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second table, in a place much lower in dignity. Richard being the son of lady Anne's great-aunt, an intimacy naturally subsisted between such near relatives. Majerres, a Flemish an: malist, affirms that Richard had formed a very strong affection for his cousin Anne; but succeeding events proved that the lady did not bestow the same regard on him which her sister Isabella did on his brother Clarence, nor was it to be expected, considering his disagreeable person and temper. As lady Anne did not smile on her crook-backed cousin, there was no inducement for him to forsake the cause of his brother, king Edward. It was in vain his brother Clarence said, in a conference with Warwick, “By sweet St. George, I swear ! that if my brother Gloucester would join me, I would make Edward know we were all one man’s sons, which should be nearer to him than strangers of his wife's blood.” Anne was, at this juncture, with her mother and sister at Calais. “For,” continues Hall,” “the earl of Warwick and the duke of Clarence sailed directly thither, where they were solemnly received and joyously entertained by the countess of Warwick and her two daughters; and after the duke had sworn on the sacrament ever to keep part and promise with the earl, he married Isabel in the Lady-church at Calais, in the presence of the countess and her daughter Anne.” The earl of Warwick, accompanied by his countess and lady Anne, returned with the newly wedded pair to England, where he and his son-in-law soon raised a civil war that shook the throne of Edward IV. After the loss of the battle of Edgecote, the earl of Warwick escaped with his family to Dartmouth, where they were taken on board a fleet, of which he was master. On the voyage they encountered the young earl Rivers, with the Yorkist fleet, who gave their ships battle, and took most of them; but the vessel escaped which contained the Neville family. While this ship was flying from the victorious enemy a dreadful tempest arose, and the ladies on board were afflicted at once with terror of wreck and the oppression of sea-sickness. To add to their troubles, the duchess of Clarence was taken in labour with her first child.” In the midst of this * Hall, p. 272. * Ibid. pp. 271,272. *Ibid. p. 279.
iccumulation of disasters, the tempest-tossed bark made the offing of Calais; but in spite of the distress on board, Wau:lere, whom Warwick had left as his lieutenant, held out the own against him, and would not permit the ladies to land: le, however, sent two flagons of wine on board, for the duchess if Clarence, with a private message, assuring Warwick “that he refusal arose from the towns-people,” and advising him to make some other port in France." The duchess of Clarence oon after gave birth, on board ship, to the babe who had hosen so inappropriate a time for his entrance into a troubleome world, and the whole family landed safely at Dieppe he beginning of May 1470. When they were able to travel, he lady Anne, her mother and sister, attended by Clarence ind Warwick, journeyed across France to Amboise, where hey were graciously received by Louis XI., and that treaty ras finally completed which made Anne the wife of Edward, he promising heir of Lancaster.” This portion of the life of Anne of Warwick is so inextriably interwoven with that of her mother-in-law, queen Mararet, that it were vain to repeat it a second time. Suffice it o observe that the bride was in her seventeenth, the brideroom in his nineteenth year, and that Prevost affirms that he match was one of ardent love on both sides. The prince as well educated, refined in manner, and, moreover, his pormit in the Rous roll bears out the tradition that he was emilently handsome. The ill-fated pair remained in each other's ompany from their marriage at Angers, in August 1470, till he fatal field of Tewkesbury, May 4th, 1471." Although the estimony of George Bucke must be received with the utmost aution, yet he quotes a contemporary Flemish chronicler," who asserts that “Anne was with her husband, Edward of ancaster, when that unfortunate prince was hurried before * Comines. * Ibid. * Hall, p. 280. "Sir John Bucke was in the service of Richard III., and high in his favour; * was beheaded at Leicester after the battle of Bosworth, and his family nearly oned. For this reason the utmost degree of personal prejudice guides the pen * Richard's historian, his descendant, when vindicating that usurper, and aspers. to the reputation of every connexion of Henry VII. * W. Kennett; Bucke, vol. i. p. 549.
Edward IV. after the battle of Tewkesbury; and that it was observed, Richard duke of Gloucester was the only person present who did not draw his sword on the royal captive, out of respect to the presence of Anne, as she was the near relative of his mother, and a person whose affections he had always desired to possess.” English chroniclers, however, affirm that at this very moment Anne was with her unhappy mother-inlaw, queen Margaret.
The unfortunate prince of Wales, last scion of the royal house of Lancaster, was buried the day after the battle of Tewkesbury, under the central tower of that stately abbey. Some nameless friend, (in all probability his youthful widow, when opportunity served, caused the spot of his interment to be marked with a grey marble slab, enriched with a monumental brass, of which (or rather of its outlines in the stone there is a small drawing in the Dinely MS., with the following memorandum :—“This fair tombstone of grey marble, the brass whereof hath been picked out by sacrilegious hands, is directly under the tower of the church at the entrance of the quire, and said to be laid over prince Edward, who lost his life in cool blood in that dispute between York and Lancaster.” When the pavement of the nave of Tewkesbury-abbey was repaired in the last century, the marble slab which covered the remains of gallant-springing young Plantagenet was taken up, and flung into a corner with other broken monuments and fragments of less interest, to the great regret of some of the towns-people, who obtained permission to place a brass tablet over the royal grave, with a Latin inscription to this effect:
“Lest all memory of Edward prince of Wales should perish, the pious care of
the good people of Tewkesbury has provided this tablet, to mark the spot of his interment.”
