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Tu Duke's-prace, as he was directed

learning was extensive; his abilities great By notice, and he there expected

his application unwearied; his integrity To find both bail--but none could tell

unimpeached. In religious principles he Where the first bail lived -

was an Unitarian Christian and Protest. Ningay.

Very well.

ant; in political principles the friend of the dusien. And this deponent further says,

civil liberties of mankind, and the genuing That, asking who the second was,

constitution of his country. lle died He found he'd bankrupt been, and yet Had ne'e: obtained certificate.

August 4, 1787, and was buried on the When ic his house deponent went,

9th in Bunhill-fields' burying-ground, near He full four stories high was sent,

to the grave of Dr. Jebb," his tutor at And found a lodging almost bare ;

college: “ the classical hand of Dr. Parr" No furniture, but half a chair,

commemorated him by an epitaph. A table, bedstead, broken tiddle And a bureau. (Signed) William Priddle.

One of the best papers in Mr. Knigiii's Sworo at my chambers.

late“ Quarterly Magazine," of good artı Francis Buller. cles, is so suitable to this day, legally Mlingay. No affidavit can be fuller. considered, that any one sufficiently inWell, fiend, you've heard this attidavil, terested to sympathize with “ the cares What do you say?

and the fears” of a young lawyer, or, 2. Bril.

-Sir, by your leave, it indeed, any one who dares 10 admit that Is all a lie.

a lawyer may have bowels, as well as an Mingay. Sir, have a care,

appetite, will suffer the Confessions of a What is your trade ?

Barrister to be recorded here. d Bail.

A scavenger.
Mingay. And, pray, sir, were you never


A lawyer,” says an old comedy Tankrupt ?

which I once read at the British Museum, 2d Bail. I'm worth a thousand pound.

“ is an odd sort of fruit—first rottenMingay. A thousand pound, friend, boldly then green-and then ripe." There is

said In what consisting ?

too much of truth in the homely figure. 2d Bail. Stock in trade.

The first years of a young barrister are Mingay. And, pray, friend, tell me,—do spent, or rather worn out, in anxious

leisure. Ilis talents rust, his temper is What sum you're bail for ?

injured, his little patrimony wastes away, 2d Bail.

Truly no and not an attorney shows a sign of reMlingay. My lords, you hear,-no oaths

He endures term after term, and have check'd him:

circuit after circuit, that greatest of all I hope your lord ships will

evils-a rank above his means of supportWilles.

Reject him.

ing it. He drives round the country in Mingay. Well, friend, now tell me where

a post-chaise, and marvels what Johnson Ist Bail, Sir, I have liv'd in Clerkenwell

found so exhilarating in its motion—that These ten years.

is, if he paid for it himself.

He eats Mingay. Half-a-guinea dead. (Aside.) venison, and drinks claret; but he loses

the flavour of both when he reflects that My loris, if you've the notice read, It says Dicke's-place. So I desire

his wife (for the food is married, and A little further time :' inquire.

married for love too!) has perhaps just Baldwin. Why, Mr. Mingay, all this va

dined for the third time on a cold neck pour

of mutton, and has not tasted wine since Willes. Take till to morrow,

their last party—an occurrence beyond Lord Mansfield.

even legal memory. He leaves the fesThe preceding pleasantry came from tive board early, and takes a solitary the pen

of the late John Baynes, Esq. a walk-returns to his lodgings in the twiYorkshire gentleman, who was born in light, and sees on his table a large white April, 1758, educated for the law at rectangular body, which for a moment he Trinity college, Cambridge, obtained supposes may be a brief-alas! it is only prizes for proficiency in philosophy and a napkin. lle is vexed, and rings to classical aitainments, was admitted of have it removed, when up comes his Gray's-inn, practised in his profession, clerk, who is drunk and insolent: he is and would probably have risen to its about to kick him down stairs, but staya Grat honours. Mr. Nichols says “his his foot on recollecting the arrears of the

you know


you dwell.

Call the paper.

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fellow's wages; and contents himself with tied round with the brilliant red tape, windering where the fellow finds the met my eye. He inquired respectfully, Dieans of such extravagance.—Then in and with an appearance of anxieiy, which court many are the vexations of the brief- marked him to my mind for a perfect less. — The attorney is a cruel person to Chesterfield, if I was already retained in them-as cruel as a rich coxcomb in a

