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They kept at an awful distance, and some when the earth is softened in spring.
umes would not look at the utensils, lest Shrubs and trees, which are exposed to
they might face fresh horrors; of these the open air, have all their soft and tender
tempting opportunities she availed her- parts closely wrapt up in buds, which by
self. She put the eggs in motion, and their firmness resist all the power of frost;
after one only fell down, threw the other the larger kinds of buds, and those which
at the cat. Their terrors at the time, and are almost ready to expand, are further
their subsequent conversations magnified guarded by a covering of resin or gum,
many of the circumstances beyond the such as the horse-chestnut, the sycamore,
facts. She took advantage of absences and the lime. Their external covering,
to loosen the hams and bacon, and attach however, and the closeness of their inter-
them by the skins; in short, she ef- nal texture, are of themselves by no means
fected all the mischief. She caused the adequate to resist the intense cold of a
water in the pail to appear as if it boiled, winter's night: a bud detached from its
by slipping in a paper of chemical pow- stem, enclosed in glass, and thus protect-
ders as she passed, and afterwards it bub- ed from all access of external air, if sus-
bled. "Indeed," said Mr. B - pended from a tree during a sharp frost,
" there was a love story connected with will be entirely penetrated, and its parts
the case, and when I have time, I will deranged by the cold, while the buds on
write out the whole, as I got it by degrees the same tree will not have sustained the
from the woman herself. When she saw slightest injury; we must therefore attri-
the effect of her first feats, she was tempt- bute to the living principle in vegetables,
ed to exercise the dexterity beyond her as well as animals, the power of resisting
original purpose for mere amusement. cold to a very considerable degree : in
She was astonished at the astonishment animals, we know, this power is generated
she caused, and so went on from one from the decomposition of air by means
thing to another; and being quick in her of the lungs, and disengagement of heat;
motions and shrewd, she puzzled all the how vegetables acquire this property re-
simple old people, and nearly frightened mains for future observations io discover.
them to death." Mr. B-chuckled If one of these buds be carefully opened,
mightily over his recollections; he was it is found to consist of young leaves roll-
fond of a practical joke, and enjoyed the ed together, within which are even all the
tricks of Ann Robinson with all his heart. blossoms in miniature that are afterwards
By his acuteness, curiosity, and love of to adorn the spring.”
drollery, he drew from her the entire con During the mild weather of winter,
fession; and “ the matter was all over slugs are in constant motion preying on
years ago, and no more harm could be plants and green wheat. Their coveringe
done,” said Mr. B., “I never talked about of slime prevent the escape of animal
it much, for her sake; but of this I can heat, and hence they are enabled to ravage
assure you, that the only magic in the when their brethren of the shell, who are
thing was, her dexterity and the people's more sensible of cold, lie dormant. Earth
simplicity.” Mr. B. promised to put worms likewise appear about this time
down the whole on paper; but he was but let the man of nice order, with a lit.
ailing and infirm, and accident prevented tle garden, discriminate between the de-
the writer from caring much for a “full, stroyer, and the innocent and useful inha-
true, and particular account,” which he bitant. One summer evening, the worms
could have had at any time, till Mr. Bray- from beneath a small grass plat, lay lials
held's death rendered it unattainable. out of their holes, or were dragging

“ their slow lergth" upon the surface.

They were all carefully taken up, and pre-
Mr. Arthur Aikin, in his “ Calendar of cerved as a breakfast for the ducks. In the
Nature," presents us with a variety of ac- following year, the grass-plat, which had
ceptable information concerning the operae flourished annually with its worms, vege-
tions of nature throughout the year.

• The tated unwillingly. They were the under
plants at this season," he says, are pro- gardeners that loosened the sub-soil,
vided by nature with a sort of winter- and let the warm air through their entran-
quarters, which secure them from the ef- ces to nourish the roots of the herbage.
fects of cold. Those called herbaceous, “ Their. calm desires that asked but little
which die down to the root every autum
are now safely concealed under-ground, were unheeded, and their usefulness was
preparing their new shoots to burst forth unknown, until their absence was test