* This precious relic, from the Itinerary of some historical antiquary of the days of Charles II., was shown to me by J. Gutch, esq. of Worcester, by whom I was kindly favoured with a tracing of the outlines of the brass, which is cotainly an historical curiosity of no slight interest.
* The original tombstone, having been sought and identified by the present learned vicar, the rev. E. Davies, has been polished, and placed as a basement for the font, to preserve it from further desecration. The remains of “false, fleeting Clarence,” repose in the same abbey. The grave of Isabella Neville, his dueless, in the Ladye-chapel behind the altar, has been recently opened, and his oteleton was discovered behind hers in the vault.
After Margaret of Anjou was taken away to the Tower of London, Clarence privately abducted his sister-in-law, under the pretence of protecting her. As he was her sister's husband, he was exceedingly unwilling to divide the united inheritance of Warwick and Salisbury, which he knew must be done if his brother Gloucester carried into execution his avowed intention of marrying Anne. But very different was the conduct of the young widow of the prince of Wales from that described by Shakspeare. Instead of acting as chief mourner to the hearse of her husband's murdered father, she was sedulously concealing herself from her abhorred cousin; enduring every privation to avoid his notice, and concurring with all the schemes of her self-interested brother-in-law Clarence so completely, as to descend from the rank of princess of Wales to the disguise of a servant in a mean house in London, in the hopes of eluding the search of Gloucester, incidents too romantic to be believed without the testimony of a Latin chronicler of the highest authority, who affirms it in the following words:– “Richard duke of Gloucester wished to discover Anne, the youngest daughter of the earl of Warwick, in order to marry her; this was much disapproved by his brother, the duke of Clarence, who did not wish to divide his wife's inheritance: he therefore hid the young lady.” Concealment was needful, for Anne was actually under the same attainder in which her hapless mother and queen Margaret were included. Her mother thus was totally unable to protect her, being a prisoner in the Beaulieu sanctuary, the egress from thence being guarded securely by the armed bands of Edward IV.
Nearly two years wore away since the battle of Tewkesbury, during which period the princess of Wales was concealed and a fugitive, whilst her mother, the richest heiress in the land, suffered the greatest distress. The poor lady pleaded in her petition to the commons' house, “that she had never offended his most redoubted highness, for she, immediately after the death of her lord and husband (on whose soul God have mercy), for none offence by her done, but dreading only the trouble at that time within this realm, entered into sanctuary of Beaulieu for surety of her person, and to attend to the weal and health of the soul of her said lord and husband, as right and conscience required her to do.” In fact, the death of her husband at Barnet field and the lost battle of Tewkesbury were crowded together; yet she declares, that within five days of her retreat into the New Forest sanctuary, she had commenced her labours and suits to the king's highness for a safeguard, meaning a passport or safe-conduct to go and come where she chose. She dwells on her indefatigability in writing letters to the king with her own hands, in the absence of clerks; and not only had she thus written letters to the king's highness, “but soothly also to the queen's good grace, [Elizabeth Woodville, to Cicely duchess of York, my right redoubted lady the king's mother, to my lady [Elizabeth of York] the king's eldest daughter, to my lords the king's brethren:” these were the dukes of Clarence and Gloucester, the one already her son-inlaw and the father of her grandchildren, and the other on the watch to become her son-in-law whensoever he could gain access to her hapless youngest daughter. But the list of influential personages to whom the widow of the great Warwick wrote propitiatory letters, without the aid of clerks, is not yet concluded She declares she wrote “to my ladies the king's sisters:" these were Anne duchess of Exeter, and Elizabeth duchess of Suffolk; likewise “to my lady [duchess] of Bedford,” the queen's mother. To a very hard-hearted set of relatives and family connexions these letters were addressed, for lady Warwick remained destitute and desolate, but sedulously watched by an armed guard, which to her dismay, and to the alarm of the ecclesiastics of the Beaulieu sanctuary, the Yorkist king sent to terrify them. Edward showed himself thus forgetful of the obligations his wife and children had recently owed to sanctuary, and at the same time, notwithstanding his pretended skill in fortune-telling, he could not foresee that his children would again be reduced to a similar refuge, aggravated by the military tyranny of which he had set the example in the case
"Continuator of the Chronicle of Croyland, p. 557. This person, from some of his expressions, appears to have at one time belonged to the privy council of king Edward IV.