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in the character of Richard III. His he conlioued till 1745, when he again performance being rapturously ap visited Ireland, and in the following plauded, and the great theatres of year performed at Covent Garden, Covent Garden and Drury Lane being under the management of Mr. Ricb. deserted by crowds who flocked to lo 1747, he and Mr. Lacy jointly purwitness the exertions of this theatrical chased of Mr. Fleetwood the property phænomenon, Quin sneeringly ob- of Drury Lane Theatre, and having served, “ that Garrick was a new re- obtained a new patent, the house was ligion; Whitefield was followed for a opened with an inimitable prologue, time; but the people would all come written by Dr. Johnson. to church again;" which being told to June 22, 1749, Garrick married Garrick, he replied in this epigram: Madam Eva-Maria Violetta, who still “Pope Quin, who damns all churches survives. In the same year the play but his own,

[town: of "Romeo and Juliet” was revived Complains that Heresy corrupts the at the same time at the two rival That Whitefield Garrick has misled the theatres, Romeo, Garrick ; Juliet, age,

[stage. Mrs. Bellamy; and Mercutio, WoodAnd taints the sound religion of the ward, at Drury Lane ; opposed in the Scbism (he cries) has turn'd the nation's same characters by Barry, Mrs. Cibbrain,

ber, and Macklin, at Covent Garden. But eyes will open, and to church again!

The rivalry commenced Oct. 1, and Thou great Infallible! forbear to roar,

was continued for twelve successive Thy bulls and errors are rever'd no more; nights, when Covent Garden gave up When doctrines meet with general ap- the contest, and Drury Lane in tri

probation, It is not Heresy, but Reformation."

umph performed it one night more.

After botb houses had acted this play Quin and Garrick were afterwards

many times, the following anonymous good friends; though the latter, in

epigram appeared : allusion to his own diminutive sta

“Well, what's the play? quotb angry ture, and to a well-known print in

Ned, Hogarth's “ Harlot's Progress,” on

As from bis bed he rouzes ; first undertaking the part of the Moor, Romeo again! he shakes his head, said to a friend, “ When I appear


A plague on both your houses !" Othello, if Quin be in the house, I suppose he will say, here's Pom- On Garrick's and Barry's performpey-where's the tea-kettle'.” It is ance of Lear, the Rev. Richard Kencertain that Quin used to ridicule dal, of Peterhouse, Cambridge, wrote Garrick's size in the principal charac- these beautiful lines : ter of “ The Provoked Wife,” calling, " The town have found out different ways bim always “ Master Jackey Brute, To praise their rival Lears ; instead of " Sir Joho." Yet on Quin's To Barry they give loud huzzas, death, Garrick pathetically alluded to To Garrick only tears." him in his Prologue to “ The Clan

Io 1758, Dr. Hill's farce of the Rout destine Marriage,” and wrote bis epi

was acted, when Garrick produced this taph in Bath-abbey Church :

epigram: “ That tongue, which set the table in a roar,


“ For physic and farces

His equal there scarce is, And charm'd the public ear, is heard no

His farces are physic, Clos’d are those eyes, the harbingers of

His physic a farce is.” wit,

[Shakespeare writ. Which spoke before the tongue wbat In the ensuing year Hill wrote a Cold are those hands, which, living, were pamphlet entitled "" To David Garstretch'd forth

[worth. rick, the petition of 1 in behalf of At friendship's call to succour modest herself and her sisters," charging him Here lies James Quin. Deign, reader, with substituting U for I, io pronounc

to be taught, [thought, ing firm as furm, virtue as vurtue, &c. (Whate'er thy strength of body or of to which Garrick thus replied: In Nature's happiest mould however cast);


“If 'tis true, as you say, that I've in

jur'd a letter, To this complexion thou must come at

[for the better.

I'll change my notes soon, and I hope In 1742 Garrick performed in Ire- May the right use of letters, as well as land, and on bis return engaged with

of men,

[pen! Mr. Fleetwood at Drury Lane, wbere Hereafter be fix'd by the tongue and the


Most devoutly I wish they may both have illustration of this remark, Sir Joshua their due,

composed two imaginary dialogues, And that I may be never mistaken for U.” between Johoson, himself, and Gib

I have somewhere seen or heard of bon, in the former of which, Johnson å tale, which appears to have been depreciates the intellectual character either the parent or the offspring of of his old pupil, and in the latter he Garrick's epigram : Pray what is justly extols it.

