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scandalous carriage, as proves a shame and dishonour to them and their government".
Q.129. What is required of superiors towards their inferiors ?
A. It is required of superiors, according to that power they receive from God, and that relation wherein they stand, to lovei, pray fork, and bless their inferiors'; to instructm, counsel and admonish them"; countenancingo, commendingP, and rewarding such as do well9; and discountenancing",
h Prov. xix. 26. He that wasteth children ; and shalt talk of them when his father, and chaseth away his mo- thou sittest in thine pouse, and when ther, is a son that causeth shame, and thou walkest by the way, and when bringeth reproach.
thou liest down, and when thou risest 129. i Col. iii. 19. Husbands, love up. your wives, and be not bitter against n Eph. vi. 4. And, ye fathers, prothem. Tit. ii. 4. That they may voke not your children to wrath : but teach the young women to be sober, bring them up in the nurture and adto love their husbands, to love their monition of the Lord. children.
0 1 Pet. iii. 7. Likewise, ye husk 1 Sam. xii. 23. Moreover, as for bands, dwell with them according to me, God 'forbid that I should sin a- knowledge, giving honour unto the gainst the Lord in ceasing to pray for wife, as unto the weaker vessel, and you: but I will teach you the good as being heirs together of the grace and the right way. Job. i. 5. And it of life; that your prayers be not was so, when the days of their feast- hindered. ing were gone about, that Job sent and p 1 Pet. ii. 14. Or unto governors, sanctified them, and rose up early in as unto them that are sent by him for the morning, and offered burnt-offer- the punishment of evil-doers, and for ings, according to the number of them the praise of them that do well. Rom. all; for Job said, It may be that my xiii. 3. For rulers are not a terror to sons have sinned, and cursed God in good-works, but to the evil. Wilt thou their hearts Thus did Job continually. then not be afraid of the power ? do
1 1 Kings viii. 55. And he stood, that which is good, and thou shalt and blessed all the congregation of Is- have praise of the same. rael with a loud voice, saying, Ver. q Esth. vi. 3. And the king said, 56. Blessed be the Lord, that hath What honour and digniry hath been given rest unto his people Israel, ac. done to Mordecai for this? Then said cording to all that he promised ; there the king's servants that ministered un. hath not failed-Heb. vii. 7. And, to him, There is nothing done for him. without all contradiction, the less is Rom. xiii. 3. For rulers are not blessed of the better. Gen. xlix. 28. a terror to good works, but to the All these are the twelve tribes of 1s evil. Wilt thou then not be afraid of rael : and this is it that their father the power? do that which is good, and spake unto them, and blessed them; thou shalt have praise of the same : every one according to his blessing he Ver 4. For he is the minister of God blessed them.
to thee for good. But if thou do that m Deut vi. 6. And these words, which is evil, be afraid; for he bearwhich I command thee this day, shall eth not the sword' in vain : for he is be in thine heart; Ver. 7. And thou the minister of God, a revenger to exeshalt teach them diligently unto thy cute wrath upon him that doeth evil.
reproving, and chastising such as do ills ; protecting', and providing for them all things necessary for soul a and body: and by grave, wise, holy, and exemplary carriage, to procure glory to God *, honour to themselves, and so to preserve that authority which God hath put upon them 2.
