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play. Several little epigrams and songs, which have a good deal of wit in them, were also written by Mr. Budgell near this period of time, all which, together with the known affection of Mr. Addison for him, raised his character so much, as to make him be very generally known and Jalked of.

His father's death in 1711 threw into his hands all the eftates of the family, which were about 950 1. a year, although they were left incumbered with some debts, as his father was a man of pride and spirit, kept a coach and fix, and always liv. ed beyond his income, notwithltanding his fpiri. tual preferments, and the money he had received with his wives. Ds. Budgell had been twice mar. sied, and by his first lady left-five children living after him, three of whom were sons, Euftace, our author, Gilbert, a Clergyman, and William, the fellow of New College in Oxford. By his last wife (who was Mrs. Fortescue, mother to the late master of the rolls, and who survived him) he had no iffue. Notwithstanding this accefs of fortune, Mr. Budgell in no wife altered his manner of living; he was at small expence about his perfon, Huek very close to business, and gave general fa. tisfaction in the discharge of his office.

Upon the laying down of the Spectator, the Guardian was set up, and in this work our an, thor had a hand along with Mr. Addison and Sir Richard Steele. In the preface it is said, those papers marked with an asterisk are by Mr. Budgell.

In the year 1913 he publifhed a very elegant translation of Theophrastus.s Characters, which Mr. Addison in the Lover says, is the best version

extant of any ancient author in the English lan

guage. It was dedicated to the tord Hallifax, who was the greateft patron our author ever had, and with whom he always lived in the greateft in rimacy.

Mr. 1

Mr. Budgell having regularly made his progress in the secretary of ftate's office in Ireland ; upon the arrival of his late Majetty in England, was appointed under secretary to Mr. Addifon, and chief secretary to the Lords Justices of Ireland. He was made likewise deputy clerk of the council in that kingdom, and foon after chofe member of the Irish parliament, where he became a very good speaker. The post of ander secretary is reckoned worth 1500 l. a year, and that of 'deputy clerk: to the council 250 I. a year. Mr: Budgell fet out for Ireland the 8th of October, 1714; officia) ated in his place in the privy council the 14th, took poffefion of the secretary's office, and was immediately admitted secretary to the Lords Justices. In the fame year at a public entertainment at the Inns of Court in Dublin, he, with many people of distinction, was made an honorary bencher. At his first entering upon the secretary's.“ place, after the removal of the tories on the acceffion of his late Majesty, he lay under very great difficulties; all the former clerks of his office refusing to serve, all the books with the form of business being secreted, and every thing thrown into the utmost confufion; yet he surmounted these. difficulties with very uncommon resolution, affiduity, and ability, to his great honour and applause.

Wichin a twelvemonth of his entering upon his employments, the rebellion broke out, and as, for several years (during all the absences of the lord lieutenant) he had discharged the office of secreta. ry of itate, and as no transport office at that time subsisted, he was extraordinarily charged with the care of the embarkation, and the providing of shipping '(which is generally the province of a field-officer) for all the troops to be transported to Scotland. However, he went through this extenfive and unusual complication of business, with great exactness and ability, and with very fingu


B 3


lar disinterestedness, for he took no extraordinary service money on this account, nor any gratuity, or fees for any of the commiffions which passed through his office for the colonels and officers of militia then raising in Ireland. The Lords Ju. kices pressed him to draw up a warrant for a vesy handfome present, on account of bis great zeal, and late extraordinary pains (for he had often fat up whole nights in his office) but he very genteely and firmly refused it.

