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And, in thy best consideration, check. (ment, I crave no more than hath your highness offer’d,
This hideous rashness: answer my life, my judge- Nor will you tender less.
Thy youngest daughter does not love thee least Lear. Right noble Burgundy,
Nor are those empty-hearted, whose low sound When she was dear to us, we did hold her so;
Reverbs' no hollowness.

5 But now her price is fall’n: Sir, there she stands; Lear. Kent, on thy life, no more.

If aught within that little seeming' substance,
Kent. My life I never held but as a pawn Or all of it, with our displeasure piec'd,
To wage against thine enemies; nor fear to lose it, And nothing more, may fitly like your grace,
Thy safety being the motive.

She's there, and she is yours.
Leur. Out of my sight!

101 Bur. I know no answer.

[owes?, Kent. See better, Lear; and let me still remain Lear. Sir, will you, with those infirmities she The true blank ? of thine eye.

Unfriended, new-adopted to our hate, soath, Lear. Now, by Apollo,

Dower'd with our curse, and stranger'd with our Kent. Now, by Apollo, king,

Take her, or leave her? Thou swear'st thy gods in vain.

15 Bur. Pardon me, royal sir; Leur. O vassal! miscreant !

Election makes not up on such conditions. (Luying his hand on his sword. Lear. Then leave her, sir; for by the power Alb. Corn. Dear sir, forbear.

that made me, Kent.Do; Lillthy physician, and the fee bestow I tell you all her wealth.–For you, great king, Upon the foul disease. Revoke thy gift; 201

(To France. Or, whilst I can vent clamour from my throat, I would not from your love make such a stray, I'll tell thee, thou dost evil.

To match you where I hate; therefore beseech you Lear. Hear me, recreant;

To avert your liking a more worthier way, On thine allegiance hear me!

Than on a wretch whom nature is asham'd Since thou hast sought to make us break our vow, 25 Almost to acknowledge hers. (Which we durst never yet,) and, with strain'd France. This is most strange ! pride,

That she, who even but now was your best object,
To come betwixt our sentence and our power“, The argument of your praise, balnı of your age,
(Which nor our nature nor our place can bear,) The best, the dearest, should in this trice of time
Our potency made good, take thy reward. 30 Comınit a thing so monstrous, to dismantle
Five days we do allot thee for provision

So many folds of favour ! Sure, her offence
To shield thee from disasters of the world ; Must be of such unnatural degree,
And, on the sixth, to turn thy hated back That monsters it, or your fore-vouch'd affection
Upon our kingdom: if on the tenth day following, Fall into taint': which to believe of her,
Thy banish'd trunk be found in our dominions, 35 Must be of faith, that reason without miracle
The moment is thy death: Away! By Jupiter, Should never plant in me.
This shall not be revok'd.

Cor. I yet beseech your majesty,
Kent. Why, fare thee well, king: since thus (If for I want that glib and oily art, [tend,
thou wilt appear,

To speak and purpose not; since what I well inFreedom lives hence, and banishment is here.— 40 I'll do't before I speak) that you make known The gods to their dear shelter take thee, maid, It is no vicious blot, murder, or foulness,

[To Cordelia. No unchaste action, or dishonour'd step, That justly think'st, and hast most rightly said.- That liath depriv'd me of your grace and favour: And your large speeches may your deeds approve, But even for want of that, for which I am richer: [To Regun and Gonerii

. 45 A still-soliciting eye, and such a tongue That good effects may spring front words of love. That I am glad I have not, though not to have it Thus Kent, O princes, bids you all adieu ;

Hath lost me in your liking. He'll shape his oldcourse in a country new. (Exit. Lear. Better thou

[better. Re-enter Gloster, with France, Burgundy, and 50 France. Is it no more but this ? a tardiness in

Hadst not been born, than not to have pleas'd me

Glo. Here's France and Burgundy, my noble Which often leaves the history unspoke,

That it intends to do?-My lord of Burgundy,
Lear. My lord of Burgundy,

What say you to the lady ! Love is not love,
We first address towards you, who with this king 55 When it is mingled with regards, that stand
Have rivalld for our daughter; What, in the least, Aloof from the cntire to point. Will you have her?
Will you require in present dower with her, She is herself a dowry.
Or cease your quest of love "?

