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You are attaint with faults and perjury;
A twelvemonth shall you spend, and never rest,
At the twelvemonth's end
829. my] Ff, Q 2;
813. A wife!] Theobald, etc.; A wife? Qq, Ff 1, 2, 3; A wife, F 4; Dum. (line 812) A wife? Kath. A beard, etc. Cambridge. thy QI.
813. A wife] Furness is very insistent upon the excellence of the happy emendation of the Cambridge editors in shifting back these words to Dumain, in which they were followed by Dyce (1866). But the alteration, besides being wrong in principle, spoils the effect of Dumain's "I thank you, gentle wife."
816. A twelvemonth and a day] "Halliwell gives quotations from Ducange and from Cowell's Interpreter, which shows that this term constituted the full legal year both on the Continent and in England. It is found in Chaucer's Wyf of Bathes Tale (Furness). Hence the common expression "a year and a day."
817. smooth-faced] Shakespeare has this compound twice elsewhere; of
commodity (advantage), in King John, II. i. 573; and of peace, in Richard III. v. v. 33. He may have met it in Greene's Menaphon (Grosart, vi. 41): "Some sweare Love Smooth'd face Love Is sweetest sweete that men can have." It occurs also in The Troublesome Raigne of King John (Hazlitt's Shakes. Lib. p. 263): "A smooth facte Nunne (for ought I know) is all the Abbott's wealth." Shakespeare has at least twenty-five compounds ending in "faced."
823. friend] sweetheart. See line 404 above (note).
828, 829. suit . . . service] See note at line 276. This recognised phrase in courtship occurs in The Shepherdess Felismena, in Yonge's trans. of Montmayor's Diana (Shakes. Lib. p. 289, ed.
Ros. Oft have I heard of you, my Lord Biron,
To weed this wormwood from your fruitful brain,
And there withal to win me, if you please,
You shall this twelvemonth term, from day to day,
Visit the speechless sick, and still converse
With groaning wretches; and your task shall be,
To enforce the pained impotent to smile.
Biron. To move wild laughter in the throat of death?
Mirth cannot move a soul in agony.
Ros. Why, that's the way to choke a gibing spirit,
Which shallow laughing hearers give to fools.
Of him that hears it, never in the tongue
Of him that makes it: then, if sickly ears,
Deaf'd with the clamours of their own dear groans,
Will hear your idle scorns, continue then,
And I will have you and that fault withal;
But if they will not, throw away that spirit,
And I shall find you empty of that fault,
Biron. A twelvemonth! well, befall what will befall,
I'll jest a twelvemonth in an hospital.
836. fruitful] fructful Q 1. Jackson conjecture; dire Collier MS.
853. dear] dere Johnson conjecture; drear 854. then] them Rann conjecture, Dyce. 3, and Hamlet, 1. ii. 182 ("my dearest foe ").
1875), 1598: "He should never have got any other guerdon of his sutes and services, but onely to see and to be seene, and sometimes to speake to his Mistresse." A term in Feudalism primarily. 834. all estates] people of all sorts. 842. fierce] ardent, eager.
853. dear] heartfelt; see line 780 (note). Craig parallels Sonnet xxxvii.
Prin. [To the King.] Ay, sweet my lord ; and so I take my leave. King. No, madam; we will bring you on your way.
Biron. Our wooing doth not end like an old play;
Jack hath not Jill: these ladies' courtesy
Might well have made our sport a comedy.
King. Come, sir, it wants a twelvemonth and a day,
That's too long for a play.
Arm. Sweet majesty, vouchsafe me,Prin. Was not that Hector? Dum. The worthy knight of Troy. Arm. I will kiss thy royal finger, and take leave. I am a votary; I have vowed to Jaquenetta to hold the plough for her sweet love three years. But, most esteemed greatness, will you hear the dialogue that the two learned men have compiled in praise of the 875 owl and the cuckoo? it should have followed in the end of our show.
King. Call them forth quickly; we will do so.
Arm. Holla! approach.
873. years] yeare Q 1.
862. bring you on your way] conduct, accompany you on your way. The expression occurs again in Winter's Tale, IV. iii. 122; and in Measure for Measure, 1. i. 62 (see note in Arden edition).
864. Jack Fill] An old saying, occurring in Heywood's Dialogue, 1546 (Dyce); and see Sharman's edition of Heywood's Proverbs, p. 100. And earlier, in Skelton's Magnyfycence (Dyce, i. 234), 1515: "What avayleth lordshyp, yourselfe for to kyll, With care and with thought, howe Jack shall have Gyl." Gosson has " Every John and his Joan" (Schoole of Abuse, 1579). See Ray, ed. 1742, p. 124; Ben Jonson, Gipsies Metamorphosed, etc. 871. royal finger] See above, v. i. 96.
872, 873. hold the plough] See note at lines 712-714 above.
874. dialogue] This use of "dialogue" is not included by New Eng. Dict.
amongst dialogues set as musical
879. Holla] "a shout to excite attention" (New Eng. Dict.); "a call to a person to come near (Schmidt). Compare Gascoigne, The Steel Glas (Arber, p. 72), 1577: "But holla; here, I see a wondrous sight, I see a swarme of Saints within my glasse. What should they be (my lord), what should they be?"
Re-enter HOLOFERNES, NATHANIEL, MOTH, COSTARD, and others.
