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Lear. Why, my boy?

Lear. What two crowns shall they be? Fool. If I gave them all my living, I'd keep Fool. Why, after I have cut the egg i’ the my coxconibs myself: There's mine ; beg ano- middle, and eat up the meat, the two crowns of ther of thy daughters.

the egg. When thou clovest thy crown i' the Lear. Iake heed, sirrah; the whip.

5 middle, and gavest away both parts, thou borest Fool. Truth's a dog that must to kennel; he thine ass on thy back over the dirt : Thou had'st must be whipp'd out, when the lady brach · may little wit in thy bald crown, when thou gavest thy stand by the fire and stink.

golden one away. If I speak like myself in this, Lear. A pestilent gall to me!

let him be whipp'd that first finds it so. Fool. Siirah, I'll teach thee a speech. [To Kent. 10 Fool'sne’er

had less grace in a year';[Singing: Lear. Do.

For wise men are grown foppish;
Fool. Mark it, nuncle :-

And know not how their wits to wear,
Have more than thou showest,

Their manners are so apish.
Speak less than thou knowest,

Lear. When were you wont to be só full of
Lend less than thou owest",

15 songs, sirrah? Ride more than thou goest,

Fool. I have used it, nuncle, ever since thou Learn more than thou trowest , inad’st thy daughters thy mothers: for when thou Set less than thou throwest;

gav'st them the rod, and putt'st down thine own Leave thy drink and thy whore, breeches, And keep in a-dcor,

201 Then they for sudden joy did weep, [Singing: And thou shalt have more

And I for sorrow sung,
Than two tens to a score.

That such a king should play bo-peep,
Kent. This is nothing, fool.

And go the fools among. Fool. Then it is like the breath of an unfee'd Pr’ythee, nuncle, keep a school-master that can lawyer; you gave me nothing for’t: -Can you 25 teach thy fool to lie; I would fain learn to lie. make no use of nothing, nuncle?

Lear. If you lie, sirrah, we'll have you whipt, Lear. Why, no, boy; nothing can be made Fool. I marvel, what kin thou and thy daughters out of nothing.

are: they'll have me whipt for speaking true, Fool, Prythee, tell him, so much the rent of thou 'It have me whipt for lying; and, sometimes, his land comes to; he will not believe a fool, |30 1 am whipt for holding my peace, I had rather

[To Kent. be any kind of thing, than a fool : and yet I would Lear, A bitter fool !

not be thee, nuncle; thou hast pared'thy wit o' Fool, Dost thou know the difference, my boy, both sides, and left nothing in the middle: Here between a bitter fool and a sweet fool?

comes one of the parings, Lear. No, lad, teach me.


Enter Goneril.

Lear. How now, daughter? what makes that Fool. That lord, that counsell’d thee

frontlet" on?
To give away thy land,
Come, place him here by me,

Methinks, you are too much of late i' the frown.

Fool. Thou wast a pretty fellow, when thou Or do thou for him stand:

40 had'st no need to care for her frowning; pow The sweet and bitter fool Will presently appear;

thou art an O without a figure ; I am better than

thou art now; I ain a fool, thou art nothing.-The one in motley here, The other found out there.

Yes, forsooth, I will hold my tongue; [to Goneril.]

so your face bids me, though you say nothing. Lear. Dost thou call me fool, boy?

45 Mum, mum, Fool. All thy other titles thou hast given away; He that keeps nor crust nor crum, that thou wast born with.

