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TIIE EVERY-DAY BOOK.JANUARY 13.
at their own cost and by way of venture, time and harvest, the long vacation be. offered an image at his shrine, but as one tween Midsummer and Michaelmas. begrudged the cost of his share, St. Each term is denominated from the Hilary caused the image to divide from festival day immediately preceding its top to bottom, while being offered, keep- commencement; hence we have the terms ing the one half, and rejecting the nig- of St. Hilary, Easter, the Holy Trinity, gard's moiety. The Golden Legend says, and St. Michael. that St. Hilary also obtained his wife's There are in each term stated days death by his prayers; and that pope Leo, called dies in banco, (days in bank,) that who was an Arian, said to him, “ Thou is, days of appearance in the court of art Hilary the cock, and not the son of a common bench. They are usually about hen;" whereat Hilary said, “I am no a week from each other, and have refercock, but a bishop in France;" then said ence to some Roinish festival. All orithe
горе, “ Thou art Hilary Gallus (sig- ginal writs are returnable on these days, vifying a cock) and I am Leo, judge of and they are therefore called the return the papal see;" whereupon Hilary re- days. plied, “ If thou be Leo thou art not (a The first return in every term is, prolion) of the tribe of vuaa." After this perly speaking, the first day of the railing the pope died, and Hilary was For instance, the octave of St. comforted.
Hilary, or the eighth day, inclusive, after St. Veronica.
the saint's feast, falls on the 20th of JaShe was a nun, with a desire to live nuary, because his feast is on the 13th of always on bread and water, died in 1497, January. On the 20th, then, the court sits
to take essoigns, or excuses for non-apand was canonized, after her claim to sanctity was established to the satisfac- pearance to the writ; " but,” says Black
stone, as our ancestors held it beneath tion of his holiness pope Leo X.
the condition of a freeman to appear or St. Kentigern.
to do any thing at the precise time apHe was bishop of Glasgow, with juris- pointed,” the person summoned has three diction in Wales, and, according to But- days of grace beyond the day named in ler, “ favoured with a wonderful gift of the writ, and if he appear on the fourth miracles.” Bishop Patrick, in his “ De day inclusive it is sufficient. Therefore votions of the Romish Church," says, at the beginning of each term the court “St. Kentigern had a singular way of does not sit for despatch of business till kindling fire, which I could never have the fourth, or the appearance day, which hit upon." Being in haste to light can is in Hilary term, for instance, on the dles for vigils, and some, who bore a 23d of January. In Trinity term it does spite to him, having put out all the fire not sit till the fifth day; because the in the monastery, he snatched the green fourth falls on the great Roman catholic bough of an hazel, blessed it, blew upon festival of Corpus Christi. The first apit, the bough produced a great flame, and pearance day therefore in each term is he lighted his candles:
called the first day of the term; and the may conjecture,” says Patrick, “ that court sits till the quarto die post, or aptinder-boxes are of a later invention than pearance day of the last return, or end of St. Kentigern's days.”
In each term there is one day whereon
the courts do not transact business; Term is derived from Terminus, the namely, on Candlemas day, in Hilary heathen god of boundaries, landmarks, term; on Ascension day, in Easter term; and limits of time. In the early ages of on Midsummer day, in Trinity term; Christianity the whole year was one con and on All Saints' day, in Michaelmas tinued term for hearing and deciding term. These are termed Grand days ia causes; but after the establishment of the inns of court; and Gaudy days at the Romish church, the daily dispensa- the two universities; they are observed tion of justice was prohibited by canoni as Collar days at the king's court of St. Cal authority, that the festivals might be James's, for on these days, knights wear hept holy.
the collars of their respective orders Advent and Christmas occasioned the winter vacation; Lent and Easter the An old January journal contains a repring; Pentecost the third ; and hay, markable avecdote relative to the decease
6 whence we
THE LAW TERMS.
of a M. Foscue, one of the farmers-gene. The wind unsteady vcers arouna,
The glow-worms num'rous, clear and bright, ordered by the governinent to raise a
Illumid the dewy hill last night. considerable sum: as an excuse for not
At dusk the squalid toad was seen, complying with the demand, he pleaded The whirling wind the dust obeys,
Like quadruped, stalk o'er the green. extreme poverty; and resolved on hiding And in the rapid eddy plays. his treasure in such a manner as to escape The frog has chang'd his yellow vest. detection. He dug a kind of a cave in And in a risset coat is drest, his wine-cellar, which he made so large The sky is green, the air is still, and deep, that he used to go down to it The mellow blackbird's voice is shrill. with a ladder; at the entrance of it was
The dog, so alter'd is his taste, a door with a spring lock on it, which Quits mutton-bones, on grass to feast. on shurting would fasten of itself. He Behold the rooks, how odd their flight was suddenly missed, ar.d diligent search They imitate the gliding kite, made after him; ponds were drawn, and And seem precipitate to fall, every suggestion adopted that could real
As if they felt the piercing ball.
