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WINTER.

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January 9.
St. Peter of Sebaste. St. Julian and From“ Poetic Vigils,” by Bernard Baston.
Basilissa. St. Marciana. St. Brithwald.

The flowret's bloom is faded,
St. Felan. St. Adrian. St. Vaneng.

Its glossy leaf grown sere;

The landscape round is shaded Of the seven Romish saints of this day

By Winter's frowo austere. scarcely an anecdote is worth mentioning

The dew, once sparkling lightly
CHRONOLOGY.

On grass of freshest green,

In heavier drops unsightly 1766. On the 9th of January died Dr.

On matted weeds is seen. Thomas Birch, a valuable contributor to history and biography. He was born on the

No songs of joy, to gladden, 23d of November, 1705, of Quaker parents.

From leafy woods emerge;

But winds, in tones that sadden, His father was a coffee-mill maker, and

Breathe Nature's mournful dirge. designed Thomas for the same trade; but the son “ took to reading," and being put

All sights and sounds appealing, to school, obtained successive usherships ;

Through merely outward sense,

To joyful thought and feeling, removing each time into a better school,

Seem now departed hence. that he might improve his studies; and

But not with such is banished stealing hours from sleep to increase his

The bliss that life can lend; knowledge. He succeeded in qualifying

Nor with such things hath vanished himself for the church of England, with

Its truest, noblest end. out going to the university ; obtained or

The toys that charm, and leave us, ders from bishop Hoa lley in 1731, and

Are fancy's fleeting elves; several preferments from the lord chan All that should glad, or grieve us cellor Hardwicke and earl Hardwicke ; Exists within ourselves. became a member of the Royal Society Enjoyment's gentle essence before he was thirty years of age, and of Is virtue's godlike dower; the Antiquarian Society about the same Its most triumphant presence time; was created a doctor of divinity, Illumes the darkest hour. and made a trustee of the British Museum; and at his death, left his books and MSS. to the national library there. Enu.

January 10. meration of his many useful labours would occupy several of these pages. His indus St. IVilliam. St. Agatho, Pope. Sl try was amazing. His correspondence Marcian. was extensive; his communications to

St. William. the Royal Society were various and

This saint, who died in 1207, was numerous, and his personal application archbishop of Bourges, always wore a may be inferred from there being among hair shirt, never ate Hesh meat, when he his MSS. no less than twenty-four quarto found himself dying caused his body to volumes of Anthony Bacon's papers tran- be laid on ashes in his hair shirt, worked scribed by his own hand. He edited Thur- miracles after his death, and had his relics loes' State Papers in 7 vols. folio; wrote venerated till 1562, when the Hugonots the Lives of Illustrious Persons of Great burnt them without their manifesting miBritain, and a History of the Royal So- racles at that important crisis. A bone ciety; published miscellaneous pieces of of his arm is still at Chaalis, and one ord Bacon, before unprinted, and pro- of his ribs at Paris; so says Butler, duced a large number of other works. who does not state that either of these The first undertaking wherein he engag- remains worked miracles since the French ed, with other learned men, was the revolution.

General Dictionary, Historical and Critical,”-a most useful labour, containing

1820. The journals of January relate the whole of Bayle's Dictionary newly translated, and several thousand additional able for the cultivation of an useful quality

some particulars of a gentleman remarklives. He was enabled to complete his great undertakings by being a very early actual memory, in twenty-two hours, at two

to an extraordinary extent. He drew from riser, and by usually executing the bu. sittings, in the presence of two well-known siness of the morning before most persons gentlemen, a correct plan of the parish had coramenced it.

of St. James, Westminster, with parts of the

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panshes of St. Mary-le-bone, St. Ann, and recollecting what he hears. The dialogue
St. Martin; which plan contained every of a comedy heard once, or even twice,
square, street, lane, conrt, alley, market, would, after an interval of a few days, be
church, chapel, and all public buildings, entirely new to him.
with all stable and other yards, also
every public-house in the parish, and the

January 11.
corners of all streets, with every minutiæ,

St. Theodosius. as pumps, posts, trees, houses that pro

St. Hyginus. St ject and inject, bow-windows, Carlton- Egwir. St. Salvius. house, St. James's palace, and the interior

St. Theodosius of the markets, without scale or reference This saint visited St. Simeon Stylites to any plan, book, or paper whatever. on his pillar and had his fortune told. He did the same with respect to the parish Heate coarse pulse and wild herbs, never of St. Andrew, Holborn, in the presence of tasted bread for thirty years, founded a four gentlemen, from eight to twelve, one monastery for an unlimited number of evening at a tavern; and he also under- monks, dug one grave large enough to took to draw the plan of St. Giles-in-the- hold the whole community, when he fields, St. Paul's, Covent-garden, St. received strangers, and had not food Mary-le-strand, St. Clement's, and three- enough, he prayed for its miraculous in. fourths of Mary-le-bone, or St. George's. crease and had it multiplied accordingly, The plans before alluded to were drawn in prophesied while he was dying, died in the presence of John Willock, Esq. Golden- 529, and had his hair shirt begged by a square; Mr. Robinson, of Surrey-road; count, who won a victory with it. He William Montague, Esq. of Guildhall ; was buried according to Butler, who Mr. Allen, vestry clerk of St. Ann's; relates these particulars, in the cave John Dawson, Esq. of Burlington-street; wherein the three kings of Cologne were N. Walker, Holborn; and two other gen- said to have lodged on their way to tlemen. He can tell the corner of any Bethlehem. great and leading thoroughfare-street from Ilyde Park-corner, or Oxford-street, to St. Paul's; or from the New-road to

