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per motives to the Synod. But the noble and eloquent reply of Sir Robert Bateson proved that his immediate auditors understood him as we did. We are told his lordship is friendly to the Presbyterians of Ulster; if so, we heartily wish him a better way of showing it. The Presbyterians will never have decided friends in Parliament, till they learn to befriend themselves. And if we could persuade them to shake themselves out of their lethargy, and combine their mighty moral energies in
common effort-a consummation to be wished, and an event that we see in progresswe believe that, within a few years, the ranks of their friends would not be so deserted; and perchance the men that overlook or abuse them now, might live to acknowledge their importance to the interests of the empire. After all misrepresentations or misapprehensions, the Presbyterians of Ulster are the inseparable link that binds Ireland to England; and they form the concentrated and invincible garrison that gives protection to the scattered Protestantism of the southern provinces. It is but justice to Mr Stanley, the Chief Secretary, to say that, though opposed to the views of the Synod, he yet bore the most ample testimony to their “ piety, moral conduct, and discipline—and to their earnest and successful en. deavours to enforce habits of good order, loyalty, religion, and morality amongst their people.” We thank him for his good opinion : we believe it was sincere; and we bless God it was, in some wise, well deserved.
Meantime, unmindful of Protestant petitions, Government go forward with their experiment. Mr. Carlile, it would appear from his own account, is now operating in the conjoint capacities of translator and extractor of Scripture, adding, as we understand him, a moderate sprinkling of the Douay and Rhemish notes. We call him as yet merely an extractor; time will tell, whether under ihe guidance of his Roman Catholic and Unitarian colleagues, he may not turn mutilator likewise.
We are heartily sorry for the attacks Mr. Carlile has now twice made against Captain J. E. Gordon, respecting his speech at the great Education Meeting in Exeter Hall, London. The aitack upon Captain Gordon commences with these words-“The whole statement is one tissue of misrepresentation, and it forms one of those portentous examples, of which the present day is so fertile, of persons professing zeal for religion, manifesting nearly as little regard for truth and decency in prosecuting their measures, as the most unscrupulous opponents of religion.” In a subsequent publication against Captain Gordon, Mr. Carlile has been pleased to extend his indictment thus“The statement is one of those falsehoods in which the professing religious public of the present day so liberally indulges itself.” Of such charges we grieve to speak, when they fall from the pen of a brother. From an enemy we could have borne them; but to suffer them to pass unrebuked, we cannot. The charges themselves are portentous examples of the lengths to which, we will not say, the “professing religious public” may be led, in " prosecuting their measures ;” bui of the lengths to which sincere Christians (for such we believe Mr. Carlile to be) may be carried by passion, when opposed in the prosecution of their “ measures." We are sorry-heartily sorry for this unreasonable ebullition, especially because Mr. Carlile attacks a gentleman distinguished for talents, and piety, and zeal; we are sorry, because he has thereby lent himself to a vile infidel faction, by whom that gentleman is so hear. tily hated ; above all, we are sorry, because Captain Gordon, in his place in Parliament, has been compelled, in selfdefence, to retaliate upon Mr. Carlile, and most satisfactorily to refute every accusation. Mr. Gordon proved bimself innocent of every charge advanced by Mr. Car. lile. We are sorry for Mr. Carlile; and we think by this time, he himself is sorry for his precipitate and unfounded attacks. We hold Mr. Carlile bound not only to beg Mr. Gordon's pardon, but that of the "professing religious public,” whom, at the same time with Mr. Gordon, he has so wantonly and unjustly libelled.
