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Q. 122. IVhat is the sum of the six commandments which contain our duty to man?

A. The sum of the six commandments which contain our duty to man is, to love our neighbour as ourselves 5, and to do to others what we would have them to do to us 2.

V. 123. Which is the fifth commandment ?

A. The fifth commandment is, Honour thy father and thy mother : that thy days may be long upon the land which the Lord thy God giveth thee".

Q. 124. Who are meant by father and mother in the fifth commandment?

A. By father and mother, in the fifth commandment, are meant, not only natural parents, but all superiors in age and gifts d ; and especially such as, by God's ordinance, are over us in place of authority, whether in family e, church', or commonwealth 8.


versaries saw her, and did mock at her nour thy father and mother, (which sabbaths. Jer. xvii. 21. Thus saith the is the first commandment with proLord, Take heed to yourselves, and mise.) bear no burden on the sabbath-day, cl'Tim. v. 1. Rebuke not an elder, nor bring it in by the gates of Jerusa. but entreat him as a father, and the lem. Ver. 22. Neither carry forth a

younger men as brethren : Ver. 2. The borden out of your houses on the sab- elder women as mothers, the younger bath-day, neither do ye any work, but as sisters, with all purity. hallow ye the sabbath-day, as I com

d Gen. iv. 20. And Adah bare Ja. manded your fathers. Ver. 23. But bal: he was the father of such as they obeyed not, neither inclined their dwell in tents, and of such as have ear, but made their neck stiff, that they cattle. Ver. 21. And his brother's might not hear nor receive instruction. name was Jubal : he was the father Neh. xiii. from Verse 15. to 23. In of all such as handle the harp and orthose days saw I in Judah some tread. gan. Ver. 22. And Zillah, she also ing wine-presses on the sabbath-day. bare Tubal-cain, an instructor of eve[See in letter b.]

ry artificer in brass and iron.-Gen. 122. y Matt. xxii. 39. And the se. xlv. 8. So now it was not you that cond is like unto it, Thou shalt love sent me hither, but God : and he hath thy neighbour as thyself.

made me a father to Pharaoh, and lord 2 Mat. vii, 12. Therefore all things of all his house, and a ruler throughwhatsoever ye would that men should out all the land of Egypt.

to you, do ye even so to them : for e 2 Kings v. 13. And his servants this is the law and the prophets.

came near, and spake unto him, and 123. a Exod. xx. 12

said, My father, if the prophet had 124. 6 Prov. xxiii. 22. Hearken bid thee do some great thing, wouldunto thy father that begat thee, and est thou not have done it ? how much despise not thy mother when she is rather then, when he saith to thee, old Ver. 25. Thy father and thy Wash, and be clean? mother shall be glad ; and she that f 2 Kings ii. 12. Ard Elisha saw it, bare thee shall rejoice. Eph. vi. 1. and he cried, My father, my father, Children, obey your parents in the the chariot of Israel

, and the horsemen Lord: for this is right. Ver. 2. Ho- thereof.--2 Kings xiii. 14. Now Eli.


Q. 125. Why are superiors stiled Father and Mother?

A. Superiors are stiled Father and Mother, both to teach them in all duties towards their inferiors, like natural parents, to express love and tenderness to them, according to their several relations h; and to work inferiors to a greater willingness and cheerfulness in performing their duties to their superiors, as to their parents i

Q. 126. What is the general scope of the fifth commandment?

A. The general scope of the fifth commandment is, the performance of those duties which we mutually owe in our several relations, as inferiors, superiors, or equals k.