In hard frosts holes must be broken in Westminster abbey; and the trade or profession carried on at such corner house. fish will die. It is pleasing to watch the

the ice that forms upon fish ponds, or the He can tell every public shop of business finny tenants rising half torpid beneath a in Piccadilly, which consists of two hun- new.formed hole for the benefit of the dred and forty-one houses, allowing him

air. Ice holes should be kept open only twenty-four mistakes; he accomplished this in the presence of four gentle during the frost: one bole to a pond is

sufficient. men, after five o'clock, and proved it before seven in the same evening. A house being named in any public street, he will At Logan or Port Nessock in Wig. name the trade of the shop, either on the townshire, North Britain, a large saltright or left hand of the same, and whe- water pond was formed for Cod in 1800. ther the door of such house so named is it is basin of 30 feet in depth, and in the centre, or on the right or left. He 160 feet in circumference, hewn out can take an inventory, from memory only, from the solid rock, and communicating of a gentleman's house, from the attic to with the sea by one of those fissures the groundfloor, and afterwards write it which are common to bold and proout. He did this at lord Nelson's, at cipitous coasts. Aitached to it is a neat Merton, and likewise at the duke of Gothic cottage for the accommodation of Kent's, in the presence of two noblemen. the fishernian, and the rock is surmounted He is known by the appellation of “ Me- all round by a substantial stone wall al mory-corner Thompson The plan of least 300 feet in circumference. In his house, called Priory Frognall, Hamp- every state of the wind or tide, winter stead, he designed, and built it externally and summer, when not a single boat and internally, without any working- dare venture to sea, Colonel M‘Dowal drawing, but carried it up by the eye can command a supply of the finest fish, only. Yet, though his memory is so ac- and study at his leisure the instincts and curate in the retention of objects sub- habits of the “fiony nations,” with at mited to the eye, he has little power of least all the accuracy of those saga natu

FISH IN WINTER

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ralists, who rarely trave. farther than fisherman remarked, “he is far soupler Exeter 'Change. From the inner or back than any o' the rest,” and by virtue of door of the lodge, a winding stair-way this one quality, chases, bites, and otherconducts to the usual halting place wise annoys whole battalion of large flat stone projecting into the water, gigantic cod, that have only, one would and commanding a view of every part of think, to open their mouths and swallow the aquatic prison. When the ride is him. To supply them with food is an out, this stone is left completely dry, and important part of the fisherman's duty; here a stranger perceives with surprise, a and with this view, he must ply the hundred inouths simultaneously opened net, and heave the line, during two or to greet his arrival.

three days of every week. He has also The moment the fisherman crosses to renew the stock, when the pond his threshold, the pond is agitated appears to be getting thin, from the con by the action of some hundred fins, tributions levied on it by the cook. and otherwise thrown into a state of anarchy and confusion. Darting from A letter from Cairo, in a journal of this, that, and the other corner, the whole January 1824, contains a whimsical exempopulation move as it were to a common plification of Turkish manners in the procentre, elevate their snouts, lash their vinces, and the absurdity of attempting tails, and jostle one another with such to honour distant authorities, by the disviolence, that on a first view they actually tinctions of civil society. A diploma of seem to be menacing an attack on the honorary member of the Society of Frankpoor fisherman, in place of the creel fuil fort was presented to the Pacha, at the of limpets he carrios. Many of the fish are divan (or council.) The Pacha, who can so tame, that they will feed greedily from neither read nor write, thought it was a firthe hand, and bite your fingers into the man (despatch) from the Porte. He was bargain, if you are foolish enough to much surprised and alarmed; but the allow them; while others again are so interpreter explained to him that it was shy, that the fisherman discourses of their written in the Nemptohee (German) landifferent tempers, as a thing quite as guage, contained the thanks of the ulepalpable as the gills they breathe, or the mas (scholars) of a German city named fins they move by. One gigantic coj, Frankfort, for his kindness to two Nemptwhich seems to answer to the name of chee travelling in Egypt. “ Tom,” and may well be described as the But the most difficult part was yet to patriarch of the pond, forcibly arrests come; it was to explain to him that he attention. This unfortunate, who passed had been appointed a member of their his youth in the open sea, was taken society; and the Turkish language having prisoner at the age of five, and has since no word for this purely European idea, sojourned at Port Nessock, for the long the interpreter, after many hesitations and period of twelve years, during all which circumlocutions, at last succeeded in extime he has gradually increased in bulk plaining, “ that as a mark of respect and weight. He is now wholly blind and gratitude, the society had made him from age or disease, and he has no one of their partners.At these words chance whatever in the general scramble. the eyes of the Pacha flashed with anger, The fisherman, however, is very kind to and with a voice of thunder he roared him, and it is affecting as well as curious, that he would never again be the partner to see the huge animal raise himself in of any firm; that his partnership with the water; and then resting his head on Messrs. Briggs and Co. in the Indian the Aat stone, allow it to be gently patted trade, cost him nearly 500,000 hard piasor stroked, gaping all the while to implore ters; that the association for the manufacthat food which he has no other means of tory of sugar and rum paid him nothing obtaining. In this pond, cod appears to at all; and, in short, that he was combe the prevailing species; there are pletely tired of his connections with Frank also blochin or glassin, haddocks, floun- merchants, who were indebted to him ders, and various other kinds. Salmon, 23,000,000 of piasters, which he consiwhich at spawning time visit the highest dered as completely lost. In his rage, he rivers, could not of course obey their even threatened to have the interpreter instincts here, and accordingly there is drowned in the Nile, for having presumed only one specimen of this favourite to make offer of a mercantile connection, fisik in the pond at present. As the against his positive orders.

