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Kent. With you, goodiman boy, if you please; Kent. His countenance likes' me not. (or hers. come, I'll flesh you; come on, young master. Corn. No more, perchance, does mine, or his,

Glo. Weapons! arms! What's the matter here Kent. Sir, 'tis my occupation to be plain ; Corn. Keep peace, upon your lives;

I have seen bétter faces in iny time He dies that strikes again: What is the matter : 5 Than stand on any shoulder that I see

Reg. The messengers from our sister and the Before me at this instant. king.

Corn. This is some fellow,

[affect Corn. What is your difference? Speak. Who, having been prais'd for bluntness, dutta Stew. I am scarce in breath, my lord. [valour. A saucy roughness; and constrains the garb,

Kent. No marvel, you have so bestirr'd your 10 Quite from his nature 8: He cannot flatter, he!! You cowardly rascal, nature disclaims in thec; An honest mind, and plain,-he must speak truth: A tailor made thee.

An they will take it, so; if not, he's plain. [ness Corn. Thou art a strange fellow :

These kind of knaves I know, which in this plain-, A tailor inaké à mån?

Harbour more craft, and more corrupter ends, Kent. Ay, a tailor, sir: a stone-cutter, or a paint. 15 Than twenty silly' ducking observants, er could not have made him so ill, though they

That stretch their duties nicelyo. had been but two hours at the trade.

Kent. Sir, in good sooth, or in sincere verity, Corn. Speak yet, how grew your quarrel?

Under the allowance of your grand aspect, Stew. This ancient ruffian, sir, whose life 1 Whose influence, like the wreath of radiant fire have spar'd

20On flickering" Phæbus' front, At suit of his grey beard,

Corn. What mean'st thou by this ! Kent. Thou whoreson zed'! thou unnecessary Kent. To go out of my dialect, which you disletter !—My lord, if you will give me leave, 1 commend so much. I know, sir, I ani no flatwill tread this unbolted ? villain into mortar, and terer: he that beguil'd you, in a plain accent, daub the wall of a jakes with him.—Spare my 25 was a plain knave; which, for my part, I will grey beard, you wagtail?

not be, though I should win your displeasure to Corn. Peace, sirrah!

entreat me to it. You beastly kuave, you know no reverence? Corn. What was the offence you gave him?

Kent. Yes, sir; but anger hath a privilege. Stew. I never gave him any :
Corn. Why art thou angry?

(30 [t pleas'd the king his master, very late, Kent. That such a slave as this should wear a To strike at me, upon his misconstruction; sword,

[these, When he, conjunct, and flattering his displeasure, Who wears no honesty. Such smiling rogues as Tript me behind; being down, insulted, rail'd, Like rats, oft bite the holy cords' in twain And put upon him such

a deal of man, that Too intrinsicate t’unloose': sooth ev'ry passion 35 That worthy'd him, gọt praises of the king, That in the nature of their lords rebels;

For him attempting who was self-subdu'd'; Bring oil to fire, snow to their colder moods ; And, in the fleshunent of this dread exploit, Renege, affirm, and turn their halcyon * beaks Drew on me here again. With every gate and vary of their masters; Kent. None of these rogues, and cowards, Knowing nought, like dogs, but following: 40 But Ajax is their fool ?. A plague upon your epileptic visage!

Corn. Fetch forth the stocks, ho! [gart, Smile you my speeches, as I were a fool ? You stubborn ancient knave, you reverend braga Goose, if I had you upon Sarum pkin,

We'll teach you
I'd drive you cackling home to Camelot“. Kent. Sir, I am too old to learn:

Corn. What art thou mad, old fellow? 45 Call not your stocks for me: I serve the king;
Glo. How fell you out? say that.

On whose employment I was sent to you: kent. No contraries hold more antipathy You shall do small respect, shew too bold malice Than I and such a knave.

Against the grace and person of my master, Corn. Why dost thou call him knave? What's Stocking his messenger. his offence?

