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IVednesday the Ninth Day of November Cape Aletris. Veltheimia glauca.
next to be accompanied by his Brethren Dedicated to the four Brothers.
the Aldermen, and attended by the Livery of the several Companies of this City, to
go from Guildhall, exactly at Eleven November 9,
o'clock in the Forenoon, to Blackfriars
Stairs, and from thence by Water to
John Laterans. St. Theodorus, sur- his return will land at Blackfriars Stairs,
St. Benignus, or Binen, Church Yard, Cheapside, and down King
Street to the Guildhall, to Dinner: Lord Mayor's Dap.
Now, for the more decent and orderly
Performance of the said Solemnity, and To the Editor of the Every-Day Book. for preventing any Tumults and Disorders Sir,
which may happen by the great Concourse Enclosed are official printed copies of the two precepts issued previous to
These are in his Majesty's Name 10 relord mayor's day, for the purpose of in- quire you to cause the Constables within forming the master and wardens of the double Watch and Ward of able Men
Ward to keep a good and sufficient respective livery companies, to whom well weaponed on that Day, as well as at they are directed, (as well as the alder- the landing Places as in the Streets men of the wards through which the pro- through which the said Solemnities are to cession passes,) of the preparations necessary to be made on that day
. These pre said Constables to preserve the said
pass; and you are required to charge the cepts are first ordered to be printed at a Streets and Passages free and clear fron court of aldermen; directions accordingly all Stops and Obstructions, and not pero are afterwards given by the town clerk, mit any Coach, Cart, or Dray to stand and, when printed, they are sent to the therein'; and if any Coachman, Dray, four attornies of the lord mayor's court, inan, or Carman refuse to move out of by whom they are filled up, afterwards the said Streets
, that they carry such they are left at the mansion-house, and Coachman, Drayman, or Carman to one lastly they are intrusted to the marshal of the Compters, and such Coach, Dray, men to be delivered. The larger preceptor Cart to the Green Yard, and take their is sent to the aldermen of the wards of Numbers that they may be prosecuted acCheap, Cordwainer, Vintry, Farringdon cording to Law. And although every within, Farringdon wathout, Bread-street, Person is bound by the Law to take Cripplegate within, and Castle Baynard. Notice of all general Acts of Parliament, The smaller precept is forwarded to the yet that there may not be the least colour whole of the livery companies.
or pretence of Ignorance or Inadvertency, I am, sir, &c.
these are also to require you to cause your
S. G. • Beadle to go from House to House, and November 2, 1825.
acquaint the several Inhabitants, that by
an Act of Parliament made in the ninth Precept to the Aldermen.
and tenth years of the Reign of King By the MAYOR.
William the Third (which is made per•
petual,) It is enacted that no Person ol To the Aldermen of the Ward of
what degree or quality soever shall make, FORASmuch as William VENABLES, sell, or expose to sale, any Squibs, Ser Esquire, lately elected Lord Mayor of pents, or other Fireworks; or any Cases this City for the Year ensuing, is on Moulds, or other Implements whatsoever
for making such Fireworks, nor shall per• any offending, they shall be prosecuted mit any Person to cast or throw any forsuch their Neglect, Default, or RemissSquibs, Serpents, or other Fireworks ness, according to the utmost Severity of from out of, or in their Houses, Lodgings, the Law. Dated this Eleventh Day of or Habitation, nor shall any Person October, 1825.
WOODTHORPE. whatsoever cast, throw, or fire any such Printed by Arthur Taylor. Printer to the Honourable City of
Loudon, Basinghall Street. Squibs, Serpents, or other Fireworks, in, out of, orinto any Street, House, or Passage; every such Offence being adjudged Precept to the Companies by the said
Act to be a common Nuisance, and every Offender for every such single to the Master and Wardens of the
By the MAYOR. Offence being liable to the several Penal. ties inflicted by the said Act.
Company of And you are to enjoin your Constables
WHEREAS the Right Honourable the and Watchmen carefully to observe and Lord Mayor Elect and Court of Alderapprehend all such Persons as shall pre- Westminster, on Wednesday the 9th day
men have appointed at their return from sume to offend against the said Act, or shall commit any Riots, Tumults, or
of November uext, to land at Blackfriars other Disorders whatsoever, and bring Stairs, and pass from thence to Fleet them before me or some other of his Ma- Street, through Ludgate Street, to St. jesty's
Justices of the Peace within this Paul's Church Yard, down Cheapside and City, that they may be punished
, to the Guildhall to Dinner: ing to the said Act, and as the Law di
These are therefore to require you to rects.
