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three for Old England; and three for the ceived a notice to do him further nonour architect, Mr. Rennie.

for the general festivity of his mayoralty. It was observed in the coffer-dam,

remarkable circumstance, that as the day advanced, a splendid sun

His lordship's name is Garratt; he is a beam, which had penetrated through an

te3-dealer. Stow mentions that one of accidental space in the awning above, similar name, and a grocer, was commegradually approached towards the stone

morated by an epitaph in our lady's as the hour for laying it advanced, and chapel, in the church of St. Saviour's, during the ceremony, shone upon it with Southwark ; which church the first pier dazzling lustre.

of the proposed bridge adjoins. He says, At the conclusion of the proceedings,

Upon a fuire stone under the Grocers' the lord mayor, with the duke of York,

arms, is this inscription :and the other visitors admitted to the

Garret some cal'd him, floor of the coffer-dam, retired; after

but that was too hye, which, many of the company in the gal

His name is Garrard, leries came down to view the stone, and

who now here doth lye; several of the younger ones were allowed

Weppe not for him

since he is gone before to ascend and walk over it. Some ladies

To heaven, where Grocers
were handed up, and all who were so in-

there are many more.*
dulged, departed with the satisfaction of
being enabled to relate an achievement
honourable to their feelings.

It is supposed that the first bridge of

London was built between the years 993 Among the candidates for a place upon and 1016; it was of wood. There is a the stone, was a gentleman who had wit- vulgar tradition, that the foundation of nessed the scene with great interest, and the old stone bridge was laid upon woolseemed to wait with considerable anxiety packs : this report is imagined to have for an opportunity of joining in the plea- arisen from a tax laid upon wool towards sure of its transient occupants. This gen its construction. The first stone-bridge tleman was P.T. W., by which initials he began in 1176, and finished in 1209, is known to the readers of the Morning was much injured by a fire in the Herald, and other journals. The light- Borough, in 1212, and three thousand ness and agility of his person, favoured people perished. On St. George's day, the enthusiasm of his purpose; he leapt 1395, there was a great justing upon it, on the stone, and there

between David, earl of Crawford, of Scottoeing it and heeling it,

land, and lord Wells of England. It had With ball-room grace, and merry face,

a drawbridge for the passage of ships with Kept livelily quadrilling it,

provisions to Queenhithe, with houses upon till three cheers from the spectators an

it, mostly tenanted by p.n and needlenour.ced their participation in his merri, and a tower, whereon the heads of un

makers: there was a chapel on the bridge, ment; he then tripped off with a graceful fortunate partisans were placed : an old bow, amidst the clapping of hands and

map other testimonials of satisfaction at a per- rible cluster ; in 1598, Hentzner the Ger

of the city, in 1597, represents a terformance wholly singular, because unpre- man traveller, counted above thirty poles cedented, unimitated, and inimitable.

with heads. Upon this bridge was placed

the head of the great chancellor, sir The lord mayor gave a grand dinner Thomas More, which was blown off the in the Egyptian-hall

, at the Mansione pole into the Thames and found by a wahouse, to 376 guests; the duke of York, terman, who gave it to his daughter; she being engaged to dine with the king, kept it during life as a relic, and directed could not attend. The present lord mayor at her death it should be placed in her has won his way to the hearts of good arms and buried with her. livers, by his entertainments, and the Huwel, the author of “ Londin, polis," court of common council commenced in a paraphrase of some lines by Sanits proceedings on the following day by nazarjus, has this, honourable mention of him for this entertainment especially, and complacently re

* Stow's Survey, 1633, page SBB

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Encominn on London-bridge.
When Neptune from his billows Londou spy'u,
Brought proudly thither by a high spring-tide,
As thro' a Boating wood he steer'd along,
And dancing castles cluster'd in a throng ;
Whed be bebeld a mighty bridge give law
Unto his surges, and their fury awe ;
When such a shelf of cataracts did roar,
As if the Thames with Nile had chang'd her shore ;
When he such massy walls, such towers did eye,
Such posts, such irons, upon his back to lye ;
When such vast arches he observ'd, that might
Nineteen Rialtos make for depth and height;
When the Cerulean god these things survey'd,
He shook his trident, and, astonish'd, said,
“ Let the whole earth now all the wonders count,
This bridge of wonders is the paramount."