Mr. Addison, upon becoming principal secretary of state in England in 1717, procured the place of accomptant and comptroller general of the revenue in Ireland for Mr. Budgell, which is worth 400 k a year, and might have had him for his under secretary, but it was thought more expedient for his Majesty's service, that Mr. Budgeli should continue where he

Our author held these several places until the year 1718, at which time the duke of Bolton was appointed. lord lieutenant. His


carried one Mr. Edward Webster over with him (who had been an under clerk in the Treasury) and made him a privy counsellor and his fecretary. This gentleman, 'twas faid, infifted upon the quartering

friend on the under secretary, which produced a misunderstanding between them; for Mr. Budgell positively declared, he would never submit to any such condition whilft he executed the office, and af. fected to treat Mr. Webfter himself, his education, abilities, and family, with the utmost contempt. He was indiscreet enough, prior to this, to write a lampoon, in which the lord lieutenant was not fpared : he would publish it (fo fond was he of this brat of his brain) in opposition to Mr. Addison's opinion, who strongly persuaded him to suppressit ; as the publication, Mr. Addison said, could neither serve his intereft, or reputation.

Hence many difcontents arose between them, 'till at length the lord lieutenant, in support of his


secretary, superseded Mr. Budgell, and very' foon after got him removed from the place of accomptant-general. However, upon the first of these removals taking place, and upon fome hints being given by his private secretary, captain Guy Dickens (now our minister at Stockholm) that it would not probably be fafe for him to remain any longer in Ireland, he immediately entrusted his papers and private concerns to the hands of his brother William, then a clerk in his office, and fet out for England. Soon after his arrival he published a pamphlet representing his case, intituled, A Letter to the Lord * * from Eu. stace Budgell, Esq; Accomptant General of Ireland, and late Secretary to their Excellencies the Lords Jatices of that Kingdom ; eleven hundred copies of which were fold off in one day, so great was the cariofity of the public in that particular. Afterwards too in the Poft-Boy of January 17, 1718-19, he published an Advertisement to juftify his character against a report that had been fpread to his disadvantage : and he did not fcruple to declare in all companies that his life was attempted by his enemies, or otherwise he should have attended his feat in the Irish Parliament. His behaviour, about this time, made many of his friends judge he was become delirious; his passions were certainly exceeding strong, nor were his vanity and jealousy lefs. Upon

his coming to England he had loft no time in waiting upon Mr. Addison, who had resigned the seals, and was retired into the country for the sake of his health ; but Mr. Addison found it impossible to ftem the tide of oppofition, which was every where running against his kinsman, through the influence and power of the duke of Bolton. He therefore diffwaded him in the Atrongest manner from publishing his case, but to no manner of purpose, which made him tell a friend in great: anxiety, Mr Budgell was wiser than any man:

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• he ever knew, and yet he supposed the world would

hardly believe he acted contrary to his advice.' Our author's great and noble friend the lord Hallifax was dead, and my lord Orrery, who held him in. the highest esteem, had it not in his power to proçure him any redress. However, Mr. Addison had got a promise from lord Sunderland, that as soon as the present clamour was a little abated, he would do something for him.

Mr. Budgell had held the considerable places of under fecretary to the Lord Lieutenant, and secre.

tary to the Lords Justices for four years, during -- which time he had never been ablent four days

from his office, nor ten miles from Dublin. His application was indefatigable, and his natural spirits capable of carrying him through any difficulty. He had lived always genteelly, but frugally, and had saved a large sum of money, which he now engaged in the South-Sea scheme. During his abode in Ireland, he had collected materials for writing a History of that kingdom, for which he had great advantages, by having an easy recourse to all the public offices; but what is become of it, and whether he ever finished it, we are not certainly informed. It is undoubtedly a confiderable loss, because there is no tolerable history of that nation, and because we might have expected a fatisfactory account from so pleasing a writer.

He wrote a pamphlet, after he came to England, against the famous Peerage Bill, which was very well received by the public, but highly offended the earl of Sunderland. It was exceedingly cried up by the opposition, and produced some overtures of friendship at the time, from Mr. Robert Walpole, to our author. Mr. Addison's death, in the year 1719, put an end, however, to all his hopes of succeeding at court, where he continued, nevertheless, to make several attempts, but was conftantly kept dowa by the weight of the duke of


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