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And what they may incense him to, being apt
To have his ear abus'd, wisdom bids fear. [night;

Corn. Shut up your doors, my lord; 'tis a wild

My Regan counsels well: come out o' the storm.

[Exeunt .



Kent. WHO


10|1 am a gentleman of blood and breeding,

And from some knowledge and assurance, offer
A Heath.

This oifice to you.
A Storm is heard, rrith thunder and lightning: Gent. I will talk further with you.
Enter Kent, and a Gentleman, meeting.

Kent. No, do not.
HO's there, besides foul weather? 15 For confirmation that I am much more

Gent. One minded like the weather, Than my out-wall, open this purse, and take most unquietly.

What it contains : If you shall see Cordelia, Kent. I know you : Where's the king? (As fear not but you shall,) shew her this ring; Gent. Contending with the fretful element: And she will tell you who your fellow is Bids the wind blow the earth into the sea, 20 That yet you do not know. Fie on this storm! Or swell the curled waters 'bove the main !, I will go seek the king:

[to say? That things might change, or cease: tears his Gent. Give me your hand: Have you no more white hair;

Kent. Few words, but, to effect, more than all Which the impetuous blasts, with eyeless rage,


[your pain Catch in their fury, and make nothing of: 25 That, when we have found the king, in which Strives in his little world of man to out-scorn That way; I'll this,) he that first lights on hin, The to-and-fro-conflicting wind and rain. [couch, Holla the other.

[Excunt severally. This night, wherein the cub-drawn? bear would The lion and the belly-pinched wolf

SCENE II. Keep their fur dry, unbonneted he runs, 130

Another Part of the Heath. And bids what will take all.

Storm still. Enter Lear, and Fool. Kent. But who is with him?

Lear. Blow, winds, and crack your cheeks! Gent. None but the fool; who labours to out-jest

rage! blow! His heart-struck injuries.

You cataracts, and hurricanoes, spout [cocks! Kent. Sir, I do know you ;

35'Till you have drench'd our steeples, drou n'd the And dare, upon the warrant of my note}, You sulphurous and thought-executing fires, Commend a dear thing to you. There is division, Vaunt-couriers’ to oak-cieaving thunder-bolts, Although as yet the face of it be cover'd (wall; Singemy white head! And thouall-shakingthunder, With mutual cunning, 'twixt Albany and Corn- Strike fíat the thick rotundity o' the world! Who have (as who have not, that their great stars 40 Crack nature's moulds; all germens spill at once", Throne and set high?) servants, who seem no less; That make ingrateful man! Which are to France the spies and speculations Fool.Onuncle, court holy-water'in a dry house Intelligent of our state; what hath been seen, is better than this rain-water out o' door. Good Either in snuffs and packings of the dukes; nuncle, in, and ask thy daughters blessing; here's Or the hard rein which both of them have borne 45 a night pities neither wise men nor fools. Against the old kind king; or something deeper, Lear. Rumble thy belly full! Spit, fire! spout, Whereof, perchance, these are but furnishings ? ;

rain! But, true it is, from France there comes a power

Nor rain, wind, thunder, fire, are my daughters: Into this scatter'd kingdom; who already, I tax not you, you elements, with unkindness; Wise in our negligence, have secret fee 50 I never gave you kingdom, call'd you children, In some of our best ports, and are at point You owe me no subscription; why then let fall To shew their open banner. -Now to you: Your horrible pleasure; here I stand, your slave, If on my credit you dare build so far

A poor, infirm, weak, and despis' old man :To make your speed to Dover, you shall find But yet I call you servile ministers, Some that will thank you, making just report 55 That' have with two pernicious daughters join'd Of how unnatural and bemadding sorrow Your high-engender'd battles, 'gainst a head The king hath cause to plain.

150 old and white as this. O! O! 'tis foul " ! · The main seems to signify here the main land, the continent. 2 Cub-drawn means, whose dngs are druzun dry by its young: My observation of your character. Snuffs are dislikes, and packi.igs underband contrivances. 'i.e. colours, external pretences. bi. e. dirided, unsettled.