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Thus has commenced, under the most held in the operations of to-day; the fur favourable auspices, a structure which is ther results are in the bosom of time; but calculated to secure from danger the do- from the spirit with which the work has mestic commerce of the port of London. been commenced, we have no doubt but That such a work has not long since been they will tend no less to the benefit, than executed, is attributable more to the the glory, of the citizens of London.* financial difficulties under which the cor There is something peculiarly imposporation of London has been labour- ing and impressive in ceremonies of this ing for the last quarter of a century, description, as they are usually conducted, than to any doubts of its being either and we certainly do not recollect any preexpedient or necessary. A similar de- vious spectacle of a similar nature, which sign to that which is now in course of can be said to have surpassed in general execution, was in contemplation more interest, grandeur of purpose, or splendid than thirty years ago; and we believe effect, than that just recorded. that many of the first architects of the day It is at all times agreeable to a philosent in plans for the removal of the old sophical mind, and an understanding bridge, and the construction of a new which busies itself, not only with the surpridge in its place. A want of funds to face and present state of things, but also complete such an undertaking compelled with their substance and remote tendenthe projectors of it, to abandon it for a cies, to contemplate the exercise of hutime; but the improved condition of the

man power, and the triumphs of human finances of the corporation, the increasing ingenuity, whether developed in physical commerce of the city of London with the or mental efforts, in the pursuit of obinternal parts of the country, the growing jects which comprehend a mixture of prosperity of the nation at large, and we both, And perhaps, it is in a good demay also add, a more general conviction gree attributable to this secret impulse of derived from longer experience, that the our nature, which operates in some depresent bridge was a nuisance which de- gree upon all, however silent and imperserved to be abated, induced them to re- ceptible in its operation, that the mass of sume it, and to resume it with a zeal pro- mankind are accustomed to take such an portionate to the magnitude of the object eager interest in ceremonials like the prewhich they had in view. Application sent. It is true, that show, and preparawas made to parliament for the grant of tion, and bustle, and the excitement cona sum of money to a purpose which, when sequent upon these, are the immediate considered with regard either to local or and apparent motives; but it does not to national interests, was of great import- therefore follow that the other reasons

That application was met with a are inefficient, or that because they are spirit of liberality which conferred as less prominent and apparent, they are much honour upon the party who re therefore inoperative. The ereciion of a ceived, as upon the party who gave, the bounty. The first results of it were le

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ance,

The Times

THR. EVERY-DAY BOOK.-JUNE 15.

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bridge, without reference to the immediate fresh vein through which that commerce,
object or the extent of its design, is per which is the life-blood of our national
se a triumph of art over nature-a con- prosperity and greatness will have to
quering of one of these obstacles, which flow.*
the latter, even in her most bountiful and
propitious designs, delights to present to This is one of those public occurrences
man, as if for the purpose of calling his which may be considered as an event in a
powers into exercise, and affording him man’s life, and an epoch in the city's his-
the quantity of excitement necessary to tory—a sort of station in one's worldly
the happiness of a sentient being But journey, from which we measure our dis-
if we do not entertain these sentiments, tances and dates. To witness the man-
and give them utterance in so many words, ner and the moment, in which is laid
we nevertheless feel and act upon them. the first single resting stone of a grand
We delight to attend spectacles like the national structure the very origin of the
present, where the first germ of a stu existence of a massive and magnificent
pendous work is to be prepared. We pile, which will require years to complete,
look round on the complicated apparatus, and ages to destroy, has an elevating and
and the seemingly discordant and unor- sublime effect on the mind.
ganized beams and blocks of wood and

Great public works are the truest signs
granite, and then we think of the simple of a nation's prosperity and power; ori-
structure, the harmonious and complete ginally its grandest ornaments, and ulti-
whole to which these confused elements mately the strongest proofs of its exis-
will give birth. Such a structure is preg- tence. Its religion, language, arts, sci-
nant with a multitude of almost indetin- ences, government, and history, may be
able thoughts and anticipations. We be- swept into nothingness; but yet its na.
think ourselves of the stream of human tional buildings will remain entire through,
life, which, some five years hence, will the lapse of successive ages-after their
flow over the new London-bridge as very founders are forgotten-after their
thickly, and almost with as little cessa- local history has become a mere matter
tion, as the waters of the Thames below: of conjecture. The columns of Palmyra
and then we reflect upon the side of hopes stand over the ashes of their framers, in a
and fears which thai human stream will desert as well of history as of sand. The
carry in its bosom! One of our first re- palaces of imperial Rome are still existing,
fiections will necessarily be of its adap- ihough her religion, her very language, is
tation to trade and commerce, of which it dead; and the history of the man-wrought
will then constitute a new and immense miracles of Egypt, had been looked at
conduit. Trade, and science, and learn- but as the very dreamings of philosophy
ing, and war, (Providence long avert it!) long before Napoleon said to his Egyp.
will at various periods pass across it. tian army—“ From the summits of these
Next we consider what will be the imme- pyramids, forty, centuries are looking
diate and individual destiny of the struc- down upon you.”
ture :-is it to moulder away after the Of all public edifices, a bridge is the
lapse of many ages, under the slow but