Bur. Royal Lear,
Bur. Most royal majesty,

Give but that portion which yourself propos'd, · Means the same as reverberates. 2 The blank is the white or exact mark at which the arrow is shot. See better, says Kent, and keep me always in your view. 3 i.e. pride erorbitant ; pride passing due bounds. * i.e. our power to execute that sentence. 5 Quest of love is amorous expedition. The term originated from romance.-A quest was the expedition in which a knight was en. gaged.

Seeming is specious. 'i.e. is possessed of. i. e. makes not advances. o Taint is here used for corruption and for disgrace.

10 Entire for single. 302


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And here I take Cordelia by the hand,

Gon. You see how full of changes his age is ! Dutchess of Burgundy.

the observation we have made of it hath not been Lear. Nothing; I have sworn: I am firm. little ! he always lov'd our sister most; and with Bur. I am sorry then you have so lost a father, what poor judgement he hath now cast her ott, That you must lose a husband.

5 appears too grossly: Cor. Peace be with Burgundy!

Reg. 'Tis the infirmity of his age: yet he hath Since that respects of fortune are his love, ever but slenderly known hiniselt. I shall not be his wife.

Gon. The best and soundest of his time hath France. Fairest Cordelia, thou art most rich, been but fash; then inust we look to receive being poor;

10 from his age, not alone the imperfections of longMost choice, forsaken; and most lov’d, despis’d! lengrafted condition, but therewithal the unruly Thee and thy virtues here I seize upon : waywardness that infirin and choleric years Be it lawful, I take up what's cast away: bring with them. Gods, gods ! 'tis strange, that from their cold'st Reg. Such unconstant starts are we like to neglect

15 have from him, as this of Kent's banishment. My love should kindle to inflam'd respect.- Gon. There is further compliment of leaveThy dowerless daughter, king, thrown to my taking between France and him. Pray you, let chance,

us hit together: If our father carry authority Is queen of us, and ours, and our fair France: with such dispositions as he bears, this last surNot all the dukes of wat'rish Burgundy 20 render of his will but offend us. Shall buy this unpriz'd precious maid of me.- Reg. We shall further think of it. Bid them farewell, Cordelia, though unkind : Goru We must do something, and i' the heat'. Thou losest here, a better where to find.

[Ercunt. Lear. Thou hast her, France: let her be thine ;


SCENE N. Have no such daughter, nor shall ever see

A Castte belonging to the Earl of Gloster. That face of her's again:-Therefore be gone,

Enter Edmund, with a letter. Without our grace, our love, our benizon.- Edm. Thou, nature, art my goddess; to thy law Come, noble Burgundy.

My services are bound : Wherefore should I [Flourish. Ercunt Lear, Burgundy, &c. 30Stand in the plague of custom; and perniit France. Bid farewell to your sisters.

The curiosity' of nations to a deprive me, Cor. The jewels of our father, with wash'd eyes For that I am some twelve or fourteen moonCordelia leaves you: I know you what you are:


[base And, like a sister, am most loth to call [ther :. Lag of a brother? Why bastard ? wherefore Your faults, as they are nam'd. Use well our fa-|35 when my dimensions are as well compact, To your professing bosoms I commit him : My mind as generous, and my shape as true, But yet, alas! stood I within his grace,

As honest madam's issue? Why brand they us I would prefer him to a better place.

With base? with baseness? bastardy? base, base ? So farewell to you both.

Who, in the lusty stealth of nature, take: Reg. Prescribe not us our duties.

40 More composition, and fierce quality Gon. Let your study

Than doth, within a dull, stale, tired bed, Be, to content your lord; who hath receiv'd' you Go to the creating of a whole tribe of fops, At fortune's alms: You have obedience scanted, Got 'tween asleep and wake?-Well then, And well are worth the want that you have. Legitimate Edgar, I must have your land: wanted?.

