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ary, painted with variegated colours, glit- mering! and there's a man with a hamter by "excess of light” from mirrors mer! against the walls festooned with artificial 1st Boy. Who pinned that woman to "wouders of Flora." This “ paradise of the gentleman? Why there's a dozen dainty devices," is crowded by successive pinned together. and successful desirers of the seasonable Countryman. Constable ! constable ! delicacies, while alternate tapping of hani 2nd Boy. Here comes the constable. mers and peals of laughter, from the Hark at him! throng surrounding the house, excito Const. Clear away from the doors ! Let smiles from the inmates,
the customers go iu! Make way! Let The cause of these sounds may be in- the cakes come out! Go back, boy! ferred from something like this passing 13th Boy. If you please, Mr. Constaoutside.
ble, I'm going to buy a cake! Constable. Make
Const. Go forward, then !
Countryman. What is alı chis ; Is any your leave. body ill in the shop?
Const, Clear the way! Ist Boy. Nobody, sir; it's only Twelfth All the Boys. Huzza! huzza! More
people puruned -- and plenty nailed This is
a pastrycook's, up!. sir; look at the window ! There they To explain, to thoje who may be ignostand! What cakes !
rant of the practice. On Twelfth3il Boy. What pretty ones these are ! night in London, boys assemble round the 4th Boy. Only see that !
inviting shops of the pastrycooks, and 5th Boy. Why it's as large as the hind- dexterously nail the coat-tails of spectawheel of a coach, and how thick !
tors, who venture near enough, to the 6th Boy. Ah! it's too big to come out bottoms of the window frames; or pin at the door, unless they roll it out. them together strongly by their clothies.
7th Boy. What elegant figures, and Sometimes eight or ten persons find theme what lots of sweetmeats!
selves thus connected. The dexterity and 8th Boy. See the flowers ; they look force of the nail driving is so quick and almost like real ones.
sur-, that a single blow seldom fails of Countryman. What a crowd inside! doing the business effectually. With
9th Boy. How the people of the house drawal of the nail without a proper inure packing up all the good things ! strument is out of the question; and, con
Countryman. What a beautiful lady sequently, the person nailed must either that is behind the counter!
leave part of his coat, as a cognizance of 10th Boy. Which?
his attachment, or quit the spot with a Countryman. Why the young one! hole in it. At every nailing and pinning
10th Boy. What her oh, she's the shouts of laughter arise from the perpepastrycook's daughter, and the other's trators and the spectators. Yet it often her mother.
happens to one who turns and smiles Countryman. No, no; not her; 1 at the duress of another, that he also finds mean her, there.
himself nailed. Efforts at extrication in101h Boy. Oh, her ; she's the shop- crease mirth, nor is the presence of a conwoman ; all the pastrycooks always try stable, who is usually employed to attend to get handsome ladies to serve in the and preserve free " ingress, egress, and shop!
regress," sufficiently awful to deter the Ilth Boy. I say, I say! halloo! here's offenders. a piece of work! Look at this gentleman Scarcely a shop in London that offers a next to mo-his coat-tail's nailed to the halfpenny plain bun to the purchase of a window! Look, look !
hungry boy, is without Twelfth-cakes and Countryman. Aye, what?
finery in the windows on Twelfth-day All the boys. Ah! ah ! ah ! Iluzza. The gingerbread-bakersthere are not
Countryman, Who nailed my coat-tail? many, compared with their number when Constable !
the writer was a consumer of their manu12th Boy. That's the boy that's got factured goods,-even the reduced ginthe hamnier !
gerbread-bakers periwig a few plum-buns What me? why that's the with sugar-frost to-day, and coaxingly inboy-lhere; and there's another boy hame terpolate them among their new made
sixes, bath-cakes, parliament, and ladies' same size, and number each on the back; fingers. Their staple-ware has leaves of taking care to make the king No. 1, and untarnished dutch-gilt stuck on; their up- the queen No. 2. Then prepare and right cylinder-shaped show-glasses, con number the gentlemen's characters. Cause taining peppermint-drops, elecampane, tea and coffee to be handed to your visitsugar-sticks, hard-bake, brandy-balls, and ors as they drop in. When all are as. bulls'-eyes, are carefully polished; their sembled and tea over, put as many ladies loliy-pops are fresh encased, and look characters in a reticule as there are ladies as white as the stems of tobacco-pipes; present; next put the gentlemen's chaand their candlesticks are ornamented racters in a hat, Then call on a gentlewith fillets and bosses of writing paper ; man to carry the reticule to the ladies az or, if the candles rise from the bottom of they sit, from which each lady is to draw inverted glass cones, they shine more one ticket, and to preserve it unopened. sparkling for the thorough cleaning of Select a lady to bear the hat to the gentheir receivers in the morning.