Q. 127. What is the honour that inferiors -owe to their superiors ?

A. The honour which inferiors owe to their superiors is, all due reverence in heart', word m, and behaviour"; prayer sha was fallen sick, of his sickness as a father doth his children. Numb. whereof he died: and Joash the king xi. 11. And Moses said unto the Lord, of Israel came down unto him, and Wherefore hast thou afflicted thy ser. wept over his face, and said, O my vant? and wherefore have I not found father, my father, the chariot of Isra- favour in thy sight, that thou layest the el, and the horsemen thereof! Gal.iv. burden of all this people upon me? 19. My little children, of whom I tra Ver. 12. Have I conceived all this peo. vail in birth again until Christ be ple? have I begotten them, that thou formed in you.

shouldest say unto me, Carry them in & Isa. xlix. 23. And kings shall be thy bosom (as a nursing-father beareth thy nursing-fathers, and their queens the sucking child) unto the land which thy nursing-mothers; they shall bow thou swarest unto their fathers ? down to thee with their face toward i 1 Cor. iv. 14. I write not these the earth, and lick up the dust of thy things to shame you, but as my bea feet, and thou shalt know that I am loved sons I warn you. Ver. 15. For the Lord: for they shall not be asham- though ye have ten thousand instruced that wait for me.

tors in Christ, yet have ye not many · 125. 5 Eph. vi. 4. And, ye fathers, fathers: for in Christ Jesus I have beprovoke not your children to wrath : gotten you through the gospel. Ver. but bring them up in the nurture and 16. Wherefore I beseech you, be ye admonition of the Lord. 2 Cor. xii. followers of me. 2 Kings v. 13. [See 14.-For the children ought not to lay letter e.] up for the parents, but the parents 126. k Eph. v. 21. Súbmitting your. for the children. i Thess. ii. 7. But selves one to another in the fear of we were gentle among you, even as a God. 1 Pet. ii. 17. Honour all men. murse cherisheth her children. Ver. Love the brotherhood. Fear God. Ho. 8. So, being affectionately desirous nour the king. Rom. xii. 10. Be kindly of you, we were willing to have im- affectioned one to another with brotherparted unto you, not the gospel of God ly love; in honour preferring one ano. only, but also our own souls, because ther. ye were dear unto us. Ver. 11. As 127. I Mal. i. 6. A son honoureth ye know how we exhorted, and com- his father, and a servant his master ; forted, and charged every one of you, if then I be a father, where is mine

and thanksgiving for them °; imitation of their virtues and graces P; willing obedience to their lawful commands and counsels q; due submission to their corrections"; fidelity to',

honour ? and if I be a master, where trembling, in singleness of your heart, is my fear? saith the Lord of hosts as unto Christ : Ver. 6. Not with eyeunto you, O priests, that despise my service, as men.pleasers, but as ihe name : and ye say, Wherein have servants of Christ, doing the will of we despised thy name ? Lev. xix. 3. God from the heart: Ver. 7. With Ye shall fear every man his mother good will doing service, as to the and his father, and keep my sabbaths : Lord, and not to men. 1 Pet. ii. 13. I am the Lord your God

Submit yourselves to every ordinance m Prov. xxxi. 28. Her children arise of man for the Lord's sake: whether up, and call her blessed; her husband it be to the king, as supreme; Ver. also, and he praiserh her. 1 Pet iii. 14. Or unto governors, as unto them 6. Éven as Sara obeyed Abraham, that are sent by him for the punishcalling him lord: whose daughters ye ment of evil-doers, and for the praise are as long as ye do well, and are not of them that do well. Rom. xiii. 1. afraid with any amazement.

Let every soul be subject unto the n Lev xix. 32 Thou shalt rise up higher powers. · For there is no pow. before the hoary head, and honour the er but of God: the powers that be are face of the old man, and fear thy God: ordained of God. Ver. 2. WhosoeI am the Lord. 1 Kings ii. 19. Barh. ver therefore resisteth the power, resheba therefore went onto king Solo- sisteth the ordinance of God: and they mon, to speak unto him for Adonijah; that resist shall receive to themselves and the king rose up to meet her, and damnation. Ver. 3. For rulers are not bowed himself unto her, and sat down a terror to good works, but to the evil. on his throne, and caused a seat to be Wilt thou then not be afraid of the set for the king's mother; and she sat power? do that which is good, and on his right hand.

