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Q. 117. How is the sabbath or the Lord's day to be sanc. tified?
A. The sabbath or Lord's day is to be sanctified by an holy resting all the day, not only from such works as are at all times sinful, but even from such worldly employments and recreations as are on other days lawful b; and making it our delight to spend the whole time. (except so much of it as is to be taken up in works of necessity and mercy') in my house of prayer : their burnt-offer- bath-day? Ver. 18. Did not your fa. ings and their sacrifices shall be ac. thers thus, and did not our God bring cepted upon mine altar; for mine house all this evil upon us, and upon this shall be called an house of prayer for city? yet ye bring more wrath upon all people.
Israel by profaning the sabbath. Ver. * Rev. i. 10. I was in the Spirit on 19. And it came to pass, that when the Lord's day, and heard behind me the gates of Jerusalem began to be a great voice, as of a trumpet. dark before the sabbath, I command.
117. a Exod. xx. 8. Remember the ed that ihe gates should be shui, and sabbath-day, to keep it holy. Ver charged that they should not be open. 10. But the seven b day is the sab. ed till after the sabbath : and some of bath of the Lord thy God; in it thou my servants set 1 at the gates, that shalt not do any work, thou, nor thy there should no burden be brought in
on the sabbath-day. Ver. 20. So the 6 Exod xvi. 25. And ioses said, merchants, and sellers of all kind of Eat that to-day ; for to-day is a sab- ware, lodged without Jerusalem once bath unto the Lord · to-day ye shall or twice. Ver. 21. Then I testified not find it in the field. Ver. 26. Six against them, and said unto them, Why days ye shall gather it; but on the lodge ye about the wall? If ye do so seventh day, which is the sabbath, in again, I will lay hands on you. From it there shall be none. Ver. 27. And that time for h came they no more on it came to pass, that there went out the sabbath. Ver 22. And I commandsome of the people on the seventh day ed the Levites, that they should cleanse for to gather, and they found none. themselves, and that they should come Ver. 28. And the Lord said unto Mo. and keep the gates, to sanctify the ses, How long refuse ye to keep my sabbarh-day. Remember me, O my commandments and my laws ? Neh. God, concerning this also, and spare xiii. 15 In those days saw I in Judah me according to the greatness of thy some treading wine presses on the sab- mercy. Jer. xvii. 21. Thus saith the bath, and bringing in sheaves, and la. Lord. Take heed to yourselves, and ding asses; as also wine. grapes, and bear no burden on the sabbath-day, figs, and all manner of burdens, which nor bring it in by the gates of Jerusa. they brought into Jerusalem on the lem. Ver. 22. Neither carry forth a sabbath-day: and I testified againsi burden out of your house on the sab. them in the day wherein they sold hath-day, neither do ye any work, but victuals. Ver. 16. There dwelt men of hallow ye the sabbath-day, as I comTyre also therein, which bronght fish, manded your fathers. and all manner of ware, and sold on Ć Mat. xii. from Verse 1 to 13. At the sabbath unto the children of Ju- that time Jesus went on the sabbath. dah, and in Jerusalem Ver 17. Then day through the corn, and his disciples I contended with he nobles of Judah, were an hungered, and began to plack and said unto them. What evil thing the ears of corn, and in eat Ver. 2. is this that ye do, and profane the sab- But when the Pharisees saw it, &ç.
the publick and private exercises of God's worship a : and, to that end, we are to prepare our hearts, and with such foresight, diligence, and moderation, to dispose and seasonably dispatch our worldly business, that we may be the more free and fit for the duties of that day e.
Q. 118. Why is the charge of keeping the sabbath more specially directed to governors of families, and other superiors ?
A. The charge of keeping the sabbath is more specially directed to governors of families, and other superiors, be cause they are bound, not only to keep it themselves, but to see that it be observed by all those that are under their charge ; and because they are prone oft-times to hinder them by employments of their own?
