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THE EVERY-DAY BOOK.-MAY 1.
of the kings councell: whereupon every spoyled: and if they had found Mewtas,
in the morning, at which time, they be-
many of the offenders were indicted,
“As they were thus intreating, and had other, caine to sit in the Guildhall. The
Insomuch as at length, one Ni- number of 278 persons. That day Iohn cholas Dennis, a serjeant at arms, being Lincolne and divers other were indicted, there sore hurt, cryed in a fury, Downe and the next day thirteen were adjudged with them: and then all the unruly per- to be drawne, hanged, and quartered : sons ran to the doores and windowes of for execution whereof, ten payre of galthe houses within St. Martins, and spoil- lowes were set up in divers places of the ed all that they found. After that they city, as at Aldgate, Blanchapleton, Grasseran into Cornehill, and so on !o a house street, Leaden-hall, before either of the east of Leadenhal, called the Green-gate, counters, at Newgate, saint Martins, at where dwelt one Mewtas a Piccard or Aldersgate and Bishopgate. And these Frenchman, within whose house dwelled gallowes were set upon wheels, to bee reaivers French men, whom they likewise moved from street to street, and from
doore to dnore, whereas the prisoners Drury-lane, to commemorate his daugh were to be executed.
ter's good fortune, who being married to “On the seventh of May, Ionn Lincoln, general Monk, while a private gentleone Shirwin, and two brethren, named man, became duchess of Albemarle, by Betts, with divers other were adjudged to his being raised to the dukedom after the dye. They were on the hurdles drawne Restoration. The May-pole is only mer.to the standard in Cheape, and first was tioned here on account of its origin. It Lincolne executed : and as the other had appears, from a trial at bar on actior. the ropes about their neckes, there came of trespass, that the name of this “smith” a commandement from the king, to respit was John Clarges, that he was a farrier ir he execution, and then were the prisoners the Savoy, and farrier to colonel Monk, tent againe to prison, and the armed men and that the farrier's daughter, Anne, was dent away out of the citie.
first married in the church of St. Laurence “On the thirteenth of May, the king Pountney to Thomas Ratford, son of came to Westminster-hall, and with him Thomas Ratford, late a farrier, servant to the lord cardinall, the dukes of Norfolke, prince Charles, and resident in the Mews, and Suffolke, the earles of Shrewsbury, She had a daughter, who was born in Essex, Wiltshire, and Surrey, with many 1634, and died in 1638. Her husband lords and other of the kings councell; the and she “lived at the Three Spanish lord maior of London, aldermen and other Gipsies in the New Exchange, and sold chiefe citizens, were there in their best wash-balls, powder, gloves, and such liveries, by nine of the clocke in the things, and she taught girls plain work. morning. Then came in the prisoners, About 1647, she, being a sempstress to bound in ropes in a ranke one after an colonel Mork, used to carry him linen," other, in their shirts, and every one had In 1648, her father and mother died. In a halter about his necke, being in number 1649, she and her husband “ fell out, and 400 men, and 11 women.
parted.” But no certificate from any “When they were thus come before the parish register appears reciting his buriaí. kings presence, the cardinall laid sore to iu 1652, she was married in the church the maior and aldermen their negligence, of St. George, Southwark, to general and to the prisoners he delared low justly George Monk ;” and, in the followmg they had deserved to dye. Then all the year, was delivered of a son, Christopher prisoners together cryed to the king for (afterward the second and last duke of mercy, and there with the lords besought Albemarle abovementioned), who “ his grace of pardon : at whose request,
suckled by Ilonour Mills, who sold apthe king pardoned them all. The gene ples, herbs, oysters," &c. One of the rall pardon being pronounced, all the pri plaintifi"'s witnesses swore, that “a little soners shouted at once, and cast their before the sickness, Thomas Ratford dehalters towards the roofe of the hall. The manded and received of him the sum of prisoners being dismissed, the gallowes twenty shillings ; that his wife saw Ratwere taken downe, and the citizens tooke ford again after the sickness, and a second more heed to their servants : keeping (for
time after the duke and duchess of Albeever after) as on that night, a strong
marle were dead." A woman swore, that watch in Armour, in remembrance of she saw him on “ the day his wife (then Evill May-day.
