The “Hidden” Prehistory of European Research Networking
Trafford Publishing, 18.06.2012 - 126 Seiten
The main purpose of this book, which mostly covers the period 19841993, is about the history of European research networking. In particular, it strives to throw some light on some lesser known, sometimes forgotten, aspects of the European research networking history, as the EARN and EASInet initiatives from IBM but also DEC (EARN/OSI), thanks to operational pan-European networks, which were built during the period 19841990 thus allowing the start of operational European academic and research networking services in a very effective and swift manner. A secondary purpose of this article is to make a critical assessment of the political and technical achievements of the European NRENs and especially those of DANTE, the company set up by these same NRENs to build and operate a pan-European backbone interconnecting their national networking infrastructures as well as establishing international connections to other NRENs worldwide.
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academic and research Academic Networking actually ARPANET bandwidth BITNET Brian Carpenter centers Cerf CERN Coloured Book commercial Internet Computer Networks connection consortium COSINE cost countries Daniel Karrenberg DANTE DANTE’s DECNET DECNET phase EARN EARN/BITNET EARN/OSI EASInet initiative Ebone Editor’s note emerging Ethernet EUnet Europe European Internet European networking European NRENs European Research Networking François Fluckiger Frode Greisen funding gateway GEANT HEPnet IBM’s IETF implemented interconnect interface Internet protocols IPv6 ISO/OSI James Hutton JANET Kb/s layer leased lines Louis Pouzin Mb/s meeting migration monopolies nodes NORDUnet NRENs NSFnet O’Reilly packet switching pan-European Paul Bryant Peter political proposed providing RARE research community RIPE role RSCS standards SURFnet TCP/IP technical Telecom Operators telecommunications TERENA traffic University users Vint Cerf whereas X.25 networks