Arat-couriers, Fr. * That is, “ Crack nature's mould, and spill (or destroy) all the seeds of maller that are hoarded within it." · Court holy-water is a proverbial expression, meaning fair words. 'Subscription for obedience. Hi.e. shameful, dishonourable.



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Fool. He that has a house to put's head in, has Must make content with his fortunos fit; a good head-piece.

for the ruin it raineth every day. The cod-piece that will house,

Lear. True, my goou boy:-Come, bring us Before the head has any : to this hovel.

[Enút. The head and he shall louse ;

5 Fool. This is a brave night to cool a courtezan. So beggars marry many'.

I'll speak a prophecy ere I go;
The man that makes his toe

When priests are more in word than matter;
What he his heart should muke,

When brewers mar their malt with water;
Shall of a corn cry, woe!

When nobles are their tailors' tutors';
And turn his sleep to wake.

10 No heretics burn'd, but wenches' suitors: -For there was never yet fair woman, but she Then comes the time, who lives to see't, made mouths in a glass.

That going shali be us'd with teet.--
Entor Kent.

When every case in law is right;
Lear. No, I will be the pattern of all patience, No squire in debt, nor no poor knight;
I will say nothing.

15 When slanders do not live in tongues; Kent. 'Who's there?

Nor cut-purses come not to throngs; Fool, Marry, here's grace, and a cod-piece ?; When usurers tell their gold i’ the field; that's a wise man, and a fool.

And bawds, and whores, do churches build; Kent. Alas, sir, are you here? things that love Then shall the realm of Albion night,

20 Come to great confusion, Love not such nights as these; the wrathful skies This prophecy Merlin shall make; for I live beGa!low? the very wanderers of the dark,

fore his time.

[Exit. And makethem keep their caves: Since I was man,

SCENE III. Such sheets of fire, such bursts of horrid thunder,

An Apartment in Gloster's Castle. groans of roaring wind and rain, I never 125

Enter Gloster, and Edmund. Remember to have heard: man's nature cannot Glo. Alack, alack, Edmund, I like not this The afiliction, nor the fear.


unnatural dealing: When I desired their leave Lar. Let the great gods,

that I might pity him, they took from me the use That keep this dreadful pother o'er our heads, of mine own house; charg'd me, on pain of their Find out their enemies now.Tremble,thou wretch, 30 perpetual displeasure, neither to speak of him, That hast within thee undivulged crimes, entreat for him, nor any way sustain him. Lnwhipt of justice: Hide thee, thou bloody hand;

Edm. Most savage, and unnatural ! Thou perjur’d, and thou simular man of virtue

Glo. Go to; say you nothing: There is division That art incestuous: Caitiff, to pieces shake, between the dukes; and a worse matter than that: That, under covert and convenient seeming “, 35

I have received a letter this night;—'tisdangerous Hast practis'd on man's life!--Close pent up guilts,

to be spoken.— I have lock'd the letter in my Rive your concealing continents”, and cry closet: these injuries the king now bears will be These dreadful summoners grace. I am a inan, revenged home; there is part of a power already More sinn'd against, than sinning.

footed: we must incline to the king. I will seek Kent. Alack, bare-headed !

40 him, and privily relieve him: go you, and mainGracious my lord, hard by here is a hovel;

tain talk with the duke, that my charity be not Some friendshipwillitlend you’gainst the tempest; of himn perceived: If he ask for me, I am ill, and Repose you there: while I to this hard house,

gone to bed. If I die for it, as no less is threaten'd (More hard than is the stone whereof 'tis rais'd;

me, the king my old master must be relieved. Which even but now, demanding after you, 45 There is some strange thing toward, Edmund; Deny'd me to come in) return, and force Their scanted courtesy.

pray you, be careful.


Edm. This courtesy, forbid thee, shall the duke Lear. My wits begin to turn.

Instantly know; and of that letter too :-Come on, my boy: How dost, my boy? Art cold:

This seems a fair deserving, and must draw me I am cold myself. Where is this straw,my fellow : 50 That which my father loses; no less than all: The art of our necessities is strange, That can make vile things precious. Come, your

The younger rises, when the old doth fall. [Exit. hovel.