45 Our father's love is to the bastard Edmund, Cor. Time shall unfold what plaited 'cunning As to the legitimate: Fine word, -legitimate! hides ;


, my legitimate, if this letter speed, Who cover faults, at last shame them derides.

And my invention thrive, Edmund the base Well may you prosper!

Shall top the legitimate. I grow; I prosperi France. Come, my fair Cordelia.


Now, gods, stand up for bastards ! [E.xeunt France and Cordelia.

Enter Gloster: Gon. Sister, it is not a little I have to say, of Glo. Kent banish'd thus! And France in chowhat most nearly appertains to us both. I think,

ler parted! our father will hence to-night.

And the king gone to-night! subscrib'd' his * Reg. That's most certain, and with you; next 55 power! month with us.

Confin'd to exhibition 10! All this done



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· Here and rchere have the power of nouns.—Thou losest this residence to find a better residence in another place. The meaning is, “You well deserve to meet with that want of love from your husband, which you have professed to want for our father." 3 i. e. complicated, involved cunning.

'i.e. We must strike wlnle the iron's hot. 6 That is, Wherefore should I acquiescc, submit tamely to the plagues and injustice of custom? Curiosity, in the time of Shakspeare, was a word that signified an over-nice scrupulousness in manners, dress, &c.—The curiosity of nations means, the idle, nice distinctions of the world. To deprive was, in our author's tiine, synonymous to disinherit,

Subscrib'd for transferred, alienated. .* Exhibition is allowance. 1


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Upon the gad?! Edinund! How now? what the letter ! Abhorred villain! Unnatural, denews?

tested, brutish villain! worse than brutish !-Go, Edm. So please your lordship, none.

sirrah, seek him; I 'll apprehend hiin :~Abo[Putting up the letter. Ininable villain!Where is he? Glo. Why so earnestly seek you to put up that 5 Edm. I do not well know, my lord. If it letter?

shall please you to suspendyourindignation against Edm. I know no news, my lord.

my brother, 'till you can derive from hiin better Glo. What paper were you reading?

testimony of his intent, you should run a certain Edm. Nothing, my lord.

course; where, if you violently proceed against Glo. No? What needed then that terrible dis-10 him, inistaking his purpose, it would make a great patch of it into your pocket? The quality of no- Igap in your own honour, and shake in pieces the thing hath not such need to hide itself. Let's see: heart of his obedience. I dare pawn down my life Come, if it be nothing, I shall not need spectacles. for him, that he hath writ this to feel my affection

Edm. I beseech you, sir, pardon me : it is a let- to your honour, and to no other pretence of ter from my brother, that I have not allo'er-read ; 15 danger.

1 and for so much as I have perus'd, I find it not Glo. Think you so ? fit for your overlooking.

Edm. If your honour judge it meet, I will place Glo. Give me the letter, sir.

you where you shall hear us confer of this, and by Edm. I shall otlend, either to detain or give it. an auricular assurance have your satisfaction; and The contents, as in part I understand them, are 20 that without any further delay than this very evento blame.

Glo. He cannot be such a monster. - [ing. Glo. Let's see, let's see.

Edm. Nor is not, sure. Edm. I hope, for my brother's justification, he Glo. To his father, that so tenderly and entirely wrote this but as an assay or taste of my virtue. loves him.--Heaven and earth!- Edmund, seek

Glo. [reads.) “This policy, and reverence of 25 him out; wind me into hini, I pray you: frame “ age, makes the world bitter to the best of our the business after your own wisdom: I would times; keeps our fortunes from us, 'till our old- Junstate myself, to be in a due resolution *. “ ness cannot relish them. I begin to find an idle Edm. I will seek him, sir, presently; conveys “ and fond' bondage in the oppression of aged ty. the business as I shall find means, and acquaint “ranny; who sways, not as it hath power, but 30 you withal. “ as it is suffered. Come to me, that of this I may Glo. These late eclipses in the sun and moon "speak more. If our father would sleep 'till 1 portend no good to us : Though the wisdom of “ wak'd him, you should enjoy half his revenue nature can reason it thus and thus, yet nature finds for ever, and live the beloved of your brother, itself scourg'd by the frequent effects o; love cools, Edgar."---Hum ---Conspiracy !--- Sleep, 'till i 35 riendship falls off, brothers divide: in cities, muti“wak'd him!-you shall enjoy half his reve- nies; in countries, discord; in palaces, treason; “nue!"- Myson Edgar! Had hea hand to write and the bond crack'd'twixt son and father. This this? a heart and brain to breed it in - When villain of mine comes under the prediction; there's came this to you? Who brought it?

