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ST. ANTHONY'S FIRE.

lars of the different grammar-schools asSt. Anthɔny's fire is an inflammatory sembled in the churchyard uf St. Barthodisease which, in the eleventh century, lomew, Smithfield, and then St. Anthony's raged violently in various parts. Accord- scholars commonly were the best, and caring to the legend, the intercession of St. ried the prizes; and that when the boys oi Anthony was prayed for, when it mira- St. Paul's school met with those of St. culously ceased ; and therefore, from that Anthony's, “ they would call them St. time, the complaint has been called St. Anthony's pigs, and they again would Anthony's fire.

call the others pigeons of Paul's; because ST. ANTHONY's pig.

many pigeous were bred in Paul's church,

and St. Anthony was always figured with Bishop Patrick, froin the Salisbury a pig following him." missal and other Romish service-books, The seal of St. Anthony's Hospital in cites the supplications to St. Anthony for London was about the size of a halfrelief from this disease. Catholic writers

crown; it represented the saint preaching affirm it to have been cured by the saint's to a numerous congregation, with his pig relics dipped in wine, which proved a beneath him. The Rev. Mr. Orton, rector present remedy. “ Neither," says Pa- of Raseby in Leicestershire, was supposed trick, who quotes the Romish writers, to have been its possessor by the late Mr.S. “ did this benefit by the intercession of Ayscough, who adds (in the Gent. Mag.) St. Anthony accrue only to men, but to that the hospital of St. Anthony had a grant cattle also; and from hence we are told of all the stray pigs which were not the custom arose of picturing this saint owned. He presumes that, from thence, with a log at his feet, because, the same originated the emblem of the saint's pig. author (Aymerus) says, on this animal In this he seems to have been mistaken ; God wrought miracles by his servant." it clearly did not originate in England. Patrick goes on to say, that in honour of Patrick's solution of it is more probable, St. Anthony's power of curing pigs," they and very likely to be correct. used in several places to tie a bell about St. Anthony is always represented by the neck of a pig, and maintain it at the the old painters with a pig by his side common charge of the parish,” from He is so accompanied in the wood-cut whence came our English proverb of to his life in the Golden Legend. There Tantony pig," or t'Antony, an abridge- are many prints of him, by early masters, ment of the Anthony pig.

in this way. Rubens painted a fine pic“ I remember," says Stow, “ that the ture of the Death of St. Anthony, wití. officers charged with the oversight of the his pig, or rather a large bacon hog, lying markets in this city did divers times take under the saint's bed: there is a good from the market people, pigs starved, or engraving f:om this picture by Ciouwet. otherwise unwholesome for man's sustenance; these they did slit in the car. One of the proctors for St. Anthony's In the British Museum there is a MS. (Hospital) tied a bell about the neck, (of with a remarkable anecdote that would one of them,) and let it feed on the dung- form an appendix to St. Anthony's day. hills : no man would hurt or take it The names of the parties are forgotten, up; but if any gave to them bread, or but the particulars, recollected from acciother feeding, such they (the pigs) would dental perusal, are these : know, watch for, and daily follow, whining A tailor was met out of doors by a pertill they had somewhat given them: where son who requested to be measured for a upon was raised a proverb, · Such an one suit of clothes, to be ready on that spot will follow such an one, and whine as it by that day week; and the stranger gave were (like) an Anthony pig.'

him a.piece of cloth to make them with. pig grew to be fat, and came to good From certain circumstances, the tailor liking, (as oftentimes they did,) then the suspected his new customer to be the proctor would take him up to the use of devil, and communicated his conjectures ihe hospital.

to a clergyman, who advised him to exe. St. Anthony's school in London, now cute the order, but carefully to save every gone to decay, was anciently celebrated piece, even the minutest shred he ce for the proficiency of its pupils. Siow from the cloth, and put the whole into a relates, that, in his youth, he annually saw, wrapper with the clothes; he further on the eve of St. Bartholomew, the scho- promised the tailor 10 go with him on thn

