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FLORAL DIRECTORY.

THE SEASON.

BEARS AND DEES.

1

The apostles on this set of spoons are enings. or on visiting the “ lady in the
somewhat worn, and the stems and straw;" though they are not now adorned
bowls have been altered by the silver. with imagery.
smith in conformity with the prevailir:3
fashion of the present day; to the eye of

Winter hellebore. Helleborus hyemalis.
the antiquary, therefore, they are not so
interesting as they were before they un-

January 26.
derwent this partial modernization : yet
in this state they are objects of regard.

St. Polycarp. St. Paula. St. Conan,
Their size in the print is exactly that of On winter comes—the cruel north
the spoons theniselves, except that the Pours his furious whirlwind forth
stems are necessarily fore-shortened in Before him-and we breathe the breath
the engraving to get them within the Of famish'd bears, that how to death :
page. The stem of each spoon measures Onward he comes from rocks that blanch
exactly three inches and a half in length

O'er solid streams that never flow, from the foot of the apostle to the com

His tears all ice, his locks all snow, mencement of the bowl; the length of Just crept from some huge avalanche. Incog each bowl is two inches and nine-sixteenths of an inch; and the height of M. M. M. a traveller in Russia, comeach apostle is one inch and one-six- municates, through the Gentleman's Mateenth : the entire length of each spoon is gazine of 1785, a remarkable method of seven inches and one-eighth of an inch. cultivating bees, and preserving them from They are of silver; the lightest, which is their housebreakers, the bears. The RusSt. Peter, weighs 1 oz. 5 dwts. 9 gr.; the sians of Borodskoe, on the banks of the heaviest is St. Bartholomew, and weighs river Ufa, deposit the hives within exca1 oz. 9 dwts. 4 gr.; their collective weight vations that they form in the hardest, is 16 oz. 14 dwts. 16 gr. The hat, or fiat strongest, and loftiese trees of the forest, covering, on the head of each figure, is at about five-and-twenty or thirty feet usual to apostles-spoons, and was pro- high from the ground, and even bigher, if bably affixed to save the features from the height of the trunk allows it. They effacement. In a really fine state they hollow out the holes lengthways, with are very rare.

small narrow hatchets, and with chisels It seems from “ the Gossips," a poem and gouges complete their work. The by Shipman, iu 1666, that the usage of longitudinal aperture of the hive is stopped giving apostle-spoons' at christenings, by a cover of two or more pieces exactly was at that time on the decline :

fitted to it, and pierced with small holes, Formerly, when they us'd to troul, to give ingress and egress to the bees. Gilt bowls of sack, they gave the bowl ; No means can be devised more ingenious Two spoons at least ; an use ill kept ; or more convenient for climbing the high'Tis well if now our own be left."

est and the smoothest trees than those An anecdote is related of Shakspeare practised by this people, for the construcand Ben Jonson, which bears upon the tion and visitation of these hives. For usage: Shakspeare was godfather to one this purpose they use nothing but a very of Jonson's children, and, after the christ- sharp axe, a leathern strap, or a common ening, being in deep study, Jonson cheer- rope. The man places himself against ingly asked him, why he was so melan- the trunk of the tree, and passes the cord choly? “ Ben," said he, “ I have been round his body and round the tree, just considering a great while what should be leaving it sufficient play for casting it the fittest gift for me to bestow upon my higher and higher, by jerks, towards the godchild, and I have resolved it at last. elevation he desires to attain, and there to " I prithee, what?" said Ben, " I' faith, place his body, bent as in a swing, his Ben," answered Shakspeare, “ I'll give feet resting against the tree, and preservhim a dozen good latten spoons, and thou in the free use of his hands. This done, shalt translate them.” The word latten, he takes his axe, and at about the height intended as a play upon latin, is the name of his body makes the first notch or step for thin iron tinned, of which spoons, and in the tree; then he takes his rope, the similar small articles of household use, are two ends whereof he takes care to have sometimes made. Without being aware

tied very fast, and throws it towards the of the origin, it is siill a custom with top of the trunk. Placed thus in his rope many persons, to preseul svogns at christ by the middle of his body, and resting