tlemen for the same purpose. There will How to eat Twelfth-cake requires no be one ticket left in the reticule, and anorecipe ; but how to provide it, and draw ther in the hat, which the lady and genthe characters, on the authority of Rachel tleman who carried each is to interchange, Revel's “ Winter Evening Pastimes," as having fallen to each. Next, arrange may be acceptable. First, buy your cake. your visitors according to their numbers; Then, before your visitors arrive, buy the king No. 1, the queen No. 2, and so your characters, each of which should
The king is then to recite the verse
They come! they come! each blue-eyed sport,
"Tis Mirth fresh crown'd with mistletoe!
Joy on light fantastic toe,"
Singing aud dancing as they go.
A welcome - nor unbidden guest.
scene of juvenile enjoyment this evening: hed-chamber. Our kind host and hostess, “I love i see an acre of cake spread out whether by design or accident, became -ihe sweet frost covering the rich earth king and queen. According to Twelfth- below---studded all over with glittering day law, each party is to support their flowers, like ice-planis, and red and green character till midnight.” The mainte- knots of sweetmeat, and hollow yellow
crusted crowns, and kings and queens, them, go round to the female part of the and their paraphernalia. I delight to see society in succession, and what one puts
score of happy children sitting huddled into the uppermost bowl the attendant all round the dainty fare, eyeing the cake collectress slips into the bowl beneaih it. and each other, with faces sunny enough All are expecied to contribute something, to thaw the white snow. I like to see but not more than a shilling, and they the gazing silence which is kept so reli are best esteemed who give ir.ost. The giously while the large knife goes its men choose two from themselves, and round, and the glistening eyes which follow the same custom, except that as feed beforehand on the huge slices, dark the gentlemen are not supposed to be with citron and plums, and heavy as altogether so fair in their dealings as the gold. And then, when the “Characters ” ladies, one of the collectors is furnished are drawn, is it nothing to watch the with pen, ink, and paper, to set down peeping delight which escapes from their the subscriptions as soon as received. little eyes ? One is proud, as king; ano If a satirical prophecy in “ Vox Grather stately, as queen; then there are two culi,” 4to. 1623, may be relied on as whispering grotesque secrets which they authority, it bears testimony to the popucannot contain (those are sir Gregory larity of Twelfth-night at that period. On Goose and sir 'Tunbelly Clumsy.) The the 6th of January the author declares, boys laugh out at their own misfortunes ; that “this day, about the houres of 5, 6, but the litile girls (almost ashamed of 7, 8, 9, and 10, yea, in some places till their prizes! sit blushing and silent. It midniglit well nigh, will be such a masis not until the lady of the house goes sacre of spice-bread, that, ere the next dav round, that some of the more extravagant at noon, a two-penny browne loafe wili fictions are revealed. And then, what a set twenty poore folkes teeth on edge. roar of mirth! Ha, ha! The ceiling Which hungry humour will hold so vioshakes, and the air is torn. They bound lent, that a number of good fellowes will from their seats like kids, and insist on not refuse to give a statute-marchant of seing Miss Thompson's card. Ah! what all the lands and goods they enjoy, for merry spite is proclaimed—what ostenta half-a-crown's worth of two-penny pastious pity! The little girl is almost in ties." He further affirms, that there will tears; but the large lump of allotted cake he “ on this night much masking in the is placed seasonably in her hands, and Strand, Cheapside, Holbourne, or Fleetthe glass of sweet wine all round' street.” drowns the shrill urchin laughter, and a " The twelve days of Christmas," as the gentler delight prevails.” Does not this extent of its holidays, were proverbial; make a charming picture?