son against father: the king falls from bias of naEdm. It was not brought me, my lord, there's 40 ture; there's father against child. We have seen the cunning of it; I found it thrown in at the case- the best of our time: Machinations, hollowness, ment of my closet,

treachery, and all ruinous disorders, follow us disGlo. You know the character to be your bro- quietly to our graves! Find outthis villain, Edther's?

mund; it shall lose thee nothing; do it carefully: Edm. If the matter were good, my lord, I durst 45) And the noble and true-hearted Kent banish'd ! swear it were his; but, in respect of that, I would his offence, honesty Strange ! strange! [Exit. fain think it were not.

Edm. This is the excellent foppery of the world! Glo. It is his.

that, when we are sick in fortune, (often the surEdm. It is his hand, my lord; but I hope, his \teit of our own behaviour) we make guilty of our heart is not in the contents. [this business : 50 disasters, the sun, the moon, and the stars: as if

Glo. Zlath he never heretofore sounded you in we were villains, by necessity; fools by heavenly

Edm. Never, my lord: But I have often heard compulsion ; knaves, thieves, and treachers, by him maintain it to be fit, that, sons at perfect age, spherical predominance; drunkards, lyars, and and fathers declining, the father should be as ward adulterers, by an enforc'd obedience of planetary to the son, and the son manage bis revenue. 55 influence; and all that we are evil in, by a divine

Glo. O villain, villain !-His very opinion in Ithrusting on: An admirable evasion of whore

To do upon the gad, is, to act by the sudden stimulation of caprice, as cattle run madding when they are stung by the gad-fly. ? i. e. weak and foolish, Pretence is design, purpose. * The meaning is, according to Dr. Johnson, Do you frame the business, who can act with less emotion ; I would unstute myself; it would in me be a departure from the paternal character, to be in a due resolution, to be settled and composed on such an occasion.-Mr. Steevens comments on this passage thus :'" Edgar has been represented as wishing to possess his father's fortune, i. e. to unstute him; and therefore his father says, he would unstate himself to be sufficiently resolved to punish him.”—TO enstate is to confer a fortune. * To condey, here means to manage artfully, • That is, though natural philosophy can give account of eclipses, yet we feel their consequences. • 30 3


master man, to lay his goatish disposition to the That he suspects none; on whose foolish honesty charge of a star! My father compounded with My practices ride easy ! I see the businessmy mother under the dragon's tail; and my nati- Let me, if not by birth, have lands by wit: vity was under ursa major; so that it follows, I All with me's meet, that I can fashion fit. [Edit. am rough and lecherous.—Tut, I should have been 5 that I am, had the madienliest star in the firmament

SCENE III. twinkled on my bastardizing. Edgar

The Duke of Albany's Palace.
Enter Edgar.

Enter Goneril, and Steward. and pat he comes, like the catastrophe of the old Gon. Did my father strike my gentleman for comedy. My cue is villainous melancholy, with a 10 chiding of his fool ? sigh like Tom o’Bedlam.- -O,these eclipses do Stero. Ay, madam.

[hour portend these divisions ! fa, sol, la, mi

Gon. By day and night! he wrongs me; every Edg. How now, brother Edmund ? What se- He flashes into one gross crime or other, rious contemplation are you in?

That sets us all at odds: I'll not endure it: Edm. I am thinking, brother, of a prediction I 15 His knights grow riotous, and himself upbraids us read this other day, what should follow these On every trille: When he returns from hunting, eclipses.

