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It is thy business that I go about;
What party I do follow, Therefore great France
Reg. Fare thee well.
[Ereunt. My mourning, and important tears, hath pitied. No blown ambition 2 doth our arms incite,
SCENE VI. But love, dear love, and our ag'd father's right: 5
The Country near Dover. Soon may I hear, and see him! [Excunt.
Enter Gloster, and Edgar as a peasant. 'SCENE V.
Glo. When shall we come to the top of that same hill ?
[labour. Regan's Palace.
- Edg. You do climb up it now: look, how we Enter Regun, and Steward.
101 Glo. Methinks, the ground is even. Reg. But are my brother's powers set forth? Edg. Horrible steep: Stew. Ay, madam.
Hark, do you hear the sea ? Reg. Hinıself in person there?
Glo. No, truly.
[fect Stew. Madam, with much ado:
Edg. Why, then your other senses grow imperYour sister is the better soldier. [at home: 15|By your eyes' anguish.
Reg. Lord Edmund spake not with your lady Glo. So may it be, indeed :
[him? Methinks, thy voice is alter'd; and thou speak'st Reg. What might import my sister's letter to In better phrase, and matter, than thou didst. Stew. I know not, lady.
Edg. You are much deceiv’d; in nothing am Reg. 'Faith, he is posted hence on serious mat-20 I chang'd, It was great ignorance, Gloster's eyes being out,
But in my garments. To let him live; where he arrives, he moves Glo, Methinks, you are better spoken. All hearts against us: Edmund, I think, is gone, Edg. Come on, sir : here's the place :-stand In pity of his misery, to dispatch
still.-How fearful His nighted life?; moreover, to descry
|25 And dizzy 'tis, to cast one's eyes so low! (air, The strength o' the enemy;
The crows, and choughs, that wing the midway Stew. I must needs after him, madain, with my Shew scarce so gross as beetles: Half way down letter.
[us; Hangs one that gathers samphire'; dreadful trade! Reg. Our troops set forth to-morrow; stay with Methinks, he seems no bigger than his head: The ways are dangerous.
130The fishermen, that walk
the beach, Stew. I may not, madam;
Appear like mice; and yon' tall anchoring bark, My lady charg'd my duty in this business. Diininish'd to her cock; her cock, a buoy, Reg. Why should she write to Edmund ? Might| Almost too small for sight: The murmuring surge,
That on the unnumber'd idle pebbles chafes, Transport her purposes by word? Belike, 35 Cannot be heard so high:-I'll look no more; Something--I know not what--I'll love thee much, Lest my brain turn, and the deficient sight Let me unseal the letter.
Topple down headlong. Stew. Madam, I had rather[band: Glo. Set me where you stand.
[a foot Reg. I know your lady does not love her hus- Edg. Give me your hand : You are now within I am sure of that: and, at her late being here, 40|Of the extreme verge : for all beneath the moon She gave strange æiliads *, and most speaking looks Would I not leap upright 10. To noble Edmund: I know, you are of her bosom. Glo. Let go my hand. Stew. I, madam?
[it: Here, friend, is another purse; in it, a jewel Reg. I speak in understanding, you are, I know Well worth a poor man'staking: Fairies, and gods, Therefore, I do advise you, take this note : 45 Prosper it with thee! Go thou further off; My lord is dead; Edmund and I have talk'd; Bid me farewell, and let me hear thee going. And more convenient is he for my hand,
Edg. Now fare ye well, good sir. [Seems to go. Than for your lady's: You may gather more 6. Glo. With all my heart. If you do find him, pray you, give him this; Edg. Why do I triflc thus with his despair?And when your mistress hears thus much from you,150'Tis done to cure it. I pray, desire her call her wisdom to her.
Glo. O you mighty gods! So, fare you well.
This world I do renounce; and, in your sights, If you do chance to hear of that blind traitor, Shake patiently my great aMiction off: Preferment falls on him that cuts him off. If I could bear it longer, and not fall Stew. 'Would I could meet him, madam! 155 To quarrel with your great opposeless wills, would shew
My snuff, and loathed part of nature, should ' Important for importunate. ? i. e. no infiated, no swelling pride. sj.e. his life made dark as night by the extinction of his eyes. * (Eillade, Fr. a cast, or significant glance of the
Note means in this place not a letter, but a remark. • i. e. You may infer more than I have directly told you. ?" Samphire grows in great plenty on most of the sea-cliffs in this coun try: it is terrible to see how people gather it, hanging by a rope several fathom fron the top of the impending rocks as it were in the air." Smith's History of Waterford. * i. e. her cock-boat. ! To topple is to tumble. 19 Upright has the same sense as the Latin supinus.
