Abbildungen der Seite
PDF
EPUB
[graphic][ocr errors][ocr errors][merged small]

This diversion, resorted to at visitings better man thap bishop Jeremy Taylor." during the twelve days of Christmas, as certainly not; and therefore an objector of ancient custoin, continues without to this pastime will do well to read the abatement during the prolongation of reasoning of the whole passage as it stands friendly meetings at this season. Persons at the end of the archdeacon's printed who are opposed to this recreation from sermon: if he desire further, let luin pereligious scruples, do not seem to distin ruse Jeremy Taylor's “ advices." guish between its use and its abuse. Mr. Cards are not here introduced with a Archdeacon Butler refers to the “ harm- view of seducing parents to rear their less mirth and innocent amusements of sons as gamblers and blacklegs, or their society," in his sermon on “Christian Li- daughters to berty," before the duke of Gloucester, and “a life of scandal, an old age of cards ;" the university of Cambridge, on his roya. but to impress upon them the importance highness's installation as chancellor, June of “not morosely refusing to participate 30, 1811. The archdeacon quotes, as a

in" what the archdeacon refers to, as of note on that point in his sermon, a re

the “harmless mirth and innocent amusemarkable passage from Jeremy Taylor, ments of society." Persons who are who says, " that cards, &c. are of them wholly debarred from such amusements selves lawful, I do not know any reason

in their infancy, frequently abuse a plealo doubt. He can never be suspected, in sure they have been wholly restrained any criminal sense, to tempt the Divine from, by excessive indulgence in it on the Providence, who by contingent things re- first opportunity. This is human nature: creates his labour. As for the evil ap- let the string be suddenly withdrawn pendages, they are all separable from from the overstrained bow, and the rethese games, and they may be separated laxation of the bow is violent. by these advices, &c.” On the citation,

Look at a juvenile card-party-not at which is here abridged, the archdeacon that which the reader sees represented in remarks,“ Such are the sentiments of one the engraving, which is somewhat varied of the most truly pious and most pro- from a design by Stella, who grouped foundly learned prelates that ever adorned boys almost as finely as Fiamingo moany age or country; nor do I think that delled their forms—but imagine a juvenile the most rigid of our disciplinarians can

party closely seated round a large cable, produce the authority of a viser or a with a Pope Joan board in the middle;

mo

each well supplied with mother-o'-pearl versary, who has slipt a wrong card, to fish and counters, in little Chinese orna take it up and play another. Of such it iented red and gold trays; their faces and may be said that they do not play at the candles lighting up the room; their cards, but only play at playing at them. bright eyes sparkling after the cards, Sarah Battle was none of that breed; she watching the turn-up, or peeping into the detested them from her heart and soul; pool to see how rich it is; their growing and would not, save upon a striking anxiety to the rounds, till the lucky card emergency, willingly seat herself at the decides the richest stake; then the shout same table with them. She loved a thoout of “Rose has got it !” “It's Rose's!" rough-paced partner, a determined enemy. “Here, Rose, here they are-take 'em all; She took and gave no concessions; she here's a lot !" Emma, and John, and Al- hated favours; she never made a revoke, fred, and William's hands thrust forth to nor ever passed it over in her adversary, help her to the prize; Sarah and Fanny, without exacting the utmost forfeiture. the elders of the party, laughing at their She sat bolt upright, and neither showed eagerness; the more sage Matilda check- you her cards, nor desired 10 see yours. ing it, and counting how many fish Rose All people have their blind side-their has won; Rose, amazed at her sudden superstitions; and I have heard her dewealth, talks the least; little Samuel, who clare, under the rose, that Hearts was her is too young to play, but has been allowed favourite suit. I never in my life (and I a place, with some of the "pretty fish" be- knew. Sarah Battle many of the best years fore hiin, claps his hands and halloos, and of it) saw her take out her snufibox when throws his playthings to increase Rose's it was her turn to play, or snuff a candle treasure; and baby Ellen sits in “ in the middle of a game, or ring for a serther's” lap, mute from surprise at the “up vant till it was fairly over. She never roar wild,” till a loud crow, and the quick introduced, or connived at, miscellaneous motion of her legs, proclaim her delight at conversation during its process: as, she the general joy, which she suddenly sus emphatically observed, cards were cards. pends in astonishment at the many fingers A grave simplicity was what she chiefly pointed towards her, with “ Look at baby! admired in her favourite game. There ivok at baby!” and gets smothered with was nothing silly in it, like the nob in kisses, from which“ mother” vainly en- cribbage-nothing superfluous. To condeavours to protect her. And so they go fess a truth, she was never greatly taken on, till called by Matilda to a new game, with cribbage. It was an essentially and “mother” bids them to “ go and sit vulgar game, I have heard her say,—disdown, and be good children, and not puting with her uncle, who was very parmake so much noise;" whereupon they tial to it. She could never heartily bring disperse tn their chairs; two or three of her mouth to pronounce 'go,' or 'that's the least help up Samuel, who is least of a go.' She called it an ungrammatical all, and “mother" desires them to “take game. The pegging teased her. I once care, and mind he does not fall.” Matilda knew her to forfeit a rubber, because she then gives him his pretty fish “ to keep would not take advantage of the turn-up him quiet ;" begins to dress the board for knave, which would have given it her, a new game; and once more they are but which she must have claimed by the as merry as grigs."