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appointed day to the place where they and ladies mob and scramble, and crowd
were delivered. When all was ready and and bribe, and fight their way to the best
the day arrived, they both went thither, place they can obtain.
and the person waiting justified the tai “ At the extremity of the great nave
tor's suspicions; for be abused the tailor behind the altar, and mounted upon a
because he brought a divine, and imme tribune designed or ornamented by Mi-
diately vanished in their presence, leav- chael Angelo, stands a sort of throne,
ing the clothes and pieces of cloth in the composed of precious materials, and sup-
possession of the tailor, who could not ported by four gigantic figures. A glory
sell the devil's cloth to pay himself for the of seraphim, with groups of angels, sheds
making, for fear of the consequences : a brilliant light upon its splendours. This
And here ends the history

throne enshrines the real, plain, wormOf this wonderful mystery;

eaten, wooden chair, on which St. Peter, from which may be drawn, by way of mo

the prince of the apostles, is said to have ral, that a tailor ought not to take an or- pontificated; more precious than all the der from a stranger without a reference.

bronze, gold, and gems, with which it is hidden, not only froin impious, but fronı

holy eyes, and which once only, in the January 18.

Alight of ages, was profaned by mortal in

spection. St. Peter's Chair at Rome. St. Paul and

“ The sacrilegious curiosity of the Thirty-six Companions in Egypt. St. French broke through all obstacles to Prisca. St. Deicolus. St. Ulfrid.

their seeing the chair of St. Peter. They The Feast of St. Peter's chair is kept actually removed its superb casket, and by the Romish church on this day. Lady discovered the relic. Upon its njoulderMorgan says that it is one of the very few ing and dusty surface were traced carvfunctions as they are called (funzioni) ce- ings, which bore the appearance of lebrated in the cathedral of St. Peter, at letters. The chair was quickly brought Rome. She briefly describes this cele- into a better light, the dust and cobwebs bration, and says something respecting removed, and the inscription (for an inSt. Peter's chair. “The splendidly dress. scription it was) faithfully copied. The ed troops that line the nave of the cathe- writing is in Aradıc characters, and is dral, the variety and richness of vestments the well-known confession of Mahometan which clothe the various church and lay faith, There is but one God, and Madignitaries, abbots, priests, canons, pre Bomet is his prophet!' It is supposed lates, cardinals, doctors, dragoons, sena that this chair had been, among the spoils tors, and grenadiers, which march in pro- of the crusaders, offered to the church cession, complete, as they proceed up the at a time when a taste for antiquarian vast space of this wondrous temple, a lore, and the deciphering of inscriptions, spectacle nowhere to be equalled within

were not yet in fashion. This story has the pale of European civilisation. In the been since hushed up, the chair replaced, midst of swords and crosiers, of halberds and none but the unhallowed remember and crucifixes, surrounded by banners, the fact, and none but the audacious reand bending under the glittering tiara of

Yet such there are, even at threefold power, appears the aged, feeble, Rome!" and worn-out pope, borne aloft on men's

St. Prisca. shoulders, in a chair of crimson and gold, and environed by slaves, (for such they dar of the church of England this day, as

This saint's festival stands in the calenlook,) who waft, from plumes of ostrich feathers mounted on ivory wands, a cool- well as in that of the Romish church. ing gale, to refresh his exhausted frame, that she was a Roman, and martyred

Nothing is certainly known of her except 100 frail for the weight of such honours.

about 275. All fall prostrate, as he passes up

the church to a small choir and throne, temporarily erected beneath the chair of St. POWERFUL OPTICAL ILLUSION. Peter.' A solemn service is then per In the London journals of January, formed, hosannas arise, and royal vota- 1824, the following anecdote from a Carrists and diplomatic devotees parade the low paper bears the above title:-“A church, with guards of honour and run- young lady, who died in this town, had ning footmen, while English gentlemen been some time previous to her death

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the spectre.