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The poor interpreter was confounded, are worthy of being one of 18."
and unable to utter a word in his defence. this is the custom," added Dıvan Effendi
At this critical moment, however, Messrs. (his Secretary.) “ Your Happiness knows
Fernandez, Pambonc, and others who that the friends (Franks) have many cus-
have access to the Pacha, interposed; and toms different from ours, and often such as
it was some time before they could reduce are very ridiculous. For instance, if they
his Highness to reason; his passion had wish to salute a person, they bare their
thrown him into an hysterical hiccup. heads, and scrape with their right foot
When his Highness was a little recovered, backwards ; instead of situng down com-
Mr. Fernandez endeavoured to explain to fortably on a sofa to rest themselves, they
him that there was no question about bu- sit on little wooden chairs, as if they were
siness: that the ulemas of Frankfort were about to be shaved: they eat the pillao
possessed of no stock but books, and had with spoons, and the meat with pincers ;
no capital. “ So much the worse," replied but what seems most laughable is, that
the Pacha; “ then they are sahhaftehi, they humbly kiss the hands of their wo-
(booksellers,) who carry on their business men, who, instead of the yashmak, (veil,)
without money, like the Franks at Cairo carry straw baskets on their heads; and that
and Alexandria.” “Oh, no, they are no they mix sugar and milk with their coffee.”
sahhaftehi, but ulemas, kiatibs, (authors,) This last sally set the whole assembly (his
physicians, philoussoufs, &c., who are Highness excepted) in a roar of laughter.
only engaged in science.' “ Well,” said Among those who stood near the fountain
he, “and what am I then to do in their in the middle of the hall, several exclaim-
society; I, a Pacha of three horse tails?" ed with respect to the coffee with sugar
“Nothing at all, your Highness, like per- and milk, Kiufirler! (Ah, ye infidels !)
laps most of the members of their society,

In the end the Pacha was pacified, and
but by receiving you into their society, “ All's well that ends well;" but it had
these gentlemen intended to show you been better, it seems, if, according to the
their respect and gratitude.” “That is a customs of the east, the society of Frank-
strange custom, indeed,” cried the Pacha, fort had sent the Pacha the unquestionable
" to show respect to a person by telling civility of a present, that he could have
or writing to him in funny letters—you applied to some use.

were

ein

ST. Bride's church.

its last internal decorations were effected
On the 11th of January, 1825, a sketch in 1824. In it are interred Thomas
of this church was taken from a second- Flatman the poet, Samuel Richardson the
floor window in the house No. 115, Fleet- novelist, and William Bingley, a book-
street, which stands on the opposite seller, remarkable for his determined
side of the way to that whereon the and successful resistance to interroga-
opening was made by the late fire; and tories by the court of King's Bench-a
the subjoined engraving from the sketch practice which that resistance abated
is designed to perpetuate the appearance for ever: his latter years
through that opening. Till then, it had ployed, or rather were supported, by the
been concealed from the view of passen- kindness of the venerable and venerated
gers through Fleet-street by the houses John Nichols, Esq. F. S. A. whose family
destroyed, and the conflagration has been tablet of brass is also in this churcn. As
rightly deemed a favourable opportunity an ecclesiastical edifice, St. Bride's is
for endeavouring to secure a space of confessedly one of the most elegant in
sufficient extent to render the church a the metropolis: an unobstructed view of
public ornament to the city. To at least it is indispensable therefore to the na.
one person, professionally unskilled, the tional character. Appeals which will
spire of St. Bride's appears more chaste and enable the committee to purchase the
effective than the spire of Bow. In 1805, interests of individuals on the requisite
it was 234 feet high, which is thirty-two site are now in progress, and can scarcely
feet higher than the Monument, but be unheeded by those whom wealth, taste,
having been struck by lightning in that and liberality dispose to assist in works of
year, it was lowered to its present public improvement. The engraved sketch
standard,

does not claim to be more than such a
St. Bride's church was built by sir representation as may give a distant
Christopher Wren, and completed in reader some grounds for determining
1680. It has been repeatedly beautified: whether a vigorous effort to save a build

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