called duchess of Albemarle) was put mto “ These great Mayings and Maygames her coffin, which was after the death of made by the governours and masters of the duke,” her second husband, who died this city, with the triumphant setting up
Jan. 3, 1669-70. And a third witness of a great shaft (a principall May-pole in
swore, that he saw Ratford about July Cornehill, before the parish of saint An 1660. In opposition to this evidence it drew) therefore called Vndershaft, by was alleged, that “all along, during the meane of that insurrection of youths, lives of duke George and duke Christoagainst aliens on May-day, 1517. 'the ó pher, this matter was never questioned" of Henry the eighth, have not been su
--that the latter was universally received frcely used as before.
as only son of the former--and that's this matter had been thrice before tried at the
bar of the King's Bench, and the defendDRURY-LANE MAY-POLE
ant had had three verdicts." The verdict There was formerly a May-pole put up
on the trial was in favour of sir Walter " by a "smith" at the north end of little Clarges, a grandson of the farrier, who
was knighted when his daughter, from and was ancestor to the baronets of this
Here they are! The “ sweeps are is always he tallest of the party, and come! Here is the garland and the lord selected from some other profession to and lady! Poor fellows! this is their play this distinguished character: he
Their garland is a large wears a huge cocked hat, fringed with cone of holly and ivy framed upon hoops, yellow or red feathers, or laced with gold which gradually diminishes in size to an paper : his coat is between that of the apex, whereon is sometimes a floral full court dress, and the laced coat of the crown, knots of ribbons, or bunches of footman of quality; in the breast he carflowers ; its sides are decorated in like ries an immense bunch of flowers; his manner; and within it is a man who waistcoat is embroidered ; his frill is walks wholly unseen, and hence the gar- enormous; his “shorts” are satin, with land has the semblance of a moving hil- paste knee-buckles; his stockings silk lock of evergreens. The chimney-sweep- with figured clocks; his shoes are dancers' jackets and hats are bedizened with ing pumps, with large tawdry buckles ; gilt embossed paper; sometimes they his hair is powdered, with a bag and rowear coronals of flowers in their heads; sette; he carries in his right hand a high their black faces and legs a.e grotesquely cane with a shining metal knob, and in coloured with Dutch-pink; their shovels his left a handkerchief held by one cor are scored with this crimson pigment, ner, and of a colour once white. His interlaced with white chalk. Their lord lady is sometimes a strapping girl, though and lady are magnificent indeed; the lord usually a boy in female attire, indescriba
bly faunty and gaudy; her head in full imagines “all the blood of all the How dress; in her right hand a brass ladle, in ards” in another; he conceives no degra her left a handkerchief like to my lord's. dation by supping with them in publie When the garland stops, my lord and at “Bartlemy Fair.” Kind feelings ana lady exhibit their graces in a minuet de honesty make poets and philosophers. la cour, or some other grave movement; Listen to what Elia says :in a minute or two they quicken into a “I have a kindly yearning toward these dance, which enables my lord to picture dim specks-poor blots_innocent blackhis conceptions of elegance; the curvilinear elevation of his arm, with its cane “ I reverence these young Africans of between his finger and thumb, is a courtly our own growththese almost clergy grace, corresponding with the stiff thrown- imps, who sport their cloth without asback position of his head, and the strait sumption; and from their little pulpits fall of the handkerchief in the other hand. (the tops of chimnies), in the nipping My lady answers these inviting positions air of a December morning, preach a by equal dignity; they twirl and whirl in lesson of patience to mankind. sight of each other, though on opposite “ When a child, what a mystericus sides of the dancing garland, to the con- pleasure it was to witness their operatinued clatter of the shovel and brush tion! to see a chit no bigger than one's. held by each capering member of the self enter, one knew not by what process, sooty tribe. The dance concluded, my into what seemed the fauces Averni—to lord and my lady interchange a bow and pursue him in imagination, as he went a curtsy; my lord flings up his cane- sounding on through so many dark, stifling arm, displaces his magnificent hat with cavems, horrid shades !