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It is long, Atticè : Sophocl. Antig. 64. Kai Taut cxovelv, xã TI TWI' AASIONA.
The quantity is doubtful in Æsch. Prom. 933. Eurip. Hipp: 490. Med. 238. which is cited in Stob. Grot. Tit. LXXII. p. 303. and in the Prologue to Rhesus, first published by Valckenaer, Diatr.99., 'Eudo vap ovdey olup öryopy Expos
ΒΑΘΙΩΝ. . This comparative does not occur in the Attic poets. The penultimate is short in Theocritus, E. 43. Μη βίθιον τήνω πυγισματος σε ταφένης.
ΒΕΛΤΙΩΝ. . The penultimate is short in the only passage of Homer in which this comparative occurs : Od. P. 18.
IITWX Céxliov icli xala mlav, à xal aypous. where the true reading is Baalepov, which is found in six verses of the Iliad, and in one of the Odyssey, and in two of the Hymn to Mercury, according to Seber's index. Eustathius, as Clarke's note well observes, gives Blxlspov in his Commentary ;' which Thomas Bentley found also in several MSS.
It is, therefore, surprising that Wolsius should have omitted so obvious and necessary a restoration as BáxTepov, in his recently published Odyssey.
lesiod also uses Beamer os instead of Berlíw. Op. et D. 365.
"Οικοι Βέλλερον ειναι, έπει Βλαβερον το θύρηφι. So Apollon. Rhod. I. 254. II. 338. III. 507. IV. 1255.
As to the Attic poets, in Eschylus * Beatiw never occurs. He follows Homer and Hesiod in the use of Béa?epos.
S. Theb. 337. Bexlepa Tūvds' Aposrev.
Είν' το Βέλγερον κακού. .
Instances of Berliw, however, with the penultimate long, occur frequently in the Dramatic writers after Eschylus. EURIP. Andromach. 727. Tanxörleg idle undevo's BEATIONEE.' Ιon. 424. Εις παιδα τον σον μεταπέσοι ΒEΛTIONA... Meleag. ix. ap. Stob. Tit. LXX. p. 70. et Clem. Alex. II.' * A passage in one of his fragments shall be examined in the course of this disquisition.
+ A new regulation in the Metres of this Chorus was proposed in the Monthly Review for January 1798, Article, Butler:
p. 620*. 3. BE'ATION 'Âv 78301/48 owcow Téxią, and V. 5. Σκληρος διαλας οι γόνοι ΒΕΛΤΙΟΝΕΣ. .
So INCERTUS apud Stob. Grot. Flor. I. p. 5. SOPHOCLES Fragm. Incert. C. ap. Brunck. apud Stob. MS. Ruhnkenii V. 5. ARISTOPHANES, Plut. 105. 558. 576. 595. Equit. 857. Pac. 448. Nub. 1050. Eccles. 214.475. Acharn. 650. 1077. Ran. 1009. Thesm. 800. 810.
Berliav, in passages in which the quantity cannot be deter.
ARISTOPH. Plut. 1149. Nub. 589 594. Thesm. 774.
INCERTUS in Grotii Excerpt. p. 949. which verse is assigned to Menander, by Morel, Sentent. Vet. Comicorum, p. 24.
Συμβουλος ουδεις εσιι βελτίων Χρόνου, , where, however, he gives xotiv ovdeís, which destroys the verse. APOLLODORUS Tall, ap. Stob. Grot. p. 461.
In order to render the Canon respecting the produced quantity of this comparative adjective universal, the following passages require correction. Aschylus apud Athen. IX. p. 375. E.
"οψον γένοιτ' άν ανδρί τούδε ΒΕΛΤΙΟΝ. . The change into BEATEPON, after the observations which have been made, is sufficiently obvious. It is demanded, indeed, in order to render the style of the fragment Eschylean, as well as to restore the metre. Toup has quoted this passage in his Emendat. in Suid. Part. V. Vol. III. p. 75. but reads Béaluov, firmly, and without apparent suspicion of an error. MENANDER, apud Stob. Grot. CXXII. P. 497.
*Αν πρώτος απέλθης, καλαλύσεις σε βελλιον
'Εφιδί' έχων απήλθες, εχθρος ουδενί. These verses form part of a fragment, which has frequently exercised the talents of the critics; and which Heringa has properly separated from the preceding seven lines, in his Oba serv. Criticæ, XXIX. p. 255. We must confine ourselves to these two only, on the present occasion.
In ihe first place, 'Av-should be 'Hv, which is 'E. år; for the Attic poets never use dy for iv. Next, we should prefer aqwa to włos, in order to preserve the lambus.-As to the short pe
* Clemens only cites the latter instances.
nultimate of B791, that must be attributed to Salmasius,
*Αν πρώτος εξέλθης, καταλύσεις βέλτιον.
"Ην πρώτ' απέλθης και αλυσεως, βελλίονα
'Εφίδι' έχων απήλθες, εχθρος ουδενί.
The passage is preserved by Athenæus, XI. 463. B. and we
The metre and usage of the word xalaivois, Diversorium,
Δεξώμεθ' όικων καταλύσεις: Χωρεν Χρεών.