SCENE IV. Poor fool and knave, I have one part in my heart

A Part of the Heath, with a Hooel. That's sorry yet for thee.

Enter Lear, Kent, and Fool. Fool. He that has a little tiny wit,

Kent. Here is the place, my lord; good my lord, With heigh, ho, the wind and the rain,

enter: "i.e. A beggar marries a wife and lice. Alluding perhaps to the saying of a contemporary wit, That there is no discretion below the girdle. Gallow, a west-country word, signifies to scare or frighten.

* Convenient seeming is appearance such as may promote his purpose to destroy. 5 Continent stands for that which contains or incloses. Summoners mean here the officers that summon offenders before a proper tribunal. 'i. e. invent fashions for them. * The disease to which enches' suitors are particularly exposed, was called in Shakspeare's time the brenning or burning: 3P 2







Thy tyranny of the open night 's too rough fquagmire; that hath laid knives under his pillow, For nature to endure.

[Storm still.

und halters in his pew; set ratsbane by his porLear. Let me alone.

ridge; made him proud of heart, to ride on a bay Kent. Good my lord, enter here.

trotting horse over four-inch'd bridges, to course Lear. Wilt break my heart?

bois own shadow for a traitor:-Bless thy five wits!! Kent. I'd rather break inine own: Good my |--Tom's a-cold.---0, do de, do de, do de.--Bless lord, enter.

[tious storm thee from whirlwinds, star-blasting, and takinga! Lear. Thou think'st'tis much, that this conten- Do poor Tom some charity, whom the foul fiend Invades us to the skin : so 'tis to thee;

_There could I have him now,--and But where the greater malady is fix'd, 10there,---and there, and there again, and there. The lesser is scarce felt. Thou’dst shun a bear;

[Storm still. But if thy flight lay toward the raging sea,

Lear. What, have his daughters brought him to Thou'dstineet the beari' the niouth. When the

this pass:

[all ? mind's free,

Could'st thou save nothing? Didst thou give them The body's delicate: the tempest in my mind 15 Fool. Nay, he reserv'd a blanket, else we had Doth from my senses take all feeling else,

been all shamed. Save what beats there.-Filial ingratitude !--- Lear, Now, all the plagues that in the penduIs it not as this mouth should tear this hand,

lous air

[ters! For lifting food to'ti-But I will punish home!-- Hang fated o'er men's faults, light on thy daug No, I will weep no more. In such a night 20 Kent. He hath no daughters, sir. To shut me out!-Pour on; I will endure:- Lear. Death, traitor ! nothing could have subIn such a night as this ! O Regan, Goneril!

dued nature Your old kind father, whose frank heart gave you

Tosuch a lowness, but his unkind daughters.all,

Is it the fashion, that discarded fathers O, that way madness lies; let me shun that; 25 should have thus little mercy on their flesh? No more of that,

Judicious punishment! 'twas this flesh begot Kent. Good my lord, enter here. [ease; l'hose pelican daughters. Lear. Pr’ythee, go in thyself; seek thine own Edg. Pillicock sat on pillicock-hill; This tempest will not give me leave to ponder Halloo, halloo, loo, loo! On things would hurt me more.—But I'll goin:- 30 Fool. This cold night will turn us all to fools In, boy; go first.—[To the Fool.] You houseless and madinen. poverty,

Edg. Take heed o' the foul fiend: Obey thy Nay, get ihec in. I'll pray, and then I?ll sleep.- parents; keep thy word justly; swear not; 'com

[Fool goes in. init not with man's sworn spouse; set not thy sweet Poor naked wretches, wheresoe'er you are, 35 heart on proud array:---Tom's a-cold. That bide the pelting of this pitiless storm,

Lear. What hast thou been? How shall your houseless heads, and unfed sides, Edg. A serving-man, proud in heart and mind; Yourloop'd and window'draggedness, defend you that curl'd my hair, wore gloves in my cap“, serv'd From seasons such as these? , I have ta’en the lust of my mistress's heart, and did the act of Too little care of this ! Take pliysic, pomp; 49 darkness with her: swore as many oaths as I Expose thyself to feel what wretches feel: spake words, and broke them in the sweet face of That thou may'st shake the superflux to them, heaven: one that slept in the contriving of lust, And shew the heavens more just.

and wak'd to do it: Wine lov'd I deeply;

dice Edg. [within,] Fathom and half, fathom and dearly; and in woman, out-paramour'd the Turk: halt! Poor Tom!