This jeu d'esprit, the name of the fellow in the pil. which exhibits a caricature resein. lory?" said a spectator to his peigh- blance of Johnson's colloquial style, bour. “ It is one Vowel,” was the re- is preserved in the Supplement to the ply. “One Vowel is i!! I ain heartily Gentleman's Magazine for 1816. There glad that it is neither I nor U.can be no doubt but that Johnson was

In 1764 Garrick set out on a tour sincerely attached to Garrick; and in through France and Italy. A few his life of Smith, which was published evenings before his departure he sup- shortly after the death of his friend, ped with his friend, the Rev. James having delineated the character of bis Townley, head master of Merchant earliest patron, Gilbert Walmsley, of Taylors' school, when Garrick ask- Lichfield, he pathetically adds, “ At ing him if he had no poetic adieu this man's table I enjoyed many cheerready, be in a few minutes produced ful and instructive hours, with comthe following pointed energe com- panions such as are not often found; pliment :

with one who has lengthened, and “ When Garrick's steps the Alps have

one who has gladdened life; with Dr. trod,

James, whose skill in physic will be Prepar'd to enter mighty Rome, long remembered ; and with David The Amphitheatre shall nod,

Garrick, whom I hoped to have graAnd Roscius shudder in his tomb." tified with the character of our comHe returned from his journey in

mon friend. But what are the hopes April 1765, and in the following year

of man! I am disappointed by that his friend Lord Camden being pro- stroke of death, which has eclipsed moted to the Seals, Mr. Wilmot, his the gaiety of nations, and impoverLordsbip's purse bearer, called at Mr. ished the public stock of harmless Garrick's house at Hampton, where pleasure.” learning that he had not paid his con

The freedoin of the borough of gratulatory compliments, a conver

Stratford upon Avon having been sation ensued, in which Garrick thus presented to him, in a box made of converts an imputed neglect into an Shakespeare's mulberry tree, Garrick elegant panegyric.

undertook the principal management Colloquial Epigram.

of the Jubilee, which was celebrated WILMOT.

at that town in honour of its immor“ You should call at his house, or should

tal pative, on the 6th, 7th, and 8th of send him a card ;

September, 1769, and wrote most of Can Garrick alone be so cold?

the songs and poems for the occasion. GARRICK.

“The Mulberry-tree” by Lovibond is Shall I a poorplayer,and still poorerbard- too long for insertion here; but if any

Shall folly with Camden make bold ? of your readers have not seen it (and I What joy can I give him? dear Wilmot, do not think that it is very generally declare ;

known), they will, I am sure, derive Promotion no honours can bring ; much pleasure by referriog to a poem To him the great seals are but labour of lively unaffected versification and

genuine wit; and most happily deWish joy to your country and king." scriptive of Shakespeare, Garrick,

Garrick once said to Johnson,“Why and Joboson. did not you make me a Tory, you that Early in 1776 Garrick sold his inare so fond of Toryism, and must have terest in Drury Lane Theatre, and on made so many Tories ?” “Why?” said June 10, of tlie same year, finally Johnson," why did not the King make quitted the stage, after performing these halfpence guineas?” Sir Joshua the character of Don Felix, in,“ The Reynolds used to say, that“Dr.John- Wonder,” for the benefit of the Theson considered Garrick as his property, atrical Fund. Mr. Lewis, an actor and would never suffer any one to (who, from his constant repining at praise or blame bim but himself.” In almost every event, was known by


and care ;

the name of the “King of Grief," quently levelled at his supposed parand who was uncle to the celebrated simony. Boswell tells us that Foote comedian of the same name), hav- used to say of him, “ Garrick walked ing performed with Garrick on his out with an intention to do a genefirst appearance at Goodman's Fields rous action, but turning the corner Theatre, and witnessed his retirement of a street, he met with the ghost of at Drury Lane, wrote

a halfpeony, which frightened him.” “ I saw bim rising in the East,

Shortly after the act for the regulaWith all his energetic glows; tion of the gold coin came out, Foote I saw him setting in the West,

and Garrick being at a tavern togeIn greater splendour than he rose." ther, the former pulling out his purse

Garrick died at his house in the to pay the bill, asked the other, “What Adelphi, January 20, 1779, and was he should do with a light guinea that buried in Westminster Abbey, where he had ?” 6. Pshaw !" said Garrick, on his monument is inscribed an epi- “ fling it to the Devil.” “Ay, Dataph by Pratt, which has too much vid,” retorted Foote, “

you are just common-place finery about it: the man I ever took you for, always " To paint fair Nature, by Divine com

contriving to make a guinea go farmand

ther than any body else.” Her magic pencil in his glowing hand

The “ Rosciad" of Churcbill is well A Shakespeare rose--then to expand his known for its spirited delineation of fame

Garrick and his contemporary actors; Wide o'er this “ breathing world" a Gar- and the “Retaliation" of Goldsmith rick came.

(which was produced as a reply to Though sunk in death the forms the poet the “ Jupiter and Mercury," a fable drew,

[anew: by Garrick, in which he satirized the The actor's genius bade them breathe

Doctor's inconsistencies,) contains adThough, like the bard himself, in night mirably drawn characters of Garrick they lay,

[day: and his literary friends. To GoldImmortal-Garrick call'd them back to

smith's Retaliative Cookery, Garrick And till Eternity, with power sublime, Shall mark the mortal hour of hoary

replied : Time,

" Are these the choice dishes tbe Doctor Shakespeare and Garrick like twin stars

has sent us? shall shine,

Is this the great Poet whose works so And earth irradiate with a beam divine."

content us?

This Goldsmith's fine feast, who has There is also a cenotaph to his me

written fine books? mory, erected by his widow in Lich- Heaven sends us good meat-but the field Cathedral, for which the follow.

