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,this fair are all such merchandise sold as houses, lands, trades, places, honours, preferments, titles, countries, kingdoms, lusts, pleasures ; and delights of all sorts, as whores, bawds, wives, husbands, children, masters, servants, lives, blood, bodies, souls, silver, gold, pearls, precious stones, and what not I"

And moreover, at this fair there is at all times to be seen jugglings, cheats, games, plays, fools, apes, knaves, and rogues, and that of every kind.

Here are to'be seen too, and that for nothing, thefts, murders, adulteries, false-swearers, and that of a bloodred colour.

And as in other fairs of less moment there are several rows and streets under their proper names, where such wares are vended, so here likewise you have the proper places, rows, streets, (viz. countries and kingdoms) where the wares of this fair are soonest to be found. Here is the BRITAIN row, the FRENCH row, the ITALIAN row, the SPANIsH row, the GERMAN row, where several sorts of vanities are to be sold. But as in other fairs some one commodity is as the chief of all the fair, so the ware of Roma and her merchandize is greatly

promoted in this fair : only our ENGLISH nation, with

some others, have taken a dislike thereat.

Now, as I said, the way to the Celestial City lies just‘

through the town where this lusty fair is kept ; and he that will go to the city, and yet not go through this town, “ must needs go out of the world.”. The Prince of princes himself, when here, went through this town to his own country, and that upon a fair-day too: yea, and as I think, it was BEELZEBUB the chief lord of this

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fair that invited him to buy of his vanities ; yea, would have made him lord of the fair, would he but have done him reverence as he went through the town : yea, because he was such a person of honour, BEELZEBUB had him from street to street, and showed him all the kingdoms of the world in a little time, that he might, if possible, allure that Blessed One to cheapen and buy some of his vanities ; but he had no mind to the merchandise, and therefore left the town without laying out so much as one farthing upon these vanities‘. This fair, therefore, is an ancient thing, of long standing, and a very great fair. ,

Now these pilgrims, as I said, must need go through this fair. Well, so they did ; but behold, even as they entered into the fair, all the people in the fair were moved, and the town itself, as it were, in a hubbub about them ; and that for several reasons : for,

First, the pilgrims were clothed with such kind of raiment as “as diverse from the raiment of any that traded in that fair. The people, therefore, of the fair made a great gazing upon them : some said they were fools“; some, they were bedlams, and some, they were outlandish men.

Secondly, And, as they wondered at their apparel, so they did likewise at their speech ; for few could understand what they said : they naturally spoke the language of CANAAN ; but they that kept the fair were the men of this world : so that from one end of the fair to the other they seemed barbarians each to the other.

Thirdly, But that which did not a little amuse the

' Matt. iv. 8, 9. Lukc, iv. 5. 7. 5 I Cor. iv. 9, to.

THE PILGRIMS APPREHENDED AND EXAMINED. 103

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merchandizers was, that these pilgrims set very light by all their wares: they cared not so much as to look upon them : and if they called upon them to buy, they would put their fingers in their ears, and cry, “ Turn away “ mine eyes from beholding vanityI ;" and look upwards, signifying that their trade and trafi‘ic was in heaven.

One chanced, mocking, beholding the carriages of the men, to say unto them, ‘ What will ye buy P’ but they looking gravely upon him, said,‘ We “ buy the “ truthz.” At that, there was an occasion taken to despise the men the more : some mocking, some taunting, some speaking reproachfully, and some calling upon others to smite them. At last things came to an hubbub and great stir in the fair, insomuch that all order was confounded. Now was word presently brought to the great one of the fair, who quickly came down, and deputed some of his most trusty friends to take those men into examination about whom the fair was almost overturned. So the men were brought to examination; and they that sat upon them, asked them whence they came, whither they went, and what they did there in such an unusual garb? The men told them that they were pilgrims and strangers in the world; and that they were going to their own country, which was the heavenly JERUSALEM: ; and that they had given no occasion to the men of the town, nor yet to the merchandiZers, thus to abuse them, and to let them in their journey: except it was for that, when one asked them what they would buy, they said they would buy

1. Pf. cxix. 37. 1 Prev. xxiii. 2.3. 3 Heb. xi. 13—16.

104 THEIR CONFINEMENT, AND MEEK BEHAVIOUR.

the truth—But they that Were appointed to examine them, did not believe them to be any other than bedlams and mad, or else such as came to put all things into a confusion in the fair. Therefore they took them and beat them and besmeared them with dirt, and then put them into the cage, that they might be made a spectacle to all the men of the fair. Therefore they lay for some time, and were made the objects of any man’s sport, or malice, or revenge; the great one of the fair laughing still at all that befel them. But, the men being patient, and “ not rendering railing for railing, “ but contrariwise blessing,” and giving good words for bad, and kindness for injuries done, some men in the fair, that were more observing and less prejudiced than the rest, began to check and blame the bascr sort for their continual abuses done by them to the men : they therefore in angry manner let fly at them again, counting them as bad as the men in the cage, and telling them that they seemed confederates, and should be made partakers of their misfortune. The other replied that, for aught they could see, the men Were quiet and sober, and intended nobody any harm: and that there were many that traded in their fair that were more worthy to be put into the cage, yea, and pillory too, than were the men that they had abused. Thus after divers words had passed on both sides (the men behaving themselves all the whilc very wisely and soberly before them) they fell to some blows among themselves, and did harm one to another. ~ Then were these .two poor men brought before their examiners again, and there charged as being guilty of the late hubbub that

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had been in the fair. So they beat them pitifully, and hanged irons upon them, and led them in chains up and down the fair, for an example and terror to others, lest any should speak in their behalf, or join [themselves unto them. But CHRISTIAN and FAITHFUL behaved themselves yet more wisely, and received the ignominy and shame that was cast upon them with so much meekness and patience, thatit won to their side (though but few in comparison of the rest) several of the men in the fair. This put the other party yet into a greater rage, insomuch that they concluded the death of these two men. \Vherefore they threatened that the cage nor irons should serve their turn, but that they should die for the abuse they had done, and for deluding the men of the fair.

Then were they remanded to the cage again, until further order should be taken with them. ‘So they put them in, and made their feet fast in the stocks.

Here, therefore, they called again to mind what they had heard from their faithful friend EVANGELIST, and were the more confirmed in their ways and sufferings by what he told them would happen to them. They also now comforted each other, that whose lot it was to suffer even he should have the best on it; therefore each man secretly wished that he might have that preferment : but committing themselves to the all-wise dispose of Him that ruleth all things, with much content they abode in the condition in which they were, until they should be otherwise disposed of.

Then a convenient time being appointed, they brought them forth to their trial in order to their

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