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In London, thirty years ago,

When pretty milkmaids went about,
It was a goodly sight to see

Their May-day Pageant ail drawn out :-
Themselves in comely colours drest,

Their shining garland in the middle,
A pipe and tabor on before,

Or else the foot-inspiring fiddle.
They stopt at houses, where it was

Their custom to cry“ milk below !"
And, while the music play'd, with smiles

Join'd hands, and pointed toe to toe.
Thus they tripp'd on, till—from the door

The hop'd-for annual present sent-
A signal came, to curtsy low,

And at that door cease merriment
Such scenes, and sounds, once blest my eyes,

And charm'd my ears—but all have vanish'd !
On May-day, now, no garlands go,

l'or milk-maids, and their dance, are banishid, My recollections of these sights

« Annihilate both time and space;"
i'm boy enough to wish them back,

And think their absence-out of placha
Jay 4, 1825.

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From the preceding lines somewhat may the old abbey. Ah! those were the
be learned of a lately disused custom in days.
London. The milkmaids' garland was a The mill:maids' earlier plate-garland
pyramidical trame, covered with damask, was a pyramid of piled utensils, carried
glittering on each side with polished on a stout damsel's head, under which
silver plate, and adorned with knots of she danced to the violin,
gay-coloured ribbons, and posies of fresh
flowers, surmounted by a silver urn, or
tankard. The garland being placed on a The great May-fair was formerly held
wooden horse, was carried by two men, near Piccadilly. An antiquary, (shudder
as represented in the engraving, some- not, good reader, at the chilling name-he
times preceded by a pipe and tabor, but was a kind soul,) Mr. Carter, describes
more frequently by a fiddle; the gayest this place in an interesting communica-
milkmaids followed the music, others tion, dated the 6th of March, 1816, to his
followed the garland, and they stopped valued friend, the venerable “ Sylvanus
at their customers' doors, and danced. U-rban." “ Fifty years have passed away
The plate, in some of these garlands, was since this place of ainusement was at its
very costly. It was usually borrowed of height of attraction: the spot where the
the pawnbrokers, for the occasion, upon fair was held still retains the name of
security. One person in that trade was May-fair, and exists in much the saine
particularly resorted to for this accommo. state as at the above period : for instance,
dation. He furnished out the entire gar- Shepherd's market, and houses surrounding
land, and let it at so much per hour, un il on the north and east sides, with While
der bond from responsible housekeepers Horse-street, Shepherd's-couri, Sun-couart,
for its safe return. In this way one set

Market-court. Westwards an open space
of milkmaids would hire the garland from extending to Tyburn (now Park) lane,
ten o'clock till one, and another set would since built upon, in Chapel-street, Shep-
have the garland' from one o'clock till herd's - street, Market - street, Blertford-
six; and so on, during the first three days street, &c. Southwards, the noted Duck-
of May.

ing-pond, house, and gardens, smcg inilt
It was customary with milk-people of upon, in a large Riding-school, Carring
less profitable walks to make a display of ton-street, (the noted Kitty Fisher lived in
another kind, less gaudy in appearance, this street,) &c. The market-house con
but better bespeaking their occupation, sisted of two stories ; first story, a long
and more appropriate to the festival. and cross aisle, for butcher's shops, exter-
This was an exhibition of themselves, in nally, other shops connected with culinary
their best apparel, and of the useful ani- purposes; second story, used as a theatre
mal which produced the fluid they re at fair-time, for dramatic performances.
tailed. One of these is thus described to My recollection serves to raise before me
the editor of the Every-Day Book, by an the representation of the “ Revenge,' in
intelligent eye-witness, and admirer of which the only object left on remembrance
the pleasant sight. A beautiful country is the “ black man,' Zanga. Below, the
girls drest all in her best,” and more butchers gave place to toy-men and ginger-
gaily attired than on any other day, with

bread-bakers. At present, the upper story
Acai ornenients in her neat little hat, is unfloored, the lower ditto nearly deseri-
and on her bosom, lec her cow, by a rope ed by the butchers, and their shops occu-
depending from its horns, garlanded with pied' by needy peddling dealers in smal:
flowers and krots of ribbons; the horns, wares; in truth, a most deplorable contrast
neck, and head of the cow were decorated to what once was such a point of allurement
m like manner: a fine net, like those upon In the areas encompassing the market
ladies' palfreys, tastefully stuck with building were booths for jugglers, prize-
flowers, covered Bess's back, and even fighters, both at cudgels and back-sword,
her tail was ornamented, with products boxing-matches, and wild beasts. The
of the spring, and silken knots. The sports not under cover
proprietress of the cow, a neat, brisk, tebanks, fire-eaters, ass-racing, sausage-
little, matronly body, followed on one tables, dice-tables, up-and-downs, merry-
side, in holiday-array, with a sprig in her go-rounds, bull-baiting, grinning for a
country bonnei, a blooming posy in her hat, running for a shift, hasty-pudding
handkerchief, and ribbons on her stomach- eaters, eel-divers, and an infinite variety