The tender colts on back do lie, sonably lead to his discovery, dead or Nor heed the traveller passing by. alive. In a short time after, his house
In fiery red the sun doth rise, was sold; and the purchaser beginning to Then wailes through clouds to mount :he make some al'erations, the workmen dis skies, covered a door in the wine-cellar with a 'Twill surely rain, we see't with sorrow, key in the lock. On going down they No working in the fiells to-murrou'. found Foscue lying dead on the ground,
Darwin, with a candlestick near him, but no candle in it. On searching farther, they found the vast wealth that he had amass
January 14. ed. It is supposed, that, when he had OXPORD LENT Term begins. entered his cave, the door had by some St. Hilary. Sts. Felix. Sts. Isaias and accident shut after him; and thus being Sabbas. St. Barvasceminus, &c. out of the call of any person, he perished for want of food, in the midst of his terwards a priest, was, according to
St. Felix of Nola, an exorcist, and aftreasure.
Butler and Ribadeneira, a great miraculist. He lived under Decius, in 250;
being fettered and dungeoned in a cell, The hollow winds begin to blow;
covered with potsherds and broken glass, The clouds look black, the glass is low ; a resplendeni angel, seen by the saini The svot falls down, the spaniels sleepi
alone, because to him only was he sent, And spiders from their coliwebs peep.
freed him of his chains and guided him Last night the sun went pale to bed; to a mountain, where bishop Maximus, The moon in halos hid her head.
aged and frozen, lay for dead, whcm The boding shepherd heaves a sigh,
Felix recovered by praying; for, straightFor, see, a rainbow spans the sky.
way, he saw a bramble bear a bunch of The walls are damp, the ditches smell, Clos'd is the pink-ey'd pimpernel
grapes, with the juice whereof he reHark! how the chairs and tables crack,
covered the bishop, and taking him on his
back carried him home to his diocese. Old Belly's joints are on the rack : Her corns with shooting pains torment her,
Being pursued by pagans, he fled to And to her bed untimely send her.
some ruins and crept through a hole in Loud quack the ducks, the sea fowl cry,
the wall, which spiders closed with their The distant hills are looking nigh.
webs before the pagans got up to it, and How restless are the suorting swine ! there lay for six months miraculously The busy flies disturb the kire.
supported. According to the Legend, his Low o'er the grass the swallow wings body, for ages after his death, distilled a The cricket too, how sharp he sings!
liquor that cured diseases. Press on the hearth, with relret paws, Sits wiping o'er her whiskerid jaws.
CHRONOLOCY. The smoke from chimneys right ascendo
In January, 1784, died suddenly in Then spreading, back to carth it bends. Marclesfield-street, Soho, aged 79, Sam.
SIGNS OF FOUL WEATHER.
Crisp, esq., a relation of the celebrated Decius to a cavern, near which grew a sir Nicholas Crisp. There was a remark- palm-tree, that supplied him with leaves able singularity in the character of this for clothing, and fruit for food, till he was gentleman. He was a bachelor, had forty-three years of age; after which he was been formerly a broker in 'Change-alley, daily fed by a raven till he was ninety, and many years since had retired from and then died. St. Anthony, in his old business, with an easy competency. llis age, being tempted by vanity, imagined daily amuseinent, for fourteen years before, himself the first hermit, till the contrary was going from London to Greenwich, was revealed to him in a dream, wherefore, and immediately returning from thence, the next morning, he set out in search in the stage; for which he paid regularly of St. Paul. “St. Jerome relates from £27 a year. He was a good-humoured, his authors,” says Butler, " that he met a obliging, and face:ious companion, al- centaur, or creature, not with the nature ways paying a particular attention, and and properties, but with something of the a profusion of compliments, to the la- mixt shape of man and horse ; and that dies, especially to those who were agree- this monster, or phantom of the devil, able. He was perpetually projecting (St. Jerome pretends not to determine some little schemes for the benefit of the which it was,) upon his making the sign of public, or, to use his own favourite the cross, fled away, after pointing out maxim, pro bono publico; he was the in- the way to the saint. Our author (St. stitutor of the Lactarium in St. George's Jerome) adds, that St. Anthony soon after Fields, and selected the Latin mottoes for met a satyr, who gave him to understand the facetious Mrs. Henniver, who got a that he was an inhabitant of those deserts, little fortune there. He projected the and one of the sort whom the deluded mile and half stones round London ; and gentiles adored for gods." Ribadeteased the printers of newspapers into neira describes this satyr as with writhed the plan of letter-boxes. He was re- nostrils, two little horns on his forehead, markably humane and benevolent, and, and the feet of a goat. After two days' without the least ostentation, performed search, St. Anthony found St. Paul, and a many generous and charitable actions, raven brought a loaf, whereupon they which would have dignified a more am took their corporal refection. The next ple fortune.
morning, St. Paul told him he was going to die, and bid him fetch a cloak given to
St. Anthony by St. Athanasius, and wrap A suppliant to your window comes,
his body in it. St. Anthony then knew, Who trusts your faith, and fears no guile that St. Paul must have been informed of He claims admittance for your cruinbs,
the cloak by revelation, and went forth And reads his passport in your smile. from the desert to fetch it; but before his For cold and cheerless is the day,
return, St. Paul had died, and St. Anthony Aud he has sought the hedges round,
found two lions digging his grave with No berry hangs upon the spray:
their claws, wherein he buried St. Paul, Nor worm, nor ant-egg, can be found. first wrapping him in St. Athanasius's
cloak, and preserving, as a great treasure, Secure his suit will be preferred,
St. Paul's garment, made of palm-tree No fears his slender feet deter,
leaves, stitched together. How St.Jerome, For sacred is the household bird
in his conclusion of St. Paul's life, praises That wears the scarlet stomacher.
this garment, may be seen in Ribadeneira. January 15.
