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tated by a just regard for the honour of God, and we can believe that a man is satisfied with himself, indignant grief excited by the profligacy of the age, merely because he endeavours to appear so. А and a tender compassion for the souls of men. smile upor: the face is often but a mask worn occa
His favourite topics are least insisted on in the sionally, and in company, to prevent, if possible, a piece entitled “ Table Talk;' which therefore, with suspicion of what at the same time is passing in the some regard to the prevailing taste, and that those, heart. We know that there are people who seldom who are governed by it, may not be discouraged at sinile when they are alone, who therefore are glad the very threshold from proceeding farther, is placed to hide themselves in a throng from the violence of first. In most of the larger Poems which follow, their own reflections, and who, while by their looks his leading design is more explicitly avowed and and their language they wish to persuade us they pursued. He aims to communicate his own per- are happy, would be glad to change their conditions ceptions of the truth, beauty, and influence of the
with a dog. But in defiance of all their efforts, religion of the Bible-a religion, which, however they continue to think, forebode, and tremble. discredited by the misconduct of many, who have
This we know, for it has been our own state, and not renounced the Christian name, proves itself,
therefore we know how to commiserate it in others. when rightly understood, and cordially embraced,
-From this state the Bible relieved us: when we to be the grand desideratum, which alone can re
were led to read it with attention, we found our lieve the mind of man from painful and unavoid
selves described. We learned the causes of our able anxieties, inspire it with stable peace and solid inquietude-we were directed to a method of relief hope, and furnish those motives and prospects,
-We tried, and we were not disappointed. which, in the present state of things, are absolutely necessary to produce a conduct worthy of a rational
Deus nobis hæc otia fecit. creature, distinguished by a vastness of capacity, which no assemblage of earthly good can satisfy,
We are now certain, that the Gospel of Christ is and by a principle and pre-intimation of immor. the power of God unto salvation to every one that tality.
believeth. It has reconciled us to God, and to our At a time when hypothesis and conjecture in
selves, to our duty, and our situation. It is the philosophy are so justly exploded, and little is con
balm and cordial of the present life, and a sovereign sidered as deserving the name of knowledge, which
antidote against the fear of death. will not stand the test of experiment, the very use
Sed hactenus hæc. Some smaller pieces upon of the term experimental in religious concernments
less important subjects close the volume.
Not one is by too many unhappily rejected with disgust of them, I believe, was written with a view to But we well know, that they, who affect to despise publication, but I was unwilling they should be the inward feelings which religious persons speak omitted.. of, and to treat them as enthusiasm and folly, have inward feelings of their own, which, though they
JOHN NEWTON. would, they cannot suppress.
We have been too long in the secret ourselves, to account the proud, the ambitious, or the voluptuous, happy. We must
Charles Square, Hoxton, lose the remembrance of what we once were, before
February 18, 1782.
87 Progress ot Error
ib. Expostulation 14 Pairing Time anticipated.--A Fable
88 Hope 13 The Dog and Water Lily
24 The Poet, the Oyster, and the Sensitive Plant ib. Conversation 28 The Shrubbery
ib. Mutual Forbearance necessary to the Happiness of the Married State
ib. The Task, in Six Books :
The Negro's Complaint
90 Book I. The Sofa
Pity for Poor Africans
ib. II. The Time-piece
ib. III. The Garden
91 IV. The Winter Evening
On a Goldfinch starved to Death in his Cage 57
ib. V. The Winter Morning Walk
The Pine-apple and the Bee 62
ib. - VI. The Winter Walk at Noon
Horace, Book II. Ode X. 68
ib. Reflection on the foregoing Ode
92 Tirocinium; or a Review of Schools 75 The Lily and the Rose
ib. Yearly Distress, or Tithing Time at Stock, in Idem Latine Redditum
ib. Sonnet addressed to Henry Cowper 83 Idem Latine Redditum
ib. Lines addressed to Dr. Darwin ib. Votum
ib. On Mrs. Montagu's Feather Hangings
ib. Verses supposed to be written by Alexander
TRANSLATIONS FROM VINCENT Selkirk, during his abode in the Island of
93 On the promotion of Edward Thurlow, Esq. to
ib. the Chancellorship of England
ib. Ode to Peace
ih. Human Frailty
ib. The Modern Patriot
94 On observing some names of little Note, record
Simile agit in Simile
ib, ed in the Biographia Britannica
ib Report of an adjudged Case not to be found in any of the Books
An Epistle to an afflicted Protestant Lady in
ib. On the burning of Lord Mansfield's Library
ib, On the Same
95 The Love of the World reproved
il. On the death of Lady Throckmorton's Bul To the Rev. William Cawthorne Unwin 97 finch
86 Answer to Stanzas addressed to Lady Hesketh, The Rose
ib. by Miss Catharine Fanshawe, in returning a The Doves
Poem of Mr. Cowper's, lent to her, on conA Fable
dition she should neither show it, nor take a Comparison
On the Ice Islands, seen floating in the Ger- On Mr. Chester of Chichely
106 man Ocean, 1799. 97 From a Letter to the Rev. Mr. Newton
ib. On finding the Heel of a Shoe ib. Annus Mernorabilis, 1789.