but among labourers, in some parts, the
Christmas festivities did not end till CanThere is some difficulty in collecting dlemas. Old Tusser, in his “Five Hunaccounts of the manner wherein Twelfth- dred Points of good Ilusbandry," would night is celebrated in the country. In have the merriments end in six days; he “Time's Telescope,” an useful and enter- begins January with this advice to the taining annual volume, there is a short countiyman : reference to the usage in Cumberland, and When Christmas is ended, other northern parts of England. It seems
bid feasting adue, that on Twelfth-night, which finishes their Goe play the good husband, Christmas holidays, the rustics meet in a
thy stock to renue. large room. They begin dancing at seven Be mindful of rearing, o'clock, and finish at twelve, when they
in hope of a gaine, sit down to lobscouse, and ponsondie;
Dame Profit shall give thee the former is made of beef, potatoes, and
reward for thy paire. onions fried together; and in ponsondie This was the recommendation of prudence we recognise the wassail or waes-hael of tempered by kindness; a desire for diliale, boiled with sugar and nutmeg, into gence in the husban,lınan, with an allowwhich are put roasted apples,-the an ance of reasonable pastiine to sweeten ciently admired lambs'-wool. The feast his labour. is paid for by subscription : two women From Naogeorgus, in “ The Popish are chosen, who with iwo wooden bowls Kingdome," a poem before quoted, and placed one within the other, so as to which will be frequently referred to for leave an opening and a space between its lore regarding our ancient customs, it
and a pease.
15 to be gathered, that the king of Twelfth- shall be King; and where the pouze is,
“ Mel. I have the beane, and King; I 10 his abilitie,
must commande." Doth make a mightie cake, that may
Pinkerton's “ Ancient Scotish Poems," suffice his companie:
contain a letter from sir Thomas RanHerein a pennie doth he pui,
dolph, queen Elizabeth's chamberlain of before it come to fire,
the Exchequer, to Dudley lord Leicester, This he divides according as
dated froin Edinburgh on the 15th Januhis householde doth require,
ary, 1563, wherein he mentions, that Lady And every peece distributeth,
Flemyng was “ Queen of the Beene” on as round about they stand, Which in their names into the poore
Twelfth-day in that year: and in Ben Jone is given out of hand.
son's Masque of Christmas, Baby-cake, But who so chaunceth on the peece
one of the characters, is attended by “ an wherein the money lies,
Usher, bearing a great cake with a bean, Is counted king amongst them all,
Ilerrick, the poet of our and is with showtes and cries
festivals, has several allusions io the celeExalted to the heavens up.
bration of this day by our ancestors: the Mr. Fosbroke notices, that the cake poem here subjoined, recognises its cus
toms with strict adherence to truth, and in was full of plums, with a bean in it for the king, and a pea for the queen, so as
pleasant strains of joyousness. to determine them by the slices. Some TWELFE-Night, or KING AND QUEENE. uimes a penny was put in the cake, and Now, now the mirth comes the person who obtained it, becoming With the cake full of plums,
h king, crossed all the beams and rafters Where beane's the king of the sport of the house against devils. A chafing
Beside, we must know, dish with burning frankincense was also
The pea also lit, and the odour snuffed up by the whole Must revell, as queene in the court here. family, to keep off disease for the year.
Begin then to chuse, After this, the master and mistress went
This night as ye use, round the house with the pan, a taper,
Who shall for the present delight here, and a loaf, against witchcraft.”
Be a king by the lot,
And who shall not So far Mr. Fosbroke abridges Naogeor- Be Twelfe-day queene for the night here. gus's account, which goes on to say, that
Which knowne, let us make in these dayes beside,
Joy-sops with the cake; They judge what weather all the yeare
And lei noi a man then be seen here, shall happen and betide :
Who unurg'd will not drinke, Ascribing to each day a month,
To the base from the brink, and at this present time,
A health to the king and the queene here. The youth w every place doe flocke,
Next crowne the bowle ful. and all apparel'd fine,
With gentle lanıbs-wooll; With pypars through the streetes they runne, Adde sugar, nutmeg, and ginger, and singe at every dore.
With store of ale, too;
And thus ye must doe There cities are, where boyes and gyrles, To make the wassaile a swinger.
together still do runne, About the streete with like, as soone
Give them to the king as night beginnes to come,
And queene wassailing; And bring abrode their wassel bowles,
And though with ale ye te whet here ; who well rewarded bee,
Yet part ye from here, With cakes and cheese, and great good cleare, As when ye innocent met here.