be in your Barge by Eleven o'clock in the And that you cause Notice to be given Forenoon precisely, his Lordship being to the Inhabitants of your Ward to adorn resolved to be going by that time; and the Fronts and Balconies of their Houses that as well in your going as return you with their best Hangings or other Orna- will cause your Barge to go in order ments, and that they cause the Streets be- according to your precedency; and fore their respective Houses to be cleanly that such of your Company as walk swept and well paved and amended, in the Streets land at Blackfriars Stairs whereof the Scavengers are also to take aforesaid ; and that you be early and reNotice, and to be warned that they see the gular in taking and keeping your Standsame duly and effectually performed. ings. Dated the Eleventh day of OctoAnd if any Constable, Beadle, or other ber, 1825. Officer shall be found remiss and negli
WOODTHORPE. gent in their Duty, in not apprehending Prioted by a Tay'or, 40, Cusingball Street.
The procession of the corporation of other of the mayor's own proper arms London to Westminster on the occasion Then a set of hautboys playing, and after of the new lord mayor being sworn into them certain wyfflers," in velvet coats office, is familiar to most residents in the and chains of gold, with white staves in metropolis, and the journals annually re their hands; then the Pageant of Tricord the modern processions and festivals umph richly decked, whereupon by cer. in the Guildhall, sufficiently to acquaint tain figures and writings, some matter those who have not witnessed them with touching justice and the office of a mathe nature of the proceedings. It is not gistrate is represented. Then sixteen purposed then, for the present, to describe trumpeters, eight and eight, having banwhat passes in our own times, but to ac ners of the mayor's company. Then quaint the citizens and all who feel an certain wyfflers in velvet coats and chains, interest in ancient customs, with some with white staves as before. Then the thing of the splendour attendant upon the bachelors, two and two, in long gowns, ceremony in old times.
with crimson hoods on their shoulders of In 1575, “ William Smythe, citezen satin; which bachelors are chosen every and haberdasher of London," wrote “A year of the same company, that the mayor breffe description of the Royall Citie of is of, (but not of the living) and serve as London, capital citie of this realme of gentlemen on that and other festival days, England." This manuscript which is in to wait on the mayor, being in number existence sets forth as follows:
according to the quantity of the company, “ The day of St. Simon and St. Jude, sometimes sixty, or one hundred. After the mayor enters into his state and office. them twelve trumpeters more, with banThe next day he goes by water to West- ners of the mayor's company; then the minster in most triumphant-like manner, drum and Aute of the city, and an ensign his barge being garnished with the arms of of the mayor's company; and after, the the city; and near it a ship-boat of the waits of the city in blue gowns, red queen's majesty being trimmed up and sleeves and caps, every one having a rigged like a ship of war, with divers silver collar about his neck. Then they pieces of ordnance, standards, peonons, of the livery in their long gowns, every and targets of the proper arms of the said one having his hood on his left shoulder, mayor, of his company, and of the mer half-black and half-red, the number of chants' adventurers, or of the staple, or them according to the greatness of the of the company of the new trades ; next company whereof they are. After then before him goeth the barge of the livery follow sheriff's-officers, and then the of his own company, decked with their mayor's officers, with other officers of the own proper arms; then the bachelors' barge ; and so all the companies in Lon * Whiffler, Mr. Douce says, in his “ Illustra. don, in order, every one having their own tions of Shakspeare," is a term undoubtedly borproper barge, with the arms of their com
rowed from whime, another name for a fife or
small dute; for whifflers were originally those pany. And so passing along the Thames, who preceded armies or processions, as kifers or ne landeth at Westminster, where he pipers : in process of time the term uhifiler, taketh his oath in the exchequer before fifer, came to signify any person who went be
which had been always used in the sense of a the judge there; which done, be returneth fore in a procession. He observes, that Min
shew defines him to be a club or staff-bearer by water as aforesaid, and landeth at
and that it appears, whifflers carried white Paul's wharf, where he, and the rest of staves, as in the annual feast of the printers, the aldermen take their horses, and in founders, and ink-makers, described by Randle great pomp pass through Cheapside. Mr. Archdeacon Nares, in his Glossary, cites And first of all cometh two great stand
Grose's mention of the whiflers at Norwich, ards, one having the arms of the city, and ing their swords.