most necessary, the most generally and effectual influence of time, or to suffer frequently useful-open at all hours and dilapidation suddenly from the operation to all persons. It was probably the very of some natural convulsion ? Will it fall first public building. Some conjecture, before the wrath or wilsulness of man, or is that the first hint of it was taken from an it to be displaced by new improvements uprooted tree lying across a narrow curand discoveries, in líke manner as its old rent. What a difference between that and many-arched neighbour makes way first natural bridge, and the perfection of for it and as that once superseded its pontifical architecture-the vast, solid, narrower and shop-covered predecessor ? and splendid Waterloo-the monumentum These are questions which the imagi- si quæras of John Rennie. We feel pleanative man may ask himself; but who is sure in learning, that the new Londonto answer? However, even the man of bridge has been designed by the same business may be well excused in indulg- distinguished architect. It falls to the ing some speculations such as these, upon lot of the son to consummate the plans of the occasion of the erection of a structure, the father, we hope with equal success, which is to consutute a new artery to and fro in the mighty heart of London--d

• British Press,

1

OF

and with similar benefits, as well to the lent lady in the spring of 1825, occasioned conductor as to the public.

a friend to the Every-Day Book to transOld London-bridge, for which the new mit the following fugitive poem for in. one is intended as a more commodious sertion. It is not collected in any of the substitute, was the first that connected works published by Mrs. Barbauid during the Surrey and Middlesex banks. It was her lifetime; this, and the rectitude of built originally of wood, about 800 years spirit in the production itself, may justify ago, and rebuilt of stone in the reign of its being recorded within these pages. king John, 1209, just two years after the chief civic officer assumed the name of

To her honoured Friends mayor. Until the middle of the last century, it was crowded with houses, which

of the families of made it very inconvenient to the passen.

MARTINEAU AND TAYLOR gers. The narrowness and inequality of its arches, have caused it to be compared

These lines are inscribed to “a thick wall, pierced with small uneven holes, through which the water, dammed

By their affectionate up by this clumsy fabric, rushes, or rather

A. L. BARBAULD leaps, with a velocity extremely dangerous to boats and barges.” Of its nineteen arches, none except the centre, which

On the Death was formed by throwing two into one, is more than twenty feet wide. This is but the width of each of the piers of Water

MRS. MARTINEAU. loo-bridge. It is the most crowded thoroughfare in London, and, in this point, In pious anguish pour the tender tear,

Ye who around this venerated bier exceeds Charing-cross, which, according Mourn not "Tis Virtue's triumph, Nature's to Dr. Johnson, was overflowed by the

doom, full tide of human existence. It has When honoured Age, slow bending to the been calculated, that there daily pass over tomb, London-bridge 90,000 foot passengers; Earth's vain enjoyments past, her transient 800 waggons ; 300 carts and drays; 1,300 coaches; 500 gigs and tax carts; and 800 Tastes the long sabbath of well-earned saddle horses. The importance of this repose. great point of communication, and the No blossom here, in vernal beauty shed, necessity of rendering it adequate to the

No lover lies, warm from the nuptial bed; purposes of its construction, are proved,

Here rests the full of days,-each task fulby the numbers to whom it affords a daily Each wish accoinplished, and each passion

filled, passage at present, and, still more, by the

stilled. probable increase of the numbers here. You raised her languid head, caught her last after. The present bridge having been breath, for some years considered destitute of the

And cheered with looks of love the couck proper

facilities of transition for passen of death. gers as well as for vessels, an Act of Parliament, passed in 1823, for building a Yet mourn !- for sweet the filial sorrows new one, on scale and plan equal to flow, the other modern improvements of the When fond affection prompts the gush of metropolis. The first pile of the works was driven on the west side of the pre- No bitter drop, 'midst Nature's kind relief, gent bridge, in March, 1824, and the first Sheds gall into the fountain of your grief; coffer-dam having been lately finished, No tears you shed for patient love abused, the ceremony of laying the first stone of And counsel scorned,' and kind restraints

refused. the new bridge, has been happily and

Not yours the pang the conscious bosom auspiciously completed.*

wrings,

When late remorse inflicts her fruitless MRS. BARDAULD

stings.