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his feet against the tree, he ascends by necessary work with the above-mentioned two steps, and easily enables himself in tools, which are stuck in his girdle. te put one of his feet in the notch. lle now also carefully cuts away all boughs and makes a new step, and continues to mount protuberances beneath the hive, to render in this manner till he has reached the access as difficult as possible to the beare, intended height. lle performs all this which abound in vasi numbers throughwith incredible speed and agility. Being out the forests, and in spite of all ima. mounted to the place where he is to make ginable precautions, do considerable dathe hive, he cuts more convenient steps, mage to the hives. On this account the ind, by the help of the rope, which his natives put in practice every kind of body keeps in distension, he performs his means, not only for defending ihemselves

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from these voracious animals, but for their often finely varnished to protect them from destruction. The method most in use the wet and cold, are the principal bo consists in sticking into the trunk of tanical subjects for observation in Januthe tree old blades of knives, standing up- ary, and their structure is particularly wards, scythes, and pieces of pointed iron, orthy of notice; to the practical gar disposed circularly round ii, when the dener an attention to their appearance is tree is straight, or at the place of bending, indispensable, as by them alone can he when the trunk is crooked. The bear has prune with safety. Buds are always commonly dexterity enough to avoid formed in the spring preceding that in hese points in climbing up the tree; but which they open, and are of two hinds when he descends, as he always does, leaf buds and flower buds, distinguished backwards, he gets on these sharp hooks, by a difference of shape and figure, easiand receives such deep wounds, that he ly discernible by the observing eye; the usually dies. Old bears frequently take fruit buds being thicker, rounder, and the precaution to ben Idown these blades shorter, than the others—hence the garwith their fore-paws as they mount, and dener can judge of the probable quantity thereby render all this offensive armour

of blossom that will appear : l!seless.

Lines on Buds, by Cowper. Another destructive apparatus has some When all this uniform uncoloured scene similitude to the catapulta of the ancients. Shall be dismantled of its fleecy lond, It is fixed in such a manner that, at the And flush into variety again. instant the bear prepares to climb the From dearth to plenty, and from death to life, tree, he pulls a string that lets go the ma

Is Nature's progress, when she lectures man chine, whose elasticity strikes a dart into

In heavenly truth ; evincing, as she makes the animal's breast. A further mode is

The grand transition, that there lives and

works to suspend a platform by long ropes to the farthest exiremity of a branch of the He sets the bright procession on its way,

A soul in all things, and that soul is God. tree. The platform is disposed horizon- And marshals all the order of the year; tally before the hive, and there tied fast He marks the bounds which winter may not to the trunk of the tree with a cord made

pass, of bark. The bear, who finds the seat And blunts his pointed fury; in its case, very convenient for proceeding to the Russet and rude, folds up the tender geim, opening of the hive, begins by tearing Uninjured, with inimitable art; the cord of bark which holds the plat- And ere one Howery season fades and dies, form to the trunk, and hinders him from Designs the blooming wonders of the next. executing his purpose.

Upon this the “ Buds possess a power analogous to. platform immediately quits the tree, and that of seeds, and have been called the swings in the air with the animal seated viviparous offspring of vegetables, ings. upon it. If, on the first shock, the bear much as they admit of a removal from is not tumbled out, he must either take a their original connection, and, its action very dangerous lear, or remain patiently being suspended for an indefinite time, in his suspended seat. If he take the can be renewed at pleasure.” leap, either involuntarily, or by his own

On Icicles, by Cowper.
good will, he falls on sharp points, placed The mill-dam dashes on the restless wheel,
all about the bottom of the tree; if he re. And wantons in the pebbly gulf below
solve 10 remain where he is, he is shot No frost can bind it there; its utmost force
by arrows or musket balls.

Can but arrest the light and smoky mist,
That in its fall the liquid sheet throws wid:.
And see where it has hung th' embruidered

banks
White butterbur. Tressilago alba. With forms so various, that no powers of art,

The pencil, or the pen, may trace the scene !

Here glittering turrets rise, upbearing high
January 27.

