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* Tablet, Calendars, tfc.for the use of Historians, Antiquaries, and the Legal Profession, by N. H. Nicolas, Esq."
4dvent Sunday, is the nearest Sunday to the feast of St. Andrew, November 30th, whether before or after.
Ascension Day, or Holy Thursday, is the Thursday in Rogation week, i. e. the week following Rogation Sunday.
Ash Wednesday, or the first day in lent, is the day after Shrove Tuesday.
Carle, or Care Sunday, or the fifth Sunday in lent, is the fifth Sunday after Shrove Tuesday.
Corpus Christi, or Body of Christ, is a festival kept on the Thursday after Trinity Sunday; and was instituted in the year 1264.
Easter Day. Tlie Pasrhal Sabbath. The Eucharist, or Lord's Supper, is the seventh Sunday after Shrove Tuesday, and is always the first Sunday after the first full moon, which happens on or next after the 21st of March. „ . , fare the Monday and
Easter Mondau I ~. , r n •
Easter Tuesday following
Ember Days, are the Wednesdays, Fridays, and Saturdays, after the first Sunday in lent; after the Feast of Pentecost; after Holy-rood Day, or the Feast of the Exaltation of the Holy Cross, viz. 14th September; and after St. Lucia's day, viz, 15*h December.
Ember Weeks, are those weeks in which the Ember days fall.
The Eucharist. See Easter day.
Good Friday, is the Friday in Passion Week, and the next Friday before Easter day.
Holy Thursday. See Ascension day.
Lent, a Fast from Ash Wednesday, to the Feast of Easter, viz. forty days.
Lord's Supper. See Easter day.
Low Sunday, is the Sunday next after Easter day.
Maunday Thursday, is the day before Good Friday.
Midlent, or the fourth Sunday in Lent, is the fourth Sunday after Shrove Tuesday.
Palm Sunday, or the' sixth Sunday in Lent, is the sixth Sunday after Shrove Tuesday.
Paschal Sabbath. See Easter day.
Passion Week, is the week next ensuing after Palm Sunday
Pentecost or Whit Sunday, is the fiftieth day and seventh Sunday after Easter day.
Qninquagesima Sunday, is so named from its being about the fiftieth day before Easter. It is also called Shrovt Sunday.
Relick Sunday, is the third Sunday after Midsummer-day.
Rogation Sunday, is the fifth Sunday after Easter day.
Rogation Days are the Monday,Tuesday, and Wednesday following Rogation Sunday.
Shrove Sunday, is the Sunday next before Shrove Tuesday. It is also called Qninquagesima Sunday.
feptnagesima Sunday, so called from its being about the seventieth day before Easter, is the third Sunday before Lent.
Sexagesima Sunday, is the second Sunday before Lent, or the next to Shrove Sunday, so called as being about the sixtieth day before Easter.
Trinity Sunday, or the Feast of the Holy Trinity, is the next Sunday after Pentecost or Whitsuntide.
Whit Sunday. See Pentecost.
, rare the Monday anu
,A , T !? ^ Tuesday following
What Tuesday \whit Sunday.
Whitsuntide, is the three days abovementioned.
The vigil or Eve of a feast, is the day before it occurs. Thus the Vigil of the feast of St. John the Baptist is the 23d of June. If the feast-day falls upon a Monday, then the Vigil or the Evp is kept upon the Saturday preceding.
The Morrow of a feast, is the day following: thus the feast of All Souls, is November 2d, and the Morrow of All Souls is consequently the 3d of November.
The Octave or Utas of each feast, is always the eighth day after it occurs; for example, the feast of St. Hillary, is the 13th of February, hence the Octave of St. Hillary, is the 20th of that month.
In the Octaves; means within the eight days following any particular feast.
Is tne ninth Sunday before Easter Sunday
is the seventh Sunday before Easter. Quadragesima is the sixth Sunday before Easter, and the first Sunday in Lent, which commences on Ash Wednesday. "The earliest term of Septuagesima Sunday is the 18th of January, when Easter day falls on the 22d of March; the latest is the 22d of February, when Easter happens on the 25th of April"
Shepherd in his "Elucidation of the Book of Common Prayer" satisfactorily explains the origin of these days:
"When the words Septuagesima, Sexagesima, and Quinquageshna were first applied to denote these three Sundays, the season of Lent had generally been extended to a fast of six weeks, that is, thirty-six days, not reckoning the Sundays, which were always celebrated as festivals. At this time, likewise, the Sunday which we call the first Sunday in Lent, was styled simply Quadragesima, or the fortieth, meaning the fortieth day ! before Easter. Quadragesima was also the name given to Lent, and denoted the Quadragesimal, or forty days' fast. When the three weeks before Quadragesima ceased to be considered as weeks after the Epiphany, and were appointed to be observed as a time of preparation for Lent, it was perfectly conformable to the ordinary mode of computation to reckon backwards, and for the sake of even and round numbers to count by decades. The authors of this novel institution, and the compilers of the new proper offices, would naturally call the first Sunday bei fore Quadragesima, Quinquagesima; the second, Sexagesima; and the third, Septuagesima. This reason corresponds jrith the account that seems to be at present most generally adopted."