This side is Hiems, Winter, this Ver, the Spring; the 880
Spring. When daisies pied and violets blue
And lady-smocks all silver-white
And cuckoo-buds of yellow hue
Do paint the meadows with delight,
The cuckoo then, on every tree,
Mocks married men; for thus sings he,
Re-enter .] Enter all Qq, Ff. 884, 885. Theobald; the order is 885, 884 in Ff, Qq. 885. cuckoo-buds] cowslip-buds Farmer conjecture; crocus-buds Whalley conjecture. 886. with delight] much bedight War
881. maintained] represented' (Schmidt)? Rather "backed," " supported." The "support" is more an exercise of the imagination, than a real stage property, as is doubtfully implied in New Eng. Dict., giving no other example. Compare Greene, Penelope's Web (Grosart, v. 217), 1587: "he there complayned of the Collyar, how he had abused him in mayntayning his boy to give him ill language." No doubt the performers imitate the notes of the birds in the song.
883. When daisies pied, etc.] Furness writes: "Whalley speaks of this song 'which gave so much pleasure to the Town, and was in everybody's mouth about seven years ago.' This must have been about 1740. Genest records no production of Love's Labour's Lost at or about this date, or in fact at any date. But we know that this song was introduced into As You Like It; which, Genest says, was acted in November, 1740, for the first time for forty years. It had an unusual run of twenty-five nights. This is probably the occasion which made the song so popular.' Whalley's remark was in connection with his proposed "crocus-buds " (line 885).
884. lady-smocks] The flowers of Cardamine pratensis, or Cuckoo-flower; probably a corruption of " Our Lady's
smock," like "Lady's Mantle," "Lady's Bedstraw.' A general provincial name. It occurs in Ben Jonson's Pan's Anniversary: "kingspear, holyhocks, Sweet Venus-navel, and soft Lady-smocks." New Eng. Dict. quotes Gerard's Herbal.
885. cuckoo-buds] Britten and Holland, English Plant Names (Eng. Dialect Soc. 1886), give this name from Northampton and Sussex Ranunculus bulbosus, or Crowfoot, one of the first buttercups to bloom. In Co. Donegal (S. W.) the name "Cuckooflower" is applied to Lotus corniculatus, the Bird's-foot Trefoil. Appendix to my Flora of Donegal. Schmidt decides in favour of the cowslip, for which there is not the slightest proof or evidence. The choice lies between buttercup and bird's-foot (both called also crowfoot or crowtoe), and I am rather inclined to the latter, as a spring meadow flower. Its buds are more numerous and more worthy of a special name than those of buttercup. Has not the "yellow hue" here a special force of jealousy, appropriate to the context? Nym's yellowness, in Merry Wives of Windsor, I. iii. III, will be recalled.
887, 888. cuckoo . . thus sings he] See note at "cuckoo birds do sing," Merry Wives of Windsor, 11. i. 124 (Arden ed. p. 71).
905. foul] fall Q 1. 907, 908. Tu-whit; Tu-who] Qq, Ff; Tu-who; Tuwhit, to-who Capell.
892. pipe on oaten straws] Compare T. Watson, Eclogue upon Death of Walsingham (Arber, p. 163), 1590: "An humble style befitts a simple swain, My Muse shall pipe but on an oaten quill." And Golding's Ovid, i. 842: Some good plaine soule that had some flocke to feede And as he went he pyped still upon an Oten Reede" (1567). Spenser speaks of the shepherd's "oaten pipe" in Shepheard's Calendar for January (1579). Gabriel Harvey quotes the expression from Spenser, in a letter (1580), in Grosart's Harvey, i. 92.
893. larks clocks] "rise with the lark" occurs in Lyly's Euphues and his England (Arber, p. 229), 1580; and "up with the lark" in Greene's Never Too Late (Grosart, viii. 124).
902. blows his nail] wait patiently while one has nothing to do. Schmidt says "to warm his hands," an accidental property of the saying, arising out of idleness in cold. The expres sion occurs again as descriptive of listlessness in 3 Henry VI. II. v. 3. A few examples must be quoted: "hee was driven to daunce attendaunce without doores and blowe his nailes (North, Doni's Philosophie [edited Jacobs, p. 231], 1570); "who sate all
the while with the Porter, blowing his nailes" (Jests of George Peele [Hazlitt's repr. p. 276], 1607); a time when nothing would have been denied her . but that heat being cooled, she may blow her nails twice before it kindle again" (Letter of Chamberlain, in Court and Times of James I. ii. 56 ); “knocke her knees and blow her nailes at the doore like a poore black-bitten stal-creeper (Thos. Brewer, Merry Devil of Edmonton [prose] [repr. of 1631 ed. p. 48], 1608). We have Cotgrave to explain this in v. ceincture: "pull straws, pluck daisies, pick rushes, or blow their fingers; generally the phrase imports an idle and lazie fashion, or posture." In Churchyard's Challenge (Nichols, iii. 178), 1592: picke your fingers' endes, Or blow your nailes, or gnaw, and bite your thumbs," is descriptive of being out of employment of any sort; while in verses by Campion from Davison's Poetical Rhapsodie, 1611 (quoted by Nichols, iii. 350), cold is specified: "But in their brests, where Love his Court should hold, Poor Cupid sits, and blowes his nailes for cold." And see Todd's Spenser, vii. 236.
907, 908. Tu-whit; Tu-who] Holt White refers to Lyly's Mother Bombie