Living you honoured her, you mourn for The decease of this literary and excel.

Her God you worship, and her path you * New Times.

tread.

Woes,

woe ;

dead ;

mourn,

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Your sighs shall aid reflection's serious often admitted, that the first earl of Pernhour,

broke (of the name of Ilerbert) was a And cherished virtues bless the kindly younger son of Perthyer; and will you shower:

set yourself up above the earls of Perio On the loved theme your lips uublamed broke?” “ True it is I must give place shall dwell;

to the earl of Pembroke, because he is a Your lives, more eloquent, her worth shall tell.

peer of the realm ; but still, though a -Long may that worth, fair Virtue's herit- peer, he is of the youngest branch of my

family, being descended from the fourtis age, From race to race descend, from age to age! son of Werndee, who was your ancestor, Still purer with transmitted lustre shine and settled at Perthyer, whereas I am The treasured birthright of the spreading descended from the eldest son. Indeed, line!

my cousin Jones of Lanarth is of a branch For me, as o'er the frequent grave I bend, of the family elder than you are; and yet And pensive down the vale of years descend;

he never disputes my being the head of Coinpanions, Parents, Kindred called to

the family.“ Well, cousin Proger, I

have nothing more to say : good night to Dropt from my side, or from my bosom torn; you.”—“Stop a moment, Mr. Powell," A boding voice, methioks, in Fancy's ear

cried the stranger,

you see how it Speaks from the tomb, and cries • Thy pours; do let me in at least; I will not friends are here'".

dispute with you about our families.”

“ Pray, sir, what is your name, and Summer Evening's Adventure in Wales. where do you come from?"

“ My name

is so and so; and I come from such a Mr. Proger of Werndee, riding in the

county." “ A Saxon of course; it would evening from Monmouth, with a friend indeed be very curious, sir, were I to diswho was on a visit to him, heavy rain pute with a Saxon about family. No, came on, and they turned their horses a

sir, you must suffer for the obstinacy of
little out of the road towards Perthyer. your friend, so good night to you both."*
My cousin Powell,” said Mr. Proger,
will, I am sure, be ready to give us a
night's lodging." At Perthyer all was

June 16.
still; the family were abed. Mr. Proger
shouted aloud under his cousin Powell's

Sts. Quirius, or Cyr and Julitta, Martyrs chamber-window. Mr. Powell soon heard

A. D. 304. St. John Francis Regis, him; and putting his head out, inquired,

A. D. 1640. Sts. Ferreolus, or Far“In the name of wonder what means all

geau, and Ferrutius, A. D. 211 or 212 this noise? Who is there?" “ It is only

St. Aurelian, Abp. A.D. 552.
your cousin Proger of Werndee, who is
come to your hospitable door for shelter

CHRONOLOGY.
from the inclemency of the weather; and 1722. John Churchill, the great duke
hopes you will be so kind as to give him, of Marlborough, died at Windsor-lodge,
and a friend of his, a night's lodging." in a state of idiocy. He was son of sir
“What is it you, cousin Proger? You, Winston Churchill, an English historian,
and your friend shall be instantly ad- and born at Ashe, in Devonshire, 1650
mitted; but upon one condition, namely, At twelve years of age he became page
that

you will admit now, and never here io the duke of York, afterwards James II.; after dispute, that I am the head of your at sixteen he entered the guards, and family." “What was that you said ?” re distinguished himself under Turenne. He plied Mr. Proger. “Why, I say, that was called the handsome Englishman, if

you expect to pass the night in my married Lliss Jennings, (the celebruted house, you must admit that I am the head duchess of Marlborough,) obtained die of your family.” “ No, sir, I never will tinguished rank and offices, suppresser admit that--were it to rain swords and the duke of Monmouh's rehellion, and daggers, I would ride through them this served king James with apparent fidelity night to Werndee, sooner than let dom in the wave of his fortune, while he faith the consequence of my family by submit- lessly made court to the prince of ting to such an ignominions condition. Mange. His great military achieve Come up, Bald! come up!” “ Stop a moment, cousin Proger ; have you not • Williams's Monmouth. App. 168.

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