disgraceful tenure of declaring two for In contrast to the jocund pleasure of his heels.' Sarah Battle was a gentlechildren at a round game, take the pic woman born." These, omitting a few ture of “ old Sarah Battle," the whist- delicate touches, are her features by the player. “A clear fire, a clean hearth, hand of Elia. No inducement,” he says, and the rigour of the game," was her ce “could ever prevail upon her to play at lebrated wish. “ She was none of your her favourite game for nothing." And lukewarm gamesters, your half-and-half then he adds, « With great deference to players, who have no objection to take a the old lady's judgment on these matters, hand, if you want one to make up a rub I think I have experienced some moments ber; who affirm that they have no plea- in my life when playing at cards for sure in winning; that they like to win nothing has even heen agreeable. When one game, and lose another; that they I am in sickness, or not in the best spirits can wile away an hour very agreeably at I sometimes call for the cards, and play a card-table, but are indifferent whether a game at piquet for love with my cousin they play or no; and will desire an ad- Bridget-Bridget Elia" Cousin Bridget

1

and the gentle Elia seem beings of that age beautiful effrct, and form a delightful
wherein lived Pamela, whom, with “old shade in hot weather. Vessels of all
Sarah Battle,” we may imagine entering kinds are frequently moored to these
their room, and sitting down with them to trees, but Leyden being an inland town,
a square game. Yet Bridget and Elia live the greater part of those which happened
in our own times : she, full of kinduess to to be in the Rapenburg were country
all, and of soothings to Elia especially;-he, vessels. Several yachts, belonging to
no less kind and consoling to Bridget, in parties of pleasure from the Hague and
all simplicity holding converse with the other places, were lying close to the
world, and, ever and anon, giving us scenes newly arrived vessel, and no person was
inat Metzu and De foe would admire, aware of the destructive cargo it contained.
and portraits that Denner and Hogarth A student of the university, who, a.
would rise from their graves to paint. about a quarter past four o'clock in the

afternoon, was passing through a street

from which there was a view of the RaJanuary 12.

penburg, with the canal and vessels,

related the following particulars to the St. Arcadius. St. Benedict Biscop, or editor of the Monthly Mugazine Bennet. $t. Ælred, Tygrius.

" At that moment, when everything St. Benedict Biscop, or Bennet. was perfectly tranquil, and most of the Butler says he was in the service of Oswi, respectable families were sitting down king of the Northumbriaps; that at twenty- to dinner in perfect security, at that five years old he made a pilgrimage to instant, I saw the vessel torn from its Rome, returned and carried Alcfrid, the moorinys; a stream of fire burst fron son of Oswi, back to the shrines of the it in all directions, a thick, black cloud apostles there, became a monk, received enveloped all the surrounding parts and the abbacy of Sts. Peter and Paul, Canter- darkened the heavens, whilst a burst, bury, resigned it, pilgrimaged again to louder and more dreadful than the Rome, brought home books, relics, and loudest thunder, instantly followed, and religious pictures, founded the monastery vibrated through the air to a great disof Weremouth, went to France for tance, burying houses and churches in masons to build a church to it, obtained one common ruin. For some moments glaziers from thence to glaze it, pil- horror and consternation deprived every grimaged to Rome for more books, one of his recollection, but an univerrelics, and pictures, built another mo sal exclamation followed, of “O God, nastery at Jarrow on the Tine, adorned what is it?". Hundreds of people might his churches with pictures, instructed be seen rushing out of their falling his monks in the Gregorian chant and houses, and running along the streets, Roman ceremonies, and died on this not knowing what direction to take; day in 690. He appears to have had a many falling down on their knees in love for literature and the arts, and, with the streets, persuaded that the last day & knowledge superior to the general was come; others supposed they had attainment of the religious in that eariy been struck by lightning, and but few age, to have rendered his know.edge sub- seemed to conjecture the real cause. servient to the Romish church.

