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Q. 91. How do the sacraments become effectual means of salvation ?
A. The sacraments become effectual means of salvation, not from any virtue in them, or in him that doth administer them; but only by the blessing of Christų, and the working of his Spirit in them that by faith receive them
Q. 92. What is a sacrament? A. A sacrament is an holy ordinance instituted by Christ; wherein, by sensible signs, Christ, and the benefits of the new covenant, are represented, sealed, and applied to believers s.
Q. 93. Which are the sacraments of the New Testament?
Ă. The sacraments of the New Testament are, Baptism, and the Lord's Supper
Q. 94. What is baptism?
A. Baptism is a sacrament, wherein the washing with water in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost“, doth signify and seal our ingrafting into Christ, and partaking of the benefits of the covenant of grace, and
91. u 1 Pet. iii. 21. The like figure Ver. 10. This is my covenant, which whereunto, even baptism, doth also ye shall keep between me and you, now save us, (not the putting away and thy seed after thee; Every man. of the filth of the flesh, but the an. child among you shall be circumcis. swer of a good conscience towards ed. Exod. xii.throughout: 1 Cor xi. God,) by the resurrection of Jesus 23. For I have received of the Christ. Matt, iii. 11. I indeed bap Lord that which also I delivered tize you with water unto repent. unto you, That the Lord Jesus, the ance; but he that cometh after me same night in which he was betray. is mightier than I, whose shoes I ed, took bread. Ver. 26. For as am not worthy to bear; he shall often-as ye eat this bread, and drink baptize you with the Holy Ghost, this cup, ye do she w- the Lord's and with fire. 1 Cor. jii. 6. I have death till he come. planted, Apollos watered; but God 93. y Matt. xxviij. 19. Go ye there. gave the increase. Ver. 7. So then, fore, and teach all nations, baptizneither is he that planteth any thing, ing them in the name of the Fa. neither he that watereth ; but God ther, and of the Son, and of the Holy that giveth the increase.
Ghost. w i Cor. xii, 13. For by one Spirit 2 Matt. xxvi. 26. And as they were are we all baptized into one body, eating Jesus took bread, and blessed whether we be Jews or Gentiles, it, and brake it, and gave it to the whether we be bond or free and disciples, and said, Take, eat; this is bave been all made to drink into my body. Ver. 27. And he took the one Spirit.
cup, and gave thanks, and gave it to 92. Rx Gen. xvii. 7. And I will them, saying, Drink ye all of it: establish my covenant between me Ver. 28. For this is my blood of the and thee, and thy seed after thee, New Testament, which is shed for in their generations, for an ever many, for the remission of sins. asting covenant; to be a God unto 94. a Matt. xxviii. 19. [See in let. hee, and to thy seed after thee. tery.]
dur engagement to be the Lord's b.
Q. 95. To whom is baptism to be administered?
A. Baptism is not to be administered to any that are out of the visible church, till they profess their faith in Christ, and obedience to him c; but the infants of such as are members of the visible church are to be baptized d.
Q. 96. What is the Lord's supper ?
A. The Lord's supper is a sacrament, wherein, by giving and receiving bread and wine, according to Christ's appointment, his death is sheyed forth ; and the worthy receivers are, not after a corporal and carnal manner, but by faith, made partakers of his body and blood, with all his benefits, to their spiritual nourishment, and growth in grace €.
b Rom. vi. 4. Therefore we are flesh by the circumcision of Christ : buried with him by baptism into Ver. 12. Buried with him in bapdeath: that, like as Christ was rais. tism; wherein also ye are risen with ed up from the dead by the glory of him, through the faith of the operathe Father, even so we also should tion of God, who hath raised him walk in newness of life. Gal. iii. 27. from the dead. 1 Cor. vii. 14. For For as many of you as have been the unbelieving husband is sanctifi. baptized into Christ, have put on ed by the wife, and the unbelieving Christ.
wife is sanctified by the husband; 95. c Acts viii. 36. And as they else were your children unclean, but went on their way, they came unto now are they holy. a certain water: and the eunuch 96.e 1 Cor. xi. 23. For I have re. said, See, here is water; what doth ceived of the Lord that which also hinder me to be baptized? Ver. 37. 1 delivered unto you, That the Lord And Philip said, If thou believest Jesus, the same night in which he with all thine heart, thou mayest. was betrayed, took bread : Ver. 24. And he answered and said, I believe And, when he had given thanks, he that Jesus Christ is the Son of God. brake it, and said, 'Take, eat; this Acts ii. 38. Then Peter said unto
is my body, which is broken for them, Repent, and be baptized you : this do in remembrance of me. every one of you in the name of Ver. 25. After the same manner Jesus Christ, for the remission of also he took the cup, when he had sins, and ye shall receive the gift of supped, saying, This cup is the the Holy Ghost.