150) Corn. Fetch forth the stocks :



· Mr. Steevens observes, that Zed is here probably used as a term of contempt, because it is the last letter in the English alphabet, and as its place may be supplied by S, and the Roman alphabet has it not, beither is it Itad in any word originally Teutonie. Unbolted mortar, according to Mr. Tollett, is mortar made of unsifted lime; and therefore, to break the lumps, it is necessary to tread it by men in wooden shoes.-- This unbolted villain is, therefore, this coarse rascal. 3 By these holy cords, the poet means the natural union between parents and children. The metaphor is iaken from the cords of the auctuury; and the føinenters of family-differences are compared to these sacrilegious rats. * The halcyon is the bird otherwise called the king-fisher.-The vulgar opinion was, that this bird, if hung up, would tary with the wind, and by that means shew from what point it blew. 5 The frighted countenance of a man ready to fall in a fit. Camelot was the place where, the romances say, King Arthur kept his court in the West: so this alludes to some proverbial speech in those romances.In Somersetsbire, adds Hanmer, near Camelot, are many large moors, where are bred great quantities of geese, $0 that many other places are from hence supplied with quills and feathers. ? i. e. pleases me uot. • i. e. forces his outside or his appearance to something totally different from his natura disposition,

Silly here means only simple, or rustic. i. e. foolishly 11. Dr. Johnson, in his Dictionary says, this word means to flutter. Their fool means here, their butt, their laughingwtock.


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As I have life and honour, there shall he sit 'till Take vantage, heavy eyes, not to behold

This shameful lodging. Regan. "Till noon ! 'till night, my lord; and Fortune, good night; smile once more; turn thy all night too.


(He sleeps. Kent. Why, madamn, if I were your father's dog, 5 You should not use me so.

SCENE III. Regan. Sir, being his knave, I will.

A part of the Heath. [Stocks brought out. Corn. This is a fellow of the self-same colour

Enter Edgar. Our sister speaks of :-Come, bring away the 10. Edg. I heard myself proclaim'd; stocks.

And, by the happy hollow of a tree, Glo. Let me beseech your grace not to do so:

Escap'd the hunt. No port is free; no place, His fault is much, and the good king his master

That guard, and most unusual vigilance, Will check him for 't: your purpos'd low cor

Does not attend my taking. While I may 'scape, rection

151 will preserve myself: and am bethought is such, as basest and the meanest wretches,

To take the basest and most poorest shape, For pilferings and most common trespasses,

That ever penury, in contempt of man, (filth; Are punish'd with: the king must take it ill, Brought near to beast: my face I'll grime with That he, so slightly valu'd in his messenger,

Blanket my loins ; elf all my hair in knots”; Should have him thus restrain'd.

20 And with presented nakedness out-face Corn. I'll answer that.


The winds, and persecutions of the sky. Regan. My sister may receive it much more The country gives me proof and precedent To have her gentleman abus'd, assaulted,

Of Bedlam beggars, who, with roaring voices, For following her affairs.—Put in his legs.

Strike in their numb'd and mortify'd bare arnis [Kent is put in the stocks. 25 Pins, wooden pricks', nails, sprigs of rosemary: Come, my good lord ; away.

And with this horrible object, from low farins, [E.reunt Årgan, and Cornwall. Poor pelting villages, sheep-cotes, and mills, Glo. I anı sorry for thee, friend; 'tis the duke's Sometime with lunatic bans', sometime with pleasure,


[Tom! Whose disposition, all the world well knows,[thee, 30 Inforce their charity.—Poor Turlygood; poor Will not be rubb’d, nor stopp'd: I'll entreat for That's something yet;-Edgar I nothing am. Kent. Pray, do not, sir : I have watch’d, and

(Erit. travell'd hard ;

Some time I shall sleep out, the rest I'll whistle.

Earl of Gloster's Castle.
A good man's fortune may grow out at heels; 135
Give you good morrow!

Enter Lear, Fool, and Gentleman. Glo. The duke's to blame in this; 'twill be ill Lear. 'Tis strange, that they should so depart taken.


from home, Kent. Good king, that must approve the coin

And not send back my messenger. mon saw!