In the midst of this awful uncertainty,

the cry of “O God, what is it?" agawu CHRONOLOGY

sounded mournfuliy through the air, but 1807. The 12th of January in that it seemed as if none could answer the year is rendered remarkable by a fatal dreadful question. One conjecture folaccident at Leyden, in Holland. A lowed another, but at last, when the vessel loaded with gunpowder entered black thick cloud which had enveloped one of the largest canals in the Rapen the whole city had cleared away a liitle, burg, a street inhabited chiefly by the ine awful truth was revealed, and sooó most respectable families, and moored 10 all the inhabitants of the city were seen

tree in front of the house of professor rushing to the ruins to assist the sufferers. Rau, of the university. In Holland, There were five large schools on the almost every street has a canal in the Rapenburg, and all at the time full of middle, faced with a brick wall up to the children. The horror of the parents and level of the street, and with lime trees relations of these youthful victims is not planted on both sides, which produce a to be described or even imagined ; and

THE EVERY-DAY BOUK-JANUARY 12.

though many of them were saved almost to the eye an eves-varying scene of difiniraculously, yet no one dared to hope ferent occupations. The keel of the to see his child drawn alive from under ressel in which the catastrophe coma heap of smoking ruins.

menced, was found buried deep in the “Flames soon broke out from four earth at a considerable distance, together different parts of the ruins, and threat- with the remains of a yacht from the ened destruction to the remaining part Hague with a party of pleasure, which of Leyden. The multitude seemed as lay close to it. The anchor of the powder it were animated with one common soul vessel was found in a field without the in extricating the sufferers, and stopping city, and a very heavy piece of lead at the progress of the flames. None with the foot of the mast was thrown into a drew from the awful task, and the multi- street at a great distance. tude increased every monient by people One of the most affecting incidents coming from the surrounding country, the was the fate of the pupils of the different explosion having been heard at the dis- schools on the Rapenburg. A: the tance of fifty miles. Night set in, the destructive moment, the wife of the darkness of which, added to the horrors principal of the largest of them was of falling houses, the smothered smoke, standing at the door with her child in the raging of the flames, and the roaring her arms; she was instantly covered with of the winds on a tempestuous winter the falling beams and bricks, the child night, produced a scene neither to be was blown to atoms, and she was thrown described nor imagined; while the heart- under a tree at some distance. Part of rending cries of the sufferers, or the the floor of the school-room sunk into the lamentations of those whose friends or cellar, and twelve children were killed children were under the ruins, broke instantly; the rest, miserably wounded, upon the ear at intervals. Many were shrieked for help, and one was heard to so entirely overcome with fear and call, “ Help me, help me, I will give my astonishment, that they stared about watch to my deliverer." Fathers and them without taking notice of any thing, mothers rushed from all parts of the city while others seemed full of activity, but to seek their children, but after digging incapable of directing their efforts to any five hours they found their labour fruitparticular object."

less; and some were even obliged to In the middle of the night, Louis leave the spot in dreadful suspense, to Bonaparte, then king of Holland, arrived attend to other near relations dug out in from the palace of Loo, having set out as other quarters. They at last succeeded, soon as the express reached him with the by incredible efforts, in bringing up dreadful tidings. Louis was much be some of the children, but in such a state oved by his subjects, and his name is that many of their parents could not still mentioned by them with great recognise them, and not a few were respect. On this occasion his presence comniitted to the grave without its being was very useful. He encouraged the known who they were. Many of these active and comforted the sufferers, and children, both among the dead and those did not leave the place till he had esta- who recovered, bled profusely, while no blished good order, and promised every wound could be discovered in any part assistance in restoring both public and pri- of their bodies. Others were preserved vate losses. He immediately gave a large in a wonderful manner, and without the sum of money to the city, and granted it least hurt. Forty children were killed. many valuable privileges, besides ex In some houses large companies were emplion from imposts and taxes for a assembled, and in one, a newly married number of years.