New Testament in my blood : this d Acts ii. 38. [See before.] Ver. 39. do ye, as oft as ye drink it, in re. For the promise is unto you, and membrance of me. Ver. 26 For as to your children, and to all that often as ye eat this bread, and drink are afar off, even as many as the this cup, ye do shew the Lord's Lord our God shall call. Gen. death till he come, 1 Cor. x. 16. xvii. 10. (See in letter w.) Compared The cup of blessing which we bless, with Col. ü. 11. In whom also je is it not the communion of the blood are circumcised with the circum- of Christ ? the bread which we cision made without hands, in put- break, is it not the communion of ting off the body of the sins of the the body of Christ ?
Q. 97. What is required to the worthy receiving of the Lord's supper?
A. It is required of them that would worthily partake of the Lord's supper, that they examine themselves of their knowledge to discern the Lord's body f, of their faith to feed upon him , of their repentance", love, and new obedience k; lest, coming unworthily, they eat and drink judgment to themselves
Q. 98. What is prayer ?
A. Prayer is an offering up of our desires unto God m, for things agreeable to his will" in the name of Christo, with confession of our sins P, and thankful acknowledgment of his mercies 9.
97. f 1 Cor. xi. 28. But let a man 98. m Psal. Ixii. 8. Trust in him at examine himself, and so let him eat all times; ye people, pour out your of that bread, and drink of that cup: heart before him : God is a refuge Ver. 29. For he that eateth and for us. Selah. drinketh unworthily, eateth and n1 John v. 14. And this is the drinketh damnation to himself, not confidence that we have in him, that discerning the Lord's body. if we ask any thing according to his
8 2 Cor. xiii. 5. Examine your will, he heareth us. selves, whether ye be in the faith;
o John xvi. 23. And in that day prove your own selves: know ye ye shall ask me nothing. Verily, not your own selves, how that se. verily, I say unto you, Whatsoever sus Christ is in you, except ye be ye shall ask the Father in my name, reprobates ?
he will give it you. h 1 Cor. xi. 31. For if we would judge ourselves, we should not be
p Psal. xxxii. 5. I acknowledged judged.
my sin unto thee, and mine iniquity i 1 Cor. x. 16. The cup of bless. have I not hid : I said, I will con ing which we bless, is it not the fess my transgressions unto the communion of the blood of Christ? Lord; and thou forgavest the ini. the bread which we break, is it not quity of my sin. Selah. Ver. 6. For the communion of the body of this shall every one that is godly Christ ? Ver. 17. For we being pray unto thee in a time when thou many are one bread, and one body': mayest be found : surély in the for we are all partakers of that one
foods of great waters they shall bread.
not come nigh unto him Dan. ix. 4. k 1 Cor. v. 7. Purge out therefore And I prayed unto the Lord my the old learen, that ye may be a
God, and made my confession, and new lump, as ye are unleavened. said, O Lord, the great and dread. For even Christ our passover is ful God, keeping the covenant and sacrificed for us: Ver. 8. Therefore mercy to them that love him, and to let us keep the feast, not with old them that keep his commandments. leaven, neither with the leaven of
Phil. iv, 6. Be careful for nomalice and wickedness; but with thing: but in every thing by prayer the unleavened bread of sincerity and supplication, with thanksgiv. and truth.
ing, let your requests be made 11 Cor. xi. 28, 29.[See in letter f.] known unto God.
Q.99.What rule hath God given for our direction in prayer?
A. The whole word of God is of use to direct us in prayer"; but the special rule of direction is that form of prayer which Christ taught his disciples, commonly called The Lord's Prayer s.
Q. 100. What doth the preface of the Lord's prayer teach us?
A. The preface of the Lord's prayer (which is, Our Father which art in heaven') teacheth us to draw near to God with all holy reverence and confidence, as children to a father, able and ready to help us "; and that we should pray with and for others ".
Q. 101. What do we pray for in the first petition ?
A. In the first petition (which is, Hallowed be thy name *) we pray, that God would enable us and others to glorify him in all that whereby he maketh himself known y; and that he would dispose all things to his own glory .
Q. 102. What do we pray for in the second petition?
A. In the second petition (which is, Thy kingdom come a) we pray, That Satan's kingdom may be destroyed v; and that the kingdom of grace may be advanced c, ourselves and
99... 1 John v. 14. And this is the that are in authority, that we may 2! confidence that we have in him, that lead a quiet and peaceable life in
if we ask any thing according to his all godliness and honesty. will, he heareth us.