thou shalt have praise of the same : o 1 Tim ii. 1. I exhort therefore, Ver. 4. For he is the minister of God that, first of all, supplications, pray. to thee for good But if thou do that ers, intercessions, and giving of which is evil, be afraid ; for he bearthanks, be made for all men : Ver. 2.. eth not the sword in vain : for he is For kings and for all that are in au the minister of God, a revenger to thority; that we may lead a quiet and execute wrarh upon him that doeth peaceable life in all godliness and evil. Ver. 5. Wherefore ye must needs honesty.

be subject, not only for wrath, but al© Heb. xiii. 7. Remember them so for conscience'sake. Heb. xiii. 17. which have the rule over you, who Obey them that have the rule over you, have spoken unto you the word of and submit yourselves : for they watch God: whose faith follow, considering for your souls, as they that must give the end of their conversation. Phil.

account; that they may do it with ji. 17. Brethren, be followers together joy, and not with grief; for that is of me, and mark them which walk so, unprofi-able for you Prov. iv. 3 For as ye have us for an ensample. I was my father's son, tender and on.

9 Eph. vi 1 Children, obey your ly beloved in the sight of my mother. parenis in the Lord; for this is right. Ver. 4. He taught me also, ard said Ver.2 Honour thy father and mother, unto me, Let thine heart rerain my (which is the first commandment with words : keep my comnardmen's, and promise.) Ver. 5. Servants, be obe- live. Prov. xxii 22. Hearben unto dient to them that are your masters thy father tha! begarther and despise according to the flesh, with fear and not thy mother when she is old. Exod.

defence !, and maintenance of their persons and authority, according to their several ranks, and the nature of their places"; bearing with their infirmities, and covering them in love ", that so they may be an honour to them and to their government*.


xviii. 19. Hearken now unto my voice, 2. And it was found written, that I will give thee counsel, and God shall Mordecai had told of Bigthana and be with thee. Ver. 24. So Moses Teresh, two of the king's chamber, hearkened to the voice of his father- lains, the keepers of the door, who in-law, and did all that he had said. sought to lay hand on the king Aha

q Heb. xii. 9. Furthermore, we have had fathers of our flesh which u Matt. xxii. 21. They say unto corrected us, and we gave them reve- him, Cesar's. Then saith he unto rence: shall we not much rather be them, Render therefore unto Cesar in subjection unto the Father of spi- the things which are Cesar's; and unrits, and live ? 1 Pet. ii. 18. Servants, to God the things that are God's. be subject to your masters with all Rom. xiii. 6. For, for this cause pay fear, not only to the good and gentle, you tribute also ; for they are God's but also to the froward. Ver. 19. ministers, attending continually upon For this is thank-worthy, if a man for this very thing, Ver. 7. Render conscience toward God endure grief, therefore to all their dues : tribute to suffering wrongfully. Ver. 20. For whom tribute is due, custom to whom what glory is it, if when ye be buffet- custom, fear to whom fear, honour to ed for your fanlts ye shall take it pa. whom honour. 1 Tim. v. 17. Let tiently? but if when ye do well, and the elders that rule well be counted suffer for it, ye take ir patiently; this worthy of double honour, especially is acceptable with God.

they who labour in the word and doc. s Tit. ii. 1. Exhort servants to be trine. Ver. 18. For the scripture saith, obedient unto their own masters, and Thou shalt not muzzle the ox that to please them well in all things; not treadeth out the corn: and, The laanswering again. Ver. 10. Not pur- bourer is worthy of his reward. Gal. Joining, but shewing all good fidelity; vi. 6 Let him that is taught in the that they may adorn the doctrine of word communicate unto him that God our Saviour in all things. teacheth in all good things. Gen. xlv.