ANOTHER SPECTRE.

attended by a gentleman of the medical eyes on the writing-table, as though it profession. On the evening of her de chiefly desired to be acquainted with the ceasė, as this gentleman was sitting in books and papers that lay upon it. The company with a friend of his, and in the writer shut and rubberi his eyes, and act of taking a glass of punch, he ima- again the eyes of the face were intently gined he saw the lady walking into the upon him; watching it, he grasped the room where himself and his friend were candlestick, strode hastily towards the sitting, and, having but a few hours be room door, which is about two feet from fore visited her, and found her in a dying the pane, observed the face as hastily state, the shock that his nerves experi draw back, unlatched the closet door on enced was so great, that the glass which the landing, was in an instant within the held the punch fell from his hands, and closet, and there to his astonishment found he himself dropped on the floor in a faint- nothing. It was impossible that the pering fit. After he had perfectly recovered son could have escaped from the closet himself, and made inquiry about the lady. before his own foot was at its door, yet he it was ascertained that a few minutes be- examined nearly every room in the house, fore the time the medical gentleman ima- until reflecting that it was folly to see's gined he had seen her in his friend's for what, he was convinced, had no bodily apartment, she had departed this life.” existence, he returned up stairs and went Perhaps this vision may be illustrated by to bed, pondering on the recollection of others.

A SPECTRE. The Editor of the Every-Day Book now To the preceding narative the Editor relates an appearance to himself.

adds an account of a subsequent appariOne winter evening, in 1821, he was tion, which he saw, and for greater ease writing in a back room on an upper floor he writes it in the first person, as follows: of the house No. 45, Ludgate-hill, where In January, 1824, one, whose relationin he now resides. He had been so closely ship commanded my affection, was about engaged in that way and in reading dur. to leave England 'with his family for a ing several preceding days, that he had distant part of the world. The day or taken every meal alone, and in that room, two preceding his departure I passed nor did he usually go to bed until two or with him and his wife and children. Our three o'clock in the morning. In the separation was especially painful; my early part of the particular evening al mind was distressed, and I got little sleep. luded to, his attention had become wea He had sailed from Gravesend about three ried. After a doze he found himself re- days, and a letter that he had promised freshed, and was writing when the chimes to write from the Downs had not arrived. of St. Paul's clock sounded a quarter to On the evening of the 29th I retired late, two: long before that dead hour all the and being quite wearied slept till an unfamily had retired to rest, and the house usually late hour the next morning, withwas silent. A few minutes afterwards out a consciousness of having dreamed, or he moved round his chair towards the being, as I found myself, alone. With fire-place, and opposite to a large pane of my head on the pillow I opened my eyes glass which let the light from the room to an extraordinary appearance. Against into a closet otherwise dark, the door of the wall on the opposite side of the room, which opened upon the landing-place. His and level with my sight, the person, reeye turning upon the glass pane, he was specting whom I had been so anxious, lay amazed by the face of a mian anxiously a corpse, extended at full length, as if restwatching him from the closet, with knit ing on a table. A greyish cloth covered inquiring brows. The features were pro the entire body except the face; the eyes minent and haggard, and, though the look were closed, the countenance was cadawas somewhat ferocious, it indicated in- verous, the mouth elsagated from the ense curiosity towards the motions of the falling of :he jaws, and the lips were writer, rather than any purpose of imme purpled. I shut my eyes, rubbed them diate mischief to him. The face seemed and gently raising my head continued to somewhat to recede with a quick motion gaze on the body, till from weariness of when he first saw it, but gazing on it with the attitude and exhausted spirits, I great earnestuess it appeared closer to the dropped on the pillow, and insensibly glass, looking at him for a moment, and sunk to sleep, for perhaps a quarter of an thers with more eager anxiety bending its hour. On again awaking, the spectre was