This scene was in Westminster, near of other similar pastimes. Among the

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extraordinary and wonderful delights of laid its head, and anotoer puppet then
the happy spot, take the following iterns, instantly chopped it off with an axe. In
which still hold a place within my mind, a circular staircase-window, at the north
though I cannot attirm they all occurred end of Sun-court, a similar performance
at one precise season. The account may took place by another set of puppets.
be relied on, as I was born, and passed The condemned puppet bowed its head
my youthful days in the vicinity, in Picca- to the cill which, as above, was soon de-
dilly, (Carter's Statuary,) two doors from capitated. In these representations, the
the south end of White Horse-street, late punishment of the Scotch chieftain
since rebuilt (occupied at present by (lord Lovat) was alluded to, in order to
lady Pulteney).–Before a large commo- gratify the feelings of southern loyalty, at
dious house, with a good disposure of the expense of that farther north.— In a
walks, arbours, and alcoves, was an area, fore one-pair roon, on the west side of
with an extensive bason of water, other- Sun-couri, a Frenchman submitted to
wise . Ducking-pond,' for the recreation the curious the astonishing strength of
of lovers of that polite and humane sport. the 'Strong Woman,' his wife. А
Persons who came with their dogs paid a blacksmith's anvil being procured from
trifling fee for admission, and were con- White Horse-street, with three of the
sidered the chief patrons and supporters men, they brought it up, and placed it
of the pond; others, who visited the place on the floor. The woman was short, but
as mere spectators, paid a double fee. A most beautifully and delicately formed,
duck was put into the pond by the mas- and of a most lovely countenance. She
ter of the hunt; the several dogs were first let down her hair, (a light auburn.) of
then let loose, to seize the bird. For a long a length descending to her knees, which
time they made the attempt in vain ; for, she iwisted round the projecting part of
when they came near the devoted victim, the anvil, and then, with seeming ease,
she dived under water, and eluded their lifted the ponderous weight some inches
remorseless fangs. Herein consisted the from the floor. After this, a bed was laid
extreme felicity of the interesting scene. in the middle of the room; when, reclin-
At length, some dog more expert than ing on her back, and uncovering her
the rest, caught the feathered prize, and bosom, the husband ordered the smiths
bore it away, amidst the loudesi acclama- to place thereon the anvil, and forge upon
tions, to its most fortunate and envied it a horse-shoe! This they obeyed ; by
master. This diversion was held in such taking from the fire a red-hot piece of iron,
high repute about the reign of Charles II., and with their forging hammers com-
that he, and many of his prime nobility, pleting the shoe, with the same might
did not disdain to be present, and partake, and in difference as when in the shop at
with their dogs, of the elegant entertain their constant labour. The prostrate fair
ment._ In Mrs. Behn's play of 'Sir Pa one appeared to endure this with the
tient Fancy,' (written at the above pe- utmost composure, talking and singing
riod,) a sir Credulous Easy talks about a during the whole process; then, with an
cobbler, his dog-tutor, and his expectation effort which to the by-standers seemed
of soon becoming the duke of Duck- like some supernatural trial, cast the
ing-pond.' – A Mountebanks' Stage' anvil from off her body, jumping up at the
was erected opposite the Three Jolly same moment with extreme gaiety, and
Butchers' public-house, (on the east side without the least discomposure of he:
of the market area, now l... King's dress or person. That no trick or collo-
Arms.) Here Woodward, the inimitable sion could possibly be practised on the
comedian and harlequin, made his first occasion was obvious, from the following
appearance as merry-andrew; from these evidence :—The audience stood promis-
humble boards he soon after found his cuously about the roon, among whom
way to Corent-garden theatre. — Then were our family and friends; the smiths
there was · Beheading of Puppets.' In a were utter strangers to the Frenchman,
coal-shed attached to a grocer's shop, but known to us; therefore the several
(then Mr. Frith’s, now Mr. Frampton's,) efforts of strength must have proceeded
one of these mock executions was exposed from the natural and surprising power
to the attending crowd. A shutter was this foreign dame was possessed of. She
tixed horizontally; on the edge of which, next put her naked feet on a red-ho:
after many previous ceremonies, a puppet salamander, without receiving the least

