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lle was

St. Rumon,

pressed Ascham with its importance, Alban Butler informs us, from William that he says, he " thought to prepare of Malmsbury, that he was a bishop, some little treatise for a new-year's gift though of what nation or see is unknown, that Christmas,” but it grew beneath and that his name is in the English his hands and became his “Scholemartyrology. Cressy says, that his body master, showing a plain and perfect way was buried at Tavistock, where, about of teaching the learned languages." 960, Ordgar, count of Devonshire, father The best edition of this work, which to Elfrida, the second wife of king Ascham did not live to publish, is that Edgar, built a monastery“ very agreeable edited by the Rev. James Upton, 1743, and pleasant, by reason of the great octavo. The book was first printed by variety of woods, pastures, and rivers Ascham's widow, whom with her chilabounding with fish." St. Rumon con dren he left in distress. It was emisecrated the church. About thirty years nently serviceable to the advancement of afterwards, the monastery was destroyed teachers and pupils, at a period when it and burnt by the Danes. It is memora was the fashion to flog. Its most remarkble, that Edulf, a son of Ordgar, buried able feature is the frowning down of this in that monastery, was a man of gigantic brutal practice, which, to the disgrace of stature, and of such woaderful strength, our own times, is still heard of in certain that going to Exeter, and finding the seminaries, both public and private. The gates shut and barred, he broke the good old man says, “ Beat a child if he outer iron bars with his hands, burst dance not well, and cherish him though open the gates with his foot, tore the he learn not well, ye shall have him unlocks and bolts asunder, and broke down willing to go to dance, and glad to go to part of the wall.

his book : knock him always wher, he

draweth his shaft ill, and favour him CHRONOLOGY.

again though he fault at his book, ye 1568. On the 4th of January Roger shall have him very loth to be in the Ascham died, and was buried at St. field, and very willing to go to school.” sepulchre's church, London.

He observes, “ If ever the nature of man born in Yorkshire about 1515, and is be given at any time, more than another, celebrated for his learning, for having to receive goodness, it is in innocency of heen tutor and Latin secretary to queen young years before that experience of Elizabeth, and for having written the evil have taken root in him. For the Scholemaster.” This work originated pure, clean wit of a sweet young babe, from mention having been made at din- is like the newest wax, most able to rener that some Eron scholars “ had run ceive the best and fairest printing ; and away from school for fear of beating.” like a new bright silver dish never occuAscham expressed his opinion that pied, to receive and keep clean any good

young children were sooner allured by thing that is put into it. Therefore, to iove, than driven by beating, to attain love or to hate, to like or contemn, to good learning." He then retired up ply this way or that way, to good or to stairs“ to read with the queen's majesty: had, ye shall have as ye use a child in we read then together that noble oration his youth.” He exemplifies this by a of Demosthenes against Æschines, for his delightful anecdote of the young, beautifalse

, dealing in his embassy to king ful, and accomplished lady Jane Grey, Philip of Macedon; sir Richard Sack who shortly afterwards perished by the ville came up soon after.” Sackville axe of the executioner. Ascham, before took Ascham aside, “ A fond (silly) school- he went into Gerinany, visited Broadmaster,” said sir Richard, “ before I was gate in Leicestershire, to take leave of fully fourteen years old, drove me so, her. “ Her parents, the duke and with fear of beating, from all love of duchess, with all the household, gentlelearning, as now, when I know what dif men and gentlewomen, were hunting in ference it is to have learning, and to have the park. I found her," says Ascham, little, or none at all, I feel it my greatest“ in her chamber, reading Phædo Platonis grief, and find it my greatest hurt, that in Greek, and that with as much delight, ever came to me, that it was so my ill as some gentlemen would read a merry chance, to light upon so lewd (ignorant) tale in Boccace. After salutation, and a schoolmaster. The whole conversa- duty done, with some other talk, I asked rion was very interesting and so im- her, why she would lose such pastime

me :

in the park? Siniling, she answered so without measure misorderel, that I

think myself in hell, till time come that “I wist, all their sport in the park is I must go to Mr. Elmer; who teachech but a shadow to that pleasure that I find me so gently, so pleasantly, with such in Plato. Alas! good-folk, they never fair allurements to learning, that I think felt what true pleasure meant.'

all the time nothing, while I am with him: ". And how came you, madam,' quoth and when I am called from him, I fall on I, to this deep kuowledge of pleasure? weeping, because whatsoever I do else. And what did chiefly allure you unto it, but learning, is full of grief, trouble, fear. seeing not many women, but very few and whole misliking unto me: and thus men, have attained thereunto?