-? The rogue knew well erough ball-room, who delights in exciting hopes that I had never had a retainer in my life. only to disappoint them. Indeed I have I took a moment to consider ; after making often thought the communications be- him repeat the name of his case, I gravely Iween the solicitors and the bar have no assured him I was at perfect liberty to slight resemblance to the firtation be receive his brief. He then laid the papers tween the sexes. Barristers, like ladies, and my fee upon the table; asked me if must wait to be chosen. The slightest the time appointed for a consultation overture would be equally fatal to one with the two gentlemen who were " with gown as the other. The gentlemen of me" would be convenient; and finding the bar sit round the table in dignified that the state of my engagements would composure, thinking just as little of briefs allow me to attend, made his bow and as a young lady of marriage. An at- departed. That fee was sacred, and I torney enters--not an eye moves; but put it to no vulgar use. Many years have somehow or other, the fact is known to row elapsed since that case was disposed all. Calmly he draws from his pocket a of, and yet how fresh does it live in my brief : practice enables us to see at a memory! how perfectly do I recollect glance that the tormentor has left a blank every authority to which he referred ! how for the name of his counsel. He looks I read and re-read the leading cases that around the circle as if to choose bis man; bore upon the question to be argued! One you cannot doubt tut his eye rests on case I so bethumbed thai the volume has you; he writes a name, but you are too opened at it ever since, as inevitably as far off to read it, though you know every the prayer-bock of a lady's maid proffers name on your circuit upside down. Now the service of matrimony. My brief rehe counts out the fee, and wraps it up lated to an argument before the judges of with slow and provoking formality. At the King's Bench, and the place of conlength all being prepared, he looks to- sultation was Ayles's coffee-house, adjoinwards you to catch (as you suppose) your ing Westminster-hall. There was I beeye. You nod, and the brief comes fly- fore the clock had finished striking the ing; you pick it up, and find on it the hour; my brief I knew by beart. I had name of a man three years your junior, raised an army of objections to the points who is sitting next you: you curse the for which we were to contend, and had attorney's impudence, and ask yourself logically slain every one of them. I went if he meant io insult you.-" Perhaps prepared to discuss the question thorough

" for the dog squints."- ly; and I generously determined to give I received my maiden brief in London. my leaders the benefit of my cogitationsHow well do I recollect the minutest though not without a slight struggle at circumstances connected with that case! the thought of how much reputation ) The rap at the door! I am a connoisseur should lose by my magnaniinity. I had in raps there is not a dun in London plenty of time to think of these ihings, for who could deceive me: I know their my leaders were engaged in court, and tricks but too well; they have no medium the attorney and I had the room to ourbetween the rap servile, and the rap im- selves. After we had been waiting about pudent. This was a cheerful touch; you an hour, the door flew open, and in strode felt that the operator knew he should meet one of my leaders, the second in comwith a face of welcome. My clerk, who mand, less in haste (as it appeared to me) is not much under the influence of sweet to meet his appointment, than to escape sounds, seemed absolutely inspired, and an- from the atmosphere of clients in which şwered the knock with astonishing velocity. he had been just enveloped, during his I could hear from my inner room the passage from the court.-- Ilaving shaken murmur of inquiry and answer; and off his tormentors, Mı. though I could not distinguish a word, the fire-said it was cold-nodded kindly the iones conûrmed my hopes ;-) was to me--and had just asked what had been not long suffered to doubt-my client en. the last night's division in the houslered, and the roll of pure white paper when the powdered head of an usher was

not," you say,

walked up to

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away flew

protn.ded through the half open door to every wig of the white inclined plane, at announce that “ Jones and Williams was the upper end of which I was standing, called on.” Down went the poker, and turned" round; and in an instant I had

with streaming robes, the eyes of seventy " learned friends" leaving me to meditate on the loss which looking me full in the face! It is hardly the case would sustain for want of his to be conceived by those who have not assistance at the expected discussion. gone through the ordeal, how terrific is Having waited some further space, I this mute attention to the object of it. heard a rustling of silks, and the great flow grateful should I have been for any

our commander in chief, sailed into thing which would have relieved me from ihe room. As he did not run foul of me, I its oppressive weight--a buzz, a scraping think il possible I may not have been of the shoes, or a fit of coughing, would invisible to him; hut he furnished me have put me under infinite obligations to with no other evidence of the fact. He the kind disturber. What I said I know simply directed the attorney to providecer- not; I knew not then; it is the only lain additional affidavits, tacked about and part of the transaction of which I am zailed away. And thus ended the first ignorant; it was “a phantasma, or consultation. I consoled myself with the hideous dream." They told me, however, thought that I had all my materials for to my great surprise, that I spoke in a myself, and that from having had so much loud voice; used violent gesture, and as more time for considering the subject than I went along seemed to shake off my trepithe others, I must infallibly make the best dation. Whether I made a long speech or speech of the three. At length the fatal a short one I cannot tell; for I had no day came. I never shall forget the thrill power of measuring time. All I know with which I heard open the case, is, that I should have made a much longer and felt how soon it would be my turn to one, had I not felt my ideas, like Bob speak. O, how I did pray for a long Acre's courage, oozing out of my fingers' speech ! I lost all feeling of rivalry; and ends. The court decided against us, would gladly have given him every thing erroneously as I of course thought, for that I intended to use inyself, only to the young advocate is always on the right defer the dreaded moment for one half- side. The next morning I got up early hour. His speech was frightfully short, to look at the newspapers, which I exyet, short as it was, it made sad havoc pected to see full of our case. with my stock of matter.