couple, from a distance, had met a Some degree of order having been

numerous party of their friends. One restored, the inhabitants were divided person wh was writing in a small room, into classes, not according to their rank, was driven through a window above the but the way in which they were em- door, into the staircase, and fell to plnyed about the ruins. These classes the bottom without receiving much hurt were distinguished by bands of different Many were preserved by the falling of colours tied round their arms. The the beams or rafters in a particular widely extended ruins now assumed the direction, which protected them, and appearance of hills and valleys, covered they remained for many bours, some for with multitudes of workmen, producing a whole day and night. A remarkable

fact of this kind happened, when the 1573, and by the plague in 1624 and city of Delft was destroyed by an explo- 1635, in which year 15,000 of the inhasion of gunpowder in 1654; a child, a bitants were carried off within six months year old, was found two days afterwards In 1415 a convent was burnt, and most of sucking an apple, and sitting under a the nuns perished in the flames. An exbeam, with just space left for its body. plosion of gunpowder, in 1481, destroyed Two others at a little distance were in the council-chamber when full of people, their cradles quite safe. At that time and killed most of the magistrates. almost the whole of Delft was destroyed. The misfortunes of this city have be

Leyden is as large a city, but not so come proverbial, and its very name has populous, as Rotterdam, the second city given rise to a pun. Leyden" is “ Lijin Holland. Upwards of two hundred den;" Leyden, the name of the city, and houses were overthrown on this occasion, Lijden, (to suffer,) have the same pronunbesides churches and public buildings; ciation in the Dutch language. the Stadt, or town-house, was among the latter.

The chirp of the crickets from the kitOne hundred and fifty-one dead bodies chen chimney breaks the silence of still were taken from the ruins, besides many evenings in the winter. They come from that died after. Upwards of two thou- the crevices, when the house is quiet, to sand were wounded more or less danger- the warm hearth, and utter their shrill ously. It is remarkable that oone of the monotonous notes, to the discomfiture of students of the university were either the nervous, and the pleasure of those killed or wounded, though they all lodge who have sound minds in sound bodies. in different parts of the city, or wherever This insect and the grasshopper are agreethey please. Contributions were imme- ably coupled in a pleasing sonnet. The diately began, and large sums raised. summoning brass” it speaks of, our The king of Holland gave 30,000 gilders, country readers well know, as an allusion and the queen 10,000; a very large sum to the sounds usually produced from some was collected in London.

kitchen utensil of metal to assist in swarmLeyden suffered dreadfully by siege in ing the bees :--

To the Grasshopper and the Cricket.
Green little vaulter in the sunny grass,

Catching your heart up at the feel of June,

Sole voice that's heard amidst the lazy noon,
When ev'n the bees lag at the summoning brass ;
And you, warm little housekeeper, who class

With those who think the candles come too soon,

Loving the fire, and with your tricksome tune
Nick the glad silent moments as they pass;
Oh, sweet and tiny cousins, that belong,

One to the fields, the other to the hearth,
Both have your sunshine; both, though small, are strong

At your clear hearts; and both were sent on earth
To sing in thoughtful ears this natural song,

In doors and out, summer and winter, Mirth. L, Hunt.

January 13.

ture, an orator, a poet, wrote against the

Arians, was banished for his orthodoxy, CAMBRIDGE LEXT TERM begins. but returned to his see, worked miracles, St. Veronica of Milan. St. Kentigern. and died on the 13th of January, 368 St. Hilary.

Ribadeneira says, that in a certain island, The festival of St. Hilary is not, at uninhabitable by reason of venemous this time, observed by the Romish church serpents, they fled from his holiness; that until to-morrow, but it stands in old ca- he put up a stake as a boundary, comlendars, and in Randle Holmes's Herald- manding them not to pass it, and they sy, on this day, whereon it is also placed obeyed; that he raised a dead child to in the English calendar. Butler says, he life, prayed his daughter to death, and was born at Poictiers, became bishop of did other astonishing things; especially that rity, was a commentator on Scrip- after his decease. when two merchants

VOL. 1.

E

49

« ZurückWeiter »