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The separate and propositional form into which he has moulded his demonstrations, is more suited for scholars than for ordinary readers. A sermon seems to us as a liv. ing creatu re of flesh and blood-separate and disjointed propositions we consider more as skeletons. Mr. Bagot's plan may be best for his readers' heads, but the form of sermons would have come more home to their hearts. In this opinion we are strengthened by reading the concluding part of the treatise, in which Mr. Bagot displays such evident ability and taste for the pecu. liar style of sermon-writing, that we regret he did not adopt it throughout. We shall make a few selections from the work, taken as we may open the book; for where all is good we require no time for choosing. The concluding observations we shall give almost entire, as they are ad. mirably calculated to display, not merely the abstract truth, but the practical influence of the doctrine of the Trinity.
OBJECTION VII. " That the Father alone is the only true God, to the exclusion of the Son. (Sermon 4, throughout.)
ANSWER. Mr. Bagot observes that Mr. Mitchell “ holds, in common with the Trinitarian, that Christ possessed a pre-existent state of greater dignity than the circumstances of his earthly condition displayed; and that, therefore, the legitimate mode of proving that the Father alone is the only true God, would have been to contrast the several passages in which the glory of the Father is described with those which treat of the glory of Christ, in his pre-existent state in heaven, unconnected with his state of humiliation on earth ; instead of which Mr. M. brought forward niimerous passages, in which the glory and Godhead of the Father are al. luded to, in contrast with the humiliation of Jesus Christ in the flesh.”
Mr. Bagot therefore proceeds to contrast those texts that speak of the Father and the Son in a common stale of glory.
TEXTS RELATIVE TO THE TEXTS RELATIVE το THE
“ Thou whose name alone is Jeho. “ This is his name, whereby he vah.” Ps. lxxxiii. 18.
shall be called Jehovah our righteousness.” Jer. xxiii. 6.
“Know ye that Jehovah he is God, “ All things were made by him.”
it is he that hath made us ?i Jolin, i. 3. Ps. c. 3.
. I am the Jehovoh, and there is "s The word was God.” John, i. 1.
none else ; there is no God besides me." Isaiah, xlv, 5.
“In all places where I record my “ Where two or three are gathered name, I will come unto thee, together in my name, there am and I will bless thee.” Ex. xx, I in the midst of them.” Math. 24.
“ What things soever the Father “ These also doeth the Son likedoeth,” John, v. 19.
wise." John, v. 19.
“ For as the Father raiseih up the
dead, and quickeneth them,” * Joho, v. 21.
“Even so the Son quickcneth
whom he will." John, v. 21,
“ Even as they honor the Father.”
John, v. 23.
“ That all men should honor the
Son.” John, v. 23.
“ I am the first, and I am the last, “ I am the first and the last.”
and besides me there is no God." ' Rev. i, 17. Isaiah, xliv, 6.
“ Thou, even thou, art Jehovah
alone ; thou hast made Heaven, the Heaven of Heavens, with all their host, the earth and all things that are therein, the seas and all that is therein, and thou preservest them all.” Neh. ix. 6.
“ For by him were all things
created that are in Heaven, and that are in earth, visible and invisible, whether they be thrones, or dominions, or principalities or poners, all things were created by him, and for him ; and he is before all things, and by him all things consist.” Col. i. 16, 17.
“ Thou shalt worship the Lord thy
God, and him only shalt thou serve." Math. iv. 10.
“Let all the Angels of God nor
ship him.” Heb. i. 6.
“ Unto me every knee shall bow, “We shall all stand before the
every tongue shall swear.” Isaiah judgment seat of Christ, for it xlv. 23.
is written, as I live, saith the Lord, every knee shall bow to me and every tongue shall confess to God. Rom. xiv. 10. 11.
“ For Jehovah your God is God of “ King of Kings and Lord of
Gods and Lord of Lords.” Deut. Lords.” Rev, xix. 16.