my book hath been so much my pleasure, “I will tell you,' quoth she,' and tell and bringeth daily to me more pleasure you a truth, which perchance you will and more, that in respect of it, all other marvel at. One of the greatest benefits pleasures in very deed, be but trifles and that ever God gave me, is, that he sent me troubles unto me.'so sharp and severe parents, and so gentle Surely this innocent creature's confes. a schoolmaster. For when I am in pre- sion, that she was won t the love of sence either of father or mother, whether learning and her teacher by his gentleI speak, keep silence, sit, stand, or go, ness, and the disclosure of her affliction eat, drink, be merry, or sad, be sewing, under the severe discipline of her parents, playing, dancing, or doing any thing else, are positive testimony to the fact

, tha! 1 must do it, as it were, in such weight, our children are to be governed and measure, and number, ever so perfectly, taught by the law of kindness : nor let as God made the world; or else I am so it detract from the force of the remark, sharply taunted, so cruelly threatened, that in connection with her artless feel. yea presently sometimes with pinches, ings and blameless deportment, if her nips, and bobs, and other ways (which I hard fate call forth a versified effusion will not name for the honour I bear them) INSCRIBED BENEATH A PORTRAIT OF LADY JANE GREY.

Originai.
Young, beautiful, and learned Jane, intent

On knowledge, found it peace; her vast acquirement
Of gooduess was ler fall; she was content

With dulcet pressures, such as calın retirement
Yields to the wise alone ;-her only vice

Was virtue: in obedience to her sire
And lord she died, with them, a sacrifice

To their ambition : her own mild desire
Was rather to be happy than he great ;

For though at their request she claimed the crown,
That they, thıough ber, might rise to rule the stale,

let, the bright diadem, and gorgeous throne,
She view'd as cares, dimming the dignity
Of ler unsullied mind, and pure benignity.

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1813. On the 4th of January, died they were excluded from the throne of the alexander Macdonald, Esq., who is no people, by the aristocracy and commor,other way remarkable, than for a chival- alty of England in parliament assembled. sous devotion to the family of Stuart. He As evidence of the spirit that dictated raised a monument in the vale of Glen- such a memorial, and of the proper feelfinnyn, at the head of Lochshiel, in the ing which permits that spirit to be excounty of Inverness, with a Latin, Gaelic, pressed, in spite of its hostility to the and English inscription, to commemo- principles that deposited and continuer rate the last open efforts of that family, the diadem of the commonwealth in the for the recovery of a crown they had custody of the house of Harover, the in forfeited by innumerable breaches of the scriptičn on the monument is placed in laws, and whose aggressions on life and the next column. It stands in English iv property being suffered, till

these words : Non-resistance could no further go,"

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On the spot where

After the expulsion of pope Pius
PRINCE CHARLES EDWARD
Firse raised his Standard,

VI. from “ the chair of St. Peter," by
On the 19th day of August, MDCCXLV, the French, he fled from his splendid
When he made the daring and romantic attempt
To recover a Throne lost by the imprudence of his

residences at Rome and Frascati to Veancestors,

nice, infirm in health, distressed in cirThis Column was erected by A!.EXANDER MACDONALD, Esq., of

cumstances, and at the age of seventyGlenaladale,

five. He subsisted for awhile on the
To commemorate the generous zesi,
undaunted bravery, and the inviolable’ndelity produce of some silver plate, which he
of his forefathers, and the rest of those had saved from the ruin of his property.

Who fought and bled in that
Arduous and unfortunate enterprise. By the friendly interference of 'sir John
This Pillar is now,

Cox Hippisley, the cardinal's situation
Alas!
Also become the Monument

was made known to his late majesty, and Of its amiable and accomplished Founder, lord Minto had orders to remit him a

Who,
Before it was finished,

present of 20001., which he received in Dird it. Edinburgh on the 4th day of January, February 1800, with an intimation that MDCCCXV.

he might draw for the same amount in The “right line" of the Stuart race terminated in the late cardinal York. He

the July following; and sir J.C. Hippiswas the second son of “the Pretender," and of 40001. would be at his service, so long

ley communicated to him, that an annuity was born at Rome on the 26th of March

as his circumstances might require it. 1725; where he was baptized by the name This liberality was received and acknowof Henry Benedict Maria Clemens : he died there in 1807, in the

83d year of his ledged by the cardinal in terms of grati

tude, and made a considerable impression age In 1745 he went to France to head an army of fifteen thousand men, assem

on the reigning pope and his court. bled at Dunkirk for the invasion of tleman's Magazine, (vols. 74 and 77,)

These facts are extracted from the GenEngland. The battle of Culloden settled which also observes, that “ from the time " the arduous and unfortunate enter- he devoted himself to ecclesiastical func prise,” which the “ amiable and accom

tions he secmed to have laid aside all plished founder" of the monument commemorates

, and not a single transport left worldly views, till his father's death in Dunkirk roads. As soon as Henry Benc- 1708, when he had iedals struck, bearing

on their face his head, with HENRICUS dict heard of the affair at Culloden, he NONUS ANGLIÆ Rex;' on the reverse, a returned to Rome, entered into priest's orders, and in 1747 was made a cardinal city, with Gratia DEI, SED NON V.

