Col. v. 37.
stand, the greatest architect, as well as One of my reasons for doubting painter of his time; but on account of the emendation upon Suidas by Pear. his age, and the failure of his sight, he son is this. In the Glossarium Græco- laid aside the pencil in 1750, and died barbarum Joannis Meursii we fiud, much respected June 2, 1765.—There “ Kaolia. Castus. Usurpatione anti
was also a Sumuel Bindon. See Scott's quissimorum, qui in casto Cereris Swift, vol. XIX. csse dicebant, matronas ejus Deæ sacris Yours, &c. John CHAMBERS.