not there. I then arose, and having men- he and his family were at the place o tioned the circumstance to some of my their destination. This spectral appear family, caused a memorandum to be made ance therefore at Ludgate-lill, between of what I had seen. In the course of the eight and nine o'clock of the morning on forenoon a person arrived who had gone the 30tn of January, was no indication o. round with the vessel to the Downs, from his death, nor would it have been had he whence he had been put ashore the morn- died about that time, although the co. ing before, and saw the ship in full sail. ir.cidence of the apparition and his deHe was the hearer of the letter I had ex cease would have been remarkable. The pected from the individual aboard, whose case at Carlow only differs from the case appearance I had witnessed only a few at Ludgate-hill by the decease of the hours previous to its being put into my lady having been coeval with her spectral hands; it of course relieved no apprehen- appearance to the gentleman who was sion that might have been excited by the depressed by her illness. The face which recent spectre.

the writer saw looking at him from a “ That the dead are seen no more," closet in the dead of night was no likesaid Imlac, “I will not undertake to ness of any one he knew, and he saw maintain against the concurrent and un each spectre when his faculties had been varied testimony of all ages and of all na- forced' beyond their healthful bearing. tions. There is no people, rude or learn- Under these circumstances, his eyesignt ed, among whom apparitions of the dead was not to be trusted, and he refuses to are not related and believed. This opi- admit it, although the spectres were so nion, which, perhaps, prevails as far as extraordinary, and appeared under such human nature is diffused, could become circumstances that probably they will universal only by its truth; those, that never be forgotten. never heard of one another, would never have agreed in a tale which nothing

but Coupled with the incidents just related, experience can make credible. That the death of the king of Naples in Jait is doubted by single cavillers can nuary 1825, which was first announced very little weaken the general evidence, in the News" Sunday paper on the 16th and some who deny it with their tongues of the month, recalls the recollection of confess it by their fears."

a singular_circumstance in the bay of No man is privileged to impugn the Naples. The fact and the facts preceding knowledge of existences which others it are related by Dr. Southey in his “ Life have derived from their experience; but of Nelson." Having spoken of Nelson's he who sees, without assenting to reali- attachment to lady Hamilton, and his ties, audaciously rejects positive proof to weariness of the world, Dr. Southey prohimself, where presumptive testimony ceeds thus :would be satisfactory to most : he daringly

“Well had it been for Nelson if he falsifies what he knows to be indubita- had made no other sacrifices to this unbly true, and secret convictions belie the happy attachment than his peace of shameless hardihood of pretended incre- mind; but it led to the only blot upon dulity. These, it is presumed, would be his public character. While he sailed the sentiments of the great' author of from Palermo, with the intention of colRasselas, upon the expression of dis- lecting his whole force, and keeping off belief in him who had witnessed spectral Maretimo, either to receive reinforceappearances; and yet the writer of these ments there, if the French were bound pages, with a personal knowledge upon upwards, or to hasten to Minorca, if that the subject, declines to admit that know- should be their destination, capt. Foote, ledge as good evidence. He would say in the Seahorse, with the Neapolitan untruly were he to affirm, that when he frigates and some small vessels under his saw the corpse-like form, and for some command, was left to act with a land time afterwards, he had no misgivings as force consisting of a few regular troops, to the safety of his friend. It was not of four different nations, and with the until a lapse of six months that the armed rabble which cardinal Ruffo called vessel was reported to have touched at a the Christian arıny. His directions were certain port in good condition, and this to cooperate to the utmost of his power was followed by a letter from the indivi- with royalists, at whose head Ruffo had dual himself, wherein he affirmed his been placed, and he had no other instrua gond bealth; he subsequently wrote, that tions whatever. Ruffc advancing with