Q. 130. What are the sins of superiors ?
A. The sins of superiors are, besides the neglect of the duties required of them, an inordinate seeking of themselves b, their own glory“, case, profit, or pleasure"; com
& Prov. xxix. 15. The rod and re. to be sober, to love their husbands, to proof give wisdom : but a child left to love their children, Ver. 5. To be dishimself bringeth his mother to shame. creet, chaste, keepers at home, good, 1 Pet. ii. 14. [See above in letter p.) obedient to their own husbands, that
Job. xxix. 12. Because I delivered the word of God be not blasphemed. the poor that cried, and the fatherless, y 1 Kings iji. 28. And all Israel and him that had none to help him. heard of the judgment which the king Ver. 13. The blessing of him that was had judged, and they feared the king : ready to perish came upon me: and for they saw that the wisdom of God I caused the widow's heart to sing for was in him to do judgment. joy. Ver. 14. I put on righteousness, z Tit. ii. 15. These things speak and it clothed me: my judgment was and exhort, and rebuke with all auas a robe and a diadem. Ver. 15. I thority. Let no man despise, thee. was eyes to the blind, and feet was I 130. a Ezek. xxxiv. 2. Son of man, to the lame. Ver. 16. I was a father prophesy against the shepherds of Isto the poor : and the cause which I rael, prophesy, and say unto them, knew not I searched out. Ver. 17. Thus saith the Lord God unto the And I brake the jaws of the wicked, shepherds, Woe be to the shepherds and plucked the spoil out of his teeth. of Israel that do feed themselves ! Isa. i. 10. Hear the word of the Lord, should not the shepherds feed the ye rulers of Sodom; give ear unto the flocks ? Ver. 3. Ye eat the fat, and law of our God, ye people of Gomor- ye clothe you with the wool. ye kill rah. Ver. 17. Learn to do well, seek them that are fed : but ye feed not judgment, relieve the oppressed, judge the flock. Ver. 4. The diseased have the fatherless, plead for the widow. ye not strengthened, neither have ye
u Eph. vi. 4. And, ye fathers, pro- healed that which was sick, neither voke not your children to wrath : but have ye bound up that which was bring them up in the nurture and ad- broken, neither have ye brought again monition of the Lord.
that which was driven away, neither w 1 Tim. v. 8. But if any provide have ye sought that which was lost; not for his own, and specially for but with force and with cruelty have those of his own house, he hath denied ye ruled them. the faith, and is worse than an infidel. 6 Phil. ii. 21. For all seek their own,
x 1 Tim. iv. 12. Let no man de. not the things which are Jesus Christ's. spise thy youth ; but be thou an ex- c John.v. 44. How can ye believe, ample of the believers, in word, in which receive honour one of another, conversation, in charity, in spirit, in and seek not the honour that cometh faith, in purity. Tit. ii. 3. The aged from God only ? John vii. 18. He that women likewise, that they be in be- speaketh of himself, seeketh his own haviour as becometh holiness, not false glory: but he that seeketh his glory accusers, not given to much wine, that sent him, the same is true, and teachers of good things ; Ver 4. no unrighteousness is in him. That they may teach the young women d Isa. Ivi. 10. His watchmen are manding things unlawful, or not in the power of inferiors to perform?; 'counselling 6, encouraging", or favouring them in that which is evili ; dissuading, discouraging, or discountenancing them in that which is goodik; correcting them unduly'; careless exposing, or leaving them to wrong, tempblind: they are all ignorant, they are she said, The head of John the Bapall dumb dogs, they cannot bark; tist. sleeping, lying down, loving to slum- b 2 Sam. xiii. 28. Now Absalom ber. Ver. 11. Yea, they are greedy had commanded his servants, saying, dogs, which can never have enough, Mark ye now when Amnon's heart is and they are shepherds that cannot merry with wine ; and when I say onunderstand: they all look to their own to you, Smite Amnon, then kill him, way, every one for his gain from his fear not: have not I commanded you? quarter. Deut. xvii. 17. Neither shall be courageous, and be valiant. he multiply wives to himself, that his i 1 Sam. jii. 13. For I have told heart turn not away ; neither shall he him, that I will judge his house for greatly multiply to himself silver and ever, for the iniquity which he knowgold.