PLOUGH MONDAY. The first Monday after Twelfth-day is in these times, the twelve days of Christcalled Plough Monday, and appears to mas are devoted to pastime, although the have received that name because it was custom remains. Formerly, indeed, little the first day after Christmas that hus was done in the field at this season, and bandmen resumed the plough. In some according to “Tusser Redivivus,” during parts of the country, and especially in the the Christmas holidays, gentlemen feasted north, they draw the plough in procession the farmers, and every farmer feasted his to the doors of the villagers and towns servants and taskmen. Then Plough people. Long ropes are attached to it, and Monday reminded them of their business, Thirty or forty men, stripped to their clean and on the morning of that day, the men white shirts, but protected from the wea and maids strove who should show their ther by waistcoats beneath, drag it along. readiness to commence the labours of the Their arms and shoulders are decorated year, by rising the earliest. If the ploughwith gay-coloured ribbons, tied in large man could get his whip, his plough-staff, knots and bows, and their hats are smart- hatchet, or any field implement, by the ened in the same way. They are usually fireside, before the maid could get her accompanied by an old woman, or a boy kettle on, she lost her Shrove-tide cock to dressed up to represent one; she is gaily be the men. Thus did our forefathers strive dizened, and called the Bessy. Sometimes to allure youth to their duty, and provided the sport is assisted by a humorous coun them innocent mirth as well as labour Iryman to represent a fool. He is covered On Plough Monday night the farmer gave with ribbons, and attired in skins, with a them a good supper and strong ale. In depending tail, and carries a box to collect some places, where the ploughman went money from the spectators. They are to work on Plough Monday, if, on bis attended by music, and Morris-dancers return at night, he came with his whip to when they can be got; but there is always the kitchen-hatch, and cried “ Cock in a sportive dance with a few lasses in all pot,” before the maid could cry their finery, and a superabundance of rib. on the dunghill,” he gained a cock for bons. When this merriment is well ma- Shrove Tuesday. paged, it is very pleasing. The money Blomefield's History of Norfolk tend. collected is spent at night in conviviality. lo clear the origin of the annual proces It must not be supposed, however, that sions on Plough Monday. Anciently, a

“ Cock

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light called the Plough-light, was main a fire-spark in my throat, I, going over lo
tained by old and young persons who the sign of the Cup and Can for one
were husbandmen, before images in some pennyworth of ale, there I found sir John,
churches, and on Plough Monday they and thinking no hurt to any man, civilly
had a feast, and went about with a plough sat me down to spend my twopence;
and dancers to get money to support the but in the end, sir John began to pick a
Plough-light. The Reformation put out quarrel with me. Then I started up,
these lights; but the practice of going thinking to go away; but sir John had
about with the plough begging for money got me by the top of the head, that I had
remains, and the “money for lightin- no power to help myself, and so by his
creases the income of the village alehouse. strength and power he threw me down,
Let the sons of toil make glad their hearts broke my head, my face, and almost ali
with “ Barley-wine;” let them also re- my bones, that I was not able to work for
member to “be merry and wise.” Their three days; nay, more than this, he picked
old acquaintance, “Sir John Barleycorn," my purse, and left me never a penny, so
has had heavy complaints against him. that I had not wherewithal to support my
There is “ The Arraigning and Indicting family, and my head ached to such a de-
of Sir John BARLEYCORN, knt. printed gree, that I was not able to work for three
for Timothy Tosspot.” This whimsical or four days; and this set my wife a
little tract describes him as of " noble scolding, so that I not only lost the
blood, well beloved in England, a great good opinion my neighbours had of me,
support to the crown, and a maintainer but likewise raised such a storm in my
of both rich and poor." It formally places family, that I was forced to call in the
him upon his trial, at the sign of the parson of the parish to quiet the raging
Three Loggerheads, before “ Oliver and of my wife's temper.
Old Nick his holy father," as judges. The Will, the Weaver.-I am but a poor
witnesses for the prosecution were cited man, and have a wife and a charge of
under the hands and seals of the said children: yet this knowing sir John
judges, sitting " at the sign of the Three will never let me alone; he is always en-
merry Companions in Bedlam; that is to ticing me from my work, and will not be
say, Poor Robin, werry Tom, and Jack quiet till he hath got me to the alehouse;
Lackwit." At the trial, the prisoner, sir and then he quarrels with me, and abuses
John Barleycorn, pleaded not guilty. me most basely; and sometimes he birds