lib. Stanzas on the late indecent liberties taken Inscription for the Tomb of Mr. Hamilton 107 with the remains of the Great Milton
Stanzas 'subjoined to the Yearly Bill of Mor. The Cottager and his Landlord
ib. tality of the Parish of All Saints, Nor. The Colubriad ib. thampton, anno domini, 1787.
ib. An Epistle to Joseph Hill, Esq. ib. On a Similar Occasion, 1788.
'ib. To Robert Lloyd, Esq. 99 On a Similar Occasion, 1789.
108 To the Rev. Mr. Newton ib. On a Similar Occasion, 1790.
ib. Translation of Prior's Chloe and Euphelia 100 On a Similar Occasion, 1792.
ib. A Tale
109 The Needless Alarm.-A Tale
ib. The Moralizer Corrected.
110 Heroism ib The Judgment of the Poets, 1791.
ib, The Faithful Bird 103 The Salad-By Virgil
ib. Boadicea.-An Ode
ib. Hymn for the Use of the Sunday School at Sunset and Sunrise ib. Olney
111 On the Receipt of my Mother's Picture ib. Sonnet-To Charles Diodati
ib. Friendship 104 To William Hayley, Esq. 1793.
112 The Four Ages 105 To William Wilberforce, Esq. 1792.
ib. On a Mischievous Bull, which the Owner of On an Infant
ib. him sold at the Author's instance 106 Epitaph on a Hare,
ib. To the Spanish Admiral, Count Gravina, on Epitaphium Alterum
ib. bis translating the Author's Song on a Rose Acoount of the Author's treatment of into Italian Verse
Si te forte meæ gravis uret sarcina chartæ,
Hor. Lib. I. Epist. 13.
A. YOU told me, I remember, glory, built
B. I grant that, men continuing what they are,
Let laurels, drenched in pure Parnassian dews, Reward his memory, dear to every muse, Who, with a courage of unshaken root, In honour's field advancing his firm foot, Plants it upon the line that justice draws, And will prevail or perish in her cause. "Tis to the virtues of such men, man owes His portion in the good that Heaven bestows; And when recording history displays Feats of renown, though wrought in ancient days, Tells of a few stout hearts, that fought and died Where duty placed them, at their country's side; The man that is not moved with what he reads, That takes not fire at their heroic deeds, Unworthy of the blessings of the brave, Is base in kind, and born to be a slave.
But let eternal infamy pursue The wretch, to nought but his ambition true, Who, for the sake of filling with one blast The post-horns of all Europe, lays her waste. Think yourself station'd on a towering rock, To see a people scatter'd like a flock, Some royal mastiff panting at their heels, With all the savage thirst a tiger feels; Then view him self-proclaim'd in a gazette, Chief monster that has plagued the nations yet: The globe and sceptre in such hands misplaced, Those ensigns of dominion, how disgraced ! The glass that bids man mark the fleeting hour, And death's own sithe would better speak his
power ; Then grace the bony phantom in their stead With the king's shoulder-knot and gay cockade; Clothe the twin brethren in each other's dress, The same their occupation and success.