who make way for the corporation by flourish the other the arms of the mayor's com A friend informs me, tnat the dexterity of the
Norwich whifflers in turning thei“ swords to pany: next them two drums and a flute,
every possible direction is amazing, then an ensign of the city, and then about Mr. Archdeacon Nares remarks, that in the 1xx or lxxx poore men marching two and city of London, young freemen, who march at
the head of their proper companies on the two, in blue gowns, with red sleeves and
lord Mayor's day, sometimes with flags, were caps, every one bearing a pike and a lar called whiflers, or bachelor whifters, not be
cause they cleared the way, but because they get, whereon iç painted the arms of all
went first as whifflers did; and he quotes a chathem that have been mayors of the same racter in the old
play of the City Malch, saying, company that this new mayor is of. Then “I look'd the next lord mayor's day to see you
of the livery, or one of the bachelor skifters." two banners, one of the king's arms the
Hone on Mysteries
city, as the common serjeant, and the mayoralty, in 1613, the solemnity is dechamberlain ; next before the mayor scribed as unparalleled for the cost, art, goeth the sword-bearer, having on his and magnificence of the shows, pageants head the cap of honour, an the sword of chariots, morning, noon, and night try the city in his right hand, in a rich scab- umphs. In 1655, the city pageants, afte. tard, set with pearl, and on his left hand a discontinuance of about fourteen years, goeth the common crier of the city, with were revived. Edmund Gayton, the auhis great mace on his shoulder all gilt. thor of the description for that year, says, The mayor hath on a long gown of scar- that “our metropolis for these planetary let, and on his left shoulder a hood of pageants, was as famous and renowned in black velvet, and a rich collar of gold of foreign nations, as for their faith, wealth, SS. about his neck, and with him rideth and valour.” In the show of 1659, an the old mayor also, in bis scarlet gown, European, an Egyptian, and a Persian, hood of velvet, and a chain of gold about were personated. On lord mayor's day, his neck. Then all the aldermen, two 1671, the king, queen, and duke of York, and two, (among whom is the recorder,) and most of the nobility being present, all in scarlet gowns; those that have been there were “sundry shows, shapes, scenes, mayors have chains of gold, the others speeches and songs, in parts;” and the have black velvet tippets. The two she. like, in 1672, and 1673, when the king riffs come last of all, in their black scarlet again “graced the triumphs." The king, gowns and chains of gold. In this order queen, duke and duchess of York, prince they pass along through the city to the Rupert, the duke of Monmouth, foreign Guildhall,where they cine that day, to the ambassadors, the chief nobility, and senumber of one thousand persons, all at the cretary of state, were at the celebration of charge of the mayor and the two sheriffs. lord mayor's day, in 1674, when there This feast costeth 4001., whereof the were “ emblematical figures, artful piece: mayor payeth 2001, and each of the she
of architecture, and rural dancing, with riff's 1001. Immediately after dinner, pieces spoken on each pageant." they go to St. Paul's church, every one of The printed description of these prothe aforesaid poor men bearing staff, cessions are usually entitled “ Triumphs," torches, and targets, which torches are though they are more commonly called lighted when it is late, before they come “ The London Pageants," all of them are from evening prayer.'
.•* In more ancient scarce, and some of such extreme rarity, times, the procession to and from West- as to bear a price at the rate of two and minster was by land; until in 1453, sir three guineas a leaf. The description of John Norman built a sumptuous barge at sir Patience Ward's show, on the 29th of his own expense, for the purpose of going October, 1680, composed by Thomas by water, whereupon watermen made a Jordan, is an interesting specimen of the song in his praise, beginning, “ Row thy setting out and pageantry of this procesboat, Norman." The twelve companies sion. The lord mayor being of the livery emulating their chief have, from that of the merchant-tailors' company, at seven period, graced the Thames on lord mayor's o'clock in the morning, liverymen of the day.
first rank, appointed to conduct the busiThe first account of this annual exhi ness of the day, assembled at merchantbition known to have been published, was tailors' hall, to meet the masters, wardens, written by George Peele, for the inaugu- and assistants, in their gowns, faced with ration of sir Wolstone Dixie, knight, on foyns, (the skin of the martin.) In the the 29th of October, 1585. On that oc second rank, others in gowns faced with casion, as was customary to the times, budge, (lambs'-skin, with the wool dressed there were dramatic representations in the outwards,) and livery - hoods. In the procession-of an allegorical character. third rank, a number of foyns-bachelors, Children were dressed to personify the and forty budge-bachelors, both attired in city, magnanimity, loyalty, science, the scarlet hoods and gowns. Sixty gentlecountry, and the river Thames. They men-ushers, in velvet coats and chains ci also represented a soldier, a sailor, and gold, bearing white staves. Thirty more nymphs, with appropriate speeches. The in plush and buff, bearing colours and show opened with a moor on the back of banners. Thirty-six of the king's truma lynx. On sir Thomas Middleton's peters, with silver trumpets, headed by
the serjeant-trumpeter, he wearing two • Dr. Drake's Shakspeare and his Times, vol. ii.