Weary of all, shall want some.Kent. This is not altogether fool, my lord. That's a sheal'd peascod? [Pointing to Lear. Fool. No, 'faith, lords and great men will not Gon. Not only, sir, this your all-licens'd fool, let me; if I had a monopoly on't, they would have 50 But other of your insolent retinue part on 't*: and ladies too, they will not let me Do hourly carp and quarrel ; breaking forth have all fool to myself; they'll be snatching. In rank and not-to-be-endured riots. Sir, (you, Give me an egg, nuncle, and I'll give thee two I had thought, by making this well known unto

To have found a safe redress; but now grow fearful, · Brach is a bitch of the hunting-kind. ? That is, do not lend all that thou hast. To one, in old English, is to possess. To trow, is an old word which signifies to believe. A satire on the gross abuses of monopolies at that time; and the corruption and avarice of the courtiers, who commonly went shares with the patentee.-Monopolies were, in Shakspeare's time, the common objects of satire. The ineaning is, There never was a time when fools were less in favour; and the reason is, that they were never so little wanted, for wise men now supply their place.--Both the quarto editions read-less wit for less grace. Lear alludes to the frontlet, which was anciently part of a woman's dress. '1 e now a mere bụsk, which contains nothing.



By what yourself too late have spoke and done, Is it your will speak, sir.-- Prepare my horses.That you protect this course, and put it on!

L'Io Albany By your allowance; which if you should, the fault Ingratitude! thou marble-hearted fiend,

ould not 'scape censure, nor the redresses sleep; More hideous, when thou shew'st thee in a child
Which, in the tender of a wholesome weal, 5 Than the sea-monsters!
Might in their working do you that offence, Alb. Pray, sir, be patient.
Which else were shame, that then necessity Lear. Detested kite! thou liest: [To Goneril
Will call discreet proceeding.

My train are men of choice and rarest parts,
Fool. For you trow, nuncle,

That all particulars of duty know; The hedge-sparrow fed the cuckoo so long, 10 And in the most exact regard support That it bad its head bit off by its young. The worships of their name.-O most small fáult, So, out went the candle, and we'wereleft darkling. How ugly didst thou in Cordelia shew! (nature Lcar. Are you our daughter?

Which, like an engine', wrench'd by frame of Gon. Come, sir,

From the fixt place, drew from my heart all love, I would, you would make use of that good wisdom 15 And added to the gall. O Lear, Lear, Lear! Whereof I kņow you are fraught; and put away Beat at this gate, that let thy folly in, These dispositions, which of late transform you

[Striking his head. From what you rightly are.

And thy dear judgement out!--Go, go, my people, Fool. May not an ass know when the cart draws Alb. My lord, Tam guiltless, as I am ignorant the horse :-Whoop, Jug! I love thee?.

201Of what bath moy'd

you. Lear, Does any here know me? Why, this is Lear. It may be so, my lord. not Lear:

[eyes Hear, nature! hear; dear goddess, hear! Does Lear walk thus ? speak thus?-Where are his Suspend thy purpose, if thou didst intend Either his notion weakens, or his discernings To make this creature fruitful ! Are lethargy'd-Ha! waking ?--'Tis not so. 25 Into her womb convey sterility; Who is it that can tell me who I am ?-Lear's Dry up in her the organs of increase;. shadow?

And froin her derogate' body never spring I would learn that; for by the marks ·

A babe to honour her! If she must teem, Of sov'reignty, of knowledge, and of reason, Create her child of spleen; that it may live, I should be false persuaded I had daughters, 130 And be a thwart disnatur'de torment to her! Your name, fair gentlewoman?

Let it stamp wrinkles in her brow of youth: Gon. Come, sir,

With cadent'tears fret channels in her cheeks This admiration is much o'the favour

Turn all her mother's pains and benefits Of other your new pranks, I do beseech you To laughter and contempt ; that she may

feel To understand my purposes aright:

35 How sharper than a serpent's tooth it is As you are old and reverend, you should be wise : To have a thankless child !-Away, away![Erit. Here do you keep a hundred knights and squires; Alb. Now, gods, that we adore, whereof comes Men so disorder'd, so debauch'd and bold,

this? That this our court, infected with their manners, Gon. Never afllict yourself to know the cause; Shews like a riotous inn: epicurism and lust 40 But let his disposition have that scope Make it more like a tavern, or a brothel, (speak That dotage gives it. Than a grac'd palace. The shame itself doth

Re-enter Lear. For instant remedy: Be then desir'd By her, that else will take the thing she begs, Lear. What, fifty of my followers, at a clap! A little to disquantity your train;

45. Within a fortnight! And the remainder, that shall still depend“, Alb. What's the matter, sir? To be such men as may besort your age,

Lear. I'll tell thee ;-Life and death! I am And know themselves and you.

asham'd Lear. Darkness and devils!