Burn itself out. If Edgar live, 0, bless him ! The fiend, the fiend: he led me to that place. No., fellow, fare thee well.
Eug. Bear free and patient thoughts...-But [He leaps, and falls along.
who comes here? Edg. Gone, sir? farewell.
Enter Lear, fantastically drest up with flowers, And yet I know not how conceit
rob 5 The safer sense will ne'er accommodate The treasury of life, when life itself
Hs master thus. Yields to the theft :Had he been wherehethought, Lear, No, they cannot touch me for coining; By this, had thought been past. --Alive, or dead? I am the king himself. Но, you, sir! friend —Hear you, sir?-speak! Edg, Othou side-piercing sight! Thus might he pass“, indeed: Yet he revives. 10 Lear. Nature's above art in that respect.--There's What are you, sir?
your press money. That fellow bandles his bow Glo. Away, and let me die. [feathers, air, like a crow-liceper’: draw mea clothier's yard.
Edg. Hadst thou been aught but Gossomer, Look, look, a mouse! Peace, peace;-this piece So many fathom down precipitating, [breathe; of toasted cheese will do't.---There's my gauntlet; Thou hadst shiver'd like an egg: but thou dost 15 I'll prove it on a giant.-Bring up the brown Hast heavy substance; bleed’st not; speak’st; art bills.-0, well down, bird !-i' the clout, i' the sound.
clout: hewgh!- --Give the word, Ten masts * at each make not the altitude,
Edg. Sweet marjorain, Which thou hast perpendicularly fallen;
Lear. Pass. Thy life's a miracle; Speak yet again.
201 Glo. I know that voice. Glo. But have I fallen, or no?
[bourn": Lear. Ha! Gonețil !-with a white beard! Edg. From the dread summit of this chalky They flatter'd me like a dog; and told me, I had Look up a-height;—the shrill-gorg'd lark so far white hairs in my beard, ere the black ones were Cannot be seen or heard: do but look up. there. To say aj, and no, to every thing I said Glo. Alack, I have no eyes.
25 Ay and no too was no good divinity. When the Is wretchedness depriv'd that benefit,
rain came to wet me once, and the wind to make Toend itself by death? 'Twas vet some comfort, me chatter; when the thunder would not peace When misery could beguile the tyrant's rage, at my bidding; there I found them, there l'smelt And frustrate his proud will.
them out, Go to, they are not men o' their Edg. Give me your arın;
[stand. 30 words: they told me I was every thing; 'tis a Up:-30:–How is't? Feel you your legs? You lie; I am not ague-proof.
[ber: Glo. Too well, too well.
Glo. The trick of that voice I do well rememEdg. This is above all strangeness.
Is 't not the king?
35 When I do stare, see, how the subject quakes. Glo. A poor unfortunate beggar.
I pardon that man's life: What was the cause ? Edg. As I stood here beļow, methought, his eyes Adultery:Were two full moons; he had a thousand noses, Thou shalt not die: Die for adultery! No: Horns welk'd, and wav'd like the enridged sea ; The wren goes to’t, and the small gilded fly It was some fiend: Therefore, thou happy father, 40 Does lecher in my sight. Think that the clearestó gods, who make them Let copulation thrive, for Gloster's bastard son honours
Was kinder to his father, than my daughters Of men's impossibilities, have preserv'd thee. Got 'tween the lawful sheets.
Glo. I do remember now: henceforth I'll bear To't, luxury.o, pell-mell, for I lack soldiers.Affliction, 'till it do cry out itself,
45 Behold yon' simpering dame, Enough, enough, and die. That thing you speak of, Whose face between her forks" presageth snow; I took it for a man, often 'twould say,
That minces virtue, and does shake the head 'i. e. when life is willing to be destroyed. 2 Thus he might die in reality. We still use the word passing-bell
. 3 Gossomore, the white and cobweb-like exhalations that fly about in hot sunny weather.-Skinner says, it signifies the down of the sow-thistle, which is driven to and fro by the wind. * In Mr. Rowe's edition it is, Ten masts at least. 5 Dr. Johnson says, “ Bourn seems here to signify a hill. Its common signification is a brook.–Milton, in Comus, uses bosky bourn, in the same sense perhaps with Shakspeare: But in both authors it may mean only a boundary. • i.e. the purest, the most free from evil. In several counties, to this day, they call a stuffed figure representing a man, and armed with a bow and arrows, set up to fright the crows from the fruit and corn, a crow-keeper, as well as a scare-crow, * Lear supposes himself in a garrison, and, before he lets Édgar pass, requires the watch-word. ? Trick (says Sir Thomas Hanmer) is a word frequently used for the uir, or that peculiarity in a face, voice, or gesture, which distinguishes it from others. We still say, “-he has a trick of winking with his eyes, ot speaking loud,” &c, Luxury was the ancient appropriate term for incontinence. " That is, according to Dr. Warburton, her hand held before her tace in sign of modesty, with the fingers spread out, forky.—Dr. Johnson believes, that the forks were two prominences of the ruff rising on each side of the face.