Devil sends cooks." ing lines by Anna Seward were iutended, but not inscribed, Mrs. Garrick

The centenary of Garrick's birth properly preferring the concluding Hereford, on Feb. 28, 1816, with

was celebrated at his pative city, words of Johnson's testimony, before related :

ringing of bells, a large public din

ner, and the theatre illuminated. “ While o'er this marble bends the pen


March 3. Here genius breathe the tributary sigb:

N addressing you upon the subBeneath these groves yourGarrick nurs'd

ject of the “Grammars used in That reign'd resistless o'er each feeling

public schools," I feel considerable

pain, from liability to misconAnd here those virtues dawn'd, whose struction : I may be supposed inipower benign

[twine: mical to their institutions, or to be Bids Hope for him celestial garlands actuated by a private interest, or Oft has his bounty, with pervading ray, some motive not of public beariog. Chas'd the dark cloud from Want's tem- But the fact is not so. Educated I pestuous day,

have myself been in a large public And oft his silence, generous as bis aid, school ; and I feel pot any objection Hid from the world the noblest part he

to thein but in one point, viz. the play'd.

absurdity of their using Graminars To this delicate concealment of his in Latin, before a pupil knows any benevolence, may be mainly attributed thing of the language; which is just the sarcasms which were not unfre. as rational as would be a direction


sive eye,


bis art,


post in that language, for the gene- and our great inen. They are (to ral information of travellers.

rub their perves up a little in the It was a remark of Dr. Johnson, mapper of their own grammars, with that no inan ever yet wrote an ele- some Saxon termination,) the Praxmentary book sufficiently clear for iteleses, and the Phidiases and the comprehension to a person previously Appelleses of classical writing-admirunacquainted wilh the subject, or un- able chemists, who by simple process assisted by a master. There certainly is of exposing the bottom of a schoolno reason in requiring a pupil to read, boy retort to a fire of birch twigs, before he can spell, or spell before he extract from the lumpish coal of knows his letters. Yet such is the idleness, a brilliant gas- light. No, case every day.--Time, a most im- they are public benefactors; they enportant thing in youth, is squandered able the children of men of fortune in profusion, from practices found- to shine ; but we are not finding fault ed entirely upon barbarism. The with the workmen, only with the wretched versification of Propria quæe tools. We have a just right to coinmaribus, As in præsenti, &c. con- plain of carpenters, who will only sidered as poetry pure trash, is taken use a chisel and an axe, and reject a from the idea of the middle age, that saw.--But to come to the point. The matters in verse are better, as such, Westminster Grammar is an admirremembered than the same things in able compendium of most useful prose. The Abbé Sade, in his “Me knowledge in the Greek and Latin moires de Petrarque,” adduces this languages ; yet such is the influence reason as the origin of these valuable of pedantry, that knowledge is locked acquisitions to the Literary world. up in most barbarous Latin metre, It is not considered, that Dog Latin

where words at the end of lines are was in those days quite familiar. even divided into two, in order to Chaucer's Abrahain could draw a char. make up ap hexameter, and others ter of quittance; law and religion absolutely crippled to make them fall rendered such Latin as familiar as

into verse.

The compiler of such dow is aritbmetick, and it was not for extraordinary productions, as silly the Latin, but the poetical forin, as would be Mrs. Glasse's Cookery in that the grammars were so construct: rhymes) seems not to have known ed in Ibis exquisite taste.

the natural propensity of the Roman The real origin of propria quæ's, 8c. language to fall into hexameters and &c. is precisely the same as would be pentameters, proved, as it has been, Conjug. the first from o makes avi,

by only taking a prose sentence of As a Barber would say from shavo sbavi. Livy, and showing that it fell sponConjug. the second makes eo-ui,

taneously into metre. No, they As oh be! is he oh! and I you, is U I.

thought of no such thing. They seConjug. the third turns the O into l,

riously acted upon the same idea as As O! a man cries out, who gets a black the authors of " Who killed Cock

Robin,” or “ This is the house that Conjug. the fourth changes io to ivi,

Jack built ;" all derived from the For a rhyme to which nonsense fruit. dicibula of the Romans," Apples lessly strive I.”

grow in the sea” and “ Fishes in a In a subsequent instance, soon to

tree ;' the nonsense sung by the Robe quoted, I seriously declare that I

man soldiers, during the triumphs, and am not joking. It was in compliance

“Bucca, bucca, quot sunt hic," menwith the custom of our middle-age how many horns do I hold up?" The

tioned by Petronius, “ Buck, buck, ancestors, that the alphabet was tacked on to the rhymes,

propria quæ's, &c. still retained, bad “ A was an archer and shot at a frog;”.

all the same origin, address to the

memory viâ nonsense. Why not then but then the verse was not in a foreign place their rules in the most simple language. The child could compre- intelligible English ? hend the nonsense.

But to prove there is a real neglect It is not however the intention of of a solemn duty, due to the publick, this Essay to expose to ridicule those so far as concerns unnecessary exfine and elegant scholars, who fill the pence to the parents, by retarding office of Teachers in our great pub- instruction through such sheer adlic schools. They form our senators berence to pure pedantry, and danger




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