As free from offence, and money plenteousiee. Queen Elizabeth's Progresses by Mr. A citation by Brand represents the anciens Nichols, contain an entertainment to her Twelfth-night-cake to have been composat Sudley, wherein were Melibæus, the ed of tour, honey, ginger, and pepper sing of the Bean, and Nisa, the queen of The maker thrust in, at random, a smal the Pea.
coin as she was kneading it. When baked, • Mel Cut the cake : who hath the beane, it was divided into as many parts as there
were persons in the family, and each had drew lots for kingdom: and like kicgs bis share Portions of ji were also as- exercised their temporary authority.” Insigned to Christ, the Virgin, and the deed, it appears, that the question is three Magi, and were given in alms. almost at rest. Mr. Fosbroke affirms tha:
“the king of Saturnalia was elected by On Twelfth-day the people of Ger- beans, and that from thence came ou niany and the students of its academies king and queen on this day.” The coinci chose a king with great ceremony and dence of the election by beans having sumptuous feastings
been common to both customs, leaves In France, the Twelfth-cake is plain, scarcely the possibility of doubt that with a bean; the drawer of the slice con ours is a continuation of the heathen taining the bean is king or queen. All practice under another name. Yet “ some drink to her or his majesty, who reigns, of the observances on this day are the and receives homage from all, during remains of Druidical, and other superstithe evening. There is no other drawing, tious ceremonies.”. On these points, 1: and consequently the sovereign is the Mr. Fosbroke's Dictionary of Antiquities only distinguished character. In Nor- be consulted by the curious inquirer, he mandy they place a child under the will there find the authorities, and be in table, which is so covered with a cloth other respects gratified. that he cannot see ; and when the cake is divided, one of the company taking up The Epiphany is called Twelfth-day, the first piece, cries out, " Fabe Domini because it falls on the twelfth day after pour qui ?" The child answers, “ Pour Christmas-day. Epiphany signifies male bon Dieu:" and in this manner the nifestation, and is applied to this day pieces are allotted to the company. If because it is the day whereon Christ was the bean be found in the piece for the manifested to the Gentiles. Bourne in
bon Dieu,” the king is chosen by draw- his Vulgar Antiquities, which is the subing long or short straws. Whoever gets structure of Brand's Popular Antiquities, the bean chooses the king or queen, remarks that this is the greatest of the according as it happens to be a man or twelve holidays, and is therefore more woman. According to Brand, under the jovially observed, by the visiting of friends old order of things, the Epiphany was and Christmas gambols, than any other. kept at the French court by one of the Finally, on observances of this festival courtiers being chosen king, and the not connected with the Twelfth-night other nobles attended an entertainment king and queen.
It is a custom in at the occasion ; but, in 1792, during the many parishes in Gloucestershire on this revolution, La Féte de Rois was abo- day to light up twelve small fires and lished ; Twelfth-day was ordered to be one large one; this is mentioned by called La Féte de Sans-Culottes ; the old Brand : and Mr. Fosbroke relates, that in feast was declared anti-civic; and any some countries twelve fires of straw are priest keeping it was deemed a royalist. made in the fields “to burn the old The Literary Pocket Book affirms, that at witch," and that the people sing, drink, La Féte de Rois the French monarch and dance around it, and practise other and his nobles waited on the Twelfth- ceremonies in continuance. He takes night king, and that the custom was not “ the old witch” to be the Druidical God revived on the return of the Bourbons, of Death. It is stated by sir Henry Piers, but that instead of it the royal family in genl. Vallancey's “ Collectanea,” that, washed the feet of some people and gave
at Westmeath,“ on Twelve-eve in Christthem alms.
mas, they use to set up as high as they
can a sieve of oats, and in it a dozen of There is a difference of opinion as to
candles set round, and in the centre one The origin of Twelfth-day. Brand says, larger, all lighted ; this in memory of our " that though its customs vary in different saviour and his apostles, lights of the countries, yet they concur in the same world." Sir Henry's inference may reasonend, that is, to do honour to the Eastern ably be doubted; the custom is probably Magi.” He afterwards observes, “that of higher antiquity than he seems to have the practice of choosing “king,' on suspected. Twelfth-day, is similar to a custom that A very singular merriment in the Isle existed among the ancient Greeks and of Man is mentioned by Waldron, in his Romans, who, on the festival days of history of that place. Ile says, that Saturn, about this season of the year, during the whole twelve days of Christ.