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Decay of Parts, alas ! we all must feel
5 Why now, this moment, don't I fee
steal? 'Tis all from Horace ; Horace long before ye Said, “Tories call'd him Whig, and Whigs a Tory;" And taught his Romans, in much better metre, “ To laugh at Fools who put their trust in Peter.”
But Horace, Sir, was delicate, was nice ; Bubo observes, he lash'd no fort of Vice : Horace would say, Sir Billy serv'd the Crown, Blunt could do Bus°ness, H-ggins knew the Towe; In Sappho touch the Failings of the Sex,
IS In rev'rend Bishops note fome small Negleets, And own, the Spaniard did a waggish thing, Who cropt our Ears, and sent them to the King. His sly, polite, insinuating style Could please at Court, and make Augustus smile :
Besides, you grow too moral for a Wit. Ver. 12. Bubo observes,] Some guilty person very fond of making such an observation:
VER. 14. H--ggins] Formerly Jaylor of the Fleet prison, enrich'd himself by many exactions, for which he was tried and expelled.
VER. 18. Who cropt our Ears,] Said to be executed by the Captain of a Spanish ship on one Jenkins, a Captain of an English one. He cut off his ears, and bid him carry them to the King his master,
An artful Manager, that crept between
P. See Sir Robert !--hum-
VER. 22: Screen.]
Omne vafer vitium ridenti Flaccus amico
Tangit, et admiffus circum præcordia ludit Perf. Ibid. Screen.] A metaphor peculiarly appropriated to a certain person in power.
VER. 24. Patriots there are, etc.] This appellation was generally given to those in opposition to the Court. Though some of them (which our author hints at) had views too mean and interested to deserve that name,
Ver. 26. The Great man] A phrase, by common use, appropriated to the first minifter.
VER, 31. Seen bim, uncumber'd] These two verses were originally in the poem, though omitted in all the first editions.
VÆR. 34. what he thinks mankind.] This request seems somewhat absurd : but not more so than the principle it refers to. That great Minister, it seems, thought all mankind Rogues ; and that every one had his price. It was usually given as a
Come, come, at all I laugh he laughs, no doubt;
F. Why yes : with Scripture still you may be free ;
" Who's the Man, fo near 45 “ His Prince, that writes in Verse, and has his ear?
proof of his penetration, and extensive knowlege of the world. Others perhaps would think it an instance of a narrow understanding, that, from a few of Rochefoucault's maxims, and the corrupt practice of those he commonly con. versed with, would thus boldly pronounce upon the character of his Species. It is certain, that a Keeper of Newgate, who should make the same conclusion, would be heartily laughed at.
Ver. 37. Wby yes: with Scripture, etc.) A scribler, whofe only chance for reputation is the falling in with the fashion, is apt to employ this infamous expedient for the preservation of his fleeting existence. But a true Genius could not do a foolisher thing, or sooner defeat his own aim, · The fage Boileau used to say on this occafion, “ Une ouvrage severe peut bien plaire aux libertins ; mais un ouvrage trop libre plaira jamais aux personnes feveres."
Ver. 39. A Joke on Jekyl] Sir Joseph Jekyl, Master of the Rolls, a true Whig in his principles, and a man of the utmost probity. He fometimes voted against the Court, which drew upon him the laugh here described of One who bestowed it equally upon Religion and Honesty. He died a few months after the publication of this poem,
Why, answer, LYTTELTON, and I'll engage
Laugh then at any, but at Fools or Foes ;
mend not those. 54
60 Judicious Wits spread wide the Ridicule, And charitably comfort Knave and Fool.
P. Dear Sir, forgive the Prejudice of Youth : Adieu Diftinction, Satire, Warmth, and Truth !
Ver. 47. Wby, answer, Lyttelton.] George Lyttelton, Še. cretary to the Prince of Wales, distinguished both for his writings and speeches in the spirit of Liberty.
VER. 51. Sejanus, Wolsey,] The one the wicked minister of Tiberius : the other, of Henry VIII. The writers against the Court usually bestowed these and other odious names on the Minister, without distinction, and in the most injurious
See Dial. II. ver. 137. Ibid. Fleury,] Cardinal: and Minister to Louis XV. It was a Patriot-fashion, at that time, to cry up his wisdom and honesty.
Come, harmless Characters that no one hit; 65
Ver. 66. Henley - Osborn.] See them in their places in the Dunciad,
VER, 69. The gracious Dew] Alludes to some court fers mons, and florid panegyrical speeches : particularly one very full of puerilities and Aatteries; which afterwards got into an addrefs in the same pretty style ; and was lastly served up in an Epitaph, between Latin and English, published by its. author.
Ver. 78. Nation's Sense ;] The cant of Politics at that time.
Ver. 80. Carolina.] Queen confort to King George II. She died in 1737. Her death gave occasion, as is observed above, to many indiscreet and mean performances unworthy of her memory, whose last moments manifested the utmost courage and resolution,