" I search the heart, Itrylhe reins, “And all the Churches shall know
even to give every man accord that I AM HE which searcheth ing to his ways, and according the reins and hearts; and I will to the fruit of his doings.” Jer. give unto every one of you acxvii. 10.
cording to his works." Rev. ii. 23.
“If the texts in the one column are sufficient to demonstrate the Supreme Deity of the Father, then, by a parity of reasoning, the texts in the second column, which are as emphatic in their meaning and form of expression, demonstrate the Supreme Deity of the Son; or if, on the other hand, the opponent of the Trinity contradicts the Supreme Deity of the Son, in despite of the passages which we have referred to, he thereby vir. tually contradicts the Supreme Deity of the Father which is described in terms precisely equivalent.”
OBJECTION XXVIII. In this objection Mr. Mitchell has endeavoured to shew that the office of supreme and final judge assigned to Christ, does not prove his deity, but merely that he is a subordinate representative of God delegated to this work. To this statement Mr. Bagot offers the following scriptural and triumphant reply.
“In order to show the irresistible force of the argument for the Supreme Deity of the Saviour, from the fact of his being exhibited in Scripture as the future Judge of mankind, we shall contrast some of the passages in which the Supreme Jehovab is spoken of as Judge with others in which Christ is described, in similar language, as Judge, viz.: 6. I am God, and there is none else; “We shall all stand before the
I have sworn by myself; the judgment seat of CHRIST; for it word is gone out of my mouth is written, as I live, saith the in righteousness, and shall not Lord, every knee shall bon to return, thut unto me every knee me, and every tongue shall conshall bor, every tongue shall fess to God. Rom. xiv. 10, swear." Isaiah xlv. 22, 23.
“ Then shall the trees of the wood “ For the Son of Man shall come,
sing out at the presence of Je- in the glory of his Father, with Hovan because he cometh to his Angels; and then he shall judge the earth.” I. Chron. xvi. reward every man, according to 33.
his works. Math. xvi. 27. .
« But JEHOVAH shall endure for " When the Son of Man shall come
ever : he hath prepared his in his glory, and all the holy throne for judgment; and hc Angels with him, then shall he shall judge the world in righte sit upon the throne of his glory; ousness." Ps. ix. 7, 8.
and before him shall be gathered all nations." Math. xxv. 31. 32.
“ JEHOVAH shall judge the ends of “The Father judgeth no man, the earth.” I Saml. ii. 10. but hath committed all judgment
unto the Son.” John, v. 22.
« Our God shall call to the hea. “For the Lord himself shall de
vens, from above, and to the scend from heaven with a shout earth (that he may judge his (or a proclamation), with the people), gather my Saints to voice of the Archanyel, and with gether unto me, those that have the trump of God; and the dead made a covenant with me by in Christ shall rise Arst" - sacrifice; and the heavens shall - • "and so shall we ever be declare his righteousness, for with the Lord.” I. Thess. iv. God is Judge himself.” Ps. 1. 16.
4, 5, 6. “ Then shall all the trees of the “Hereafter shall ye see the Son of wood rejoice before JEHOVAH, Man sitting on the right hand for he cometh—he cometh to of power, and coming in the judge the earth; he shall judge clouds of Heaven.” Math. xxvi. the world with righteousness, 64. and the people with his truth.”
Ps. xcvi. 13. “Let the hills be joyful together “I charge thee, therefore, before
before Jehovah, for he cometh to God, and the Lord Jesus Christ, judge the earth : with righteous who shall judge the quick and ness shall he judge the world, the dead at his dppearing and and the people with equity.” his kingdom" ... "hencePs. xcviii. 8, 9,
forth there is laid up for me a crown of righteousness, which the Lord, the righteous Judge, will give me at that day.” Il. Tim. iv. 1, 8.
"Jehovah is known by the judg. « The Father hath given him au
'ment which he executeth.' Ps. thority to execute judgment also, . ix. 16.
because he is the Son of Man.''