eth; because his sons made themselves e Dan. iii. 4. Then an herald cried vile, and he restrained them not. aloud, To you it is commanded, O 'k John vii. 46. The officers answerpeople, nations, and languages, Ver. ed, Never man spake like this man. 5. That at what time ye hear the sound Ver. 47. Then answered them the of the cornet, fute, harp, sackbur, Pharisees, Are ye also deceived ? Ver. psaltery, dulcimer, and all kinds of 48. Have any of the rulers, or of the musick, ye fall down and worship the Pharisees, believed on him ? Ver 49. golden image that Nebuchadnezzar But this people who knoweth
not the the king hath set up. Ver. 6. And law are cursed. Col. iii. 21. Fathers, whoso falleth not down and worship- provoke not your children to anger, peth, shall the same hour be cast into lest they be discouraged. Exod. v. 17. the midst of a burning fiery furnace. But he said, Ye are idle, ye are idle; Acts iv. 17. But that it spread no therefore ye say, Let us go and do safurther among the people, let us strait- crifice to the Lord. ly threaten them, that they speak | 1 Pet. ii. 18. Servants, be subject henceforth to no man in this name. to your masters with all fear; not on. Ver. 18. And they called them, and ly to the good and gentle, but also to commanded them not to speak at all, the froward, Ver. 19. For this is nor teach, in the name of Jesus. thank-worthy, if a man for conscience
f Exod. v. from Verse 10. to 18. toward God endure grief, suffering And the task-masters of the people wrongfully. Ver. 20. For what glory went out, and their officers, and they is it, if, when ye be buffeted for your spake to the people, saying, Thus faults, ye shall take it patiently? but saith Pharaoh, I will not give you if, when ye do well, and suffer for it, straw, &c. Matt. xxiii. 2. Saying, ye take it patiently; this is acceptable The scribes and Pharisees sit in Mo. with God. Heb xii. 10. For they verises' seat. Ver. 4. For they bind heavy ly for a few days chastened us after burdens, and grievous to be borne. their own pleasure; but he for our pro
8 Matt. xiv. 8. And she, being be- fit, that we might be partakers of his fore instructed of her moiher, said, holiness. Deut. xxv. 3. Forty stripes Give me here John Baptist's head in he inay give him, and not exceed: lest, a charger. Compared with Mark vi. if he should exceed, and beat him a24. And she went forth, and said unto bove these with many stripes, then her mother, What shall I ask! And thy brother should seeni vile unto thee.
tation, and danger m; provoking them to wrath ~; or any way dishonouring themselves, or lessening their authority, by an unjust, indiscreet, rigorous, or remiss behaviouro.
Q. 131. What are the duties of equals ?
A. The duties of equals are, to regard the dignity and worth of each other P, in giving honour to go one before another 9; and to rejoice in each others gifts and advancement, as their own
Q. 132. What are the sins of equals ? m Gen. xxxviii. 11. Then said Ju. Israel: now see to thine own house, dah to Tamar his daughter-in-law, David. So Israel departed unto their Remain a widow at thy father's house tents. 1 Kings i. 6. And his father till Shelah my son be grown ; (for had not displeased him (viz. Adonijab) he said, Lest peradventure he die at any time, in saying, Why hastihou also as his brethren did :) and Tamar done so? i Sam. ii. 29. Wherefore went and dwelt in her father's house. kick ye at my sacrifices, and at mine Ver. 26. And Judah acknowledged offering which I have commanded in them, and said, She hath been more my habitation, and honourest thy sons righteous than 1; because that I gave above me, to make yourselves fat with her not to Shelah my son. And he the chiefest of all the offerings of Is. knew her again no more. Acts xviii. rael my people? Ver. 30. Wherefore 17. Then all the Greeks took Sos- the Lord God of Israel saith, I said, thenes, the chief ruler of the syna. indeed, that thy house, and the house gogue, and beat him before the judg. of thy father, should walk before me ment-seat: and Gallio cared for none for ever : but now the Lord saith, Be of those things.
it far from me ; for them that honour n Eph. vi. 4. And, ye fathers, pro. me I will honour, and they that devoke not your children to wrath : but spise mesha'l be lightly esteemed. bring them up in the nurture and ad. Ver. 31. Behold, the days come, that monition of the Lord.