(Fantastic misarrangement !) on the root St. John Chrysostom,

St. Julian of Large growth of what may seem the sparkling
Mans. St, Marius.

And shrubs of fairy land. The crystal drops

That trickle down the branches, fast con It is observed in Dr. Forster's “ Pere

gealed, ensial Calendar," that “ Buds and em. Shoot into pillars of pellucid length, biyo blussoms in their silky, downy coats, And prop the pile they but adorned before.

FLORAL DIRECTORY,

trees

TUE SEASON

FLORAL DIRECTORY.

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for a single book. lle in proved typeEarth Moss. Phascum cuspidatum.

metal, by giving it that degree of hardDedicated to St. Chrysostom.

ness, which has been a desideratum in founderies of this kind; and discovered a

new method of facilitating the process of January 28,

melting and casting. From his tounderv St. Agnes.-Second Commemoration. he sent types to Russia, Sweden, Foiand,

and even America. lle also improved Sl. Cyril, a. D. 4:14. Sts. Thyrsus, Leu

the printing-press. cius, und Callinicus. St. John of Reumay, A. v. 540. Blessed Murguret, and progress of the art of printing, fur

Besides this, his inquiries into the origin Princess of Hungary, A. D.

1271.

nished the materials of a history, which St. Paulinus, A. D. 804. Blessed

he left behind in manuscript. ile pub. Charlemagne, Emperor, A. D. 814. St. Glustian, of Fife, A. D. 830.

lished in 1784, the first part of “ An Al

tempi to illustrate the origin of playingSt. Thyrsus.

cards, the introduction of paper made Several churches ir. Spain are dedicated from linen, and the invention of engraving to him. In 777, the queen of Oviedo and on wood in Europe ;" the latter part was Asturia presented one of them with a finished, but not published, before his silver chalice and paten, a wash-hand death. His last publication was a small basin and a pipe, which, arcording to

Treatise on Bibliography,” &c. pubButler, is a silver pipe, or quill to suck lished in 1793, with his reasons for reup the blood of Christ at the communion, taining the present German characters, such as the pope sonetimes uses—it sucks With the interruption of only five or six up as a nose draws up air.”

hours in the twenty-four, which he allowed CHRONOLOGY.

for sleep, his whole life was devoted to

study and useful employment.
John Gotlc Immanuel Breitkopf, a
celebrated printer, letter-founder, and

FLORAL DIRECTORY.
bookseller of Leipsic, died on this day, in Double Daisy. Hellis perennis plenus
the year 1794 : he was born there No Dedicated to St. Margaret of Hungarij.
vember 23, 1719. After the perusal of a
work by Albert Durer, in which the shape
of the letters is deduced froin mathema-
tical principles, he endeavoured in fashion St. Francis of Sales, A. D. 1622. St.
them according to the most beautiful Sulpicius Severus, A. D. 420. St.Gildas
models in matrices cut for the pur the Abbot, A.D. 570. St. Gildus, the
pose. Ilis printing-office and letter Scol, A. D. 512.
foundery acquired very high reputation. This being the anniversary of the king's
It contained punches and matrices for accession to the throne, in 1820, is a
400 alphabets, and he employed the types Holiday at all the public ofices, except the
of Baskerville and Didot l'inding that Excise, Stamps, and Customs.
engraving on wood had given birth to
printing, and that the latter had contri-
buted to the improvement of engraving,
he transferred some particulars, in the

Flowering Fern. Osmundu regalis

Dedicated to St. Francis of Sulcs.
province of the engraver, to that of the
printer; and represented, by typography,
all the marks and lines which occur in

January 30.
the modern music, with all the accuracy

KING CHARLES'S MARTYRDOM. of engraving, and even printed maps and Holiday at the Public Omces; except the mathematical figures with movable types;

Stamps, Customs, and Excise. though the latter he considered as a mat

St. Bathilles, Queen of Navarre, A. D. 680 ter of mere curiosity: such was also ano St. Martina. St. Aldegondus, A. D. 660. the attempt, that of copying portraits by

wit. Bursimeus, A. D. 114. He likewise printed,

St. Martina. with inovable types, the Chinese charac

The Jesuit Ribadeneira relates that the ters, which are, in general, cut in pieces emperor Alexander IV., having deciead of wood, so that a whole house is often that all christians should sacrifice 10 the Lecessary to contain the blocks employed Roinan gods, or die, insicuated to Si

January 29.