40 Gent. As I learn'd, Thou out of heaven's benediction com'st

The night before there was no purpose in them To the warm sun'!

of this reinove. Approach, thou beacon to this under globe, Kent. Hail to thee, noble master! [time?

[Looking up to the moon. Lear. How! mak'st thou this shame thy pasThat by thy comfortable beams I may 451 Kent. No, my lord. Peruse this letter:- Nothing almost sces miracles, Fool. Ha, ha; look! he wears cruel garters! But misery ;-I know, 'tis from Cordelia; Horses are ty'd by the heads; dogs and bears by

[Reading the letter. the neck; monkies by the loins, and men by the Who hath most fortunately been inform’d legs: when a man is over-lusty at legs, then he Of my obscur'd course ;--and shall find time 150 wears wooden nether-stocks. [mistook From this enormous state,- -seeking to give Lear. What's he, that hath so much thy place Losses their remedies;--All wearyando er-watch'd, To set thee here?

"That art now to exemplify the common proverb, that out of, &c.; that changest better for worse. Hanmer observes, that it is a proverbial saving, applied to those who are turned out of house and home to the open weather. li was perhaps first used of men dismissed from an hospital, or house of charity, such as was erected formerly in many places for travellers. Those houses had names properly enough alluded to by heaven's benediction. The saw alluded to, is in Heywood's Dialogues on Proverbs, book ii. chap. 5.

“ In your running from him to me, ye runne

Oui of God's blessing into the wurm sunne." - Hair knotted, was vulgarly supposed to be the work of elves and fairies in the night. Pi.e. skewers. *i, e. pultry: 5 To bun, is to curse. • Mr. Steevens believes that a quibble was here intended.Crexel signities worsted, of which stockings, garters, night-caps, &c. are made. Orer-lusty in this place has a double signitication.—Lustiness anciently meant sauciness. * Nether-stocks is the old werd for stockings.-Breeches were at that time called “meu's over-stocks.”

Kent. It is both he and she,

Fool. We'll set thee to school to an ant, to teach Your son and daughter.

thee there's no labouring in the winter. All that Lear. No.

follow their noses are led by their eyes, but blind Kent. Yes.

men; and there's not a nose among twenty but Lear. No, I say.

5 can smell him that's stinking. Let go thy hold, Kent. I say, yea.

when a great wheel runs down a hill, lest it break Lear. No, no; they would not.

thy neck with following it; but the great one that Kent. Yes, they have.

goes up the hill, let him draw thee after. When a Lear. By Jupiter, I swear no.

wise man gives thee better counsel, give me mine d'ent. By Juno, I swear ay.

10 again: I would have none but knaves follow it, Leur. 'They durst not do't: (murder since a fool gives it. They could not, would not do't; 'tis worse than That, sir, which serves and seeks for gain, To do upon respect such violent outrage':

And follows but for form, Resolve me with all modest hastc, which way

Will pack, when it begins to rain, Thou might'st deserve, or they impose, this usage, 15 And leave thee in the storm. Coining from us.

But I will tarry: the fool will stay, Kent. My lord, when at their home

And let the wise man fly:
I did commend your highness' letters to them, The knave turns fool, that runs away;
Ere I was risen from the place that shew'd

The fool no knave, perdy.
My duty kneeling, came there a reeking post, 120
Stiwed in his haste, half breathless, panting forth

Kent. Where learn’d you this, fool?
From Goneril his mistress, salutations ;

Fool. Not i' the stocks, fool. Deliver'd letters, spite of intermission`,

Re-enter Lear, with Gloster. Which presently they read: on whose contents, Lear. Deny to speak with me? They are sick, They summon'd up their ineiny', straight took 25 they are weary? Commanded me to follow, and attend [horse ; They have travell’d hard to-night? Mere fetches; The leisure of their answer; gave me cold looks: The images of revolt and flying off! And meeting here the other messenger,

Fetch me a better answer. Whose welcoine, I perceiv'd, had poison'd mine, Glo. My dear lord, (Being the very fellow which of late

30 You know the fiery quality of the Duke ; Display'd so saucily against your highness) How unremoveable and fixt he is Having more man ihan wit about me, I drew; In his own course. He rais'd the house with loud and coward cries: Lear. Vengeance! plague ! death! confusion ! Your son and daughter found this trespass worth Fiery? what quality? Why, Gloster, Gloster, The sbanie which here it suffers.