To hear of pleasure's name;,
Through tatter'd clothes sniall vices do appear; The fitchew', nor the soyled horse, goes to't Robes, and furr'd gowns, hide all. Plate sin with With a more riotous appetite.
gold, Down from the waist they are centaurs,
And the strong lance of justice hurtless breaks : Though women all above :
5 Arı it in rays, a pigmy's straw doth pierce it. But to the girdle do the gods inherit,
ness, None does oifend, none, I say, none; l'llable'em*: Beneath is all the fiends'; there's hell, there's dark- Take that of me, my friend, who have the power There is the sulphurous pit, burning, scalding, To seal the accuser's lips. Get thec glaşs eyes;
stench,consumption ;-Fie,fie, fie! pah! pah! And, like'a scurvy politician, seem (now, now: Give me an ounce of civet, good apothecary, 1010 see the things thou dost not.-Now, now, To sweeten my imagination there's money for Pull off my boots ;-harder, harder; so. Glo. O, let me kiss that hand ! [thee. Edg. O, matter and impertinency mixt;
Lear. Let me wipe it first; it smells of mortality. Reason in madness ! Glo. O ruin’d piece of nature! this great world Lear. Ifthou wilt weep my fortunes, take my eyes. Shall so wear out to nought.-Dost thou know me: 151 know thee well enough"; thy name is Gloster:
Lear. I remember thine eyes well enough. Dost Thou inust be patient; we came crying hither. thon squiny at me? No, do thy worst, blind Cu- Thou know'st, the first time that we smell the air, pid; I'll not love.--Read thou this challenge ; Wewawle, and cry:--I will preach to thee; mark mark but the penning of it.
Glo. Alack, alack the day!
[me. Glo.Were allthe letters suns, I could not see one.20 Lear. When we are born, we cry, that we are Edg. I would not take this from report;—it is,
[blockAnd my heart breaks at it.
To this great stage of fools ;
-This a good Lear. Read.
It were a delicate stratagem, to shoe Glo. What, with the case of eyes?
A troop of horse with felt: I'll put it in proof; Lear. O, ho, are you there with me? No eyes25 And when I have stolen upon these sons-in-law, in your head, nor no money in your purse? Your Then kill, kill, kill, kill, kill, kill. eyes are in a heavy case, your purse in a light: Enter u Gentleman, with Attendants. Yet you see how this world
Gent. O, here he is; lay hand upon him.-Sir, Glo. I see it feelingly.
Your most dear daughterLear. What, art mad? A man may see how 30 Lear. No rescue? What, a prisoner? I am even this world goes, with no eyes. Look with thine The natural fool of fortune. -Use me well; ears: see how yon' justice rails upon yon' siinple You shall have ransom. Let me have a surgeon, thief. Hark, in thine ear: Change places; and I am cut to the brains, handy-dandy, which is the justice, which is the Gent. You shall have any thing, thief-Thou hast scen a farıner's dog bark at a 35 Leur. No seconds? All myself? beggar?
Why, this would make a man, a man of şalto, Glo. Ay, sir.
To use his eyes for garden water-pots,
40. Lear. I will die bravely, like a bridegroom; what Thou rascal beadle, hold thy bloody hand : I will be jovial; come, come, I am a king, Why dost thou lash that whore? Strip thine own My masters, know you that? back;
Gent. You are a royal one, and we obey you, Thou hotly lust'st to use her in that kind
Lear. Then there's life in it. Nay, conie, an For which thou whipp'st her. The usurer hangs 45 you get it, the cozener.
You shall get it by running. Sa, sa, sa, sa. [Erit. A polecat.
* Soyled horse is a term used for a horse that has been fed with hay and corn in the stable during the winter, and is turned out in the spring to take the first flush of grass, or has it cut and carried in to him. This at once cleanses the animal, and fills him with blood.