The next

obscure corner,and in a small type, I found speaker's was even more concise, and yet a few words given as the speeches of my my little stock suffered again severely. leaders : and I also read that “ Mr I then found how experience will stand followed on the same side" in the place of study. These men could not, from the multiplicity of their engagements, have spent a tithe of the time upon the case which I had done: and yet they had seen much which had escaped my research. At length my turn came. I

It is affirmed of sir William Blackwas sitting among the back rows in the stone, that so often as he sat down to the old court of King's Bench. It was on the composition of his Commentaries on the first day of Michaelmas term, and late in Laws of England, he always ordered a the evening. A sort of “darkness visible" bottle of wine wherewith to moisten the had been produced by the aid of a few dryness of his studies; and in proof that candles dispersed here and there. I arose, other professional men sometimes solace but I was not perceived by the judges, their cares by otherwise disporting them. who had turned iogether to consult, sup- selves, there is a kind of catch, the words posing the argument finished. Bwas the first to see me, and I received from mystery, do so marvellously inspire them,

of which, having reference to their art or him a nod of kindness and encourage that they chant it with more glee than ment which I hope I shall never forget. gravity, io a right merry tune :The court was crowded, for it was a question of some interest; it was a

A woman having settlement, dreadful moment--the ushers stilled the Married a man with none; audience into awful silence. I began, The question was, he being dead and at the sound of an unknown voice, If that she had was gone?

In an

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Quoth sir John Pratt, her settlement all the annuities that should be subscribed
Suspended dia remain,

into its fund, and which, if all subscribed,
Living the husband--but, him dead, would have amounted to the sum of
It doth revive again.

3,567,5031.; imounting, with the above

mentioned sum, to 7,723,8091. : in case
Living the husband—but, him dead, all the annuities were not subscribed, the
It doth revive again.

coinpany agreed to pay one per cent, fu
such unsubscribed annuities.

To this arrangement parliament ac.
Peziza. Peziza acetabulum.

ceded, and an act was passed to ratify
this contract, and containing full powers to

the company accordingly. In March fol-
January 24.

lowing South Sea stock rose from 130 to St. Timothy, disciple of St. Paul. st. 300, gradually advanced to 400, declined

to 330, and on the 7th of April was at Babylus, A. D. 250. St. Surunus, 7th cen

340. This so encouraged the directors, tury. St. Mucedonius. St. Cudoc, of

that on the 12th they opened books at the

South Sea house for taking in a subscrip-

zion for a portion of their stock to the
1721. On the 24th of January in this

amount of 2,250,0001, every 100l. of
year, the two houses of parliament of which they offered at 300l. : it was im-
dered several of the directors of the South mediately subəcribed for at that price, to
Sea company into the custody of the be paid for by nine instalments within
usher of the black rod and serjeant at

twelve months. On the 21st, a general
arms: this was in consequence of a par-
liamentary inquiry into the company's Midsummer dividend should be 10 per

court of the company resolved, that the
affairs, wliich had been so managed as
to involve persons of all ranks through- and all other additions to their capital

cent., and that the aforesaid subscription,
out the kingdom in a scene of distress before that time, should be entitled to the
unparalleled by any similar circumstance said dividend. This gave so favourable
in English annals.

a view to the speculation, that on the
28th the directors opened a second sub-

scription for another million of stock,
In 1711, the ninth year of queen Anne's which was presently taken at 4001. for
reign, a charter of incorporation was every 1001., and the subscribers had three
granted to a company trading to the years allowed them for payment. On
South Seas; and the South Sea com the 20th of May, South Sea stock rose to
pany's affairs appeared so prosperous, 550. So amazing a price created a ge-
that, in 1718, king George I. being chosen neral infatuation. Even the more pru-
governor, and a bill enabling him to ac- dent, who had laughed at the folly and
cept the office having passea doth houses, madness of others, were seized with the
on the 3d of February, his majesty in mania; they borrowed, mortgaged, and
person attended the house of lords, and sold, to raise all the money they could, in
gave the royal assent to the act. A brief order to hold the favourite stock; while
history of the company's subsequent pro- a few quietly sold out and enriched them-
gress is interesting at any time, and more selves. Prodigious numbers of people
especially at a period when excess of spe- resorted daily from all parts of the king.
culation may endanger private happiness, dom to 'Change-alley, where the assem.
and disturb the public welfare.