35 I'd speak with the duke of Cornwall, and his wife. Fool. Winter's not gone yet, if the wild geese Glo. Well, my good lord, I have inform’d them fily that way

[me, man? Fathers, that wear rags,

Lear. Inform’d them! Dost thou understand
Do make their children blind;

Glo. Ay, my good lord.
But fathers, that bear bags,

40 Lear. The king would speak with Cornwall; Shall see their children kind.

the dear

(service: Fortune, that arrant whore,

Would with his daughter speak; commands her Ne'er turns the key to the poor.

Are they inform’dof this? - My breath and blood! But, for all this, thou shalt have as many dolours Fiery? the fiery duke? Tell the hot duke, that from thy dear daughters, as thou canst tell in a 45 No, but not yet:

-may be he is not well: year.

Infirmity doth still neglect all office, [selves Lear. O, how this mother swells toward my Whereto our health is bound; we are not ourheart!

When nature, being oppress'd, commands the Hysterica passio! down, thou climbing sorrow, To suffer with the body: I'll forbear; [mind Thy element's below! Where is this daughter 50 And am fallen out with my more headier will, Kent. With the carl, sir, here within.

To take the indispos'd and sickly fit Lear. Follow me not; stay here. [Erit. For the sound man.-Death on my state! whereGent. Made you no more offence than what


[Looking on Kent. you speak of?

Should he sit here? This act persuades me, Kent. None.

155 That this remotion of the duke and her How chance the king comes with so small a train: Is practice only. Give me my servant forth:

Fool. An thou hadst been set i'the stocks for Go, tell the duke and his wife, I'd speak witha that question, thou hadst well deserv'd it.


[me, Gent. Why, fool ?

Now, presently; bid them come forth and Tear "That is, to violate the public and venerable character of a messenger from the king. Sp'te of intermission means without pause, without sugjering time to intertene. j.e. people. Th:meaning is, If this be their behaviour, the king's troubles are not yet at an end. A quibble is here intendea between dolours and dollars. • The word truentrefers to the noses of the bind 19: 2, and aot to the mea in general. i Practice is here used in au ül sense for unhuajul uri jice.

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Or at their chamber door I'll beat the drum, All the stor'd vengeances of heavení fall "Till it cry, Sleep to death.

On her ungrateful top! Strike her young bones, Glo. I would have all well betwixt you. You taking airs, with lameness'! [Erit. Corn. Fie, sir, fie!

[Aames Lear. O me, my heart, my rising heart—but 5 Leat. You niinble lightnings, dart your blinding down.

Into her scornful eyes? Infect her beauty, Fool. Cry to it, nuncle, as the cockney' did to You fen-suck'd fogs, drawn by the powerful sun, the eels, when she put them i' the paste alive; she To fall' and blast her pride! tapt 'em o'the coxcombs with a stick, and cry'd, Reg: 0 the blest gods!

[on. • Down, wantons, down: 'Twas her brother, 10 So will you wish on me, when the rash mood is that, in pure kindness to his horse, butter'd his Lear.'No, Regan, thou shalt never have my hay.

curse; Enter Corntvall, Regan, Gloster, and Servants. Thy tender-hefted nature shall not give [thine Lear. Good-morrow to you both.

Thee o'er to harshness; her eyes are fierce, but Corn. Hail to your grace! [Kent is set at liberty. 15 Do confort, and not burn: "I'is not in thee Reg. I am glad to see your highness.

To grudge my pleasures, to cut off my train, Lear. Regan, I think you are; I know what To bandy hasty words, to scant my sizes',

And, in conclusion, to oppose the bolt I have to think so: if thou should'st not be glad, Against my coming in: thou better know'st I would divorce me from thy mother's tomb, 20 The offices of nature, bond of childhood, Sepulch’ring an adultress. -0, are you free? Effects of courtesy, dues of gratitude;

[To Kent.