* The case of cyes is the socket of either eye, * This is an old phrase, signifying to qualify, or uphold them,
Dr. Johnson proposes to read, a gond flock.--" Flocks (he adds) are wool moulded together. It is very common for madmen to catch an accidental hint, and strain it to the purpose predominant in their minds. Lear picks up a flock, and immediately thinks to surprize his enemies by a troop of horse shod with flocks or feli. Yet block may stand, it we suppose that the sight of a block put him in mind of mounting his horse.". -Mr. Steevens thinks Dr. Johnson's explanation is very ingenious; but believes there is no occasion to adopt it, as the speech itself, pr at least the action that should accompany it, will furnish all the connection which he has sought for from an extraneous circumstance. Upon the king's saying, I will preach to thee, the poet seems to have meant him to pull off his hat, and keep turning it and fecling it, in the attitude of one of the preachers of those times (whom Mr. Steevens has seen so represented in ancient prints), till the idea of felt, which the good hat or block was made of, raises the stratagem in his brain of shoeing a troop of horse with a substance soft as that which he held and moulded between his hands. This makes him start from his preachment.— Block anciently signified the head-part of the hat, or t’e thing on which a hat is formed, and sometimes the hat itself. • Mr. Malone believes a man of salt is a man made up of tears.
Gent. A sight most pitiful in the meanest wretch; Stew. Slave, thou hast slain me:
:-Villain, take Past speaking of in a king Thou hast one
my purse; daughter,
fever thou wilt thrive; bury my body: Who redeems nature from the general curse And give the letters, which thou find'st about me, Which twain have brought her to,
5 To Edmund earl of Gloster ; seek him out Edg. Hail, gentle sir.
Upon the English party :
-0, untimely death, Geat. Sir, speed you: What's your will?
[Dies. Edg. Do you hear aught, sir, of a battle toward Edg. I know thee well: A serviceable villain;
Gent. Most sure, and vulgar; every one hears As duteous to the vices of thy mistress, Which can dist.nguish sound.
[that, 10 is badness would desire. Edg. But, by your favour,
Gl. What, is he dead? How near's the other army?
Edg. Sit you down, father; rest you.- [of, Gent. Near, and on speedy foot; the main descry, Let's see his pockets: these letters, that he speaks Stands on the hourly thought :
May be my friends.—He's dead; I am only sorry Edg. I thank you', sir: that's all. [here, 15 He had no other death's-man.--Let us see:Geni. Though that the queen on special cause is Leave, gentle wax, and, manners, blame us not: Her arıny is mov'd on.
To know our enemies' minds, we'd rip their Edg. I thank you, sir.
[Erit Gent. Their papers are more lawful. [hearts; Glo. You ever-gentle gods, take iny breath
Reads the letter.
20 “Let our reciprocal vows be remember'd. Let not my worser spirit tempt me again “ You have many opportunities to cut him off: To die before you please!
“ if your will want not, time and place will be Eug. Well pray you, tather.
“ fruitfully offered. There is nothing done, if he Glo. Now, good sir, what are you? [blow's ; “ return the conqueror: Then am I the prisoner,
E.lg. A most poor man, made tame to fortune's 5% and his bed my gaol; from the loath'd warmth Who, by the art of known and feeling sorrows“, “ whereof deliver me, and supply the place for Am pregnant to good pity. Give me your hand,
1", your labour. l'il lead you to some biding.
“Your (wife, so I would say) affectionate Glo. Hearty thanks:
« GONERIL,” The bounty and the benizon of heaven $300 undistinguish'd space of woman's will !To boot, and boot !
A plot upon her virtuous husband's life;
And the exchange,my brother!--Here, in thesands,
That of thy death and business I can tell. Gio. Now let thy friendly hand
[Erit Edgar, remoring the body. Put strength enough to it. [Edgar opposes. Glo. The king is mad: How stiff is my vilc Stew. W herefore, bold peasant,
so should my thoughts besever'd from my griefs; Edg.Chill not let go, zir, without vurther'casion. And woes, by wrong imaginations, lose Steru. Let go, slave, or thou dy'st.
15 The knowledge of themselves. Edg. Good gentleman, go your gait“, and let
Re-enter Edgar. poor volk pass. And ch'ud ha' been zwagger'dout Edg. Give me your band: of my life, 'twould not ha' been zo long as 'tis Far oif, methinks, 'I hear the beaten drum. by a vortnight. Nay, come not ni ar the old Come, father, I'll bestow you with a friend. man; keep out, che vor' ye’, or ise try whether 50
[Ereunt. your costard" or my bat be the harder : Ch'ill
SCENE VII. be plain with you.
A Tent in the French Camp. Stew. Out, dunghill!