d Isa. Iyiii 13. If thou turn away e Exod. xx. 8. Remember the sabthy foot from the sabbath, from doing bath-day, to keep it holy. Luke xxiii. thy pleasure on my holy day, and call 54. And that day was the preparation, the sabbath a delight, the holy of the and the sabbath drew on, Ver. 56. Lord, honourable, and shalt honour And they returned, and prepared spihim, not doing thine own ways, nor ces and ointments; and rested the sabfinding thine own pleasure, mor speak- bath.day, according to the command. ing thine own words. Luke iv. 16. ment. Exod. xvi. 22. And it came to And he came to Nazareth, where he pass, that on the sixth day they gahad been brought up : and, as his cus- Thered twice as much bread, two omers tom was, he went into the synagogue for one man: and all the rulers of the on the sabbath-day, and stood up for congregation came and told Moses. to read. Acts xx. 7. And upon the Ver. 25. And Moses said, Eat that tofirst day of the week, when the dis. day ; for to-day is a sabbath unto the ciples came together to break bread, Lord : 10-day ye shall not find it in Paul preached unto them, ready to de. the field. Ver. 26. Six days ye shall part on the morrow. 1 Cor. xvi. 1. gather it; but on the seventh day, Now concerning the collection for the which is the sabbath, in it there shall saints, as I have given order to the be none. Ver. 29. See, for that the churches of Galatia, even so do ye. Lord hath given you the sabbath, Ver. 2. Upon the first day of the week therefore he giveth you on the sixth let every one of you lay by him in day the bread of two days: abide ye store, as God hath prospered him, that every man in his place, let no man go there be no gatherings when I come. out of his place on the seventh day. Psal. xcii [title, A psalm or song for Neh. xiii, 19. (See letter b.] the sabbath-day.] Isa Ixvi. 23. And it 118. f Exod xx. 10 But the seventh shall come to pass, that from one new day is the sabbath of the Lord thy God: moon to another, and from one sal- in it thou shalt not do any work, thou, bath to another, shall all flesh come to nor thy son, nor thy daughter, thy worship before me, saith the Lord. man-servant, nor thy maid-servanta Lev. xxiii. 3. Six days shall work be nor thy cattle, nor thy stranger that is done, but the seventh day is the sab- within thy gates Josh. xxiv. 15. And bath of rest, an holy convocation ; ye if it seeni evil unto you to serve the shall do no work therein : it is the sab. Lord, choose you this day whom ye bath of the Lord in all your dwellings. will serve; whether the gods which
Q. 119. What are the sins forbidden in the fourth commandment?
A. The sins forbidden in the fourth commandment, are all omissions of the duties required 6, all careless, negligent, and unprofitable performing of them, and being weary of them; all profaning the day by idleness, and doing that which is in itself sinfuli; and by all needless works, words, and thoughts, about our worldly employments and recreations k.
your fathers served, that were on the pray you, and hear what is the word other side of the flood, or the gods of that cometh forth from the Lord. Ver. the Amorites, in whose land ye dwell: 31. And they come unto thee as the but as for me and my house, we will people cometh, and they sit before thee serve the Lord. Neh. xiii. 15, 17. (See as my people, and they hear thy words, above in b.] Jer xvii. 20 And say un. but they will not do them; for with to them, Hear ye the word of the their mouth they shew much love, but Lord, ye kings of Judah, and all Ju- their heart goeth after their covetous. dah, and all the inhabitants of Jerusa. ness. Ver 32. And, lo, thou art unto lem, that enter in by these gates. Ver them as a very lovely song of one that 21, 22 (See above in b.] Exod. xviii hath a pleasant voice, and can play 12. Six days thou shalt do hy work, well on an instrument: for they hear and on the seventh day thou shalt rest: thy words, but they do them not. that thine ox and thine ass may rest, Amos viii 5. Saving, When will the and the son of thy hand-maid and the new moon be gone, that we may sell stranger may be refreshed.
corn ? and the sabbath, that we may 119. g Ezek. xxii. 26. Her priests set forth wheai, making the ephak have violated my law, and lave pro- small, and the shekel great, and falsifaned mine holy things: they have fying the balances by deceit? Mal. i. put no difference between the holy and 13. Ye said also, Behold, what a wea. profane, neither have they showed riness is it! and ye have snuffed at it, difference between the unclean and sai'h the Lord of hosts:and ye brought the clear, and have hid their eyes from that which was torn, and the lame, my sabbaths, and I am profaned a- and the sick; thus ye brought an offermong them.
ing: should I accept this of your hands? b Acts xx.7. And upon the first day saith the Lord. of the week, when the disciples came i Ezek, xxiii. 38. Moreover, this together to break bread, Paul preach they have done unto me; they have ed unto them, ready to depart on the defiled my sanctuary in the same day, morrow, and continued his speech un- and have profaned my sabbaths. til midnight Ver. 9. And there sat in k Jer xvii. 24. And it shall come to a window a certain young man named pass. if ye diligently hearken unto me, Eutychus, being fallen into a deep saith the Lord, to bring in no burden sleep: and as Paul was long preaching, rough the gates of this city on the he sunk down with sleep, and fell sabbath-day, but hallow the sabbatha down from the third loft, and was day, to do no work therein Ver 27.
up dead. Ezek xxxiii. 30. Also, But if ye will not hearken unto me to thou son of man, the children of thy hallow the sabbath-day, and not to people still are talking against thee hy bear a burden, even entering in at the the walls, and in the doors of the hou- gates of Jerusalem on the sabbath-day; ses, and speak one to another, every then will I kindle a fire in the gates one to his brother, saying, Come, 'I thereof, and it shall devour the pala
Q. 120. IVhat are the reasons annexed to the fourth commandment, the more to enforce it?
4. The reasons annexed to the fourth commandment, the more to enforce it, are taken from the equity of it, God allowing us six days of seven for our own affairs, and reserving but one for himself, in these words, Six days shalt thou labour, and do all thy work': from God's challenging a special propriety in that day, The seventh day is the sabbath of the Lord thy Godm: from the example of God, who in six days made heaven and earth, the sea, and all that in them is, and rested the seventh day : and from that blessing which God put upon that day, not only in sanctifying it to be a day for his service, but in ordaining it to be a means of blessing to us in our sanctifying it; Wherefore the Lord blessed the sabbath-day, and hallowed itn.