Ελθών, καλαλυσιν ένδαμου μισθωσίμην
G g 4
In the fifth line of this passage, instead of 'Idv a' Emilvouta— read: 'Idwv 7' éxét licula tev rewrigor. Casaubon's meile Quoolse destroys the metre. The first syllable of Otw is always long, Attice. The Megarensian uses it short, according to his Dialect, in Aristophanes, Acharn. 792.
Καλλιανός έστι χειρος 'Αφροδίτα θύειν. : but Dicæopolis, in the next verse, Atheniensium more :
'Αλλ' ουχί χοίρος τη φροδίτη θυέλαι. In Euripides, Electr. 1148. we find,
Θύσεις γαρ, δια χρή σε δαιμοσιν θύειν. The Spondeus in sexto loco must be removed by a transposition :
Θύσεις γαρ, οία χρή σε θυειν δα μοσιν. . as we observed in the Review of the learned Dr. Huntingford's apology for his Monostrophics, M. R. Aug. 1785, p. 120.
Ta's nala, ÚTEIS TOEIC han also occurs in Diodorus Siculus, II. 113. 94.-Thucydides, indeed, I. 18. p. 15. 60. applies it dif. ferently: tar ti povuv; and again vill. 18. p. 5.16. 85. xal! AUOIS TOù Tohémou. Euripides himself, in a fragment of his Melanippe, IX ap. Stob. LXX. speaking against marrying rich women, adds :- ar gap dianugais ou pãeszi.
ΒΡΑΔΙΩΝ, , This comparative, like Táxiwv, has been condemned by the Grammarians, and by Lucian: Pseudolog. III.573 where Grævius's note may be consulted. The word does not occur in the Dramatic writers. The penultimate is short in Hesiod : Og. & D. 528. Σίρωφάλαι, ΒΡΑΔΙΟΝ δε πανελλήνεσσι φαείνει.
cuor. So Theocrit. IA'. 37. Apoll. Rh. III. 815. Moschus, B. 3.
This comparative adjective is found in one passage only of the remains of the Athenian stage:
SOPHOCLES Phil. 1461. Νυν δ', ώ κρήναι, ΓΛΥΚΙΟΝ τε ποιόν. in which Anapestic verse the penultimate is short, in opposition to the Canon. Toves, observes the Scholiast, read Aunov, which stands on the margin of the Brubachian edition of 1544. Brunck is silent.-The true reading is probably, rauxepov, as Eurip. Med. 1106. Téxvwv Jaunspor Bacoinu a-Aristophanes uses the word, Lysistr. 971. and Thesm. [Scythico'] 1192.
The comparative Γλυκίων, and the superlative Γλύκιστος, we are inclined to believe, were not in use among the Attic Trunútepos is found in the Aves of Aristophanes, V.1342; and Tuxumalos appears, in Euripid. Or. 159. Cycl. 126, and frequently in Aristophanes ; as, Ran, 311. Acharn. 475. Pax. 526. Eccl. 124. 241. 1046. &c.
ΕΧΘΙΩΝ. . No example of 'Exbów in Hexameters occurs to our recollection.--The penultimate is short in the tragedies. Æschylus. Suppl. 507. ?Axa'? dpæxóvil wo duoợçóvwv EXOI'OLIN. Eurip. Troad. 1066. Td ywpov dviev, Xiv ? ¿O' 'EXWIONES, Soph. Cd. Tyr. 272. Tu viv obepõiglav, xato Tid EX I'ONI.
So in Philoct. 683. in a chorus, ARISTOPHANES affords no example to defend the rule.
The quantity of the penultimate is doubtful in Æschylus, Pers, 438. Eurip. Electr 222. Sophocles, Ajax. 1054. Antigon. 36. "On jon .
καθαυτα πολλών εχθίων έσει, where the Ionic mondor ought probably to be changed into žanov.* Electr. 1047. Βελής γάρ έστιν ουδέν χθιον κακής. which verse of Sophocles Musgrave has placed as the ninth uncertain fragment of Euripides. The margin of Grotius's Stobæus, Tit. IV. p. 23, misled him, where the line is cited as the production of the latter poet.- To these five instances, add also Soph. Electr. 1189. Aristophanes, Aves, 370.
From the supposition, however, that the Attic poets considered the penultimate of these comparatives in 112N as common syllables, a slight corruption has taken place in a fragment of Epicrates, which may be readily restored.
EpicRATEs, įv Avonpotw, apud Athen. VI. p. 91.41. Edit. Ald. Princ. Επικράτης δ' εν Δυσπρώτω αγανακουνια ποιεί τινα των οικείων,
και λέγοντα Τί γαρ έχθιον ή παι, πωι, καλ εισθαι παρά πότον. So the verse also appears in the second or Basil edition ; and in those of Casaubon, p.262. D.-Grotius in his Excerpt. p.669. 'has likewise thus exhibited this portentous lambic, with an Anapest and Cretic to form the first Dipodia. The metre is easily recovered. Read :
'Εχθιον, ή παι, πάι, καλείσθαι παρα πότον.
* This correction was proposed some years ago, by one of the first scholars in this country. The writer may say-Illum absens 'absentem auditq, videtque !