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This celebrated vender of gingerbread, Mary, Mary, where are you now
from his eccentricity of character, and ex- Mary! I live, when at home, at the se-
tensive dealings in his way, was always cond house in Little Ball-street, two
hailed as the king of itinerant tradesmen.* steps under ground, with a wiscum, riscum,
In his person he was tall, well made, and and a why-not. Walk in, ladies and
his features handsome. lle affected to gentlemen; my shop is on the second-
dress like a person of rank; white gold foor backwards, with a brass knocker at
laced suit of clothes, laced ruffed shirt, the door. Here is your nice gingerbread,
laced hat and feather, white silk stock- your spice gingerbread; it will melt in
ings, with the addition of a fine white your mouth like a red-hot brick bat, and
apron. Among his harangues to gain rumble in your inside like Punch and his
customers, take this as a specimen:- wheelbarrow. He always finished his

address by singing this fag end of som
* He was a constant attendent in the crowd popular ballad
ou lord Mayor's day.

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iid - dy tid - dy, dol.
Hence arose his nickname of Tiddy-doll.! the streets : bome they smote and buffet-
In llogarth's print of the execution of ted, and some they threw in the channell:
the 'Idle 'Prentice,' at Tyburn, Tiddy- for which, the lord maior sent some of
doll is seen holding up a gingerbread cake the Englishmen to prison, as Stephen
with his left hand, his right being within Studley, Skinner, Stevenson, Bets, and
his coat, and addressing the mob in his other.
usual way :~Mary, Mary,' &c. His “ Then suddenly rose a secret rumour,
costume agrees with the aforesaid de- and no man could tell how it began, that
scription. For many years, (and perhaps on May-day next following, the citie
ar present,) allusions were made to his would slay all the aliens : insoinuch that
name, as thus :

-You are so fine, (to a divers strangers fled out of the citie.
person dressed out of character,) you look “This rumour came to the knowledge of
like Tiddy-doll. You are as tawdry as the kings councell: whereupon the lord

. You are quite Tiddy-doll,' cardinall sent for the maior, and other of
&c. Soon after the late lord Coventry the councell of the citie, giving them to
occupied the house, corner of Engine- understand what hee had heard.
street, Piccadilly, (built by sir Henry “ The lord maior(as one ignorant of the
Hunlocke, Bart., on the site of a large matter) told the cardinall, that he doubted
ancient inn, called the Greyhound ;) he not so to governe the citie, but as peace
being annoyed with the unceasing up- should be observed.
roar, night and day, during the fair, (the

“ The cardinall willed him so to doe,
whole month of May,) procured, I know and to take good heed, that if any riotous
not by what means, the entire abolition attempt were intended, he should by good
of this festival of misrule' and dis- policy prevent it.

“The maior comming from the cardi-
The engraving here given is from an nals house, about foure of the clocke in
old print of Tiddy-doll ; it is presumed, the afternoone on May eve, sent for his
that the readers of the Every-Day Book brethren to the Guild-hall, yet was it al-
will look at it with interest.

most seven of the clooke before the assem-
bly was set. Vpon conference had of the

matter, some thought it necessary, that a
In the reign of king Henry VIII., a substantial watch should be set of honest
great jealousy arose in the citizens of citizens, which might withstand the evill
London towards foreign artificers, who doers, if they went about any misrule.
were then called “strangers." By the Other were of contrary opinion, as rather
interference of Dr. Standish, in a Spital thinking it best, that every man should be
sermon, at Easter, this was fomented commanded to shut in his doores, and to
into so great rancour, that it violently keepe his servants within. Before 8 of
broke forth in the manner hereafter re the clock, master recorder was sent to the
lated by Stow, and occasioned the name cardinall, with these opinions: who hear-
of “ Evil May-day” to the first of May, ing the same, allowed the latter. And then
whereon the túmult happened. It the recorder, and sir Thomas More, late
appears then from him that:

under-sheriffe of London, and now of the i The 29th day of April, 1517, divers kings councell, came backe againe to the yong-men of the citie picked quarels with Guild-hall, halfe an houre before nine of certaine strangers, as they passed along tne c.ock, and there shewed the pleasure


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VOL. 1.



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