101. * Matt. vi. 9. s Matt, vi. 9-13. After this man. y Psal. Ixvii. 2. That thy way may ner therefore pray ye, Our Father, be known upon earth, thy saving &c. Compared with Luke xi. 2, 3, 4. health among all nations. Ver 3. And he said unto them, When ye Let the people praise thee, O God; pray, say, Our Father, &c.
let all the people praise thee. 100. * Matt. vi. 9.
2 Psal. ixxxiii. throughout. t Rom. viii. 15. For ye have not 102. a Matt. vi. 10. received the spirit of bondage again
6 Psal. Ixviii 1. Let God arise, let i to fear: but ye have received the his enemies be scattered : let them
Spirit of adoption, whereby we cry, also that bate him fee before him. Abba, Father. Luke xi. 13. If ye Ver. 18. Thou hast ascended on then, being evil, know how to give high, thou hast led captivity captive: good gifts unto your children, how thou hast received gifts for men; much more shall your heavenly Fa- yea, for the rebellious also, that the
ther give the Holy Spirit to them Loid God might dwell among them. rent that ask him?
c Rev. xii. 10. And I heard a loud w Acts xii. 5. Peter therefore. voice saying in heaven, Now is come in was kept in prison; but prayer was salvation, and strength, and the
made without ceasing of the church kingdom of our God, and the power unto God for him. 1 Tim. ii. 1. I of his Christ : for the accuser of exhort therefore, that, first of all, our brethren is cast down, which supplications prayers, intercessions, accused them before our God day and giving of thanks, be made for and night. Ver. 11. And they overall men: Ver. 2. For kings, and for all came him by the blood of the Lamb,
others brought into it, and kept in itd; and that the kingdom of glory may be hastened,
Q. 103. What do we pray for in the third petition?
4. In the third petition (which is, Thy will be done in earth, as it is in heaven() we pray, That God, by his grace, would make us able and willing to know, obey, and submit to his will in all things 6, as the angels do in heaven ".
Q. 104. What do we pray for in the fourth petition ?
A. In the fourth petition (which is, Give us this day our daily breadi) we pray, That of God's free gift we may receive a competent portion of the good things of this life, and enjoy his blessing with them k
Q. 105. What do we pray for in the fifth petition?
, as we forgive our debtors) we pray, That God, for Christ's and by the word of their testimony; again, and shew nie both it and his and they loved not their lives unto habitation. Job i. 21. And (76) the death,
said, Naked came I out of my mo. d 2 Thess. iii. 1. Finally, brethren, ther's womb, and naked shall I pray for us, that the word of the return thither: the Lord gave, and Lord may have free course and be the Lord hath taken away i blessed glorified, even as it is with you. be the name of the Lord. Rom. x. 1. Brethren, my heart's de. h Psal. ciii. 20. Bless the Lord, sire and prayer to God for Israel is, ye his angels that excel in strength, that they might be saved. John xvii. that do his commandments, hear. 9. I pray for them: I pray not for kening unto the voice of his word. the world, but for them which thou Ver. 21. Bless ye the Lord, all ye hast given me; for they are thine. his hosts ; ye ministers of his that Ver. 20. Neither pray I for these do his pleasure. alone, but for them also which shall 104 i Matt. vi. 11. believe on me through their word. & Prov. xxx. 8. Remove far from
e Rev. xxii. 20. He which testifi. me vanity and lies; give me neither eth these things saith, Surely I poverty nor riches, feed me with come quickly; Amen. Even so, food convenient for me: Ver. 9 Lest come, Lord Jesus.
I be full, and deny thee, and says 103. f Matt. vi. 10.
Who is the Lord; or lest I be poor, z Psal. lxvii. throughout. Psal, and steal, and take the name of my cxix. 36. Incline my heart' unto thy God in vain. Gen. xxviii. 20. And testimonies, and not to covetous. Jacob vowed a vow, saying, If God ness. Matt xxvi. 39. And he went will be with me, and will keep me a little farther, and fell on his face, in this way that I go, and will give and prayed, saying, O my Father, if me bread to eat, and raiment to pat it be possible, let this cup pass on. 1 Tim. iv. 4. For every creature from me: nevertheless, not as I of God is good, and nothing to be will, but as thou wilt. 2 Şam. xv. 25. refused, if it be received with And the king said unto Zadok, Car. thanksgiving: Ver. 5. For it is ry back the ark of God into the sanctified by the word of God and city: if I shall find favour in the prayer. yes of the Lord, he will bring me 105. / Matt. vi. 12.