Thy half o' the kingdom thou hast not forgot, Some other time for that.-Beloved Regan, Wherein I thee endow'd. Thy sister 's naught; O Regan, she hath tied Reg. Good sir, to the purpose. [Trumpets within. Sharp-tooth'd unkindness, like a vulture, here?, 25 Lear. Who put my man i' the stocks?

[Points to his heart. Corn. What trumpet's that? I can scarce speak to thee; thou’lt not believe,

Enter Steward. Of how depraved a quality—O Regan !

Reg. I know't, my sister's: tliis approves her Reg. I pray you, sir, take patience; I have hope,

letter, You less know how to value her desert, 30 That she

would soon be here.--Is your lady come? Than she to scant her duty.

Lear. This is a slave, whose casy borrow'd pride Lear. Say? how is that?

Dwells in the fickle grace of her he follows: Reg: I cannot think, my sister in the least Out, varlet, from my sight! Would fail her obligation; If, sir, perchance, Corn. What means your grace? She have restrain’d the riots of your followers, 135 Lear. Who stock'd my servant? Regan, I have Tis on such ground; and to such wholesome end,

good hope 'As clears her from all blame.

Thou didst not know on't. -Who comes here? Leur. My curses on her!

O heavens, Reg. O, sir, you are old;

Enter Goneril. Nature in you stands on the very verge Hoff you do love old men, if your sweet sway Of her confine; you should be ruld, and led Allow obedience, if yourselves are old, (part! By some discretion, that discerns your state Make it your cause; send down, and take my Better than you yourself: Therefore, I pray you, Art not asham'd to look upon this beard :That to our sister you do make return;

[To Goneril. Say, you have wrong'd her, sir.

450, Regan, wilt thou take her by the hand? Lear. Ask her forgiveness?

Gon. Why not by the hand, sir? How have I Do you but mark how this becomes the house

offended * Dear daughter, I confess that I am old: All's not offence, that indiscretion finds', * Age is unnecessary * : on my knees I beg, And dotage terms so.

[Kneeling: 50 Lear. O sides, you are too tough! “That you'll vouchsafe me raiment, bed, and food.' Will you yet holdHow came my man i Reg. Good sir, no more; these are unsiglıtly

the stocks? Return you to my sister.

(tricks: Corn. I set him there, sir: but his own disorders Lear. Never, Regan:

Deserv'd much less advancement". She hath abated me of half my train;

15: Lear. You! did you? Look'd black upon me; struck ine with hertongue Reg. I pray you, father, being weak, seem so. Most serpent-like, upon the very heart: If, 'till the expiration of your month,

'j. e., probably, a cook or scullion. 2 Alluding to the fable of Prometheus. "House here signifies the order of families, duties of relation. * This may mean, old people are useless. Si. e. to humble, to pull down. Hefted, Mr. Steevens says, seems to mean the same as headed : Tender-hefted, i. e. whose bosom is agitated by tender passions. ?i.e. to contract my allowances or proportions settled. -Sizes are certain portions of bread, beer, or other victuals, which in colleges are set down to the account of particular persons. • i. e. approve.. To find, means little more than to think. ** By less adtancement is meant, a still worse or more disgraceful situation; a situation dot so reputable.







You will return and sojourn with my sister, When others are more wicked; not being theworst, Dismissing half your train, come then to me; Stands in some rank of praise:- I'll go with thee; I am now from home, and out of that provision

[To Goneril. Which shall be needful for your entertainment. Thy fifty yet doth double five-and-twenty,

Lear. Return to her, and fifty men dismiss’d? | 5 And thou art twice her love. No, rather I abjure all roofs, and choose

Gon. Hear me, my lord ; To wage' against the enmity o’the air ; What need you tive-and-twenty, ten, or five, To be a comrade with the wolf and owl,- |To follow in a house, where twice so many Necessity's sharp pinch!Return with her? Have a command to tend you? Why,the hot-blooded France, that dowerless took 10 Reg. What need one? Our youngest born, I could as well be brought Lear. O, reason not the need: our basest beggars To knee his throne, and, squire-like, pension beg Are in the poorest thing superfluous; To keep base life afoot-;— Return with her? Allow not nature more than nature needs, Persuade me rather to be slave and sumpter" Man's life is cheap as beast's: thou art a lady; To this detested groom. [Looking on the steward. 15 If only to go warın were gorgeous, Gon. At your choice, sir.