FLORAL DIRECTORY.

movable types.

one can scarce

Martina, that if she would conform to the

Lord Orford says, edict, he would make her his empress, conceive a greater absurdity than retain. out on her being taken to the temple, " by ing the three holidays dedicated to the a sudden earthquake the blockish idol of house of Stuart. Was the preservation a Apollo was broken in pieces, a fourth part James I. a greater blessing to England of his temple thrown dowa, and, with his than the destruction of the Spanish ar ruins, were crushed to death; his priests mada, for which no festival is established ! and many others, and the emperor him. Are we more or less free for the execution self, began to fly." Whereupon St. of king Charles ? Are we at this day Martina taunted the emperor; and the still guilty of his blood ? When is the devil, in the idol, rolling himself in the stain to be washed out? What sense is dust, made a speech to her, and another there in thanking heaven for the restorato the emperor, and “ fled through the tion of a family, which it so soon became air in a dark cloud; but the emperur necessary to expel again ?" would not understand it.” Then the According to the “ Life of William emperor commanded her to be tortured. Lilly, written by himself," Charles I. The jesuit's sicries of these operations and caused the old astrologer to be consulted her escapes, are wonderfully particular. for his judgment. This is Lilly's account: According to him, hooks and stakes did “ His majesty, Charles I., having inher no mischief; she had a faculty of trusted the Scots with his person, was, shining, which the pouring of hot hard for money, delivered into the hands of upon her would not quench ; when in the English parliament, and, by several gaol, men in dazzling white surrounded removals, was had to Hampton-court, her; she could not feel a hundred and about July or August, 1647; for he was eighteen wounds; a fierce lion, who had there, and at that time when my house fasted three days, would not eat her, and was visited with the plague. lle was fire would not burn her; but a sword cut desirous to escape from the soldiery, and her head off in 228, and at the end of to obscure himself for some time near two days two eagles were found watching London, the citizens whereof began now her body: “ That which above all con to be unruly, and alienated in affection firmeth 'the truth of this relation,” says from the parliament, inclining wholly Ribadeneira, “ is, that there is nothing to his majesty, and very averse to me herein related but what is in brief in the army. His majesty was well informed lessons of the Roman Breviary, com of all this, and thought to make good manded by public authority to be read use hereof: besides, the army and par. on her feast by the whole church.” liament were at some odds, who should

be masters. Upon the king's intention CHRONOLOGY.

to escape, and with his consent, madam

Whorewood (whom you knew very well, On this day, in the year 1649, king worthy esquire) came to receive my Charles I. was beheaded. In the Com- judgment, viz. In what quarter of this mon Prayer Book of the Church of Eng- nation he might be most safe, and not land, it is called “ The Day of the Martyr- to be discovered until himself pleased. dom of the Blessed King Charles 1°;" When she came to my door, I told and there is “ Form of Prayer, with her I would not let her come into my Fasting, to be used yearly” upon its re- house, for I buried a maid-servant of the

plague very lately: however, up we The sheel, which received the head of went. After erection of my figure, I Charles I. after its decapitation, is care- told her about twenty miles (or therefully preserved along with the commu- abouts) from London, and in Essex, I nion plate in the church of Ashburnham, in was certain he might continue undisthis county; the blood, with which it has covered. She liked my judgment very been almos? entirely covered, now appears well; and, being herself of a sharp judy. nearly black. The watch of the unfor- ment, remembered a place in Essex about tunaie monarch is also deposited with the that distance, where was an excellent linen, the movements of which are still house, and all conveniences for his reperfect. These relics came into the pos- ception. Away she went, early next session of lord Ashburnham immediately morning, unto Hampton-court, to acafter the death of the king.-Brighton quaint his majesty ; but see the misHerald

fortune: he, either guided by his own

currence.

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