A writer, who signs himself “ Crito" in St. Paul, the first Hermit. St. Maurus. the “Truth Teller,” No. 15, introduces us
St. Main. St. John, Calybite. St. Isic to an honest enthusiast, discoursing to his dore. St. Bonitus. St. Ita, or Mida hearers on the snow-drop of the season, St. Paul, A. D. 342.
and other offerings from Flora, to the rollThe life of St. Paul, the first hermit, is ing year. “ Picture to your imagination, a said, by Butler, to have been written by poor, dirty' mendicant, of the order of St. St. Jerome in 365, who received an ac. Francis, who had long prayed and fasted count of it from St. Anthony and others. in his sanctuary, and long laboured in his According to him, when twenty-two years garden, issuing out on the morning of his old. St. Paul fled from the persecution of first pilgrimage, without money and with
THE WINTER ROBIN
out provisions, clad in t:is mantle and and have converted to your use and be-
many ; some few, as thus:-
When mother Autumn fills their beaks with corn,
of the same day, in a country expused to St Marcellus, Pope.
such astonishing, and, at times, almost inSt. Macarius the
cessant floods of rain." elder, of Egypt. St. Honoratus. St.
Behold yon bright, ethereal bow,
With evanescent beauties glow;
The spacious arch streams through the sky,
pour ; his severity against a certain apostate;"
Whilst colour into colour fades, and died pope in 310.
With blended lights and softening shades.
“ It is a happy effect of extreme mildes to his friend, a description of the rain
ness and moisture of climate, that most of bow on the hills at this season of the year.
our hills (in Ireland) are covered with Ile says, “ I could wish (provided I could
grass to a considerable height, and afford ensure you one fine day in the course of good pasturage both in suinmer and winthe week) that you were here, to enjoy, in
The grasses most abundant are the rapid succession, and, with all its wild dogstail
, (cynosurus cristatus,) several magnificence, the whirlwind, the tempest, fescue, (festuca duriuscula and pratensis,)
species of the meadow grass, (poa,) the che ocean's swell, and, as Burns beautifully and particularly the sweet-scented vernal expresses it,
grass, (anthoxanthum odoratum,) which Some gleams of sunshine, 'mid renewing abounds in the dry pastures, and moun
tain sides ; where its withered blossoms, To-day there have been fine bright in- which it is remarkable that the cattle dc tervals, and, while returning from a hasty not eat, give a yellowish brown tint to the ride, I have been greatly delighted with whole pasture. Our bog lands are overthe appearance of a rainbow, gradually run with the couch, or fiorin grass, (agrosadvancing before the lowering clouds, tis stolonifera,) several other species of sweeping with majestic stride across the the agrostis, and the aira. This is, introubled ocean, then, as it gained the deed, the country for a botanist; and one beach, and seemed almost within my so indefatigable as yourself, would not grasp, vanishing amid the storm, of which hesitate to venture with us across the rushy it had been the lovely, but treacherous, bog, where you would be so well rewarded forerunner. It is, I suppose, a conse for the labour of springing from one knot quence of our situation, and the close of rushes to another, by meeting with counection between sea and mountain,that the fringed blossoms of the bogbean, the rainliows here are so frequent, and so (menyanthes trifoliata,) the yellow asphopeculiarly beautiful.
Of an amazing del, (narthecium ossifragum,) the pale bog breadth, and with colours vivid beyond violet, (viola palustris,) both species of the description, I know not whether most to pinguicula, and of the beautiful drosera, adınire this aerial phenomenon, when, the English fly-trap, spreading its dewy suspended in the western sky, one end of leaves glistening in the sun. I could also the bow sinks behind the island of Boftin, point out to you, alnost hid in the noist while, at the distance of several leagues, recesses of some dripping rock, the pretty the other rests upon the misty hills of miniature fern, (trichomanes TunbridgenEnnis Turc; or when, at a later hour of the sis) which enu may remember showing me day, it has appeared stretched across the for the first ture at manbridge Wells: the simple sides of Mülbrea, penetrating far osmunda lunaria and regalis are also to be into the deep blue waters that flow at found, with other ferns, mosses, and liits base. With feelings of grateful recol- chens, which it is far beyond my botanica) lection too, we may hail the repeated visits skill to distinguish.—The man of science, of this heavenly niessenger, occasionally, to whatever branch of natural history his as often as five or six tinies in the course attention is directed, will indeed find