A. 'Tis your belief the world was made for man: Kings do but reason on the self-same plan; Maintaining yours, you cannot theirs condemn, Who think, seem to think, man made for
them. B. Seldom, alas! the power of logic reigns With much sufficiency in royal brains: Such reasoning falls like an inverted cone, Wanting its proper base to stand upon. Man made for kings! those optics are but dim That tell you so-say, rather, they for him, That were indeed a king-ennobling thought, Could they, or would they, reason as they ought. The diadem, with mighty projects lined To catch renown by ruining mankind, Is worth, with all its gold and glittering store, Just what the toy will sell for, and no more.
Oh! bright occasions of dispensing good, How seldom used, how little understood ! To pour in virtue's lap her
just reward, Keep vice restraind behind a double guard;
To quell the faction that affronts the throne,
A. Guard what you say; the patriotic tribe
dress'd, Seems to imply a censure on the rest.
B. Quevedo, as he tells his sober tale, Ask'd, when in hell, to see the royal
jail ; Approved their method in all other things; But where, good Sir, do you confine your kings? There-said his guide-the group is full in view. Indeed !-replied the Don-there are but few. His black interpreter the charge disdain'dFew, fellow There are all that ever reign'd. Wit, undistinguishing, is apt to strike The guilty and not guilty both alike. I grant the sarcasm is too severe, And we can readily refute it here; While Alfred's name, the father of his age, And the Sixth Edward's, grace the historic page.
A. Kings then at last have but the lot of all, By their own conduct they must stand or fall.
B. True. While they live the courtly laureat pays
I pity kings whom worship waits upon,
If the gilt carriage and the pamper'd steed, Patient of constitutional control,
But, if authority grow wanton, wo
Fires him at once in freedom's glorious cause. If monarchy consist in such base things,
Thus, Froud prerogative, not much revered, Sighing, I say again, I pity kings!
Is seldom felt, though sometimes seen and heard; To be suspected, thwarted, and withstood, And in his cage, like parrot fine and gay, Even when he labours for his country's good; Is kept, to strut, look big, and talk away. To see a band, call'd patriot for no cause,
Born in a climate softer far than ours, But that they catch at popular applause,
Not form'd like us, with such Herculean powers, Careless of all th' anxiety he feels,
The Frenchman, easy, debonair, and brisk, Hook disappointment on the public wlieels; Give him his lass, his fiddle, and his frisk, With all their flippant fluency of tongue,
Is always happy, reign whoever may, Most confident, when palpably most wrong ;- And laughs the sense of misery far away, If this be kingly, then farewell for me
He drinks his simple beverage with a gust; All kingship; and may I be poor and free.
And, feasting on an onion and a crust, To be the Table Talk of clubs upstairs,
We never feel the alacrity and joy To which th' unwash'd artificer repairs;
With which he shouts and carols Vive le Ro, To' indulge his genius after long fatigue,
Fill'd with as much true merriment and glee, By diving into cabinet intrigue
As if he heard his king say-Slave, be free.
Less on exterior things than most suppose.
Kind Providence attends with gracious aid
And weighs the nations in an even scale; If he indulge a cultivated taste,
He can encourage slavery to a smile, His galleries with the works of art well graced, And fill with discontent a British isle. To hear it call'd extravagance and waste
A. Freeman and slave then, if the case be If these attendants, and if such as these
such, Must follow royalty, then welcome ease;
Stand on a level; and you prove too much: However humble and confined the sphere,
If all men indiscriminately share Happy the state that has not these to fear.