Enter Cordelia, Kent, and Physician. Edg. Ch’ill pick' your teeth, zir: Come; no Cor. O thou good Kent, how shall I live and matter for your foyns*. [Edgar knocks him down.l55 work,
• The main body is expected to be descry'd every hour. : i. e. sorrows past and present. Hi.e. quickly recollect the past offences of thy life, and recommend thyself to heaven. Gang your gate is a common expression in the North. Si.e. I warn you. Edgar counterfeits the western dialect. .i.e. head. i. e. club. * To foyn is to make what we call a thrust in fencing. ' i.e. I'll cover.-In Staffordshire, to rake the fire, is to cover it with fuel for the night. 10 The duke of Albany, whose death is machinated by practice or treason. Ingenious feeling signifies a feeling from an understanding not disturbed or disordered, but whicb, representing things as they are, makes the scnse of pain the more exquisite.
To match thy goodness ? My life will be too short, Do scald like molten lead.
Cor. Sir, do you know me?
[die? Kent. To be acknowledg'd, madam, is o'erpay'd. Lear. You are a spirit, I know: When did you All my reports go with the modest truth;
Cor. Still, still, far wide! Nor more, nor clipt, but so.
5 Phys. He's scarce awake; let him alone awhile. Cor, Be better suited ? :
Lear. Where have I been? Where am I:These weeds are memories 'of those worser hours;
Fair day-light? I pr’ythee, put them off.
I am mightily abus'de.--I should even die with Kent. Pardon me, dear madam;
pity, Yet to be known, shortens my inade intent": 10 To see another thus.---I know not what to say.My boon I make it, that you know me not, I will not swear, these are my hands :--let's see; "Till time and I think meet.
I feel this pin prick. 'Would I were assur'd Cor. Then be it so, iny good lord.
Of my condition ! How does the king?
[To the Physician.
Cor. O, look upon me, sir, Phys. Madam, siceps still.
15 And hold your hands in benediction o'er me:Cor. O you kind gods,
No, sir, you must not kneel.
Fourscore and upward;
20 Not an hour more, nor less ; and, to deal plainly, That we may wake the king? he hath slept long. I fear, I am not in my perfect mind. Cor. Be govern'd by your knowledge, and pro- Methinks, I should know you, and know this man; ceed
Yet I am doubtful: for I'am mainly ignorant, l' the sway of your own will. Is he array'd ? What place this is; and all the skill I have
Lear is brought in in a chair. 25 Remembers not these garments; nor I know not Gent. Ay, madam; in the heaviness of his sleep, Where I did lodge last night: Do not laugh at me; We put fresh garments on him. [him; For, as I am a man, I think this lady
Phys. Be by, good madam, when we do awake To be my child Cordelia, I doubt not of his temperance.
Cor. And so I am, I am ! [weep not : Cor. Very well.
[sic there ! 30 Lear. Be your tears wet? Yes, 'faith. I pray,
35 Cor. No cause, no cause.
[rage, To be expos'd against the warring winds ?
Phys. Be comforted, good madam: the great To stand against the deep dread-bolted thunder : 40 You see, is cur'd in him: and yet it is danger In the most terrible and nimble stroke
To make him even o'er the time he has lost'. Of quick, cross lightning? to watch (poor perdu :) Desire him to go in; trouble him no more, With this thin helm?? Mine enemy's dog,
'Till further settling. Though he had bit me, should have stood that Cor. Will't please your highness walk ? night
45 Lear. You must bear with me: Against my fire; And wast thou fain, poor father, Pray you now, forget and forgive: I am old and To hovel thee with swine, and rogues forlorn,
foolish. In short and musty straw? Alack, alack! (Exeunt Lear, Cordelia, Physician,and Attendants, 'Tis wonder that thy life and wits at once
Gent. Holds it true, sir,
Kent. Most certain, sir,
(grave: Kent. As it is said, the bastard son of Gloster. Lear. You do me wrong, to take me out o'the Gent. They say, Edgar, Thou art a soul in bliss; but I am bound 55 His banish'd son, is with the earl of Kent Upon a wheel of fire, that mine own tears In Germany
' i. e. All good which I shall a'lot thee, or measure out to thee, will be scanty: 'i, e. Be better drest, put on a better suit of clothes. Hi. e. memorials, remembrancers. * An intent made, is an intent formed. So we say in conimon language, to make a design, and to make a resolution. • i.e. changed to a child by his years and wrongs. Restoration is recovery personified. * The allusion, Dr. Warburton says, iš to the forlorn-hope in an army, which are put upon desperate adventures, and called, in French, enfans perdus; she therefore calls her father, poor perdu.
* I am strangely imposed on by appearances; I am in a strange mist of uncertainty: ? i.e. to reconcile it to his apprehension.