JUNTATE HOMINUM:' if we are not by pope Benedict XIV. It was taunted by a former pope upon James II. that he these medals.” From one in the posses

inisinformed, our sovereign has one of “lost his kingdom for a mass ;” and it is sion of the compiler of this work, he is certain that Henry Benedict was better enabled to present an engraving of it qualified to take a red-hat and pull on

to his readers.
and off red stockings, than to attempt
the conquest of a free protestant nation.

HENRY IX. KING OF ENGLAND.

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VOL. I.

17

C

January 5.

his mortifications. In the monastery of

Heliodorus, a man sixty-five years of age, St. Simeon Stylites. St. Telesphorus.

who had spent sixty-two years so abSt. Syncletia.

stracted from the world, that he was St. Simeon Stylites.

ignorant of the most obvious things in it; Alban Butler declares, that St. Simeon the monks ate but once a day: Simeon astonished the whole Roman empire by joined the community, and ate but once a

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week. Heliodorus required Simeon to ter at the top, so that he could not lie exbe more private in bis mortifications; tended on it: he had no seat with him; " with this view," says Butler,“ judging he only stooped or leaned to take a little the rough rope of the well, made of rest, and bowed his body in prayer so twisted palm-tree leaves, a proper instru- often, that a certain person who counted ment of penance, Simeon tied it close these positions, found that he made one about his naked body, where it remained thousand two hundred and forty-four unknown both to the community and his reverences in one day, which if he began superior, till such time as it having ate at four o'clock in the morning and finished into his flesh, what he had privately done at eight o'clock at night, gives a bow to was discovered by the effluvia proceeding every three-quarters of a minute; befrom the wound.” Butler says, that it sides wbich he exhorted the people twice took three days to disengage the saint's a day. His garinents were the skins of clothes, and that “the incisions of the beasts, he wore an iron collar round his physician, to cut the cord out of his body, neck, and had a horrible ulcer in his were attended with such anguish and foot. During his forty days' abstinence pain, that lie lay for some time as dead.” throughout Lent, he tied himself to a pole. After this he determined to pass the whole He treated himself as the outcast of the forty days of Lent in total abstinence, world and the worst of sinners, worked and retired to a hermitage for that pur- miracles, delivered prophecies, had the pose. Bassus, an abbot, left with him sacrament delivered to hiin on the pillar, ten loaves and water, and coming to visit and died bowing upon it in the sixty-ninth him at the end of the forty days, found of his age, after having lived upon pillars both loaves and water untouched, and the for six and thirty years. His corpse was saint stretched on the ground without carried to Antioch attended by the bishops signs of life. Bassus dipped a sponge in and the whole country, and worked miwater, moistened his lips, gave him the racles on its way. So far this account eucharist, and Simeon by degrees swal- is from Alban Butler. lowed a few lettuce leaves and other herbs. Without mentioning circumstances and He passed twenty-six Lents in the same miracles in inu Golden Legend, which manner. In the first part of a Lent he are too numerous, and some not fit to be prayed standing; growing weaker he related, it may be observed that it is there prayed sitting; and towards the end, being affirmed of him, that after his residence

almost exhausted, he prayed lying on the on the pillars, one of his thighs rotted a 1 ground. At the end of three years he whole year, during which time he stood

left his hermitage for the top of a moun on one leg only. Near Simeon's pillar tain, made an enclosure of loose stones, was the dwelling of a dragon, so very vewithout a roof, and having resolved to nomous, that nothing grew near his cave. live exposed to the inclemencies of the This dragon met with an accident; he weather, he fixed his resolution by fasten- had a stake in his eye, and coming all ing his right leg to a rock with a great blind to the saint's pillar, and placing his

Multitudes thronged to the eye upon it for three days without doing mountain to receive his benediction, and harm to any one, Simeon ordered earth many of the sick recovered their health; and water to be placed on the dragon's But as some were not satisfied unless they eye, which being done, out came the louched him in his enclosure, and Simeon stake, a cubit in length ; when the people desired retirement from the daily con saw this miracle, they glorified God, and course, he projected a new and unprece ran away for fear of the dragon, whe dented manner of life. He erected a arose and adored for two hours, and repilar six cubits high, (each cubit being turned to his cave. A woman swallowed Eighteen inches,) and dwelt on it four a little serpent, which tormented her for years; on a second of twelve cubits high many years, till she came to Simeon, who he lived three years ; on a third of twenty- causing earth and water to be laid on her iwo cubits high ten years; and on a mouth, the little serpent came out foue fourth of forty cubits, or sixty feet high, feet and a half long. 'It is affirmed by the which the people built for him, he spent Golden Legend, that when Simeon died, the last twenty years of his life. This Anthony smelt a precious odour proceeding occasioned him to be called stylites, from from his body ; that the birds cried so, che Greek word stylos, a pillar. This much, that both men and beasts cried pillar did not exceed three feet in diame- that an angel came down in a cloud; that

iron chain.

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