I will not speak with him: Say, I am sick: Edg. Do you husy yourself with that? If you conie slack of former services,

Edm. I promise you, the effects he writes of, You shall do well; the fault of it I'll answer. succeed unhappily; as of unnaturalness between 20 Stew. He's coming, madam; I hear him. the child and the parent; death, dearth, dissolutions

[Horns within, of ancient amities, divisions in state, menaces and Gon.Put on what weary negligence you please, maledictions against king and nobles; needless You and your fellows; I'd have it come to quesdiffidences, banishment of friends, dissipation of If he dislike it, let him to my sister, (tion: cohorts, nuptial breaches, and I know not what. 25 Whose mind and nine, I know, in that are one,

Edg. How long have you been a sectary astro- Not to be over-rul'd. Idle old man, nomical?

That still would manage those authorities Edm. Come, come; when saw you my father That he hath given away!—Now, by my life, last?

Old fools are babes again; and must be us’d Edg. Why, the night gone by.

30 With checks as flatteries when they are seen abEdm. Spake you with him?

Remember what I have said.

[us'd'. Edg. Ay, two hours together.

Stew. Very well, madam, Edm. Parted you in good terms? Found you no Gen. And let his knights have colder looks displeasure in hím, by word or countenance?

among you; Edg. None at all.

35What grows of it, no matter; advise your fellows Edm. Bethink yourself, wherein you may have I would brecd from hence occasions, and I shall, offended him: and at my entreaty, forbear his pre- That I may speak:I'll write straight to my sence, until some little time hath qualified the heat

sister of his displeasure; which at this instant so rageth To hold my very course:

-Prepare for dinner. in him, that with the mischief of your person it 40

[Ereunt, would scarcely allay. Edg. Some villain hath done me wrong.

SCENE IV. Edm. That's my fear. I pray you have a con

An open Place before the Palace, tinent forbearance, 'till the speed of his rage goes slower; and, as I say, retire with me to niy lod- 45

Enter Kent, disguised. ging, from whence I will fitly bring you to hear my Kent. If but as well I other accents borrow, lord speak: Pray you, go, there's my key:—f That can my speech diffuse?, my good intent you do stir abroad, go arm’d.

May carry through itself to that full issue Edg. Arm'd, brother!

For which I raz'd my likeness.--Now, banisli'd Edm. Brother, I advise you to the best; go50 Kent,

(demn'd, arm’d; I am no honest man, if there be any good If thou canst scrve where thou dost stand conmeaning towards you: I havetold you what I have (Somay it come!) thy master, whom thou lor'st, seen and heard, but faintly; nothing like the Shall find thee full of labours. image and horror of it : Pray you, away. Horns tuithin. Enter Lear, Knights, and AttendEdg. Shall I hear from you anon?


ants. Edm. I do serve you in this business.

Lear. Let me not stay a jot for dinner; go, get [Exit Edgar

it ready. A credulous father, and a brother noble,

How now, what art thou? Whose nature is so far from doing harms,

Kent. A man, sir, "The sense, according to Dr. Johnson, is this: "Old men must be treated with checks, when as they are seen to be deceired with flatteries: or, when they are weakenough to be seen abused by flatteries, they are then wcak enough to be used with checks. There is a play on the words used and abused.--Tòabu se is,

a in our author, viry requently the same as to deceive." ? That is, If I can change my speech as well as I have changed my dress.-To diffuse speech, signifies to disorder it, and so to disguise it.



Lear. What dost thou profess? What would'st appears, as well in the general dipendents, as in thou with us?

the duke himself also, and your daughter. Kent. I do profess to be 'no less than I seem; to Lear. Ha! say'st thou so? serve him truly, that will put me in trust; to love Knight. I beseech you, pardon me, my lord, him that is honest; to converse' with him that is 5 if I be mistaken; for my duty cannot be siwise, and says little; to fear judgement; to fight, lent, when I think your higliness is wrong'd. when I cannot choose ; and to eat no fish?.

Lear. Thou but reinember'st me of mine own Lear. What art thou ?

conception: I have perceived a most faint neglect Kent. A very honest-hearted fellow, and as poor of late ; which I have rather blamed as inine own as the king:

10 jealous curiosity, than as a very pretence 'andpurLear. If thou be as poor for a subject as he is pose of unkindness: I will lookfurther into't. for a king, thou art poor enough. What would'st But where 's my fool? I have not seen him these thou?

two days. Kent. Service.