That thou hadst power to shake my manhood thus: Saddle my horses; call my train together. 501

[To Goneril. Degenerate bastard! I'll not trouble thee; That these hot tears, which break from me perforce, Yet have I left a daughter.


Should make thee worth them.-Blasts and fogs, Gon. You strike my people; and

your disorder'd Make seryants of their betters.

The untented to woundings of a father's curse Enter Albany.

155 Pierce every sense about thee!-Old fond eyes, Lear, Woe, that too late repents, 0, sir, are Beweep this cause again, I'll pluck you out; you come?

And cast you, with the waters that you lose, 'i.e. promote, push it forward. * Mr. Steevens has been informed, that this is a quotation from the burthen of an old song: 3 A palace grac'd by the presence of a sovereign. Depend, for continue in service. Mr. Upton observes, that the sea-monster is the Hippopotamus, the hieroglyphical symbol of impiety and ingratitude. ---Sandys,

in his Travels, says" that he killeth his sire, and ravisheth his own dam.” By an engine is meant the rack. Derogate here means de graded, blasted. * Disnatur'd is wanting in natural affection. i. e. falling tears. 10 Untested wounds, means wounds in their worst state, not having a tent in thein to digest them.


upon thee!



may spy into.

To temper clay.Ila! is it come to this ? fters: acquaint my daughter no further with any Let it be so :-Yet I have left a daughter, hing you know than comes from her demand out Who, I am sure, is kind and comfortable ; of the letter: If your diligence be not speedy, I When she shall hear this of thee, with her nails

hall be there before you. She 'll flay thy woltish visage. Thou shalt find, 5 Kent. I will not sleep, my lord, 'till I have deThat I'll resume the shape which thou dost think lliver'd your letter. I have cast off for ever; thou shalt, I warrant thee. Fool. If a man's brains were in his heels, were't

[Ereunt Lear, Kent, and Attendants. not in danger of kibes? Gon. Do you mark that, my lord ?

Lear. Ay, boy. Alb. I cannot be so partial, Goneril,

10 Fool. Then I pr’ythee be merry; thy wit shall To the great love I bear you.

not go slip-shod. Gon. Pray you, content.-Whiat, Oswald, ho! Lear. Ha, ha, ha! You, sir, more knave than fool, after your master. Fool. Shalt see, thy other daughter will use thee

To the Fool. kindly; for though she's as like this as a crab is Fool. Nuncle Lear, nuncle Lear, tarry, and take 15 like an apple, yet I can tell what I cau tell. the fool with thee.

Lear. Why, what canst thou tell, boy? A fox, when one has caught her,

Fool. She will taste as like this, as a crab does And such a daughter,

to a crab. Thou canst tell why one's nose stands Should sure to the slaughter,

li' the middle of one's face? If my cap would buy a halter;

120 Lear. No. So the fool follows after.

Erit. Fool. Why, to keep one's eyes on either side Gon. This man hath had good counsel :- A one's nose; that what a man cannot smell out, he

hundred knights! Tis politic, and safe, to let him keep [dream,

Lear. I did her wrong * : At point', a hundred knights. Yes, that on every25 Fool. Canst tell how an oyster makes his shell? Each buz, each fancy, each complaint, dislike, Lear. No. He may enguard his dotage with their powers, Fool. Nor I neither; but I can tell why a snail And hold our lives at mercy.-Oswald, I say :- has a house, Alb. Well, you may fear too far,

Lear. Why? Gon. Safer than trust too far:

1301 Fool. Why, to put his head in; not to give it Let me still take away the harms I fear,

away to his daughters, and leave his horns withNot fear still to be taken. I know his heart: out a case. What he hath utter'd, I have writ my sister; Lear. I will forget my nature.--So kind a faIf she sustain him and his hundred knights, ther!Be


horses ready? When I have shew'd the unfitness---How now, 35 Fool. Thy asses are gone about 'em. The reaOswald

son why the seven stars are no more than seves, Enter Stenard.

is a pretty reason. What, have you writ that letter to my sister? Lear. Because they are not eight. Stew. Ay, madam.