To the the petition of the Synod we add the following, which we consider the best we have seen; and we believe there is not a commissioner at the Board, a member in Parliament, nor partizan out of it, able to break one link of its chain of argument:To the Hon. the Commons of the United Kingdom of Great Britain
and Ireland in Parliament assembled, The Petition of the undersigned Minister, Elders, and Members of
the Presbyterian Congregation of Broughshane, in connexion with the General Synod of Uister, in the county of Antrim, Ireland,
“ RESPECTFULLY SHEWETA, “ That your Petitioners regret much that an imperious sense of duty compels them to trouble your Hon. House with a complaint against any act of the Government, in the present delicate and momentous state of the empire. Taught by that Bible, which is their dearest and most valued possession on earth, to submit themselves to every ordinance of man for the Lord's sake, whether it be unto the King as supreme, or unto Governors, as unto those who are sent by him,' and gratefully attached to the illustrious House of Hanover, to which they and their an. cestors are so greatly indebted, Petitioners would much rather contribute their humble might to strengthen the hands of his present most gracious Majesty's Administration, by dutiful and loyal professions of support, than attempt to weaken them by complaint and remonstrance, did they not feel that the truth of God, the rights of conscience, and the privileges of their children, were all about to be compromised by the present proposed plan of national cducation for Ireland.
“ Petitioners respectfully submit to your Hon. House the following serious objections to the proposed plan :
“ They object, in the first place, that a Board of fallible and erring men, of the most opposing and discordant religious opinions, is placed over the infallible Word of God, and invested with authority to say what portions of it are fit to be read, in the common school education of children; thus inverting the order of things, and taking for granted, that Man, whom the Bible promises to make wise, is himself wiser than the Bible.
“ Petitioners, in the second place, object to the proposed plan of national education, because it authoritatively interferes between Roman Catholics and the Bible, and forbids their children to read it at school, It is a fact well known in every part of Ireland, that Roman Catholic children attended the Kildare-place schools, and read the Scriptures, in all vases, till forbidden by their Priests; and in many places they continued so to do, even in defiance of them.-Petitioners, therefore, think it strange, that a Protestant Government should so far disavow the principles of the glorious Reformation, as to throw the weight of its author. ity into the scale, with a bigoted and interested Priesthood, against the Word of God, and the religious education of its subjects.
“Petitioners object, in the tbird place, that while the proposed plan of a national education professes to do equal-handed justice to all classes of his Majesty's subjects in Ireland, it is most unjust to Protestants, and partial to Roman Catholics. The Bible is the religion of the Protestants, and the Church-that is the dictation or teaching of the Clergy, is the religion of Roman Catholics. Now, in the proposed plan of education, the Bible is entirely turned out of the schools, and selections from it, made by man, substituted in its place—that is, the Protestant loses all that he values or bas confidence in, and the Romish Priest gets all that he wishes.
“ In the fourth place, Protestants object, that while the proposed plan of education unites with the Romish Priests in forbidding the R. Catholic children to read the Scriptures, it provides, by authority, that those Priests shall, during one or more days of the week, have facilities for in. culcating on those children the adoration of a wafer, the worship of the Virgin Mary, veneration of relics and images, and dependence on purgatory; and Petitioners submit to your Honourable House, that God has said in his word, whatsoever biddeth the false worshipper 'God speed,' is partaker of his evil deed.
“ Petitioners object, in the fifth place, that the proposed plan of edu. cation, where it holds out to Protestants as a substitute for the daily reading of the Scriptures in schools, the one or two days' separate religious instruction, by the Minister, is disingenous, delusive, and nugatory. It is disingenous, for it substitutes what is not an equivalent- the teaching by a Minister of the word for the nord itself. This, indeed, is mere Popery. It is delusive, because children, at the usual school age, can treasure up Scripture in memory, and therefore they ought daily to read it; but they cannot be much benefitted by the theological addresses of a Clergyman, because the state of their minds and education is not such as to enable them sufficiently to understand it.-And it is nugatory, because the Minister who is in the charge of a large congregation cannot possibly find time to attend a day in the week at each school-house in his congregation.
“ Petitioners, in the sixth place, object to the proposed plan of education as a dangerous innovation on the constitution and liberties of the country. For parents and guardians to surrender the appointment, control over, and management of teachers, the time and mode of teaching, together with the choice of all school-books, into the hand of a Board appointed by Government, and holding their places during pleasure under it, is, in the judgment of Petitioners, what the citizens of a free state cannot possibly do with safety. This would be to place in the hands of Government a power indeed truly gigantic. Petitioners are satisfied that, under the present Government, all in this respect may be safe ; but they submit to your Hon. House, that should at any future period Jesuitism guide the counsels of Government, the dark and despotic fate of Spain, Portugal, Italy, &c. might again become that of Ireland, and the blood of our ancestors in the cause of liberty come to have been shed in vain.