scarfs, one the lord mayor's, and the other
the company's colours. The king's drum- some of the attendants, take barge at the major followed by four of the king's west-end of the wharf; the court of asdrums and fifes. Seven other drums and sistants' livery, and the best of the gentwo fifes, wearing vests of buff, with black tlemen-nishers taking barge at the eat. breeches and waste scarfs. Two city end. The rest of the ushers, with the marshals on horseback, with attendants. foyas and the budge-bachelors, remain The foot.marshal, with a rich broad ashore, with others, to await the return of shoulder-scarf, to put them in rank and his lordship, who proceeds with several file, attended by six others. The fence- city companies by water, and is rowed inaster, with attendants, bearing bright all along by the Strand to Westminster, broadswords drawn. Poor pensioners, a pleasure boat with great guns aboard with gowns and caps, bearing standards saluting him on the way. At New Palace and banners. A troop of poor persons, Stairs they disembark, and making a lane in azure gowns and caps. One hundred to the hall, the lord mayor passes along more with javelins and targets, bearing to take the oath and go through the usual the arms of their benefactors. Being all ceremonies. These being completed, he assembled, they are by the foot-marshal's makes a liberal donation to the poor of judgment, arranged into six divisions, Westminster, re-embarks with all his reranked out by two and two. The first tinue, and being rowed back to Blackdivision contains the ensigns of the com- friars Stairs, he lands there under beat of pany, followed by the poor company of drum and a salute of three volleys from pensioners. Four drums and one fife. the artillery company in their martial Pensioners in coats as before described. ornaments, some in buif, with head-pieces, Persons of worth, each bearing a standard maoy being of massy silver. From or banner. Four trumpets. Two mer- Blackfriars they march before the lord chant-tailor's ensigns, bearing their sup. mayor and aldermen through Cheapside porters and crest, Six gentlemen-ushers. to Guildhall. The pensioners and banThe budge-bachelors, marching in mea. ners who went not to Westminster, being sured order. Second divison. Six trum- set in order to march, the foot-marshal in pets. Two gentlemen, bearing the coats the rear of the artillery company, leads of arms of the city, and the merchant- the way along by the channel up Ludgate tailors'company, Fight Gentlemen, wear- hill, through Ludgate, into St. Paul's ing gold chains. The foyns-bachelors, Churchyard, and so into Cheapside, Third division. Two gentlemen in velvet where his lordship is entertained by the coats with banners. Ten gentlemen- first pigeant, consisting of a large stage ushers in coats and chains of gold, as be- with the coat armour of the merchantfore described. A large body of the tailors' company, eminently erected, con livery in their gowns and livery-hoods, sisting of a large tent royal, gules, fringed followed by all lord mayors in the po- and richly garnished, or, lined, faced, tential mood.” In their rear divers of the and doubled ermine. This stage is city trumpets. Two gentlemen bearing winged or flanked by two other stages, the arms of the city and the lord mayor. bearing two excellent figures of lively Gentlemen-ushers. The court of assist- carved camels, the supporters to the comants. Four drums. Six trumpets. Three pany's coat. On the back of one camel, gallants, bearing the banners of the dia- a black native Indian, in a golden robe, a dem. The king's, queen's, and city's purple niantle fringed with gold, pearl ensigns, attended by six gentlemen as pendants in his ears, coronet of gold with pages. The masters and wardens of the feathers, and golden buskins laced with merchant-tailors' company. Thus formed scarlet ribbon, holds a golden bridle in they march from merchant-tailors' hall to his left, and a banner of the company, the lord mayor's house, where his lordship representing Treasure in his right hand. and the aldermen take horse, according to On the other camel, a West Indian, in a their degree, and the whole body proceed robe of silver, scarlet mantle, diamonds in state to Guildhall. Being met at the pendant from his ears, buskins of silver
, wate by the old lord mayor, and there at- laced with purple ribbons, a golden crown tired with the gown, fur hood, and scarf, feathered, holds a silver bridle in his left, and guarded by knights, esquires, and and a banner of the lord mayor, repregentlemen, they all march through King- senting Traffic, in his right hand. On street down to Three-Crane-wharf, where one of the camel stages four figures sit on the lord mayor and aldermen, discharging pedestals, one at each corner, represent