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orders ; auricular confession ; his desperate and uncertain repentance; his general and doubtsome faith ; his satisfactions of men for their sins; his justification by works, opus operatum, works of supererogation, merits, pardons, peregrinations, and stations ; his holy water, baptizing of bells, conjuring of spirits, crossing, sayning, anointing, conjuring, hallowing of God's good creatures, with the superstitious opinion joined therewith; his worldly monarchy, and wicked hierarchy ; his three solemn vows, with all his shavellings of sundry sorts ; his erroneous and bloody decrees made at Trent, with all the subscribers or approvers of that cruel and bloody band, conjured against the kirk of God. And finally, we detest all his vain allegories, rites, signs, and traditinos ricbrought in the kirk, without or against the word of God, ons and doctrine of this true reformed kirk; to the which we dié join ourselves willingly, in doctrine, faith, religion, disci. dopline, and use of the holy sacraments, as lively members of eclis the same in Christ our head : promising and swearing, by

the great name of the LORD our GOD, that we shall con tinue in the obedience of the doctrine and discipline of this brikirk,* and shall defend the same, according to our vocation the land power, all the days of our lives ; under the pains conents tained in the law, and danger both of body and soul in the sirs, day of God's fearful judgment. veAnd seeing that many are stirred up by Satan, and that

Roman Antichrist, to promise, swear, subscribe, and for a te bilime use the holy sacraments in the kirk deceitfully, against bstactheir own conscience; minding hereby, first, under the expis, ternal cloak of religion, to corrupt and subvert secretly

God's true religion within the kirk ; and afterward, when

time may serve, to become open enemies and persecutors of st ththe same, under vain hope of the Pope's dispensation, de

vised against the word of God, to his greater confusion, and and their double condemnation in the day of the Lord Jesus :

we therefore, willing to take away all suspicion of hypocrisy, ad creand of such double dealing with God and his kirk, protest, res; and call the Searcher of all hearts for witness, that our minds

inand hearts do fully agree with this our Confession, promise, ous lioath, and subscription : so that we are not moved with any znic worldly respect, but are persuaded only in our conscience,

The Confession which was subscribed at Halyrud-house, the 25th of February 1587-8, he
King, Lennox, Huntly, the Chancellor, and about ninety-five other persons, hath here
* agresing to the word.” Bir John Maxwell of Pollock bath the original parchment

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through the knowledge and love of God's true religion ima printed in our hearts by the Holy Spirit, as we shall answer to him in the day when the secrets of all hearts shall be disclosed.

And because we perceive, that the quietness and stability of our religion and kirk doth depend upon the safety and good behaviour of the King's Majesty, as upon a comfortable instrument of God's mercy granted to this country, for the/maintaining of his kirk, and ministration of justice amongst us ; we protest and promise with our hearts, under the same oath, hand-writ, and pains, that we shall defend his person and authority with our goods, bodies, and lives, in the defence of Christ his evangel, liberties of our coun. try, ministration of justice, and punishment of iniquity, against all enemies, within this realm or without, as we desire our God to be a strong and merciful defender to us is the day of our death, and coming of our Lord Jesus Christ; to whom, with the Father, and the Holy Spirit, be all honour and glory eternally. Amen. *

LIKEAS many Acts of Parliament, not only in general do abrogate, annul, and rescind all laws, statutes, acts, constitutions, canons civil or municipal, with all other ordinan. ces, and practique penalties whatsoever, made in prejudice of the true religion, and professors thereof; or of the true kirk, discipline, jurisdiction, and freedom thereof; or in favours of idolatry and superstition, or of the Papistical kirk: As Act 3. Act 31. Pari. 1. Act 23. Parl. 11. Act 114. Parl, 12. of King James VI. That Papistry and superstition may be utterly suppressed, according to the intention of the Acts of Parliament, repeated in the 5th Act, Parl. 20. King James VI. And to that end they ordain all Papists and Priests to be punished with manifold civil and ecclesiastical pains, as adversaries to God's true religion, preached, and by law established, within this realm, Act 24. Parl. 11, King James VI. ; as common enemies to all Christian government, Act 18. Parl. 16. King James VI. ; as rebellers **On the days of publick Covenanting in the Associate Church, the National Covenantr as far as this paragraph, and the Soleon League, are read publickiy. The General Associate Sy. nod assigns these reasons for it: “Because the solemn work to be engaged in is a recogniz. ing of the Oliligations of these Covenants; and because the Confession of sins to be made is an acknowledgment of the sins therein mentioned, as breaches of these Covenants, as well as breaches of the law, and the engagement to duties is an engagement to these duties, as bind. ing on us by the path of the Covenants, as well as by God's law."

Test of the General Assoc. Synod of Scotland, p. 207.

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and gainstanders of our sovereign Lord's authority, Art 47. Parl. 3. King James VI. ; and as idolaters, Act 104. Parl. 7. King James VI. But also in particular, by and attour the Confession of Faith, do abolish and condemn the Pope's authority and jurisdiction out of this land, and ordains the

maintainers thereof to be punished, Act 2. Parl. 1. Act 51. # Parl. 3. Act 106. Parl. 7. Act 114. Parl. 12. King James

VI. do condemn the Pope's erroneous doctrine, or any other Su erroneous doctrine repugnant to any of the articles of the

true and Christian religion, publickly preached, and by law established in this realm ; and ordains the spreaders and makers of books or libels, or letters or writs of that nature, to be pubished, Act 46. Parl. 3. Act 106. Parl. 7. Act 24. Parl. 11. King James VI. do condemn all baptism conform to the Pope's kirk, and the idolatry of the mass; and ordains all sayers, wilful hearers, and concealers of the mass, the maintainers and resetters of the priests, Jesuits, trafficking Papists, to be punished without any exception or restriction, Acts 5. Parl. 1. Act 120. Parl. 12. Act 164. Pari. 13. Act