Lawyer Voisy May it please your me hand and foot, and throws me in the
lordship, and gentlemen of the jury, I am ditch, and there stays with me all night,
counsel for the king against the prisoner and next morning leaves me but one penny
at the bar, who stands indicted of many in my pocket. About a week ago, we had
heinous and wicked crimes, in that the not been together above an hour, before
said prisoner, with malice prepense and he began to give me cross words : at our
several wicked ways, has conspired and first meeting, he seemed to have a pleasant
brought about the death of several of his countenance, and often smiled in my face,
majesty's loving subjects, to the great loss and would make me sing a merry catch
of several poor families, who by this or two; but in a little time, he grew very
means have been brought to ruin and churlish, and kicked up my heels, set my
beggary, which, before the wicked designs. head where my heels should be, and put
and contrivances of the prisoner, lived my shoulder out, so that I have not been
in a flourishing and reputable way, but able to use my shuttle ever since, which
now are reduced to low circumstances has been a great detriment to my family,
and great misery, to the great loss of their and great misery to myself.
own families and the nation in general Stitch, the Tailor, deposed to the same
We shall call our evidence; and if we effect.
make the facts appear, I do not doubt but Mr. Wheatly.--The inconveniencies I
you will find him guilty, and your lord- have received from the prisoner are with
ships will award such punishment as the out number, and the trouble he occasions
nature of his crimes deserve.

in the neighbourhood is not to be ex. Vulcan, the Blacksmith.--My lords, pressed. I am sure I have been oftensir John has been a great enemy to me, times very highly esteemed both with and many of my friends. Many a time, lords knights, and squires, and none when I have been busy at my work, not could please them so well as James th.irking any harm to any man, koving Wheatly, the baker; but now the case is

altered ; sir John Barleycorn is the man pears it is from their own greerly desires
that is highly esteemed in every place. all these troubles arise, and not from
I am now but poor James Wheatly, and wicked designs of our own.
he is sir John Barleycorn at every word; Court.-Truly, we cannot see that you
and that word hath undone many an ho are in the fanlt. Sir John Barleycorn, we
nest man in England; for I can prove it will show you so much favour, that if you
to be true, that he has caused many an can bring any person of reputation to
honest man to waste and consume all that speak to your character, the court is dis-
he hath.

posed to acquit you. Bring in your evi-
The prisoner, sir John Barleycorn, dence, and let us hear what they can say
being called on for his defence, urged, in your behalf.
that to his accusers he was a friend, until Thomas, the Ploughman.- May I'be
they abused him; and said, if any one is allowed to speak my thoughts freely, since
to be blamed, it is my brother Malt. My I shall offer nothing but the truth.
brother is now in court, and if your lord Court.— Yes, thou mayest be bold to
ships please, may be examined to all speak the truth, and no more, for that is
those facts which are now laid to my the cause we sit here for; therefore speak

boldly, that we may understand thee. Court.-Call Mr. Malt.

Ploughman.-Gentlemen, sir John is Malt appears.

of an ancient house, and is come of a Court.-Mr. Malt, you have (as you noble race; there is neither lord, knight, have been in court) heard the indictment nor squire, but they love his company, and that is laid against your brother, sir John he theirs; as long as they don't abuse Barleycorn, who says, if any one ought him, he will abuse no man, but doth a to be accused, it should be you; but as great deal of good. In the first place, sir John and you are so nearly related few ploughmen can live without him; for to each other, and have lived so long to- if it were not for him, we should not pay gether, the court is of opinion he cannot our landlords their rent; and then what be acquitted, unless you can likewise would such men as you do for money and prove yourself innocent of the crimes clothes ? Nay, your gay ladies would care which are laid to his charge.

but little for you, if you had not your Malt.- My lords, I thank you for the rents coming in to maintain them; and liberty you now indulge me with, and we could never pay, but that sir John think it a great happiness, since I am so Barleycorn feeds us with money; and yet strongly accused, that I have such learned would you seek to take away his life! judges to determine these complaints. As For shame, let your malice cease, and for my part, I will put the matter to the pardon his life, or else we are all undone. bench. First, I pray you consider with Bunch, the Brewer.-Gentlemen, I beyourselves, all tradesmen would live; and seech you, hear me. My name is Bunch, a although Master Malt does make some- brewer; and I believe few of you can live times a cup of good liquor, and many without a cup of good liquor, no more than men come to taste it, yet ihe fault is nei can without the help of sir John Barley• ther in me nor my brother John, but in corn. As for my own part, I maintain a such as those who make this complaint great charge, and keep a great many men against us, as I shall make it appear to at work; I pay taxes forty pounds a year