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out any plan, but relying upon the ene “ Prince Francesco Caraccioli, a young-
my's want of numbers, which prevented er branch of one of the noblest Neapoli-
them from attempting to act upon the tan families, escaped from one of these
offensive, and ready to take advantage of castles before it capitulated. He was at
any accident which might occur, ap- the head of the marine, and was nearly
proached Naples. Fort St. Elmo, which seventy years of age, bearing a high
commands the town, was wholly garrison- character both for professional and per-
ed by the French troops; the castles of sonal merit. He had accompanied the
Uovo and Nuovo, which commanded the court to Sicily; but when the revolution-
anchorage, were chiefly defended by Nea- ary government, or Parthenopæan repub
politan revolutionists, the powerful men lic, as it was called, issued an edict
among them having taken shelter there. Ordering all absent Neapolitans to return,
If these castles were taken, the reduction on pain of confiscation of their property,
of Fort St. Elmo would be greatly ex- he solicited and obtained permission of
pedited. They were strong places, and the king to return, his estates being very
there was reason to apprehend that the great. It is said that the king, when he
French fleet might arrive to relieve them. granted him this permission, warned him
Ruffo proposed to the garrison to capitu- not to take any part in politics ; express-
late, on condition that their persons and ing, at the same time, his own persuasion
property should be guaranteed, and that that he should recover his kingdom. But
they should, at their own option, either be neither the king, nor he himself, ought
sent to Toulon, or remain at Naples, to have imagined that, in such times, a
without being molested either in their man of such reputation would be per-
persons or families. This capitulation mitted to remain inactive; and it soon
was accepted : it was signed by the car. appeared that Caraccioli was again in
dinal, and the Russian and Turkish com command of the navy, and serving under
manders ; and, lastly, by capt. Foote, as the republic against his late sovereign.
commander of the British force. About The sailors reported that he was forced
six and thirty hours afterwards Nelson to act thus : and this was believed, till it
arrived in the bay, with a force which had was seen that he directed ably the offen-
.oined him during his cruise, consisting sive operations of the revolutionists, and
of seventeen sail of the line, with 1700 did not avail himself of opportunities
troops on board, and the prince royal of for escaping when they offered. When
Naples in the admiral's ship. A hag of the recovery of Naples was evidently
truce was flying on the castles, and on near, be applied to cardinal Ruffo, and
board the Seahorse. Nelson made a sig- to the duke of Calvirrano, for protection;
nal to annul the treaty; declaring that he expressing his hope, that the few days
would grant rebels no other terms than during which he had been forced to obey
those of unconditional submission. The the French, would not outweigh forty
cardinal objected to this: nor could all years of faithful services :—but, perhaps,
the arguments of Nelson, sir W. Hamil- not receiving such assurances as he wish-
ton, and lady Hamilton, who took an ed, and knowing too well the temper of
active part in the conference, convince the Sicilian court, he endeavoured to
bim that a treaty of such a nature, so secrete himself, and a price was set upon
'emnly concluded, could honourably be his head. More unfortunately for others
set aside. He retired at last, silenced by than for himself, he was brought in alive,
Nelson's authority, but not convinced. having been discovered in the disguise of
Capt. Foote was sent out of the bay; and a peasant, and carried one inorning on
the garţisons taken out of the castles, board lord Nelson's ship, with his hands
under pretence of carrying the treaty into tied behind him.
effect, were delivered over as rebels to “ Caraccioli was well known to the
the vengeance of the Sicilian court.-A British officers, and had been ever highly
deplorable transaction ! a stain upon the esteemed by all who knew him. Cup
memory of Nelson, and the honour of Hardy ordered him immediately to be
England ! To palliate it would be in unbound, and to be treated with all those
vain; to justify it would be wicked: attentions which he felt due to a man
there is no alternative, for one who will who, when last on board the Foudroyant,
not make himself a participator in guilt, had been received as an admiral and a
but to record the disgraceful story with prince. Sir William and lady Hamilton
horrow and with shame

were in the ship; but Nelson, it is affiim

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