“ Petitioners, in the seventh place, object as Presbyterians, to the proposed plan of national education, because it elevates one of their Ministers to a supremacy over his brethren in the business of education, contrary to the fundamental principles and constitntion of the Presbyterian Church, and, as Petitioners believe, to the discipline established and exhibited in the New Testament.
“ Petitioners, in the eighth place, object to the proposed plan of education, because, as they believe, it will be calculated to originate and perpetuate religious feuds and animosities amongst the children of the various church communities in Ireland. The attendance of the different Clergymen on the same day, or eren on different days in the week, at the school house, and each Clergyman summoning the children of his own flock to separate religious instruction, will naturally and unavoidably point out the different sects. to each other, and consequently excite rivalries, jealousies, and invidious comparisons of churches and systems of doctrine, and will, in all likelihood, require the attendance of a special police to assist the teacher in the management of the school.
“Petitioners, in the ninth and last place, object to the proposed plan of national education, because they are convinced that it will be inefficient, if not impracticable. They are confident that a Board in the metropolis will be eminently deficient in the local knowledge requisite for the choice, appointment, and management of teachers in the provinces.
“ In reluctantly approaching your Hon. House with these objections, Petitioners wish it to be distinctly understood that they are actuated by no hostility against their Roman Catholic fellow-countrymen. They can say, with the greatest sincerity, that they love them as fellow-men, live peaceably with them as fellow-subjects, and respect many of them as industrious and useful members of the community. They do not ask that Roman Catholics should be forced to become Protestants, or compelled even to read the Bible; though, when they admit that it is God's word, Petitioners cannot see how they can consistently fear or refuse to let it be read by ail classes.
“In giving up all catechetical instruction in the Kildare-place schools, Petitioners testified their willingness to go every lawful length to meet and accommodate Roman Catholic prejudices, but farther they cannot in conscience go. They believe the Bible to be essentially necessary in the formation of youth as well as the direction of manhood and consolation of age. They are commanded by God bimself, Deut. vi, 7, to teach it diligently to their children, and to talk of it when they sit in the house, lie down, and rise up; and whether they ought to obey God or man, they submit to your Hun. House.
“ They feel such an unlimited power over the education of their children, as is lodged with the proposed Board, to be an unjust usurpation of that authority which God has given to parents, and for which they only are responsible. Petitioners, therefore, entreat your Hon. House to take these their objections under your most serious consideration, and to refuse a grant of the public money for any such anti-Bible and unwarranted purposes ; and that you may be blessed in your persons and spirits, and counselled in all your deliberations by the King of kings and Lord of lords, Petitioners, as in duty bound, will ever pray.”
In our xxvi. Number we expressed our expectation, that the clergy of the Established Church would make a deci. ded stand in favour of complete scriptural education. We have not been deceived. We subjoin with satisfaction, the following important document, expressive of their opposition to the Government system.
“ The Undersigned Archbishops and Bishops of the United Church of England and Ireland, having taken into their consideration, with a soli. citude due to the importance of the subject, the system of National Education recently proposed by his Majesty's Government for adoption in Ireland, submit to the clergy of their respective diocesses the following observations with regard to it.
“ They trust that in withholding their concurrence from this system, they will not be suspected of perverse opposition to the Government in its endeavours to promote general instruction, and to heal the wounds occasioned by party and religious distinctions.
“ They are deeply sensible that the present demoralized state of a great portion of the Irish poor, and the disorders and outrages consequent upon it, are to be mainly attributed to the want of a suitable training of youth, and to ignorance of the pure principles of God's Holy Word, which prescribes the only just rule of duty towards God and towards man, and imposes the only effectual restraint upon those wild passions which lead to the violation of it. They are, moreover, fully aware of the advantages attendant upon the instruction of children of different religious persuasions in one common school, since it may be expected that the kindly feelings generated by means of such an association in childhood and youth will spread their influence over the subsequent periods of buman life,
“ It is therefore with unfeigned regret that they are constrained to ex