to his majesty, God bless him, and all this In the first place, which of you all can is maintained by the help of sir John; say but Master Malt can make a cup of then how can any man for shame seek to good liquor, with the help of a good take away his life. brewer; and when it is made, it will be Mistress Hostess.--To give evidence sold. I pray which of you all can live in behalf of sir John Barleycorn, gives without it? But when such as these, who me pleasure, since I have an opporcomplain of us, find it to be good, then tunity of doing justice to so honourable a they have such a greedy mind, that they person. Through him the administration think they never have enough, and this receives large supplies; he likewise greatly overcharge brings on the inconveniences supports the labourer, and enlivens the complained of, makes them quarrelsome conversation. What pleasure could there with one another, and abusive to their be at a sheep-clipping without his com. very friends, so that we are forced to lay pany, or what joy at a feast without his them down to sleep. From hence it ap- assistance ? I know liin, to te an honest

you all.

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man, and he never abused any man, if they the church of England was the saint of
abused not him. If you put him to death, that name mentioned yesterday.
all England is undone, for there is not

St. Gulula
another in the land can do as he can do,
and hath done; for he can make a cripple to have died about 712. She suffered the

Is the patroness of Brussels, and is said go, the coward fight, and a soldier neither misfortune of having her candle blown feel hunger nor cold. I beseech you, gen- out, and possessed the miraculous power tlemen, let him live, or else we are all un

of praying it a-light again, at least, so done; the nation likewise will be distressed, the labourer impoverished, and the says Butler; “ whence,” he affirms, she husbandman ruined.

is usually represented in pictures with a

lantern." He particularizes no other miCourt.-Gentlemen of the jury, you racle she performed. Surius however rehave now heard what has been offered lates, that as she was praying in a church against sir John Barleycorn, and the evi- without shoes, the priest compassionately dence that has been produced in his defence. If you are of opinion he is guilty put his gloves under her feet; but she of those wicked crimes laid to his charge; hung in the air for the space of an hour.

ihrew them away, and they miraculously and has with malice prepense conspired whether in compliment to the saint or the and brought about the death of several of

priest does not appear. his majesty's loving subjects, you are then to find hiin guilty; but if, on the contrary,

CHRONOLOGY. you are of opinion that he had no real 1821. A newspaper of January 8, menintention of wickedness, and was not the tions an extraordinary feat by Mr. Jluddy, immediate, but only the accidental, canse the postmaster of Lismore, in the 97ih of these evils laid to his charge, then, ac- year of his age. Ile travelled, for a wager, cording to the statute law of this kingdom, from that town to Fermoy in a Dungarvon you ought to acquit him.

oyster-tub, drawn by a pig, a badger, two Verdict, Not GUILTY. cats, a goose, and a hedgehog; with a From this facetious little narrative may driver's whip in one hand, and in the other

large red nightcap on his head, a pigbe learned the folly of excess, and the injustice of charging a cheering beverage,

a common cow's-horn, which he blew to with the evil consequences of a man tak: encourage his team, and give notice of

this new mode of posting. ing a cup more of it than will do him good.

Let us turn away for a moment from the credulity and eccentricity of man's

feebleness and folly, to the contemplation January 8.

of “ the firstling of the year” from the St. Lucian-Holiday at the Exchequer. bosom of our common mother. The

Snow-drop is described in the “ Flora St. Appollinaris. St. Severinus. St. Domestica" “ as the earliest flower of all Pega. St. Vulsin. St. Gudula. St. Na- our wild flowers, and will even show her thulan.

head above the snow, as if to prove her St. Lucian.

rivalry in whiteness;" as if The St. Lucian of the Romish church – Flora's breath, by some transforming power, on this day was from Rome, and preached Had chang’d an icicle into a flower. in Gaul, where he suffered death about

Mrs. Barbauld. 290, according to Butler, who affirms that One of its greatest charms is its “coming he is the St. Lucian in the English Pro- in a wintry season, when few others visit testant calendar. There is reason to us: we look upon it as a friend in adversuppose, however, that the St. Lucian of sity; sure to come when most necded."

Like pendent flakes of vegetating srow,

The early herald of the infant year,
Ere yet the adventurous crocus dares to blow,

Beneath the o.chard-boughs, thy buds appear.
While still the cold north-east ungenial lowers,

And scarce the hazel in the leafless copse,
Or sallows, show their downy powder'd flowers,

The grass is spangled with thy silver drops. Charlotte Smitha

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