John, v. 27. " And I saw the dead, small and "We must all appear before the
great, stand before GOD"... judgment seat of CHRIST, that " and the dead were judged out every one may receive the things of those things which were writ- done in his body, according to
ten in the books, according to that he hath done, whether it be · their works.” Rev. xx. 12. good or bad.” II. Cor. v, 10.
“ For GOD will bring every work
into judgment, with every secret thing, whether it be good or whether it be evil.” Eccl. xii. 14.
“ Judge' nothing before the time,
until the Lord come, who both will bring to light the hidden things of darkness, and will make manifest the counsels of the hearts." I. Cor. iv. 5.
61, Jehovah, search the heart, I “ These things saith the Son of
try the reins, even to give every God.-I am he which searcheth man according to his ways, and the reins and hearts; and I will according to the fruit of his do- . give unto every one of you acings.” Jer. xvii. 10.
cording to your works." Rev. ii. ... . . . . . 18, 23.
· Mr. Mitchell having asserted that the doctrine of the deity of Christ “cannot be of such vital importance as it is sometimes represented," Mr. Bagot replies-..“). If we contemplate the undertaking of the Saviour io the very lowest point of view, as merely the transmission of a message from the Creator to his creatures, is it not of much practical importance to be apprised of the dignity of his person and character, in order to ensure a cordial and submissive reception of the message he was sent to convey? There. fore we ought to give the more earnest heed to the things which we have heard, lest at any time we let them slip. For if the wor:spoken by Angels was steadfast, and every transgression and disobedience roceived a just recompence of reward, how shall we escape if we neglect so great salvation, which, at the first, began to be spoken by the Lord, and was confirmed unto us by them that heard him?"
“2. It is necessary to entertain definite sentiments upon the dignity of our Saviour's person, in order to ascertain whether we, who believe in his Deity, are guilty of idolatry in offering to him Divine adoration, or whether those, who consider him to be a created being, are guilty of
as God, he is legitimately entitled. This is a point of vital importance. If Jesus Christ bę pot invested with the attributes of Supreme Deity, then we present unto him a service which should be exclusively appropriated to an infinitely superior being, and are guilty of an idolatry as erroneous in principle, and as sinful in practice, as ever was presented before the shrine of a Heathen Deity. On the other hand, if Christ be entitled to Supreme adoration, those who withhold it are guilty of a crime which is equal in magnitude with that of neglecting the worship of the Father; for 'he that honoreth not the Son honoreth not the Father that sent him.' .,
- 43. It is necessary to entertain correct sentiments upon the diguity of the person of Christ, in order to be able to appreciate the love of God, which is so emphatically spoken of in such passages as the following :- God so loved the world that he gave his only begotten Son'—John, iii. 16. “He that spared not his own Son, but delivered him up for us all, how shall he not with him also freely give us all things !'-Rom, viii. 32. In this was manifested the love of God towards us, because that God sent his only hegotten Son into the world, that we might live through him”-). John, iv. 9. In these passages, and in many others, the dignity of the Saviour is exhibited as the standard by which we are to estimate the extent of the love of God. If, therefore, his love, in giving his Son, was so amazing and inconceiveable as to exceed all finite comprehension, how infinite and inconceiveable must be the dignity of the Saviour? On the other hand, what are we to think of a system which would represent “God's unspeakable gift' as nothing more than a creature, infinitely inferior to the Being who has sent him ? Surely such a representation of the character and dignity of Christ altogether neutralises and annihilates the love of the Father to the world? .“4. It is necessary to determine the dignity of the Lord Jesus Christ, because the estimate which men form of the other doctrines of Christianity is invariably modified and characterised in proportion to the sentiments which they entertain in reference to the person of the Saviour. They, for instance, who believe him to have been merely a created being, will be found to possess opinions equally low upon the subjects of human depra.