[me mad; Why,nature needs not what thou gorgeous wear'st, Lear. Now I prythee, daughter, do not make Which scarcely keeps thee warm.--But, for true I will not trouble thee, my child; farewell :


(need! We'll no more meet, no niore see one another:- You heavens, give me that patience, patience I But yet thou art my flesh,my blood, my daughter;20 You see me here, you gods, a poor old nian, Or, rather, a disease that's in my flesh,

As full of grief as age ; wretched in both! Which I must needs call mine: thou art a bile, If it be you that stir these daughters' hearts A plague-sore, an embossed * carbuncle,

Against their father, fool me not so much In my corrupted blood. But I'll not chide thee; To bear it tamely; touch me with noble anger! Let shame come when it will, I do not call it : 250, let not women's weapons, water-drops, I do not bid the thunder-bearer shoot,

Stain my man's cheeks !—No, you unnatural hags, Nor tell tales of thee to high-judging Jove: I will have such revenges on you both, Mend, when thou canst; be better, at thy leisure: That all the world shall ---I will do such things,--I can be patient; I can stay with Regan, What they are, yet I know not; but they shall be 1, and my hundred knights.

30 The terrors of the earth. You think, I'll weep; Reg. Not altogether so, sir;

No, I'll not weep :I look'd not for you yet, nor am provided I have full cause of weeping; but this heart For your fit welcome: Give ear, sir, to my sister; Shall break into a hundred thousand flaws, For those that mingle reason with your passion, Or ere I'll weep:40 fool, I shall go mad! Must be content to think you old, and so 351

[Exeunt Lear, Gloster, Kent, and Fool. But she knows what she does.

Corn. Let us withdraw, 'twill be a storm. Lear. Is this well spoken now?

[Storm and tempest heard. Reg. I dareavouchít, sir: What, fifty followers Reg. This house is little; the old man and his Is it not well? What should you need of more ?

people Yea,or so many; sith that both charge and danger 40 Cannot be well bestow'd.

[from rest, Speak 'gainst so great a number? How, in one Gon, 'Tis his own blame; he hath put himself house,

And must needs taste his folly.
Should many people, under two commands, Reg. For his particular, I'll receive him gladly,
Hold amity? 'Tis hard ; almost impossible. But not one follower.
Gon. Why might not you, my lord, receive 45 Gon. So am I purpos’d,

Where is my lord of Gloster?
From those that she calls servants, or from mine!
Reg. Why not, my lord : If then they chanc'd

Re-enter Gloster,
to slack you,

Corn. Follow'd the old man forth :--He is reWe could controul them: If you will come to me, 50 Glo. The king is in high rage.

(turn'd. (For now I spy a danger) I intreat you

Corn. Whither is he going?

[whither. To bring but five-and-twenty; to no more

Glo. He calls to horse; but will I know not Will I give place, or notice.

Corn.'Tis best to give him way; heleads himself. Lear. I gave you all

Gon. My lord, entreat him by no means to stay. Reg. And in good time you gave it.

55 Glo. Aläck, the night comes on, and the bleak Lear. Made you my guardians, my depositaries;

winds But kept a reservation to be follow'd

Do sorely ruffle; for many miles about
With such a number: What, must I come to you There's scarce a bush.
With five-and-twenty, Regan? said you so? Reg. O, sir, to wilful men,
Reg. And speak it again, my lord; no more 60 The injuries, that they themselves procure,
with me.

[favour'd, Must be their school-masters: Shut up your doors; Lear. Those wicked creatures yet do look well. He is attended with a desperate train;

Tj. e. to make war. ? i. e. in a servile state. Sumpter is a horse that carries necessaries on a journey; though soinetimes used for the case to carry them in. Embossed is swelling, protuberant. 3 P


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