--to shudder with the other hand, and courteously bends, the idea that ' now, surely, he must be with imploring looks, to spectators at the lost for ever'--to revive at hearing his adjacent windows or in the street; the feeble shout of discovered day-light-and Wittle sootikins hold up their shovels, my then (0, fulness of delight) running out lady with outstretched arm presents the of doors, to come just in time to see the bowl of her ladle, and “ the smallest do- sable phenomenon emerge in safety, the nations are thankfully received” by all brandished weapon of his art victorious the sable fraternity. This is the chimney- like some flag waved over a conquered sweepers' Loudon pageant on May-day citadel! I seem to remember having 1825; but for the first time, there was been told, that a bad sweep was once left this year added a clown, a-la-Grimaldi, in a stack with his brush, to indicate to one or two of the sweeping proces which way the wind blew. It was an sions; he grimaces with all his might, awful spectacle certainly; not much unwalks before Jack-in-the-green on his like the old stage direction in Macbeth, hands or his feet, as may be most con where the Apparition of a child crowned venient, and practises every antic and with a tree in his hand rises.' trick that his ingenuity can devise, to “ Reader, if thou meetest one of these promote the interest of his party. small gentry in thy early rambles, it is
It is uuderstood, however, that the good to give him a penny. It is better offerings on the festival are not exclu- to give him two-pence. If it be starving sively appropriated to the receivers; weather, and to the proper troubles of masters share a certain portion of their his hard occupation, a pair of kibed heels apprentices' profits from the holiday ; (no unusual accompaniment) be superothers take the whole of the first two added, the demand on thy humanity will days' receipts, and leave to the worn-out, surely rise to a tester. helpless objects, by whom they profit ali “I am by nature extremely susceptible the year round, no more than the scanty of street affronts ; the jeers and taunts of gleanings of the third day's performance. the populace ; the low-bred triumph they
display over the casual trip, or splashed ELIA, AND JEM WHITE'S FEAST TO THE
stocking, of a gentleman. Yet can I en
dure the jocularity of a young sweep with Elia, the noble heart of Elia, responds something more than forgiveness. Ir to these humble claimants upon humani- the last winter but one, pacing along ty; they cry and have none to help them; Cheapside with my accustomed precipihe is happy that a personal misfortune to tation when I walk westward, a treachehimself can make one of them laugh; he rous slide brought ine upon my bac:: 19
an instant. I scrambled up with pain adoptions; many noble Rachels mourn-
plorations, was unable to resist the de“ I am by theory obdurate to the se- licious invitement to repose, which he ductiveness of what are called a fine sei there saw exhibited; so, creeping between of teeth. Every pair of rosy lips (the the sheets very quietly, laid his black ladies must pardon me) is a casket, pre- head upon the pillow, and slept like a sumably holding such jewels; but, me
young Howard. thinks, they should take leave to air “ Such is the account given to the them as frugally as possible. The fine visitors at the Castle. But I cannot help lady, or fine gentleman, who show me seeming to perceive a confirmation of their teeth, show me bones. Yet must I what I have just hinted at in this story, confess, that from the mouth of a true A high instinct was at work in the case sweep a display (even to ostentation) of or I am mistaken. Is it probable th those white and shining ossifications, poor child of that description, with whatstrikes me as an agreeable anomaly in ever weariness he might be visited, would manners, and an allowable piece of fop- have ventured, under such a penalty as pery. It is, as when
he would be taught to expect, to uncover « A sable cloud
the sheets of a duke's bed, and delibeTurns forth her silver lining on the night,
sately to lay himself down between them,
when the rug or the carpet presented an It is like some remnant of gentry not obvious couch, still far above his pretenquite extinct; a badge of better days ; a sions—is this probable, I would ask, if hint of nobility :-and, doubtless, under the great power of nature, which I conthe obscuring darkness and double night tend for, had not been manifested within of their forlorn disguisement, oftentimes him, prompting to the adventure? Doubt. lurketh good blood, and gentle condi- less this young nobleman (for such my tions, derived from lost ancestry, and a mind misgives me that he must be) was lapsed pedigree. The premature appren- allured by some memory, not amounting licements of these tender victims give to full consciousness, of his condition in but too much encouragement, I fear, to infancy, when he was used to be lapt by clandestine, and almost infantile abduc. his mother, or his nurse, in just such tions; the seeds of civility and true sheets as he there found, into which he courtesy, so often discernible in these
was now but creeping back as into his young grafts (not otherwise to be ac
proper incunabulu and resting-place. By counted for) plainly hint at some forced no other theory, than by this sentiment
LI on the toe te place
air, to the