(horse: Fool. Yes, indeed. Thou would'st inake a good Gon. Take you some company, and away to 40 fool. Inform her full of my particular fear:

Lear. To take it again perforce' !Monster! And thereto add such reasons of your own,

ingratitude As may conipact it more?. Get you gone; Fool. If thou wert my fool, nunele, I'd have And hasten your return. No, no, my lord, thee beaten for being old before thy time.

(Erit Steward. 45 Lear. How's that This milky gentleness, and course of yours,

Fool. Thou should'st not have been old before Though I condemn it not, yet, under pardon, Ithou hadst been wise. You are much more at task for want of wisdom, Lear. O, let me not be mad, not mad, sweet Than prais'd for harmful mildness. [tell: heaven! Keep me in temper; I would not be

Alb. How far your eyes may pierce, I cannot 50 mad !Striving to better, oft' we mar what's well.

Enter a Gentleman. Gon. Nay, then –

How pow? are the horses ready? Alb. Well, well; the event. (Exeunt. Gent. Ready, my lord. SCENE V.

Lear. Come, boy.

[departure, A Court-yard before the Duke of Albany's Palace. 55 Fool. She that's a maid now, and laughs at my Enter Lear, Kent, and fool.

Shall not be a maid long unless things be cut Lear. Go you before to Gloster with these let-!:


[Excunt. · At point, probably means completely armed, and consequently ready at appointment or command on the slightest notice. That is, Unite one circumstance with another, so as to make a consistent account. 3 To be at task, is to be liable to reprehension and correction. • He is musing on Cordelia. • He is meditating on his daughter's having in so violent a manner deprived him of those privileges which before she had agreed to grant him.


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Glo. But where is he? A Castle belonging to the Earl of Gloster.

Edm. Look, sir, I bleed,

Glo. Where is the villain, Edmund ?
Enter Edmund and Curun, meeting.

Edm. Fled this way, sir. When by no means Edm. SAVE thee, Curan.

he could

(means, what? Cur. And you, sir. I have been with Glo. Pursue him, ho!-Go after.- -By no your father; and given him notice, that the duke Edm. Persuade me to the murder of your lordof Cornwall, and Regan his dutchess, will be But that I told him, the revenging gods [ship; here with him to-night.

'Gainst parricides did all their thunders bend; Edm. How comes that?

10 Spoke, with how manifold and strong a bond Cur. Nay, I know not: You have heard of the The child was bound to the father;-Sir, in fine, news abroad; I mean the whisper'd ones, for they Seeing how lothly opposite I stood are yet but ear-kissing arguments'?

To his unnatural purpose, in fell motion, Edm. Not I ; Pray you, what are they? With his prepared sword, he charges home

Cur. Have you heard of no likely wars toward, 15 My unprovided body, lanc'd mine arm: 'twixt the dukes of Cornwall and Albany? But when he saw my best alarum'd spirits, Edm. Not a word.

Bold in the quarrel's right, rous'd to the encounter, Cur. You may then, in time. Fare you well, Or whether-gasted by the noise I made, sir.

[Erit. Full suddenly he fled. Edm. The duke bc here to-night? The better!20 Glo. Let him tiy far: Best!

Not in this land shall he remain uncaught; [ter, This weaves itself perforce into my

business! And found--Dispatch.—The noble duke my masMy father hath set guard to take my brother; My worthy arch and patron comes to-night: And I have one thing, of a queazy question, By his authority I will proclaim it, Which! must act:--Briefness, and fortune, work!--25 That he, which finds him, shall deserve our thanks, Brother, a word;-descend:-Brother, I say; Bringing the murderous coward to the stake; Enter Edgar.