45 False of heart, light of ear', bloody of hand; Hog Fool. Come not in here, nuncle, here's a spirit. in sloth, fox in stealth, wolf in greediness, dog in Help me, help me! [The Fool runs out from the hovel. madness, lion in prey. Let not the creaking of

Kent. Give me thy hand. - Who's there? shoes, nor the rustling of silks, betray thy por Fool. A spirit, a spirit; he says, his name's poor heart to women: Keep thy foot out of brothers, Tom.

[the straw : 50 thy hand out of plackets, thy pen from lenders' Kent. What art thou that dost grumble there i' books, and defy the foul fiend. Sull through Come forth.

the hawthorn blows the cold wind: Says suum, Enter Edgar, disguised as a madman. mun, ha no nonny, dolphin my boy, boy, Sesy; Elg. Away! the foul fiend follows me !- let him trot by:

[Storm still Thro' the sharp hawthorn blows the cold wind.--- 55 Lear. Why thou wert better in thy grave, than Humph! go to thy cold bed, and warm thee. to answer with thy uncover'd body this extremity

Izur. Ilast thou given all to thy two daughters? of the skies. Is man no more than this? Consider And art thou come to this?

him well: thou owest the worm no silk, the beast Elg. Who gives anything to poor Tom? whom po hide, the sheep no wool, the cat no perfume:the foul fiend hath led through fire and throug!, fo Ha! here's three of us are sophisticated !- Thou flame, through ford and whirlpool, over bog andl fart the thing itself: unaccommodated man is no

So the five senses were called by our old writers. ? To take is to blast, or strike with malignant influence. * The

young pelican is fabled to suck the mother's blood. *i. e. his mistress favours: which was the lashion of that time. i. e, ready to receive malicious reports.


more but such a poor, bare, forked animal as thou Go into the house.
art.-Off,off, you lendings:-Come; unbutton Lear. I'll take a word with this same learned
[Tearing off his clothes.

Theban :-
Fool. Pr'ythee, nuncle, be contented; this is a What is your study?

[min. naughty night to swim in.—Now a little fire in al 5 Edg. How to prevent the fiend, and to kill ver

wildfield, were like an old lecher's heart; a smal Lear. Let me ask you one word in private. = spark, and all the rest of his body cold.—Look, Kent. Importune him once more to go, my lord, here comes a walking fire.

His wits begin to unsettle. Edg. This is the foul fiend Flibbertigibbet: he Glo. Canst thou blame him? (Storm still. begins at curfew, and walks 'till the first cock; hu 10 His daughters seek his death :—Ah, that good gives the web and the pin', squints the eye, and

Kent ! - makes the hare-lip; mildews the white wheat, He said it would be thus:---Poor banish'd man! and hurts the poor creature of earth.

Thou say'st, the king grows mad; I'll tell thee,
Saint Withold footed thrice the world' ;

He met the night-mare, and her nine fold; 151 am almost mad myself; I had a son,
Bid her alight,

Now out-law'd from my blood; he sought my life
And her troth plight,

But lately, very late; I lov'd him, friend,
And, Aroynt thee, witch, aroynt thee'! No father his son dearer: true to tell thee, [this!.
Kent. How fares your grace?

The grief hath craz'd my wits. What a night's'
Enter Gloster, with a torch.

20 I do beseech your grace, —
Lear. What's he?

Lear. O, cry you mercy, sir:
Kent. Who's there? What is 't you seek? Noble philosopher, your company.
Glo. What are you there? Your names ? Edg: Tom's a-cold.