His fostering power, and tutelary care, A. Thus men, whose thoughts contemplative As well be yoked by despotism's hand, have dwelt
As dwell at large in Britain's charter'd land. On situations that they never felt,
B. No. Freedom has a thousand charms to Start up sagacious, cover'd with the dust
show, Of dreaming study and pedantic rust,
That slaves, howe'er contented, never know. And prate and preach about what others prove,
The mind attains, beneath her happy reign, As if the world and they were hand and glove. The growth that Nature meant she should attain; Leave kingly backs to cope with kingly cares;
The varied fields of science, ever new, They have their weight to carry, subjects theirs; Opening, and wider opening on her view, Poets, of all men, ever least regret
She ventures onward with a prosperous force, Increasing taxes and the nation's debt.
While no base fear impedes her in her course. Could you contrive the payment, and rehearse Religion, richest favour of the skies, The mighty plan, oracular, in verse,
Stands most reveal'd before the freeman's eyes; No bard, howe'er majestic, old or new,
No shades of superstition blot the day, Should claim my fix'd attention more than you.
Liberty chases all that gloom away; B. Not Brindley nor Bridgewater would essay The soul, emancipated, unoppress'd, To turn the course of Helicon that way;
Free to prove all things, and hold fast the best, Nor would the Nine consent the sacred tide
Learns much; and to a thousand listening minds Should purl amidst the traffic of Cheapside, Communicates with joy the good she finds; Or tinkle in Change Alley, to amuse
Courage in arms, and ever prompt to show The leather ears of stock jobbers and Jews.
His manly forehead to the fiercest foe; A. Vouchsafe, at least, to pitch the key of rhyme
Glorious in war, but for the sake of peace, To themes more pertinent, if less sublime.
His spirits rising as his toils increase, When ministers and ministerial arts;
Guards well what arts and industry hare won, Patriots, who love good places as their hearts;
And freedom claims him for her first-born son. When admirals, extoll'd for standing still,
Slaves fight for what were better cast awayOr doing nothing with a deal of skill;
The chain that binds them, and a tyrant's sway; Generals, who will not conquer when they may,
But they that fight for freedom, undertake Firm friends to peace, to pleasure, and good pay ;
The noblest cause mankind can have at stake: When freedom, wounded almost to despair, Religion, virtue, truth, whate'er we call Though discontent alone can find out where; A blessing-freedom is the pledge of all. When themes like these employ the puet's tongue,
Oh liberty! the prisoner's pleasing dream, I hear as mute as if a siren sung.
The poet's muse, his passion and his theme; Or tell me, if you can, what power maintains
Genius is thine, and thou art fancy's nurse; A Briton's scorn of arbitrary chains ?
Lost without thee, th' ennobling powers of verse; That were a theme might animate the dead, Heroic song from thy free touch acquires And move the lips of poets cast in lead.
Its clearest tone, the rapture it inspires : B. The cause, though worth the search, may yet Place me where winter breathes his keenest air, Conjecture and remark, however shrewd. [elude And I will sing, if liberty be there; They take perhaps a well-directed aim,
And I will sing at liberty's dear feet, Who seek it in his climate and his frame.
In Afric's torrid clime, or India's fiercest heat. Liberal in all things else, yet nature here
A. Sing where you please ; in such a cause I With stern severity deals out the year.
An English poet's privilege to rant ; [grant Winter invades the spring, and often pours
But is not freedom--at least is not ours A chilling flood on summer's drooping flowers Too apt to play the wanton with her powers, Unwelcome vapours quench autumnal beams, Grow freakish, and o'erleaping every inound, Ungenial blasts attending, curl the streams; Spread anarchy and terror all around ? The peasants urge their harvest, ply the fork
B. Agreed. But would you sell or slay your With double toil, and shiver at their work:
horse Thus, with a rigour for his good design'd,
For bounding and curvetting in his course ? She rears her favourite man of all mankind.
Or if, when ridden with a careless rein, His form robust and of elastic tone,
He break away, and seek the distant plain? Proportion'd vell, half muscle and half bone, No. His high mettie, under good control, Supplies with warm activity and force
Gives him Olympic speed, and shoots him to the A mind well-lodged, and masculine of course.
goal. Hence liberty, sweet liberty ! inspires,
Let discipline employ her wholesome arts; And keeps alive, his fierce but noble fires.
Let magistrates alert perform their parts;