He that conccals him, death. My father watches:-0, sir, fly this place; Edm. When I dissuaded him from his intent, Intelligence is given where you are hid; And found him pight' to do it, with curst speech You have now the good advantage of the night:-30 [ threaten’d to discover him: He replied, Have you not spoken'gainst the duke of Cornwall: “ Thou unpossessing, bastard ! dost thou think, He's coming hither, now, i' the night, i' the haste, “ If I would stand against thee, would the reposal And Regan with him; Have you nothing said “ Of any trust, virtue, or worth, in thee [deny, Upon his party'gainst the duke of Albany? " Make thy words faith’d? No: what I should Advise yourself.

35“ (As this I would; ay, though thou didst proEdg. I am sure on 't, not a word.

My very character) Ľd turn it all [duce Edm. I hear my father coming,--Pardon me:- ". To thy suggestion, plot, and damned practices In cunning, I must draw iny sword upon you :- " And thou must make a dullard of the world, DrawSeem to defend yourself: Now quit you “ If they not thought the profits of my death well.

[here!-- 10“. Were very pregnant and potential spurs Yield:-Come_before my father;-Light, ho, « To make thee seek it." [Trumpets within Fly, brother;--Torches! torches!—So, farewell.– Glo. O strange, fasten'd villain ! [himn.

[Exit Edgur. Would he deny his letter, said he ?-I never got Some blood drawn on my would beget opinion Ilark, the duke's trumpets! I know not why he

[Wounds his arm. 45 Ofmymorefierceendeavour: I haveseendrunkards All ports I'll bar; the villain shall not ’scape; Do more than this in sport.--Father ! father! The duke must grant me that: besides, his picture Stop, stop! No help?

I will send far and near, that all the kingdom Entir Gloster, and Servants with torches. May have due note of him: and of my land, Glo. Now, Edmund, where's the villain ? 50 Loyal and natural boy, I'll work the means Edm. Here stood he in the dark, his sharp To make thee capable'. sword out,

Enter Cornziall, Regan, and Attendants. Mumbling of wicked charms, conjuring the moon Corn. How now, my noble friend? since I To stand his auspicious mistress :

came hither, · Ear-kissing arguments means, that they are yet in reality only whisper'd ones. Queazy means delicate; what requires to be handled nicely. ' i. e. frighted. * i.e. chief ; a word now used only in composition, as arch-angel, arch-duke. Pig t is pitch'd, fixed, settled. is severe, harsh, vehemently angry. i. e. capable of succeeding to my land, notwithstanding the legal bar of thy illegitimacy.



6 Curst

(Which I can call but now) I have heard strange Your graces are right welcome. [Exeunt

news. Reg. Ifit be true, all vengeance comes tooshort,

SCENE II. Which can pursue the offender. How does my lord:

Enter Kent and Steward severally. Glo. O, madam, my old heart is crack’d, is 5 Steu. Good even to thee, friend; Art of this crack'd! [life? Kent. Av.

(house Reg. What, did my father's godson seek your Ștew. Where may, we set our horses? He whom my father nam'd ? your Edgar?

Kent. I'th' mire.
Glo. O, lady, lady, shame would have it hid ! Stew. Prythee, if thou love me, tell me.
Reg. Was he not companion with the riotous 10 Kent. I love thee not.
That tend upon my father?