There is much difference of opinion as to whether the fast of Lent lasted anciently during forty days or forty hours.
Common Maidenhair. Asplenbtm trichomanes. Dedicated to St. Martina.
King George IV. proclaimed. Huliday at die Exchequer
St. Peter Nolasco, A. D. 1258. St. Serapion, A. D. 1240. St. Cyrus and John. St. Marcella, A. D. 410. St. Maidoc, or Maodhog, alias Aidan otherwise Mogut, Bishop of Ferns, A. D. 1632.
St. Peter Nolasco.
Ribadeneira relates, that on the 1st of August 1216, the virgin Mary with beautiful train of holy virgins appeared to this saint at midnight, and signified it was the divine pleasure that a new order should be instituted under the title of Our Blessed Lady of Mercy, for the redemption of captives, and that king James of Aragon had the same vision at the same time, and "this order, therefore, by divine revelation, was founded upon the 10th, or as others say, upon the 23d of August." Then St. Peter Nolasco begged for its support, and thereby rendered himself offensive to the devil. For once taking up his lodging in private, some of the neighbours told him, that the master of the house, a man of evil report, had lately died, and the place had ever since been inhabited by "night spirits," wherein he commended himself to the virgin and other saints, and "instantly his admonitors vanished away like smoke, leaving an intolerable scent behind them." These of course were devils in disguise. Then he passed the sea in his cloak, angels sung before him in the habit of his order, and the virgin visited his monastery. One night he went into the church and found the angels singing the service instead of the monks; and at another time seven stars fell from heaven, and on digging the ground "there, they found a most devout image of our lady under a great bell,"—and so forth.
Hartstongue. Asplcniutn Scolopendium. Dedicated to St. Marcella.
This month has Pisoes or the fishes for its zodiacal sign. Numa, who was chosen by the Roman people to succeed Romulus as their king, and became their legislator, placed it the second in the year, as it remains with us, and dedicated it to Neptune, the lord of waters. Its name is from the Febrna, or Feralia, sacrifices offered to the manes of the gods at this season. Ovid in his Fatti attests the derivation: In ancient times, purgations had the name Of Ftbrua, various customs prove the same; The pontiffs from the rex and Jlamen crave A lock of wool; in former days they gave To wool the name of Februa. K pliant branch cut from a lofty pine, Which round the temples of the priests they twine,
U Februa called ; which if the priest demand, K branch of pine is put into his hand;
In short, with whatsoe'er our hearts we hold
Of this our month of February came;
But here adopted by another name;
A bloody crime, or any sinful stain,
Massey's Ovid. Our Saxon ancestors, according to VerMegan, "called February Sprout-hele, by kele meaning the kele-wnrt. which we
now call the colewurt, the greatest potwart in time long past that our ancestors used, and the broth made therewith was thereof also called kele; for before we borrowed from the French the name of potage, and the name of herbc, the one in our owne language was called kele, and the other tcnrt; and as this kele-wurt, or potage-bearbe, was the chiefe winterirurt for the sustenance of the husbandman, so was it the first hearbe that in this moneth began to yeeld out wholesome young sprouts, and consequently cave thereunto the name of Sprockets." The " kele " here mentioned, is the wellknown kale of the cabbage tribe. But he Saxons likewise called this month "Solmonath," which Dr. Frank Sayers in his •■ Disquisitions" says, is explained by Bede "mensis plancentarum," and rendered by Spelrnan in an unedited manuscript "pancake month," because in the course of it, cakes were offered by the pagan Saxons to the sun ; and " Sol,' or " soul," signified " food," or cakes." In " The Months," by Mr. Leigh Hunt,
he remarks that "if February were not the precursor of spring, it would be the least pleasant season of the year, November not excepted. The thaws now take place; and a clammy mixture of moisture and cold succeeds, which is the most disagreeable of wintry sensations." Yet so variable is our climate, that the February of 1825 broke in upon the inhabitants of the metropolis with a day or two of piercing cold, and realized a delightful description of January sparkled from the same pen. "What can be more delicately beautiful than the spectacle which sometimes salutes the eye at the breakfastroom window, occasioned by the hoarfrost dew? If a jeweller had come to dress every plant over night, to surprise an Eastern sultan, he could not produce any thing like the 'pearly drops,' or the 'silvery plumage.' An ordinary bed of greens, to those who are not at the mercy of their own vulgar associations, will sometimes look crisp and corrugated emerald, powdered with diamonds."