bled speculators, by their excessive noise On the 27th of January, 1719, the and hurry, seemed like so many madmen South Sea company proposed a scheme just escaped from cells and chains. All to parliament for paying off the national thoughts of commerce were laid aside for debt, by taking into its funds al. the debt the buying and selling of estates, and which the nation had incurred before the traffic in South Sea stock. Some, who year 1716, whether redeemable or irre- had effected sales at high premiuins, were deemable, amounting in the whole to the willing to .ay out the money on real prosum of 31,664,5511. 1., 11d. For this perty, which consequently advanced be

company undertook to pay to the use yond its actual value : cautious land. of the public the sum of 4,156,3061.; be. owners justly concluded that this was the sides four years and a half's purchase for rime to get money without risk, and there


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sore sold their prope ty; shortly after On the 8th of September, the stock fell to wards they had an opportunity of pur- 640, on the 9th to 5:0, and by the :9th chasing more, at less than half the price it came to 400. On the 23d the Bank of they had obtained for their own.

England agreed with the South Sea comOn the 2d of ine, South Sea stock pany to circulate their bonds, &c. and to rose to 890. On the 15th, many persons take their stock at 400 per cent., in lieu of who accompanied the king on his foreign 3,775,0001., which the company was to journey, sold their stock, which suddenly pay them. When the books were opened fell; but the directors promising larger at the Bank for taking in a subscription dividends, it got up higher than ever. On for supporting the public credit, the conthe 18th they opened books for a third course was at first so great, that it was subscription of four millions more stock, judged the whole subscription, which was at 10001. for each 1001., and before the intended for 3,000,0001., would have been end of the month it had advanced to tilled that day. But the fall of South Sea 11001., between which and 10001. it fluctu- stock, and the discredit of the company's ated throughout the month of July. On bonds, occasioned a run upon the most the 3d of August they proposed to receive eminent goldsmiths and bankers, some of subscriptions for all the unsubscribed an- whom, having lent great sums upon the nuities, and opened books for the purpose stock and other public securities, were during the ensuing week, upon terms obliged to shut up their shops. The which greatly dissatisfied the annuitants, Sword-blade company also, who had who, confiding in the honour of the di- been hitherto the chief cash-keepers of the rectors, had left their orders at the South South Sea company, being almost drawn Sea House, without any previous con- of their ready money, were forced to stop tract, not doubting but they should be payment. All this occasioned a great :un allowed the same terms with the first upon the Bank. On the 30th South Sea subscribers. Finding, to their great sur stock fell to 150, and then to 86. prise and disappointment, that, by the “ It is very surprising,” says Maitland, directors' arrangements, they were only

" that this wicked scheme, of French exto have about half what they expected, traction, should have met with encouragemany repaired to the South Sea House to ment here, seeing that the Mississippi get their orders returned; but these being scheme had just before nearly ruined that withheld, their incessant applications and nation. It is still more surprising, that reflections greatly affected the stock, in.0- the people of divers other countries, notmuch that, on the 22d of the month, at withstanding the direful effects of this the opening of the books, it fell to 820. destructive scheme befcre their eyes, yet, The directors then came to the desperate as it were, tainted with our frenzy, began resolution of ordering the books to be to court their destruction, by setting on shut; and on the 24th they caused others foot the like projects : wlich gives room to be opened for a fourth money sub to suspect," says Maitland,

" that those scription for another million of their destructive and fatal transactions were stock, at 10001. for each 100l., payable by rather the result of an epidemical distemfive instalments within two years : this per, than that of choice; seeing that the million was subscribed in less than three wisest and best of men were the greatest hours, and bore a premium the same sufferers; many of the nobility, and per. afternoon of 40 per cent. On the 26th sons of the greatest distinction, were un. the stock, instead of advancing, fell below done, and obliged to walk on foot; while 830. The directors then thought fit to others, who the year before could hardly lend their proprietors 4,0001. upon every purchase a dinner, were exalted in their 1000!. stock, for six months, at 4 per coaches and fine equipages, and possessed cent.; but the annuitants becoming very of enormous estates. Such a scene of clamorous and uneasy, the directors re- misery appeared among traders, that i' solved that 30 per cent. in money should was almost unfashionabie not to be a be the half-year's dividend due at the bankrupt : and the dire catastrophe was next Christmas, and that from thence, for attended with such a number of self-surtwelve years, not less than 50 per cent. in ders, as no age can parallel.” money should be the yearly dividend on I reir stock. Though this resolution raised Ilooke, the historian of Rome, was a "he stock to about 800 for the opening of severe sufferer by the Sonth Sea bubble. the books, it soon sunk again.

Ile thus addresses lord ()xford, in a letter

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