Knight. Since my young lady's going into Lear. Whom would'st thou serve?

15 France, sir, the foolhath much pin'd away. Kent. You.

Lear. No more of that; I have noted it well. Lear. Dost thou know me, fellow?

Go you, and tell my daughter I would speak Kent. No, sir; but you have that in your coun- with her.-Go you, call hither my fool.tenance, which I would fain call master.

Re-enter Steward. Lear. What's that?

200, you sir, you sir, come you hither: Who am I, Kent. Authority.

Stere. My lady's father.

[sir ? Lear. What services canst thou do?

Lear. My ladý's father! my lord's knave: you Kent. I can keep honest counsel, ride, run, whoreson dog! you slave! you cur! mar a curious tale in telling it, and deliver a plain Stew. I am none of these, my lord; I besecch message bluntly: that which ordinary men are fit 25 you, pardon me. for, I am qualify'd in; and the best of me is diliI

Lear. Do you bandy looks with me, you rascal? gence.

[Striking him. Lear. How old art thou ?

Sterr. I'll not be struck, my lord. Kent. Not so young, sir, to love a woman for Kent. Nor tript neither; you base foot-ball singing; nor so old, to dote on her for any thing : 30 player. [Tripping up his heels. I have years on my back forty-eight.

Lear. I thank thee, fellow; thou serv'st me, Lear. Follow me; thou shalt serve me, if I and I'll love thee. like thee no worse after dinner : I will not part Kent. Come, sir, arise, away; I'll teach you from thee yet.--Dinner, ho, dinner!-- Where's differences; away, away: If you

will measure my knave? my fool? Go you, and call my fool 35 your lubber's length again, tarry: but away: go hither:

to: Have


wisdom? so. Enter Steward.

[Pushes the Steward out. You, you, sirrah, where's my daughter?

Lear. Now, my friendly knave, I thank thee : Stew. So please you,


there's carnest of thy service.(Giring Kent money. Lear. What says the fellow there?-Call the 10

Enter Fool. clotpole back.- Where's my fool, ho?-I thinh Fool. Let me hire him too ;-Here's the world's asleep.- -How now? Where's that comb.

[Giring kent his cap. mungrel ?

Lear. How now, my pretty knave? how dost Knight. He says, my lord, your daughter is not thou? well.

15) Fool. Sirrah, you were best take my coxcomb. Lear. Why came not the slave back to me, Kent. Why, fool? when I call'd him ?

Fool. Way, for taking one's part that is out of Knight. Sir, he answer'd me in the roundest favour : Nay, an thou canst not smile as the wind manner, he would not.

sits, thou’lt catch cold shortly: 'I here, take my Lear. He would not!

oxcomb *: Why, this tellow has banish'd two of Knight. My lord, I know not what the matter Inis daughters, and did the third a blessing against is; but, to my judgement, your highness is not en- This will; it thou follow him, thou must needs wear tertain'd with that ceremonious affection as you

my coxcomb -How now, nuncle? 'Would I were wont; there's a great abatement ot kindness had two coxcombs', and two daughters !

'To converse signifies immediately and properly to keep company, not to discourse or talk.--His meaning is, that he chooses for his companions men of riserve and caution ; men who are no tattlers nor tale-bearers. ? In Queen Elizabeth's time, the Papists were esteemed, and with good reason, enemies to the goverument.--Hence the proverbial phrase of He's an honest man, and eats no fish ; to signify he is a friend to the government, and a Protestant; the eating fish, on a religious account, being then esteemed such a badge of popery, that when it was enjoin'd for a season by act of parliament, for the encouragement of the fish-towns, it was thought necessary to declare the reason ; hence it was called Cecil's fast. ' Pretence for design. Meaning his cap, called so becaus.. on the top of the fool's or jester's cap was sewed a piece of red cloth, resembling the comb of a cock. The word, afterwards, was used to denote a vain, conceited, meddling fellow. 6 Two toolscaps, intended, as it seems, to mark double folly in the man that gives all to his daughters. 304


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