(warm. Edg. Poor Tom; that eats the swimming frog, Glo. In, fellow, there, to the hovel: keep thee the toad, the tadpole, the wall-newt, and the wa- 25 Lear. Come, let's in all. ter-newt; that in the fury of his heart, when the Kent. This way, my lord. foul fiend rages, eats cow-dung for sallets; swal- Lear. With hiin; lows the old rat, and the ditch-dog; drinks the I will keep still with my philosopher. green mantle of the standing pool; who is whip Kent. Good my lord, sooth him; let him take from tything to tything, and stock'd, punish'd, 30 \he fellow. and imprison'd; who hath had three suits to his Glo. Take him you on. back, six shirts to his body, horse to ride, and Kent. Sirrah, come on; go along with us. weapon to wear,

Lear. Come, good Athenian. But mice, and rats, and such small deer 5;

Glo. No words, no words; hush.
Have been Tom's food for seven long year. |35 Edg. Child Rowland to the dark tower came,

my follower:-Peace, Smolkin; peace, His word tas still,-Fie, foh, and fum,
thou fiend!

I smell the blood of a British man.[Exeunt.
Glo. What, hath your grace no better company
Edg. The prince of darkness is a gentleman;

SCENE V. Modo he's call'd, and Mahu.

Gloster's Castle. Glo. Our flesh and blood, my lord, is grownsol

Enter Cornwall, and Edmund. That it doth hate what gets it.

Corn. I will have my revenge, ere I depart Edg. Poor Tom's a-cold.

this house. Glo. Go in with me; my duty cannot suffer Edm. How, my lord, I may be censur'd, that To obey in all your daughters' hard commands : 45 nature thus gives way to loyaliy, something fears Though their injunctions be to bar my doors,

me to think of.
And let this tyrannous night take hold upon you; Corn. I now perceive, it was not altogether your
Yet have I ventur'd to come seek you out, brother's evil disposition made him seek his death;
And bring you where both fire and food is ready. but a provoking merit, set a-work by a repro-

Lear. First let me talk with this philosopher:- 150 vable badness in himself.
What is the cause of thunder?

Edm. How malicious is my fortune, that I must Kent. My good lord, take his offer;

(repent to be just!This is the letter which he spoke 'Diseases of the eye.

Wold signifies a down, or ground hilly and void of wood. 3 These verses were no other than a popular charm, or night-spell against the Epialtes; and the last line is the formal execration or apostrophe of the speaker of the charm to the witch, aroynt thee right, i. e. dipart forthwith. - Bedlams, gipsies, and such-like vagabonds, used to sell these kind of spells or charms to the people. They were of various kinds for various disorders. * A tything is a division of a place, a district; the same in the country, as a ward in the city. In the Saxon times, every hundred was divided into tythings.

Deer in old language is a general word for wild animals. • In the old times of chivalry, the noble youth who were candidates for knighthood, during the season of their probation, were called Infans, Varlets, Damoysels, Bucheliers ; the most noble of the youth particularly, Infans. Here a story is told, in some old ballad, of the famous hero and giant-killer Roland, before he was knighted, who is, 'therefore, called Infans; which the ballad-naker translated, 3 P 3



[vile, 40)


Child Roland.

of, which approves him an intelligent party to the Kent. How do you, sir? Stand you not so advantages of France. O heavens! that this trea

amaz'd : son were not, or not I the detector!


you lie down and rest upon the cushions? Corn. Go with me to the dutchess.

Lear. I'll see their trial first :-Bring in the Edm. If the matter of this paper be certain, 5

evidence. you have mighty business in hand.

Thou robed man of justice, take thy place;Corn. True or false, it hath made thee carl of

(To Edgar. Gloster. Seek out where thy father is, that he And thou, his yoke-fellow of equity,[To the Fool. may be ready for our apprehension.

Bench by his side:-You are of the commission, Éd. [Aside.] If I find him comforting the 10 Sit you too.

[To Kent. king, it will stuff his suspicion more fully:-- I will Édg. Let us deal justly. perseverein my course of loyalty, thouglithe conAlict be sore between that and my blood.