t 1 Sam.xxvi. 15. And David said 11. And there will I nourish thee, (for to Abner, Art not thou a valiant man? yet there are five years of famine,) and who is like to thee in Israel ? jest thou, and thy household, and all wherefore then hast thou not kept thy that thou hast, come to poverty. Gen. lord the king ? for there came one of xlvii. 12. And Joseph ‘nourished his the people in to destroy the king thy father, and his brethren, and all his lord. Ver. 16. This thing is not good father's household, with bread, accor. that thou hast done. As the Lord li. ding to their families. veth, ye are worthy to die, because ye w 1 Pet. ii. 18. Servants, be subject have not kept your master, the to your masters with all fear, not only Lord's anointed. 2 Sam. xviii. 3. But to the good and gentle, but also to the the people answered, Thou shalt not froward. Prov. xxiii. 22. Hearken go forth: for if we flee away,they will unto thy father that begat thee, and not care for us; neither if half of us despise not thy mother when she is die, will they care for us : but now old. Gen. ix. 23. And Shem and Jan thou art worth ten thousand of us : pheth took a garment, and laid it uptherefore now it is better that thou on both their shoulders, and went succour us out of the city. Esther vi. backward, and covered the nakedness.

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his peace.

Q. 128. What are the sins of inferiors against their superiors ?

A. The sins of inferiors against their superiors are, all neglect of the duties required toward them"; envying at ”, contempt of a and rebellion against", their persons and places , in their lawful counsels e, commands, and corrections *; cursing, mocking 6, and all such refractory and of their father; and their faces were have himself proudly against the an. backward, and they saw not their fa- cient, and the base against the hother's nakedness.

nourable. * Psal. cxxvii. 3. Lo, children are 6.2 Sam. xv. from Verse 1. to 12. an heritage of the Lord; and the fruit And it came to pass after this, that of the womb is his reward. Ver. 4. Absalom prepared him chariots, and As arrows are in the hand of a migh. Chorses, c. ty man; so are children of the youth. c Exod. xxi. 15. And he that smiVer. 5. Happy is the man that hath teth his father or his mother shall his quiver full of them : they shall not surely be put to death. be ashamed, but they shall speak with d 1 Sam X. 27. But the children the enemies in the gate. Prov. xxxi. of Belial said, How shall this man 23. Her husband is known in the save us ? And they despised him, and gates, when he sitteth among the eld. brought him no presents : but he held ers of the land.

128. y Matt. xv. 4. For God com. el Sam. ii. 25.-Notwithstanding manded, saying, Honour thy father they (viz. the sons of El) hearkened and mother : and, He that curseth fa. not unto the voice of their father, bether or mother, let him die the death. cause the Lord would slay them. Ver. 5. But ye say, Whosoever shall f Deut xxi. 18. If a man have a say to his father or his mother, It is a stubborn and rebellious son, which gift, hy whatsoever thou mightest be will not obey the voice of his father, profited by me;

Ver. 6. And honour or the voice of his mother, and that, not his father or his mother, he shall when they have chastened him, will be free. Thas have ye made the com.

not hearken unto them; Ver. 19. mandment of God of none effect by Then shall his father and his mother your traditition.

lay hold on him, and bring him out 2 Numb. xi. 28. And Joshua the unto the elders of his city, and unto son of Nun, the servant of Moses, the gate of his place : Ver. 20. And one of his young men, answered and they shall say unto the elders of his said, My lord Moses, forbid them. city, This our son is stubborn and re. Ver. 29. And Moses said unto him, bellious, he will not obey our voice ; Enviest thou for my sake? Would he is a glutton and a drunkard. Ver. God that all the Lord's people were 21. And all the men of his city shall prophets, and that the Lord would stone him with stones, that he die : so put his Spirit upon them.

shalt thou put evil away from among q 1 Sam. viii. 7. And the Lord you; and all Israel shall hear, and said unto Samuel, Hearken unto the fear, voice of the people in all that they say & Prov. xxx. 11. There is a gene. unto thee : for they have not rejected ra:ion that curseth their father, and thee, but they have rejected me, that doth not bless their mother Ver. 17. I should not reign over them. Isa. iii. The eye that mocketh at his father, 5. And the people shall be oppressed, and despiseth to obey his mother, the every one by another, and every one ravens of the valley shall pick it out, by his neighbour : the child shall be, and the young eagles shall eat it.

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