- knights Stew. Why then I care not for thee. Glo. I know not, madam:

Kent. If I had thee in Lipsbury pinfold, I It is too bad, too bad.

would make thee care for me. Edm. Yes, madam, he was of that consort. Stew. Why dost thou use me thus. I know Reg. No marvel then, though he were ill affected; 15 thee not. Tis they have put him on the old man's death, Kent. Fellow, I know thee. To have the expence and waste of his revenues. Stew. What dost thou know me for? I have this present evening from my sister [tions, Kint. A knave, a rascal, an eater or broken Been well inform'd of them; and with such cau- meats; a base, proud, shallow, beggarly, three That, if they come to sojourn at my house, 20 suited', hundred-pound",filthy worsted-stocking: I'll not be there.

knave; a lily-liver'd', 'action-taking knave; : Corn. Nor 1, assure thee, Regan.

whoreson, glass-gazing, super-serviceable, finical Edmund, I hear that you have shewn your father rogue; one-trunk-inheriting slave; one that A child-like office.

would'st be a bawd, in way of good scrvice, and Edm. 'Twas my duty, sir.

25 art nothing but the composition of a knave, beg, Glo. He did beyray his practice'; and receiv'd gar, coward, pandar, and the son and heir ofa This hurt you see, striving to apprehend hiqn, mungrel bitch; one whom I will beat into claCorn. Is he pursu'd?

mourous whining, if thoy deny'st the least syllable Glo. Ay, my good lord.

of thy addition. Corn. If he be taken, he shall never more 130 Stěr. Why, what a monstrous fellow art thou, Be fear'd of doing harm; make your own purpose, thus to rail on one, that is neither known of ther, Howin mystrengthyou please.--For you, Edmund, or knows thee? Whose.virtue and obedience doth this instant Kent. What a brazen-fac'd varlet art thou, to So much commend itself, you shall be ours; deny thou know’st me? Is it two days ago, since Natures of such deep trust we shall much need; 351 trípt up thy heels, and beat thee, before the You we first seize on.

king? Draw, you rogue : for though it be night, Edm. I shall serve you,

yet the moon shines; l'll make a sop o' the moonTruly, however else.

shine of you '': Draw, you whoreson cullionly Glo. For him I thank your grace.

barber-nonger", draw. [Drawing his szord. Corn. You know not why we came to visit you. 40 Stew. Away; I have nothing to do with thee, Reg. Thus out of season; threading dark-ey'd Kent. Draw, you rascal : you come with letters - night.

against the king; and take vanity the puppet's Occasions, noble Gloster, of some prize?, part, against the royalty of her father : Draw, you Wherein we must have use of your advice :: rogue, or I'll so carbonado your shanks :-draw, Our father he hath writ, so hath our sister, 45 you rascal ; come your ways. Of differences, which I best thought it fit (gers Stew. Help, ho! murder! help! To answer from our home'; the several messen- Kent. Strike, you slave; stand, rogue, stand; From hence attend dispatch. Ourgood old friend, you neat slave?," strike.

[Beating hin Lay comforts to your bosom; and bestow

Stew. Help, ho! murder! murder! Your needful counsel to our businesses, 50 Enter Edmund, Cornwall, Regan, Gloster, and Which crave the instant use.

Sertants. Glo. I serve you, madam:

Edm. How how? What's the matter? Part. "1. e. discover, betray:-Practice is always used by Shakspeare for insidious mischief:

,2 Prize, or price, for value. i. e. not at home, but at some other place. Lipsbury pintold may be a cant expression importing the same as Lou's Pound. 5 Thuree-suited knate inight mean, in an age of ostentatious finery like that of Shakspeare, one who had no greater change of raiment than three suits would furnish him with. A hundred-pound gentleman is a term of reproach. A worsted stocking knure is another term of reproach. The stockings in England, in the reign of queen Elizabeth, were remarkably expensive, and scarcely any other kind than silk were worn, even by those who had not above forty shillings a year wages. Lily-liver'd is cowardly; white-blooded and zchite-liver'd are still in vulgar use. 9i. e. titles. 10 This is equivalent to our modern phrase of making the sun shine through any one. " Barber-monger may mean dealer in the lower trude Smeu : a slur upon the steward, as taking fees for a recommendation to the business of the fainily. 1 You ncat slave, means no more than you jinical rasca!, you who are an assemblage of foppery and przerty.




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