I will cut off thine arm, and the arm o Gen. ix. 21. And he drank of the of thy father's house, that there shall wine, and was drunken; and he was not be an old man in thine house. uncovered within his tent 1 Kings 131. p i Pet. ii. 17. Honour all men. xii. 13. And the king (Rehoboam) an. Love the brotherhood. Fear God. How swered the people roughly, and for. nour the king sook the old men's counsel that they 9 Rom. xii. 10. Be kindly affectiongave him; Ver. 14. And spake to ed one to another with brotherly love; then after the counsel of the young in honour preferring one another. men, saying, My father made your ✓ Rom. xii. 15. Rejoice with them yoke heavy, and I will add to your that do rejoice, and weep with them yoke; my father also chastised you that weep: Ver. 16. Be of the same with whips, but I will chastise you mind one towards another Mind not with scorpions. Ver. 15 Wherefore high things, but condescend to men the king hearkened not unto the peo- of low estate. Be not wise in your ple; for the cause was from the Lord. own conceits. Phil. ii. 3. Let nothing -Ver. 16. So, when all Israel saw be done through strife or vain-glory; that the king hearkened not unto but in lowliness of mind let each esthem, the people answered the king, 'teem other better than themselves. saying, Whai portion have we in Ver. 4. Look not every man on his David ? neither have we inheritance own things, but every man also or in the son of Jesse: to your tents, the things of others.
A. The sins of equals are, besides the neglect of the duties required, the undervaluing of the worth, envying the gifts“, grieving at the advancement or prosperity one of another w; and usurping pre-eminence une over anotherx.
Q. 133. What is the reason annexed to the fifth commandment, the more to enforce it?
A. The reason annexed to the fifth commandment, in these words, That thy days may be long upon the land whick the Lord thy God giveth thee », is an express promise of long life and prosperity, as far as it shall serve for God's glory and their own good, to all such as keep this commandment
Q. 134. Which is the sixth commandment ?
Q. 135. What are the duties required in the sixth commandment ?
A. The duties required in the sixth commandment are, all careful studies, and lawful endeavours, to preserve the
132. s Rom. xiii. 8. Owe no man fall before him. any thing, but to love one another : x 3 John, ver. 9. I wrote unto the for be that loveth another hath ful church : but Diotrephes, who loveth filled the law.
to have the pre-eminence among them, + 2 Tim. iii. 3. Without natural af. receiverh us not. Luke xxii. 24. And fection, truce-breakers, false accusers, there was also a strife among them, incontinent, fierce, despisers of those which of them should be accounted that are good.
the greatest. ul Acts vii. 9. And the patriarchs, 133. y 'Exod. xx. 12. moved with envy, sold Joseph into 2 Deut. v. 16. Honour thy father Egypt; but God was with him. Gal. and thy mother, as the Lord thy God v. 26. Let us not be desirous of vain. hath commanded thee ; that thy days glory, provoking one another, envying may be prolonged, and that it may go one another.
well with thee in the land which the tv Numb. xii. 2. And they said, Lord thy God giveth thee. 1 Kings Hath the Lord indeed spoken only by viii. 25. Therefore now, Lord God of Moses? hath he not spoken also by Israel, keep with thy servant David us? And the Lord heard it. Esth. vi. my father that thou promisedst him, 12. And Mordecai came again to the saying, There shall not fail thee a man king's gate: but Haman hasted to his in my sight to sit on the throne of Ishouse, inourning, and having his head rael; so that thy children take heed covered. Ver. 13. And Haman told to their way, that they walk before Zeresh his wife, and all his friends, me, as thou hast walked before me. every thing that had befallen him. Eph. vi. 2. Honour thy father and thy Then said his wise men, and Zeresh mother, (which is the first commandhis wife, unto him, If Mordecai be of ment with promise,) Ver 3. That it the seed of the Jews, before whom may be well with thee, and thou maye thou hast begun to fall, thou shalt not est live long on the earth. prevail against him; but shalt surely 134. a Exod. xx. 13.