Q. 121. Why is the word Remember set in the beginning of the fourth commandment?
A. The word Remember is set in the beginning of the fourth commandmento, partly, because of the great benefit of reinembering it, we being thereby helped in our preparation to keep it P, and, in keeping it, better to keep all the rest of the commandments ?, and to continue a thankful ces of Jerusalem, and it shall not be ed the sabbath-day, according to the quenched. Isa. Iviii. 13. If thou turn corumandment. Compured with Mark away thy foot from the sabbath, from xv. 42. And now when the even was doing thy pleasure on my holy day, come, because it was the preparatiort, and call the sabbath a delight, the ho- thar is, the day before the sabbath. ly of the Lord, honourable, and shalt Neh. xiii. 19. And it came to pass, honour him, not doing thine own that, when the gates of Jerusalem beways, nor finding thine own pleasure, gan to be dark before the sabbath, I nor speaking thine own words. commanded that the gates should be 120. 1 Exod. xx, 9.
shut, and charged that they should in Exod. xx. 10.
not be opened till after the sabbath : n Exod. xx. 11.
and some of my servants set I at the 121.0 Exod. xx. 8.
gates, that there should no burden be p Exod. xvi. 23. And he said unto brought in on the sabbath day. them, This is that which the Lord q Psal. xcii. [title, A psalm or song hath said, Tomorrow is the rest of for the sabbath-day.) Compared with the holy sabbath unto the Lord : bake Ver. 13. Those that be planted in the that which ye will bake to-day, and house of the Lord shall Hourish in the seethe that ye will seethe; and that courts of oir God. And Ver. 14. which remaineth over, lay up for you They shall still bring forth fruit in old to be kept until the morning. Luke age; they shall be fat and flourishing. xxiii. 54. And that day was the pre. Ezek. xx. 12. Moreover also, I gave paration, and the sabbath drew on. them my sabbaths, to be a sign be. Ver. 56. And they returned, and pre- tween me and them, that they might pared spices and ointments; and rest. know that I am the Lord that sancıfy
remembrance of the two great benefits of creation and redemption, which contain a short abridgment of religion"; and partly, because we are very ready to forget it', for that there is less light of nature for it, and yet it restraineth our natural liberty in things at other times lawful"; that it cometh but once in seven days, and many worldly businesses come between, and too often take off our minds from thinking of it, either to prepare for it, or to sanctify it w; and that Satan with his instruments much labour to blot out the glory, and even the memory of it, to bring in all irreligion and impiety. them. Ver. 19. I am the Lord your my sabbaths, and I am profaned 2. God; walk in my statutes, and keep mong them. my judgments, and do theni. Ver. 20. t Neh. ix. 14. And madest known And hallow my sabbaths; and they unto them thy holy sabbath, and com-shall be a sign between me and you, mandest them precepts, statutes, and that ye may know that I am the Lord laws, by the 'hand of Moses thy ser
vant. , Gen. ii 2. And on the seventh day u Exod. xxxiv. 21. Six days thou God ended his work which he had shalt work, but on the seventh day made: and he rested on the seventh thou shalt rest ; in earing-time and in day from all his work which he had harvest thou shalt rest. made. Ver. 3. And God blessed the w Deut. v. 14. But the seventh day seventh day, and sanctified it : because is the sabbath of the Lord thy God; that in it he had rested from all his in it thou shalt not do any work, thou, work, which God created and made. nor thy son, nor thy daughter, nor thy Psal. cxviii. 22. The stone which the man-servant, nor thy maid servant, builders refused is become the head. nor thine ox, nor thine ass, nor any of stone of the corner. Ver. 24. This is . thy cattle, nor thy stranger that is the day which the Lord hath made, within thy gates ; that thy man-ser: we will rejoice and be glad in it. Com- vant and thy maid-servant may rest pared with Acts iv. 10. Be it known as well as thou. Ver. 15. And rememunto you all, and to all the people of ber that thou wast a servant in the Israel, that by the name of Jesus land of Egypt, and that the Lord thy Christ of Nazareth, whom ye crucified, God brought thee out thence, through whom God raised from the dead, even a mighty hand, and by a stretched-out by him doth this man stand' here be. arm; therefore the Lord thy God ore you whole. Ver. 11. This is the commanded thee to keep the sabbath. stone which was set at nought of you day. Amos viii. 5. Saying, When will builders, which is become the head of the new moon be gone, that we may the corner. Rev. i. 10. I was in the sell corn? and the sabbath, that we Spirit on the Lord's day, and heard be. may set forth wheat, making the ehind me a great voice, as of a trumpe phah small, and the shekel great, and
is Ezek. xxii. 26. Her priests have falsifying the balances by deceit? violated my law, and have profaned w Lam. i. 7. Jerusalem remembermine holy things: they have put no ed in the days of her amiction, and of difference between the holy and pro- her miseries, all her pleasant things fane, neither have they: shewed differ that she had in the days of old, when ence between the unclean and the sher people fell into the hand of the clean, and have kid their eyes from enemy, and none did help her; the ad