193. Parl. 14. Act 1. Parl. 19. Act 5. Parl. 20. King James THE VI. do condemn all erroneous books and writs containing ,6 erroneous doctrine against the religion presently professed, * or containing superstitious rites and ceremonies Papistical, is whereby the people are greatly abused, and ordains the

home-bringers of them to be punished, Act 25. Parl. 11. King James VI. do condemn the monuments and dregs of

bygone idolatry, as going to crosses, observing the festival Ps days of saints, and such other superstitious and Papistical if rites, to the dishonour of God, contempt of true religion,

and fostering of great error among the people ; and ordains

the users of them to be punished for the second fault, as i idolaters, Act 104. Parl. 7. King James VI.

Likeas many Acts of Parliament are conceived for maintenance of God's true and Christian religion, and the puri.

ty thereof, in doctrine and sacraments of the true church ☆ of God, the liberty and freedom thereof, and her national,

synodal assemblies, presbyteries, sessions, policy, discipline, and jurisdiction thereof; as that purity of religion, and lie berty of the church was used, professed, exercised, preached, and confessed, according to the reformation of religion in this realm : As for instance, the 99th Act, Parl. 7. Act 25. Parl. 11. Act 114. Parl: 12. Act 160. Parl. 13. of King

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James VI. ratified by the 4th Act of King Charles. So that the 6th Act, Parl. 1. and 68th Act, Parl. 6. of King James VI. in the year of God 1579, declare the ministers of the blessed evangel, whom God of his mercy had raised up, or hereafter should raise, agreeing with them that then lived, is doctrine and administration of the sacraments; and the people that professed Christ, as he was then offered in the evangel, and doth communicate with the holy sacraments (as in the reformed kirks of this realm they were presently administrate) according to the

Confession of Faith, to be the true and holy kirk of Christ Jesus within this realm. And decerns and declares all and sundry, who either gainsay the word of the evangel received and approved as the heads of the Confession of Faith, professed in Parliament in the year of God 1560, speciked also in the first Parliament of King James VI. and ratified in this present Parliament, more particularly do express ; or that refuse the administration of the holy sacraments, as they were then ministrated ; to be no members of the said kirk within this realm, and true re, ligion presently professed, so long as they keep themselves so divided from the society of Christ's body. And the subsequent Act 69. Parl. 6. of King James VI. declares, that there is no other face of kirk, nor other face of religion, than was presently at that time, by the favour of God, esta. blished within this realm : “ Which therefore is ever styled “ God's true religion, Christ's true religion, the true and “ Christian religion, and a perfect religion;" which, by mani. fold Acts of Parliament, all within this realm are bound to profess, to subscribe the articles thereof, the Confession of Faith, to recant all doctrine and errors repugnant to any of the said articles, Act 4. and 9. Parl, 1. Acts 45, 46, 47. Parl. 3. Act 71. Parl. 6. Aet 106. Parl. 7. Act 24. Parl. 11. Act 123. Parl. 12. Act 194, and 197. Parl. 14. of King James VI. And all magistrates, sheriffs, &c. on the one part, are ordained to search, apprehend, and punish all contravés ners : For instance, Act 5. Parl. 1. Act 104. Parl. 7. Act 25. Parl. 11. King James VI.; and that notwithstanding of the King's Majesty's licences on the contrary, which are discharged, and declared to be of no force, in so far as they tend in any wise to the prejudice and hinder of the execution of the Acts of Parliament against Papists and adversaries of true religiou, Act 106. Parl. 7. King James Vd. On the

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other part, in the 47th Act, Parl. 3. King James VI. it is declared and ordained, Seeing the cause of God's true religion and his Highness's authority are so joined, as the hurt of the one is common to both ; that none shall be reputed as

loyal and faithful subjects to our sovereign Lord, or his auuthority, but be punishable as rebellers and gainstanders of

the same, who shall not give their confession, and make their profession of the said true religion: and that they who, after defection, shall give the confession of their faith of new, they shall promise to continue therein in time coming, to maintain our sovereign Lord's authority, and at the uttermost of their power to fortify, assist, and maintain the true preachers and professors of Christ's religion, against what

soever enemies and gainstanders of the same ; and namely, | against all such, of whatsoever nation, estate or degree they

be of, that have joined and bound themselves, or have assisted, or assist, to set forward and execute the cruel decrees of the council of Trent, contrary to the true preachers and professors of the word of God; which is repeated, word by word, in the articles of pacification at Perth, the 23d of February 1572, approved by Parliament the last of April 1573, ratified in Parliament 1587, and related Act 123. Parl. 12. of King James VI. ; with this addition, " That they are « bound to resist all treasonable uproars and hostilities rais" ed against the true religion, the King's Majesty, and the “ true professors.”

Likeas, all lieges are bound to maintain the King's Majesty's royal person and authority, the authority of Parliaments, without the which neither any laws or lawful judicatories can be established, Act 130, and 131. Parl. 8. King James VI. and the subjects' liberties, who ought only to live and be governed by the King's laws, the common laws of this realm allenarly, Act 48. Parl. 3. King James I. Act 79. Parl. 6. King James IV. ; repeated in the Act 131. Parl. 8. King James VI. ; which if they be innovated and prejudged, " the commission anent the union of the two kingdoms of Scotland and England, which is the sole act of the 17th Parl. of King James Vl. declares;" such confusion would ensue as this realm could be no more a free monarchy: because, by the fundamental laws, ancient privileges, offices, and liberties of this kingdom, not only the princely authority of his Majesty's royal descent hath

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