“Sleepest, or wakest thou, jolly shepherd? Corn. I will lay trust upon thee; and thou

“Thy sheep be in the corn; shalt find a dearer rather in my love

[Ereunt. 15

“ And for one blast of thy minikin mouth,

Thy sheep shall take no harm.”

Purre! the cat is grey.

Lear. Arraign her first; 'tis Goneril. I here
A Chamber in a Farm House.

take my oath before this honourable assembly, Enter Gloster, Lear, Kent, Fool, and Edgar. 20 she kick'd the poor king her father.

Glo. Here is better than the open air; take it Fool. Come hither, mistress; Is your nanie thankfully: I will piece out the comfort with

Goneril? what addition I can: I will not be long from you. Lear. She cannot deny it.

(stool [Exit. Fool, Cry you mercy, I took you for a jointKent. All the power of his wits has given way|25| Lear. And here's another, whose warpt looks to his impatience:– The gods reward your


proclaim ness!

What store her heart is made on.--Stop her there! Edg. Frateretto calls me; and tells me, Nero Arms, arms,sword, fire! ---Corruption in the place! ! is an angler in the lake of darkness. Pray, inno- False justicer, why hast thou let her 'scape? cent, and beware the foul fiend.

|30 Edg. Bless thy five wits! Fool. Pr’ythee, nuncle, tell me, whether a Kent. O pity!--Sir, where is the patience now, madman be a gentleman, or a yeoman?

That you so oft have boasted to retain? Lear. A king, a king!

Edg. My tears begin to take his part so much, Fool. No; he's a yeoman, that has a gentle They'll mar my counterfeiting. Aside. man to a son : for he's a mad yeoman, that sees 35 Lear. The little dogs and all, his son a gentleman before him.

Tray, Blanch, and Sweet-heart, see, they bark Lear. To have a thousand with red burning spits Come hizzing in upon them :

Edg. Tom will thrcw his head at them Edg: The fout fiend bites my back.

Avaunt, you curs! Fool. He's mad, that trusts in the tameness of a 40

Be thy mouth or black or white, wolf, a horse's health, a boy's love, or a whore's

Tooth that poisons if it bite; oath. Lear. It shall be done, I will arraign them

Mastiff, grey-hound, mungril grim,

Hound, or spaniel, brache, or lym'; straight :

Or bobtail tike', or trundle-tail;
Come, sit thou here, most learned justicer;- 45

Tom witl make him weep and wail :
To Edgar

For, with throwing thus my head,
Thou, sapient sir, sit here. [Tothe Fool.]—Now!

Dogs leap the hatch, and all are fied. you she-foxes ! Edg. Looki, where he stands and glares !

Do de, de de. Sessy, come, march to wakes and Wantest thou eyes at trial, madam? 150


[dry. Comé o’erthe bourno, Bessy, to me:

And market towns :-Poor Tom, thy hörn is Fool. “ Her boat hath a leak,

Lear. Then let them anatomize Regan, see what “ And she must not speak

breeds about her heart: Is there any cause in na-“Why she dares not come over to thee." ture,that makes these hard hearts? -You, sir, lenEdg. The foul fiend haunts poor Tom in the 55 tertain you for one of my hundred; only, I do not voice of a nightingale. Hopdance cries in Tom's like the fashion of your garment: you will say, belly for two white herrings'. Croak not, black they are Persian attire; but let them be chang'd. angel; I have no food for thee.

[To Edgar "i. e. supporting, helping. ? A bourn in the North signifies a rivulet or brook. Hence the names of many of our villages terminate in burn, as Milburn, Sherburn, &c. White herrings are pickled herrings. * Minikin was anciently a term of endearment, • This is a proverbial expression • To have the ronf of the mouth black is in some dogs a proof that their breed is genuine. A rache is a dog that hunts by scent wild beasts, birds, and even fishes; and the female of it is called a brache. • A linmer or leamer, a dog of the chace, 'was so called from the leam or leash in which he was held till he was let slip. Tijk is the Runic word for a little, or worthless dog,


at me.


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