Sunk in the vale, whose concave depth receives
yet he declares that "her five modern
St.Ignathu. St. Pionitu, A. D. 250. St.
born in Ulster, built herself a ^ .
under a large oak, thence called Kill-dara, obeyed her call, came to her hand, let
or cell of the oak, was joined by others of her embrace them, and then she let them
her own sex, formed several nunneries, fly away again. He also found in the
and became patroness of Ireland. "But,'' breviary of Sanim, that when she was sent
say* Butler, "a full account of her vir- a-milking by her mother to make butter,
rues has not been transmitted down to us, she gave away an the milk to the poor;
together with the veneration of her name:" that when the rest of the maids brought
in their milk she prayed, and the hutter multiplied ; that the butter she gave away she divided into twelve parts, "as if it were for the twelve apostles; and one part she made bigger than any of the rest, which stood for Christ's portion; though it is strange," says Patrick," that she forget to make another inequality by ordering one portion more of the butter to be made bigger than the remaining ones in honour of St. Peter, the prince of the apostles."
BURIAL OF ALLELUIA.
In Mr. Fosbroke's "British Monarchism," the observation of this catholic ceremony is noticed as being mentioned in "F.rnulphus's Annals of Rochester Cathedral," and by Selden. From thence it appears to have taken place just before the octaves of Easter Austin says, " that it used to be sung in all churches from Easter to Pentecost, but Damasus ordered it to be performed at certain times, whence it was chanted on Sundays from the octaves of Epiphany to Septuagesima, and on the Sundays from the octaves of Pentecost and Advent. One mode of burying the Alleluia was this: in the sabbath of the Septuagesima at Nones, the choristers assembled in the great vestiary, and there arranged the ceremony. Having finished the last 'Benedicainus,' they advanced with crosses, torches, holy waters, and incense, carrying a turf (Glebam) in the manner of a coffin, passed through the choir and went howling to the cloister, as far as the place of interment; and then having sprinkled the water, and censed the place, returned by the same road. According to a story (whether true or false) in one of the churches of Paris, a choir boy used to whip a top, marked with Alleluia, written in golden letters, from one end of the choir to the other. In other places Alleluia was buried by a serious service on Septuagesima Sunday."
Lesser Water Moss. Fontinalis minor.
Bay. Lauriu nobilis.
Holiday at the Public Offices, except Excise, Stamps, and Customs.
The Pu'ifieation. St. Laurence, Archbishop of Canterbury, A. D. 619
This being the festival which catholics
call the Purification of the virgin, they observe it with great pomp. It stands as a holiday in the calendar of the church of England. Naogeorgus thus introduces the day; or rather Barnaby Googe, in his translation of that author's, " Popish Kingdom:"
"Then comes the Day wherein the Virgin
offred Christ unto The Father chiefe, as Moyses law
commaunded hir to do. Then numbers great of Tapers large,
both men and women beare To Church, being halowed there with pomp
and dreadful words to heare. This done, eche man his Candell lightest
where chiefest seemeth hee, Whose Taper greatest may be seene
and fortunate to bee; Whose Candell burneth cleare and bi.glit,
a wondrous force and might Doth in these Candels lie, which it
at any time they light, They sure beleve that neyther storme
or tempest dare abide, Nor thunder in the skies be heard,
nor any Devil's spide. Nor fearefull sprites that w Ike by night,
nor hurts of frost or haile."— According to "The Posey of Prayers, or the Key of Heaven," it is called Candlemat, because before mass is said this day, the church blesses her candles for the whole year, and makes a procession with hallowed or blessed candles in the hands of the faithful."
From catholic service-books, quoted in " Pagano Papismus," some particulars are collected concerning the blessing of the candles. Being at the altar, the priest says over them several prayers; one of which commences thus: "O Lord Jesu Christ, who enlightenest every one that cometh into the world, pour out thy benediction upon these Candles, and sanctifie them with the light of thy grace," he. Another begins: "Holy Lord, Father Almighty, Everlasting God, who hast created all things of nothing, and by the labour of bees caused this liquor to come to the perfection of a wax candle; we humbly beseech thee, that by the invocation of thy most holy name, and by the intercession of the blessed virgin, ever a virgin, whose festivals are this day devoutly celebrated, and by the prayers of all thy saints, thou wouldst vouchsafe to bless and sanctifie these candles," &c. Then the priest sprinkles the candles thrice with holy water, saying "Sprinkle me with," Sec. and perfumes them thrice with incense. One of the